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Publication numberUS221971 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 25, 1879
Filing dateSep 22, 1879
Publication numberUS 221971 A, US 221971A, US-A-221971, US221971 A, US221971A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in cartridge-loading apparatus
US 221971 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. H. MURRY. Cartridge-Loading Apparatus.

No. 221,971. Patented Nov. 25,1879..


Specification forming part ofLetters Patent No. 221,571,dated-ovember 25, 1879; application tiled September 2Q, 1879,

To all whom 'it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOHN HLMURR'Y, of Indianapolis, in the county of Marion and State of Indiana, have invented a new and useful Improved Combined Cartridge-Loading Apparatus, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.

The object of my invention is to provide a device for loading and crimping-cartridges5 also for removing exploded caps.

My invention consists, mainly,vin the new construction and arrangement of devices; also, in the new combination of elements which are deemed essential in my newly-organized combined cartridge-loader, crimper, and cap-extractor, as will hereinafter be first fully described in the specification, and then setforth in the claims.

In the accompanying' drawings, in which like letters of reference in the different iigures indicate like parts, Figure 1 represents an inverted perspective view ot' a cartridge-holder with hinged bottoln embodyingpart of my invention. Fig. 2 is an inverted perspective view ot' the device used for guiding the wads into the cartridge-shells. Fig.3 is an enlarged sectional view of Fig. 2, taken at the line 1 2.

i Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the cartridgeholder and hingedbottom, partially in section, showing a single chamber for receiving the cartridge-shells; also, several shells in their respective chambers. Fig. 5, also, is a side elevation of the cartridge-holder and hinged bottoni, with the wad-guiding device also attached. Fig. 6 is an enlarged sectional view of the cartridge-holder and hinged bottom with the wad-guiding device removed, showing the cartridge and crimping device in position,- and Fig. 7 represents a brace for operating the crimping device.

' Referring to the drawings, A represents a block of wood perforated willi a series of round y holes, G, adapted to receive and vhold the cartridge-shells K, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4. 'Io the bottom of the perforated block A the bottom piece B is hinged atO O, as shown in Fig. 1. This hinged bottom piece is also made of wood, and provided with a series of small holes, a, which are designed to assume a position directly under the center of the holes G "in the large block when the bottoniis closed, as shown in Figs. 4, 5, and 6. Theliol'es a are `for the purpose of allowing the exploded caps a of the cartridges to be forced out preparatory to the insertion of new ones. The bottom B is also provided with a pointed brad or screw, f, near each hole a. Said brads are designed to indent the metallic heads of the cartridges when the bottom is closed and fastened by the hook H, and thus hold the cartridge-shells and prevent them from turning in the holes G when the crimping device L is employed to secure the wads.

I represents another wooden block perforated with holes J to correspond with the holes G of the eartridgeblock A. The upper end of each hole J is made bell-mouthed or tapering, as at J', leaving a shoulder, b, to rest on the upper end of each cartridge-shell, as shown in Figs. 3 and 5. The tapering part J of each hole J is designed to guide the wads into the cartridge-shells, and the shoulders b prevent the wads from catching on the ends of the shells.

The crimping device L is of the usual formt'. e., a cylindrical part to fit over the end of the shells, with an annular ring, m', to t loosely inside of the shell, so that when said device is revolved with pressure the end ofthe cartridgeshell is stove up, as at m, thus securing the wads, as shown in Fig. 6.

The crimping device L may be provided with a tang, P, to t in an ordinary brace; or the tang P may be dispensed with and a hole provided with a screw-thread formed in the center to receive the screw-threaded end w of the brace. (Shown in Fig. 7.)

Having thus described my improved apparatus, I will now describe the inode of operating it, to wit: The bottom B is turned back and the empty shells are inserted in the holes G, as shown at4 K, Fig. 1, after which the botcured by the hook H, thus causing each brad or screw-pointf to slightly indent each metallic head of the cartridges K and hold them firmly. 4

If the cartridges are new the loading process may commence immediately, as follows: The perforated block I is adjusted as in Fig. 5, and a charge of powder is poured into each tom B is folded over, pressed down, and sev shell, after which a wad is placed in each of the tapering holes J and forced home. Next, the shot is charged in each shell, and another set of wads inserted and forced home, after which the perforated block I is removed and the crimping device L applied and revolved on each shell by a brace until each shell is crimped and the charges secured, after which the hook H is released, the bottom opened, and the charged shells removed.

In case the shells have been used and the caps exploded, the discharged shells are in- Y sertedand secured in the perforated block A as Y Y before described. The exploded caps are then removed by inserting any ordinary cap-extracting device in the shell and forcing the caps out through the holes a in the bottom B, after which new caps may be inserted before the loading operation is commenced.

Having` thus described my improved apparatus, what I claim is- 1. The block A, perforated with a series of chambers or holes, G, combined with the hin ged bottom B, also provided with a series of small cap-extracting holes, a, and brads or screwpointsf, as and for the purpose specied.

2. The perforated block A, with hinged perforated bottom B, provided'with brads or screwpointed spurs f, combined with block I, having tapering or bell-mouthed perforations J as and for the purpose specified.

to this specification in the presence of two subscribing` witnesses. J NO. H. MURRY.



In testimony whereof IhavetsignedYmynaine Y Y Y Y Y

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3113483 *Feb 26, 1959Dec 10, 1963Puth George JMethod for reforming and reloading used shotgun shells
US5198606 *Apr 1, 1992Mar 30, 1993David J. StorstadAmmunition primer handling and shell reloading system
Cooperative ClassificationF42B33/0292