US 2221926 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Nov. 19, 1940 PAT-ENT OFFFCE snmeo'rrvi: CHARACTER BEARING nevica Harry R. Quant, Rochester, N. Y., assigner to -Hickok ,'Manufacturing Company, Inc., Rochester, Nl Y., a corporationcf New York ApplicationAu'gustl, 1939, SeriallvNo. 290,768
The present invention relates generally to character bearing devices for use'in connection with many articles of merchandise and among others, jewelry, for the selective association and holding of initial letters, insignia, numerals, all
of which among others are comprehended under the term character,
It is well known that many `articles are now sold with provision for the holding of letters,
l0 numerals and insignia selected from a collection thereof, and applied according to the particular purchaser at the time of purchase. Various devices have been proposed whereby at the time of sale the selected. characters may be readily inserted in a character holder forming a part of the article sold, sothat the character will thereafter be held -against accidental displacement and loss.
For various reasons, including the possibility of change of name or insignia and carelessness of salesmen, it has been found highly desirable to provide for change of the character after selection thereof and placement within the holder, and in proposingimprovements lin :character 225' bearing devices of this generalnature, it is one of the primary objects of the invention Vto permit of ready, easy removal of the characters in a manner permitting reinsertion and relooking of the same or different `characters precisely as the original characters were inserted and locked.
Further and more specifically-it is an object of the present invention to provide a construction in which the characters may be normally locked in selected position and subsequently re- '35 leased and removed without mutilation of any.
portion of the characters themselves or the holders thereof and without in any way defacing,
.marring or endangering their free and eective reassemblage in the same manner and by the same means as originally employed for their sectu'e support.
A still further object is the provision of means by which the correct positioning or orientng of a character in a character bearing holder is iny sured by the fact of the locking of suoh'characconstruction affording the above advantages,
which is'equally useful in connection with horizontally and vertically'alined characters as well as those alined diagonally between the vertical n and horizontal, and is also equally effective with-"'55 out regard to the number of charactersv employed. With Vthese andother objects in view, andv with the understanding that the invention 'isrv capable of various specific changes in form, sizeilO use and ornamental features, it is tolbe understood a concrete example thereof will be now described -in full in connection with the showing in the accompanying drawing illustrating the same and forming apart of this specication. 415
In the drawing: Figure 1 is a perspective View of a portion of a belt and its buckle showing the characters applied in vertically-alined relation on the latten Figure 2 is a perspective view of a chain tie clasp showing the characters alined yhorizontally o-n the pendant chain-supportedpanel or plate. Figure 3 is a detail horizontal sectional View taken substantially on line 3 3 of Figure 1. v"25 Figuresv 4 and 5 are similar vertical sectional views taken on line 4-4 of Figure 1, the'former showing the characters as normally locked and the latter showing thereleasing memberinserted preparatory to removal of the characters. Figure 6 is a detail perspective Iview of the spring locking plate.
Figure '7 is a similar view of the holder. Figure 8 is a rear elevation of one of thecharacters, removed. Figure 9 is a detail perspective View thereof, and
'Figure 10A is a detail perspective View ofthe releasingmember or bar.
Referring now to these iigures, t is to loe understood the invention is intended to be the same irrespective of 'the particular articlewith which it is employed, and inevery instance comprises a channel-shaped holder which, if used with a belt buckle A, as shown in ',Filgureslj,` 4 and 5, is rigidly xed by hardsolder or in any other suitable mannerto the face of the buckle. Where it-'is used, 'as in Figure 2, on the chainsupported panel or plate B of a ch-ain tie clasp B, it may be similarly fixed and in either use, as well as with key chains and other articles, the holdermay be'xedly mounted either vertically or horizontally. f
.Thechannel-'shaped holder lit `is .seen most .plainlyinLFigure 7,and.pre`ferably-has la flat Abase 55 II with outstanding flanges I2 along its sides and these flanges terminate in inturned opposing angular edges I3 which are spaced from the base II and form therewith inwardly opening guide channels. Preferably this holder is open at both ends as plainly seen in Figure 7, and is of a length substantially equal to the combined widths of the characters it is to receive and hold.
Within the holder I0, and preferably secured fiatwise against the base II thereof to form substantially an integral part, as by means of spot welding or similarly rigid connecting means, is a locking plate I4 (see Figure 6) which has an upset flange I5 at one end closing the respective end of the channel of the holder, and thus leaving but one end of the holder open for the reception of the characters. The use of this locking plate is preferred rather than the formation of the locking tongues directly in the bottom of the channel piece, inasmuch as the closing of one end of the channel, which would otherwise be complicated, is thus rendered easy. At equi-distantly spaced points corresponding to the positions of the several characters, the locking plate, which is preferably formed of spring metal, has integra-l upwardly extending spring locking fingers I6, all of which are similarly inclined toward the end flange I5 and thus toward the closed end of the holder. All of these locking fingers I6 are readily and similarly yieldable intov flatwise positions in the plane of the body of the locking plate for a reason which will presently appear.
The characters, whether letters, numerals, or
insignia of various natures as for instance colleges, military and secret organizations, and shown at present as letters I'I, a-re each formed to outstand from rectangular base pieces I8 of a width in both directions and a thickness, to slide into the channel of the holder.
Each of the characters Il is formed of a height and width less than the distance between the inturned edgesl I3 of the holder which overlie the projecting edges of the base pieces I8 and thus confine the characters whether the latter are shifted horizontally or vertically within the holder.
Each of the base pieces I8 of the several characters has its rear or lower face provided with centrally disposed and crossing slots or grooves I9 which are of similar widths somewhat less than the widths of the spring locking fingers I6. Thus, in any position in the channel or holder,
the grooves will present adjacent to their crossing points, shoulders or edges which, when engaged by the free ends of the locking fingers, will lock the characters in the holder. The crossing grooves I9, at right angles to one another, thus adapt the characters to be similarly locked in the manner described whether shifted vertically into a vertically disposed holder as seen in Figure 1, or horizontally into a horizontally disposed holder as in Figure 2.
Moreover, it is obvious that as disposed and locked in either direction, certain of the grooves I9 of the several locked characters aline with one another to form a continuous slot centrally of the holder and immediately opposite the several actively engaged spring locking fingers I6, as plainly lseen in Figure 4. l
Thus by inserting in the slot, so formed, a releasing member or bar 29 shown in Figure 10 for the full extent of the slot beneath the several character base pieces I8 in the mannerseen in Figure 5, it is plain that said member 2U, formed to intert the grooves I9 will depress the several locking fingers out of engagement with the walls or edges of the grooves so that the characters will be simultaneously released and may be withdrawn from the open end of the holder by a sliding movement in a reverse direction with relation to their movement into the holder. Obviously this holds true irrespective of the number of characters employed, and in a manner which, upon subsequent removal of the releasing member 20, leaves the parts as originally formed, ready for the subsequent insertion of the same or different characters in the same locked relation.
Thus mistakes in the relative arrangement of the characters, or in the characters themselves, which so frequently happen in their hasty assemblage at busy times, may be easily and quickly rectified, without necessitating the bending of more or less fragile metal and without the danger of distorted parts, in an arrangement where, with the several characters in assembled and locked positions, their fastenings are entirely concealed.
It also frequently happens that a character is shifted into the holder when turned to a position at right angles to that it is intended to assume, and in such instances in order to avoid the slight delay attending the use of the releasing member 20, it is proposed that the edges or walls of the grooves I9 of the base pieces I8 may, as best seen in Figure 9, be cut away along inclines at two sides as at 2| so that when thus wrongly inserted the characters will not lock and may be instantly removed for reinsertion in proper positions. Thus in any instance where, upon insertion of a character, it does not lock against withdrawal, the one assembling the characters will be at once apprised of the fact that the character is improperly oriented.
The grooves I9 of the several characters may, of course, be either rectangular or semi-cylindrical with or without the cutaway and inclined portions above mentioned; and in any event, the
releasing member 2D will be shaped to interfit the same, and is preferably provided at one end with a portion 22 of any suitable form, serving as a. handle to promote easy and effective manipulation thereof in the manner previously described.
What is claimed is:
1. A channel-shaped character holder having a'flat base, a plurality of equi-distantly and 1ongitudinally spaced, similar, spring fingers supported on and projecting upwardly from the base along the central portion of the same, a series of substantially rectangular character members slidable longitudinally in one direction into the holder and having intersecting cross grooves extending substantially at right angles to each other in the bases thereof facing the holder base and presenting locking edges adjacent their junctures for engagement by the spring fingers to lock the character members within the holder in either of two selected positions of orientation.
2. A character bearing device comprising a holder having a channel and means closing said channel at one end and also having similarly upwardly projecting spring ngers spaced apart along the central portion of its channel and inclined toward its closed end, and character members slidable into the channel of the holder at its opposite end and having grooves in the bases thereof coextensive with the length of the members in the direction in which they are inserted into the holder and shoulders formed within the grooves engageable by said spring ngers to lock the members in the holder.
3. A character bearing device comprising a holder having a channel and means closing said channel at one end and also having similarly upwardly projecting spring fingers spaced apart along the central portion of its channel and inclined toward its closed end, character members slidable into the channel of the holder at its opposite end and having grooves in the bases thereof, shoulders disposed within said grooves and engageable by said spring iingers, said grooves being arranged in crossing relation on each character member and of less width than the spring fingers in the end regions thereof, and certain of said grooves being alined with the series of fingers and with one another to form a continuous slot beneath the character members, and a releasing member slidably movable into and throughout said slot for forcing the spring lingers out of the grooves.
4. A channel-shaped character holder having a flat base, a plurality of equi-distantly and longitudinally spaced, similar, spring iingers supported on and projecting upwardly from the base along the central portion of the same, character members slidable into said channel and having grooves which receive the said locking means, locking abutments formed in said grooves and designed for engagement with the locking means,
Asaid grooves forming a continuous slot in alignment with the locking means, and a releasing member slidable into said slot throughout its length and operable to depress the spring locking means out of the rst-named grooves of the character members.
5. A channel-shaped character holder having a iiat base, a plurality of equi-distantly and 1ongitudinally spaced, similar, spring fingers supported on and projecting upwardly from the base along the central portion of the same, character members having base pieces slidable in said channel and each provided with grooves crossing one another at their centers and of less Width than said ngers, the sides of certain of said grooves being formed with recesses for receiving the 1ingers whereby to lock the character members Within the channel and the other grooves forming a continuous slot below. the said members and above the several locking fingers, and a releasing member slidably intertting said slot and shiftable therein beneath the character members for simultaneously forcing the said locking fingers out of engagement with the first-named grooves of the character members.
6. In combination, a holder, spring locking fingers supported on and inclined upwardly and outwardly from a portion of the holder and in a line therealong, and character members having grooves in portions thereof, shoulders disposed within the grooves designed for locking engagement by said locking ngers When the members are inserted in the holder in one position of orientation to prevent removal of the members from the holder in one direction, and slideways disposed in the grooves and inclined upwardly from the bottoms of the grooves in said direction to permit removal of the members in said direction when the latter are inserted into the holder in a reversed position of orientation.
7. A channel-shaped character holder having 4a flat base, a spring nger supported on and projecting outwardly from the base in the central region of the same, and character members slidable in the channel and each having centrally crossing grooves extending at right angles to each other, a shoulder disposed within each groove to receive the spring fingers thereagainst when the character members are oriented crosswise or lengthwise of the holder.
8. A channel-shaped character holder having a flat base, a spring finger supported on and projecting outwardly from the base in the central region of the same, a character member slidable longitudinally into the holder and having grooves formed in the base thereof facing the channel of the holder and extending at right angles to each other, a shoulder formed in each groove and extending transversely thereof adjacent the juncture of the grooves and presenting locking edges for engagement by said spring finger to lock the character member within the holder when the latter is inserted therein so as to be oriented crosswise or lengthwise.
9. A character bearing device comprising a holder having a channel and also having an upwardly extending spring linger supported on and projecting upwardly from the channel of the holder, a character member slidable into the channel of the holder and having grooves in the base thereof presenting shoulders engageable by said spring finger, said grooves being arranged in crossing relation and being of less width than the Width of the spring finger, and certain of said grooves being aligned opposite the linger to form a continuous slot beneath the character member, and a releasing member slidably movable into and through said slot for forcing the spring nger out of the grooves to permit removal of the character member from the holder.
HARRY R. QUANT.