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Publication numberUS2220095 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 5, 1940
Filing dateApr 28, 1938
Priority dateApr 28, 1938
Publication numberUS 2220095 A, US 2220095A, US-A-2220095, US2220095 A, US2220095A
InventorsGrey Ralph E
Original AssigneeGrey Ralph E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rotary fluid motor and the like
US 2220095 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 5, 1940. R. E. GREY 5 ROTARY FLUID MOTOR AND THE LIKE I Filed April 28, 19:58 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 mane/V7190 rTMNE/J Nov. 5, 1940 R. E-{GREY ROTARYVFLUID MOTOR AND THE LIKE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 28, 1938 man/var;

Patented Nov. s, 1946 PATENT OFFICE ROTARY FLUID MOTOR AND mm mm Ralph E. Grey, Osborn, Ohio Application April 28, 1938, Serial No. 204,768


(Granted under the act. of March 3, 1883, as amended April 30,1928; 370 O. G. 757) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates to improvements in rotary engines, pumps or the like.

It is an object of my invention to make provision, in' a reciprocating vane type rotary engine or pump in which the vanes are relatively stationary during the effective working stroke thereof, for the equalization of the fluid pressure on opposite sides of the reciprocating vanes during in a reciprocating vane type engine of this character,. or pump, a novel arrangement of easing, stator and rotor, in which the rotor is supported by and journalled in the stator.

A further object of my invention is to provide in a reciprocating vane type engine or pump of this character a novel thrust bearingarrangement for the rotor so as to reduce to a minimum the coupling iorces acting on said bearings.

Other and further objects of my invention will appear from the following detailed description of my invention. I

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a view of an engine embodying my invention showing amotor assembly and the housing therefor in quarter section and with parts broken away;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the motor assembly shown in Figure 1 with parts broken away;

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on the'llne 3-3 of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a perspective detail view; and

Figure 5 is an exploded detail view.

The engine It, shown in the drawings and which is illustrative of my invention, is oi the four vane type and comprises a motor assem-,

bly A and a mount and casing assembly B; the" motor assembly comprising a rotor l2, a'stator l4, and reciprocating vanes I: and said mount and easing assembly serving as a support for the 52, N. cylinder "as one wall of the chambers t4 and 68 engine andprov'iding with the stator input and output manifolds or chambers.

The casing is preferably formed in two sections, the section I! being formed with an internal-cylinder that is closed at one end and 5 open on the other, and section 20 constituting aclosure for the open end of section II and having a central opening it to receive a power driving or driven shait 20 for driving connection with the rotor of the motor assembly. These two sections are suitably connected together by means of bolts 28 and a gasket 30, the stator of the motor assembly being connected in fixed relation to said casing in any suitable manner as by shrinking or by means oi dowel pin connections 32. The section It is provided, as best shown in Figure 3, with an intake opening 34 and an exit or discharge opening 36.

The stator oi the motor assembly comprises an outer cylinder 38, a pair of end plates 40, I2,

and a pair oi inwardly presenting cylinders or cylindrical portions 44, 46 that are preferably made integral with said end plates, the inner cylinders being arranged in coaxial alignment with each other and in concentric relation with said outer cylinder. H

The outer cylinder is provided with a pair .of inlet openings 48, 50 and a pair oi outlet openings 52, 54. The inlet openings are arranged on opposite ends of the cylinder and preferably mainly but partly on the same side oi a plane passing through; the cylinder and normal to the axis thereof, and likewise the outlet openings are arranged on opposite ends oi the'cylinder and mainly on the same side oi a plane passing through the cylinder and normal to the axis thereof, each inlet and its correspondingoutlet being diametrically oppositely disposed and lying in the same plane. If desired, said inlets and outlets, respectively, may be arranged so as to lie on one side only oi said cylinder. On opposite sides of the cylinder and on the outer surface thereof there are'provided Z-shapedpartitions I8, 58 that isolate the inlet openings ll, 50 irom the outlet openings 52, 54 and provide, with the flanged portions 80, 62 of the end plates 40, 42 and with the outer cylinder and casing l2, chambers i4, 66, chamber 64 being in communication with the casing inlet 34 and the cylinder inlets 48, i0, and chamber 88 beingin communication with the casing outlet 38 and cylinder outlets By utilizing the entire width of the respectively, the overall size of the engine is re-- duced with ample capacity for nmd'sup ly to each. pairof inlet and outlet openings, and with "a consequent reduction in weight and economy j in construction.

The inner cylinders or cylindrical portions are respectively preferably made integral with the inner side of a correspondingcylinder head .or end plate 40, 42 and are formed with coaxial openings 68, I0 that extend through the end plates and constitute bearings for the rotor.

The inner sides of the cylinder heads or end plates are provided with inwardly. presenting abutments I2, ll which are preferably formed on separate circular discs I6, 18 that are provided with openings through which the inner cylinders extend in close fltting relation and are fixedly connected to the end plates by means of the threaded pins 32. Each abutment is formed with two segmental-shaped portions 80, 82 having cam surfaces 84, 86 respectively and a pair of equi-angularly spaced sector portions 88, 90 having flat exterior vane guiding surfaces 92, 94 "respectively that extend through an angle slightly greater than 90 degrees. The cam surfaces extend in opposite directions through an angle slightly less than 90 degrees from the radial extending edges of the flat interior vaneguiding surface 92 to the fiat outer vane guiding surface 94, which, likewise, extends over an angle slightly greater than 90 degrees. The discs I6, I8 and their respective abutments are so arranged on the piston heads when the motor is assembled that the exterior and interior flat segmental vane guiding surfaces of one cylinder will be respectively directly opposite the interior and exterior segmental vane guiding surfaces of the other cylinder head and constitute walls of the working chambers hereinafter described. With this an lar arrangement of the cam surface segments and the guiding surface segments the pitch or. cam angle of the camming surfaces for a four vane type engine of this character is a minimum consistent with obtaining optimum length of work stroke and minimum camming load on the .vane during reciprocationthereof.

In order to provide for a minimum resistance ments are struck upon an arc of less radius than the guiding surface segments, thus providing on opposite sides of the vane bearing segments andin the projected area of the cylinder inlet and outlet openings under-cut portions. It will thus be seen that with this construction and arrangement of the cam segments there is not only a considerable reduction in power losses due to friction between the vanes and the cam surfaces, but also there is considerable reduction in friction and resistance losses otherwise set upbyrestrictions to fluid flow into thespace between the reciprocating-vanes and the cammin'g'surfaces. It

'dercut portions,'ready access of the-fluid to oppowill further be seen that by providing" these un- 'slte sides of the vanes ismade possible as soon as the wishes engage the camming surfaces, with the-result that equal pressure on opposite sides of thereciprocating vane is instantaneously established. This'has the effect of minimizing slid- friction of the vanes in the rotor and of ob'-- --taining maximum jitorque during -'a greater part a i .-of the vane operating-stroke.

to fluid flow through the motor, the cam 'seg-' The rotor, I2 may be formed of any suitable 'material-and'is providedwith a. hollow central hub. portlonhaving apair of laterally extending- 3 '5 trunnions 96, 98 that are adapted .tobe received in '7 close running ,relation within the :73 bpnings 68, III of the innercylinders-for rota.t.

ably supporting the rotor in concentric relation with the outer-cylinder. These trunnions have a polygonal" axial opening II extending therethrough and each trunnion preferably extends throughout the length of .its corresponding bearing opening. The hollow of said hub portion is I conical surfaces "0, H2 for comple-.

mental engagement with conical bores H4, H6 formed in the walls at the inner cylinder. edges I06, I00. By seating and rotatably supporting the rotor on the inner cylinders in this manner, a

good seal against excessive leakage is provided and binding due to slight misalignment of parts due to inability to adhere to strict allowable manufacturing tolerances is avoided. Also, binding in the rotor bearing due to impact or back pressures acting normal to and on opposite ends of the axis of rotation of the rotor is practically eliminated.

The rotor is provided with four slots H8 that are arranged 90 degrees apart to receive a corresponding number of vanes I6. These slots extend into the hub portion and below the normal operating position of the vanes to provide undercut passages, to permit slight seepage of fluid from one side of the rotor to the other, to prevent building up of unequal pressures and consequently reduce the coupling forces on opposite sides of the rotor. The rotor, as already noted, is drivingly connected with the shaft 26 which is rotatably mounted in a bushing I20 seated in thecentral opening of casing section 20. This shaft is provided with a flange I22 that is disposed within a counter bore I24 and provides therewith and with a gland packing element I26 a gland housing for one or more packing rings I18, preferably made of synthetic rubber such as Duprenef The gland packing element is seated against the. inner tapered edge of the bushing. The flange I22 yieldingly compresses the packing by means of a spring I30 that is disposed within the axial opening 1| and seated at one end against the inner 'end of the shaft and at the other end against the inner wall of easing section I8.

In the operation of the device, as a fluid motor or engine, fluid under pressure is allowedto enter through the' casing inlet port '34 filling the chamber 84 and passing through the inlet ports 48, 50 into the spaces above the corresponding cam portions and corresponding workingchamindividually cyclically projected into the diametrically opposed working chambers in the opposite ends of the cylinder respectively by the cam-sur- ..faces' 84, 86 of the abutments as the rotor is-forcibly. rotated by the. pressure. applied to the vanes. As each vane arrives-at and-between the v low or inner point of one cam surface ,andthe coincident high orouter point of another corresponding cam surface,;the supply of fluid pressureis shut olf by such vane to a'preceding vane,

. while said-preceding vane is still in the working chamber but at the end of its working stroke. .Thisis due to the fact that the space angle of the vanes is less than the angle of the guiding surface segments, which results in the prevention of leakage-through the working chambers which would takev place if such angles were equal, for

then the two vanes at opposite ends of each working chamber would be riding the cam surfaces at the same time, forming a passage through which the fluid could'escape without doing work. After each vane has passed through a work chamber, it is forced by the cam surfaces through the rotor to the opposite end of the cylinder and during this period of the cycle, the

fluid pressure which has propelled same is exhausted through one of the cylinder outlets. At the same time, fluid pressure entering through the other cylinder inlet impinges upon the trav- J ersing exhausting .vane propelling it again until 1 a pump, the rotor it has reached the other cylinder outlet where the operation began, thus the vanes are each alternately acted upon by the fluid pressure entering the cylinder inlets, and simultaneously and alternately discharging the propelling fluid through the cylinder outlets 52, 54 into the discharge chamber 66 and thence through the casing outlet 36.

It will be seen that when the device is used as is rotated by a suitable power drive connected with the drive shaft 20, causing the vanes to be reciprocated in the slots of the rotor by the cam surfaces as described above, and the fluid will be drawn into the workingchambers through the input chamber and cylinder inlets on one side of the cylinder and expelled through the cylinder outlets I and discharge chamber on the opposite side of the cylinder and thence through outlet 36. The-flow of fluid into and exit of fluid from the cylinder takes place simultaneously and each vane operates alternately to suck in and discharge fluid on opposite ends of the cylinder.

It will be seen that various changes may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of my invention, and that, while one illustrative embodiment has been-described in detail, it is not my tention to limit the scope of the invention other ban by the ap- I pended claims.

WhatIclaim is: 1. A rotary engine or pump comprising, in combination, a casing having an inlet and an outlet, a rotor and stator assembly disposed within said casing, said assembly providing two working chambers and having vanes operating therein, said stator being connected in flxed relation with said casing and being provided with a cylinder constructed to provide with said casing oppositely partments respectively in communication with the inlet and outlet of said casing, one of said compartments having a pair of inlets and the other having apair of outlets and a pair of side members for closing said chambers and compartments, each member having a central inner cylindrical portion, a pair of substantially equiangularly spaced inwardly presenting sector portions, each sector portion having parallel inner and outer flat surfaces at opposite ends of said cylindrical portion constituting walls of said chambers respectively, and only one pair of oppositely disposed sector cam elements serving to guide. said vanes and being arranied intermediate said first mentioned .sector portions 'adia cent the inner edge .portions thereof and in radially spaced relation to said cylinder to provide with the co inlet and outlet of said cylinder a relatively unrestrlctedfiuidpath -tact with said surfaces'for rotatably supported bers and said cylinder inder relatively unrestricted arranged inlet and outlet fluid com ments being disposed ing camming surfaces inclined from one flat surface to the other, said members being arranged so that the inner flat surface of one side member is opposite to the outer flat surface of the other and said rotor being rotatably supported between said side members and having said vanes in conintermittently reciprocating the same through said rotorduring rotation thereof.

2. A rotary high pressure engine or pump of the class described, comprising, in combination, a casing having an inlet and an outlet, a rotor within said casing and having a plurality of equally spaced vanes respectively reciprocally movable therethrough, a stator disposed within and flxedly connected to said casing, said stator including a cylinder and a pair of side members for closing said cylinder, said cylinder being constructed to provide with said casing oppositely arranged inlet and outlet fluid compartments, respectively, inlcommunication with the inlet and outlet of said casing, one of said compartments havinga pair of inlets and the other having a pair of outlets, said pairs of inlets and outlets, respectively, being disposed at opposite ends of'said cylinder, with said pair of inlets substantially diametrically opposed to said pair of outlets, each of said side members having a pair of angularly and axially spaced inwardly presenting sector portions providing parallel inner and outer flat surfaces, and only one pair of cam elements serving to guide said vanes during rotation thereof and having cam surfaces respectively inclined from one flat surface to the other, each of said cam elements havin its outer peripheral surface spaced from the innet, surface of said cylinder and its inner peripheral surface in substantial continuation oi the inner surfaces of said sector portions, said membeing arranged so that the inner flat surface of one is opposite to the outer flat surface of the other and so that said pairs of inlets and outlets provide with the spaces between said cam elements and said cylpaths in substantially the direction of rotation of said rotor.

3. In a rotary motor or pump of the class described, a stator, a rotor forming with said stator a pair of work chamhers, said-stator including a cylinder and side plates, said cylinder having at each end thereof a pair of substantially, diametrically opposed inlet and outlet openings and said plates having inwardly presenting cam abutments, each abutment being formed with a pair of radially arranged and axially and angularly spaced segdisposed within and vertically arranged camming surfaces inclined from one. flat surface to the other, said can elein the projected area of said inlet and outlet openings and spaced therefrom substantially throughout their peripheral lengths for a distance corresponding to a major portion of the radial extent of said segmental portions to provide with said inlet and outlet relatively \mrestricted fluid paths to and from said work chambers.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2466622 *Nov 7, 1942Apr 5, 1949Hpm Dev CorpHydraulic axial vane pump or motor
US7258535 *Mar 23, 2005Aug 21, 2007Brother Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaSealing features for a pump and ink jet printer mounting the pump
US20050214150 *Mar 23, 2005Sep 29, 2005Brother Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPump and ink jet printer mounting the pump
US20050214155 *Mar 23, 2005Sep 29, 2005Brother Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPump and ink jet printer mounting the pump
EP0187610A2 *Dec 2, 1985Jul 16, 1986Clement Oliver DufreneRotary fluid devices
U.S. Classification418/219, 277/377
International ClassificationF01C1/344, F01C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF01C1/3448
European ClassificationF01C1/344D