|Publication number||US2218065 A|
|Publication date||Oct 15, 1940|
|Filing date||May 16, 1938|
|Priority date||May 16, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2218065 A, US 2218065A, US-A-2218065, US2218065 A, US2218065A|
|Inventors||Berger Samuel I|
|Original Assignee||Berger Samuel I|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
S. l. BERGER Oct. 15, 1940.
Filed May 16, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheer. l
ATTORNEY S. I BERGER Oct. 15, 1940.
Filed May 16, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Jd/nv 3a A 'OR'NE'Y Patented Oct. 15, 1940 4 UNITED srA'rss Samuel I. Berger, Newark, N. J.
Application May 16, 19cc, s -m ne. ,293,130 6 Claims. (012 46-127) this hh shamed. .to hi in traaction of a. spirited ganirnai .jIheunit 4 1s; nor- This invention relates to improvements intoys and more particularly to a toy designed to simulate the movements of an animal. 1 f
An object of my invention is to provide a toy which is so constructed that upon the actuation a of its mechanism, it will reproduce the rearing,
prancing, and other'motions of an animal.
A further object of my invention is to provide av toy wherein the front legs are pivoted as a unit and are eccentrioally connected to the -actuating and are intermittently actuated to provide intermittent rocking motion; I
A further object of my invention is toproyide the toy with a member, such as an element .0 simulating a tail, movable in unison with thegre-ar leg unit and adapted to provide leverage to, lift the toy, .on the order of a prancing rearing,
animal. I f
. A further object of my invention is to provide a toy of the-character described which will provide a life-like optical reproduction of a spiritedanimal in motion, which will prove highly entertaining and educational.
. In the accompanying drawings, in which is 0 shown one of the various possible embodiments of the several features of the invention, and wherein like reference numerals indicate like parts:
Fig.1 is a bottom plan view of a toy embodying my invention, showing the actuating mechanism in detail,
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary perspective viewof the front-leg unit and its eccentric actuating mechanism and the rear leg unit and its intermittent actuating mechanism, showing. the tail member and its connection with the rear-leg unit,
Fig. 3 is a side elevational-view of a toy embodying my invention, the toy being shown in its seated position, r Fig. 4 is a similar view of the toy in its action or horizontal position.
The toy I of my invention is provided with a casing 2 which contams the toy actuating mechanism and in which the front leg unit 3 and rear 50 leg unit 4 are pivotally secured, by pivot pins-i,
6, respectively, or in any other desired manner.
The unit 3 is eccentrically connected by means of a rod 1 to a member 8 eccentrically fixed to shaft 9, the'latter being constantly rotated when 5 the actuating mechanism is in operation, to rock Estare n th couhte qlochwise post t t o om;-s ec; 6- iih ba 11; wheh the continued rotation of can; 14 carries cam'surf ce 1; 1: i -e emen t ar I1, u t-4 an -30 tail 1 w hambv d -c hc wi e qt on to the osi on ho n i i .3 hvt e pri g [0:
H t i iv it ri the c ntem lation o thi invehtio to se hh hther e n .i in m hhs tlrias u t- .in uni 4 amat -"J li a c u t cloc w e n5 direct on; the pan icu arar g n abo ede- ,scr hledahd shown in h r wine i 1 l.' 1Y.:i9 t e, u po of. i isiha h ea nvenie fo mally urged to the positionindioated in Fig.3 3, in
m ate m n v to th under i if-the h d-Y e t t s m t te the q i ih hi an 5 en h sr ar l s in he f ea ed hb 't hw w .s s. 0 se r d h hn sii s? t th hh fi an w iha. L he a l b r LiS R ets-e at Y i? ct ho tl hhdi lp h c d t he. un t]! by he; 1 1 byth s n em t. the tr w 11' ni ll m r uhi h w l b ar .f om an s ec ion QiFig: I a
h t i ed h-m n .a'dap hd 1 1 en a e. t e n 4 or inte m tte E i ld nit and the tail a counter-clockwise directionas h i ates u v tha m smF 512. hus rai h h awa nad 9 e ho on a s qh,, mhla i s a hrih nn h l anima -.5 Ah.1..s ithh ad to: at iht en a e usedc c rhflll ed to as af 62o l n e l tt r h ih rchh'siaht rotated when; the .acth t he me h n sm 1 n h er t -oa1As he p a e t r m F at eh l tfi a dta l ll l-he ra ua mo d o nte -clockwi e u n-the; eaeem' ht o can; rface 16' :the ar to the it .511 hh l 1.1 .hc1he d on duri g the .ch
. .lhn in mama? ovi n ce on a horiz a su a e. asvind a -in Fi 3. and it o a ua in m ha ism is 5813:31 mot azaus ns sha s. 9 and l to, -rotat S aft 9. t rou h the and e nm a i e mod:1.
causes 1 t e un ti-t r k a indicated in i s- I and 4 and as indicated byxthe arrows in Fig; 3. 45
Shaft |5 rotat cam acausinecam s 'e o en a e-ba i oillh i mo n th -flat er gradually upwardly. As the unit 4 moves gradually upwardly, the rod l3 connecting the unit 4 with the tail ll moves the latterin unison with 5 the unit 4; as the tail II moves in a counterclockwise direction, it acts as a lever to gradually raise the toy, as indicated by the arrows A in Fig. 3. As the unit 4 moves gradually in a counter-clockwise direction, the rod l3 connecting the unit 4 with tail H moves the latter in unison with the unit 4.
The legs of unit 4 and the tail l l constitute a three-point support on which the toy is balanced as shownin Fig. 3. As the tail ll con tinues to move in a counter-clockwise direction, with unit 4, the toy rises on unit 4 in simulation of a rearing horse, until unit 4 and tail H are at their most extreme rearward positions, when the toy will be overbalanced and will come down abruptly on the front unit 3, maintaining that position until the cam 14 is rotated out of engagement with the bar I1, when, due to the action of spring ID, the unit 4 and tail II will be drawn in a clockwise direction and cause the toy to resume its seated position shown in Fig. 3.
The above described movements of the toyare repeated as long as the actuating mechanism is in operation.
'Any suitable motive mechanism may be provided to rotate shafts 9 and I5. By way of example, -I have shown in the drawings a spring actuated mechanism carried by the casing 2, the
latter being secured in the toy body I in any desired or convenient manner. The spring actuated mechanism comprises a main spring l8 wound by key 19 on shaft 'l5 and actuating the gear wheel 20. Gear wheel 20 meshes with pinion2l fixed to shaft 9, the shaft 9 having also fixed thereto gear 2| in mesh with pinion 23 of gear wheel 24, the latter meshing with pinion 25 of shaft 26 carrying the governor 21. -Members 22- provide the governormechanism. The governor 21 may be so weighted and positioned'on its shaft 26 that the toy will be vibrated during the operation of the actuating mechanism so that the toy will tend to turn horizontally when in the positionshown in Fig.
4. The extremities 3-4 of units 3 and 4 are preferably widened as indicated in Fig. 1 to provide substantial support'for the toy. The parts are preferably made of metal formed as indicated in the drawings; the dimensions and outline of the various parts may be altered as desired, within the scope of my invention.
The toy may be provided with a rider R preferably slidably arranged on a wire-member 28 fixed to the toy. The free end 29 of wire member 28 preferably passes through a slot 30 in the top of rider R so that the rider will automatically shift its position as the toy is actuated as it rears and prances, enhancing-the lifelike effect of the toy and contributing to the balancing of the toy in its rearing movements. The rider B may be hollow, as shown,or of any other desired construction. While I have shown, in the embodiment of the drawings, a toy in simulation of one animal, namely, a horse, my-in- 'vention covers any toy structure wherein the mechanical features shown and described above are utilized. Any suitable stop means may be provided against which the rear leg unit 4 may abut when drawn in a clockwise direction by action of the spring I0.
While each of the leg units 3 and 4 comprises a pair of leg members preferably integrally secured together in spaced relation, the term leg units shall include any other arrangement of the leg members, severally or otherwise, within the scope of my invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
l. A toy comprising a body member, front and rear leg units pivotally secured thereto, means carried by said body and engaging said units to move the latter in simulation of the movements of an animal, a wire secured to said body, and a toy rider slidably arranged on said wire. 2. A toy comprising a body member, front and rear leg units pivotally secured thereto, means carried by said body and engaging said units to move the latter in simulation of the movements of an animal, a supporting member secured to said body, and a toy rider slidably arranged on said supporting member.
3. A toy comprising a body member, a rear leg unit pivotally secured thereto, a. tail member pivotally secured to said body member, the pivot points of said tail member and rear leg unit being in a common horizontal plane, said tail member and leg unit being extended above their pivot points, a member connecting the extending portions of said tail member and leg unit so that they will move in unison, and means carried by said body and engaging said unit to move the latter relatively to the body.
4. In a toy comprising a. body member, a rear leg unit pivotally secured thereto, a cam member rotatably secured to said body member, a bar secured to said rear leg unit and movable therewith, said bar having a portion thereof interposed in the path of rotation of said cam member, and means carried by said body member for rotating said cam member to intermittently engage said bar to move said rear leg unit in simulation of animated movement.
5. In a toy comprising a body member, a rear leg unit pivotally secured thereto, a cam member rotatably secured to said body member, a bar secured to said rear leg unit and movable therewith, said bar having a portion thereof interposed in the path of rotation of said cam member, spring means engaging said body member means carried by said body member for rotating said cam member tointermittently engage said vbar and thereby move said rear leg unit in a counter-clockwise direction animated movement.
6. In a toy comprising a. body member, a rear leg unit and tail member pivotally secured to said body member in spaced relation, means connecting said tail member with said rear leg unit, a bar secured to said rear leg unit and movable therewith, and means carried by said body member to intermittently engage said bar to move said rear leg unit and tail member in simulation of animated movement.
SAMUEL I. BERGER.
in simulation of
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