US 2219385 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 29, 1940. I w ERNST I 2,219,385
PRESS WITH FLOATING CONNECTION BETWEEN AUXILIARY RAMS AND PRESS PLATEN Filed Jan. 31, 1938 I IE I INVENTOR J MUM file/v57 BY swlw TSM A TTORNEYd Patented Oct. 2 9, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE,
rnEss wrrn FLOATING CONNECTION BE- TWEEN. AUXILIARY RAMS AND mess PLATEN Application January a1, 1938, semllso. 187,927
that the plunger is free to adjust itself relatively to the platen without causing a strain' or misalignment.
Another object is-to provide a connection between a hydraulic plunger and a platen, or other member, wherein the plunger is provided with a rounded head engaging an oppositely rounded socket in the member to which the plunger is attached, separate means being provided for selfaligningly attaching the plunger to the member.
Another object is to provide a floating connection for connecting a hydraulic plunger to a platen, blank holder or the like, wherein the plunger is provided with a rounded head engaging a rounded depression in a wear plate inserted in the platen, the plunger having an annular groove loosely engaged by a split ring or analogous means for adjustably holding the plunger into engagement with the wear plate, and providing self-alignment therebetween.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of the improved connection between a hydraulic plunger and the'platen of a press;
Figure 2 is a sectional view taken along-line 2-2 in Figure 1.
In general, the invention consists of a self- -aligning connection between a hydraulic plunger and the member to, whichit is attached. This member may be, for example, the. platen of a press or ablank holder thereof. The plunger connection in some installations may be employed for connecting the auxiliary or push-back plungers to the main platen, and in other installations may serve as the connection between the blankholding plungers and the blank holder. In either case the connection is made by means of a rounded head upon the plunger, and a correspondingly rounded depression in the platen, or preferably in a wear plate inserted in the platen. Means, such/as a bolt or a split ring, is provided for holding the plunger in engagement with; the rounded depression, yet permitting a certain amount of self-alignment as to prevent misalign-- ment and strain.
plungers have likewise been rigidly connected to theblank holders of hydraulic presses. When suchv a rigid connection is made, however, any slight misalignment or irregular movement of: the platen, either in assembly or in operation, has tended to cause the plungers to bind in their cylinders. This has frequently occurred when. the plunger has tipped slightly from uneven loading. The present invention permits a certain amount of flexibility or self-alignment betweenv the plungers and the platen or blank holder, in order to prevent such binding and consequent wear.
The form or connection shown in Figures 1 and 2 is concerned with a hydraulic plunger 40, which for purposes of example, is considered to be a blank holder plunger. This is connected to the blank holder 4| byvthe' modifled'connection of this invention. To this end the plunger 40 is provided with a rounded end 42, which engages the corresponding rounded depression 43 in a wear plate 44 inserted within an enlarged hole 45 in the blank holder 41. In order to secure the plunger 40 to the blank holder 41 the former is provided with an annular groove 46, engaged by the inner portions 41 ot split ring halves. The ring halves .48 are secured within a socket 49 by means of the set screws 50, threaded in the holes 5| intheblank holder 4|, and having their heads countersunk into sockets 52, terminating in the holes ii in' the ring halves 48. When thus secured to theblank holder 4| the ring halves 48 meet along the line 54 (Figure 1). t
If, during the operation 01 the press, the blank holder 4| or platen should be unequally loaded so there is a tendency ior them to become distorted relatively-to each other, the rounded ends 42 of the blank holderplungers 40 will move in the rounded depressions 43 of the wear plates 44, and .the latter will likewise move within their holes 45 so as to realign the mechanism and prevent binding of the plungers 40 against the sides of their cylinders. By the construction shown, the plungers' are given a measure of self-alignment whereby the wear upon the plungers or cyl- 45 inders is greatly reduced and binding prevented. This binding has been a serious problem in previous presses, wherein the plungers were-rigidly connected to their platens, blank holders or other members. 4 l 50 The self-aligning connection of thisinvention is suitable also for the attachment of the main J plunger to the platen, especially a double-acting plunger. Where a double-acting main plunger is employed, a serious hazard exists it the platen 55 is not securely fastened to the plunger, or is liable to break under strain. If the platen should break loose from the plunger while in the raised position, the danger exists that the operator might be crushed by the falling of the heavy platen. If, therefore, strain is placed upon either the plunger or the platen during operation, the fatigue stresses set up therein create a hazardous condition which, if allowed to persist, may cause breakage and consequent falling of the platen. By the use of the self-aligning floating connection of the present invention, however, the possibility of such strains assuming serious proportions is eliminated.
It will be understood that I desire to comprehend within my invention such modifications as come within the scope of the claims and the invention.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. In combination, a circular plunger having a rounded end formed by a radius considerably greater than the radius of said plunger and an annular channel in said plunger spaced from said rounded end a'distance less than the radius of said plunger, said-channel having parallel sides, a member for attachment to said plunger, a wear plate having a rounded portion for engaging the rounded end of said plunger, a retaining element having a flat annular portion sufficiently thick to engage both sides of said channel when the plunger is tiltably moved from a normal position with respect to the retaining element, and means for securing said retaining element to said member whereby to hold said plunger and said wear plate in limited self-aligning engagement relatively to each other and to saidmember.
2. In combination, a plunger with a rounded end less than a hemisphere in extent, and an annular channel therein adjacent said rounded end, said channel having parallel sides, a member for attachment to said plunger having a recess therein, a wear plate of smaller size than said recess with a substantial clearance space therebetween' mounted therein with a rounded portion in engagement with the rounded end of said plunger, a retaining element having an annular portion engaging both sides of said channel when the plunger is tiltably moved from a normal position with respect to the retaining element for interconnecting said plunger with said member and for holding the end of said plunger in engagement, with said wear plate and member, and means for securing said retaining element to said member.
- WALTER ERNST.