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Publication numberUS2222635 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 26, 1940
Filing dateJun 14, 1939
Priority dateJun 14, 1939
Publication numberUS 2222635 A, US 2222635A, US-A-2222635, US2222635 A, US2222635A
InventorsKenneth Smith
Original AssigneeKenneth Smith
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Gas mask and helmet
US 2222635 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 26, 1940.

K. SMITH 222,635

I GAS MASK AND HELMET Filed June 14, 1939 6 a J lNi/ENTOR Kenneifi 5/221Jih wk;

HTTORNEY were exposed to gun Patented Nov. 26, 1940 Gas MASK AND HELMET Kenneth Smith, Fort Leavenworth, Kans. Application June 14, 1939, Serial No. 279,112 4 Claims. (01. 128-141) (Granted under the amended April 30,

This invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.

' This invention relates to a combination gas mask and helmet for army use in protection against missiles and poison gas.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide a helmet having provision for housing or storing a gas mask including a hose and canister between an inner shell fitting the head and an outer dome or protecting covering.

Another object of the invention is to provide an inner shell fitting the head and adapted to support removably spaced relation, whereby housed between a conventional helmet in a gas mask may be the inner shell and, the conventional helmet when not in use and quickly removed therefrom for use on removing the helmet.

the face without Heretofore, the gas. mask, including a canister containing the necessary filtering material and the hose connecting the gas mask to the canister used in combination with a helmet,

fire and therefore were liable when worn by soldiers to be riddled by bullets or shrapnel, thus depriving a soldier of their use in case they were riddled by gun fire,

to put the gas mask on it therefrom required the removal of met, thereby leaving the against the gun fire.

and the face or to remove the helhead unprotected It is therefore the aim and purpose of this invention to provide a helmet having provision for housing a gas mask,

"including a hose and canister containing the necessary filtering material, whereby they are against gun fire and in which the helmet remains on the head at all time gas mask on protected at all times 5 whether putting the the face or taking it off.

With the above and other objects and advantages in view,

tain features of construction and the invention consists of ceroperatlon of parts which will hereinafter appear, and in Fig. 1 isa vertical sectional view partly in erative position upon a head;

Fig. 2 is a rear elevation thereof Fig. 3 is a top plan view helmet broken away;

Fig. 4 is a vertical se partly in section with part of the ctional view partly in act of March 3, 1883, as

engaging the forehead and .a downwardly ex-- tending rear portion 4 adapted to fit the rear 1 of the head.

On the outer surface and at the lowerend of the downwardly extending rear portion 4 of the inner shell I is mounted an arcuate-shaped bracket 5 made of suitable material such as 1 strap metal and substantially Z-shaped in crosssection, including a downwardly bent arm or flange B suitably secured to the inner shell by rivets I or the like, a horizontal outwardly extending portion 8, and a vertically extending outer wall 9. Side walls It! may also be provided on the bracket if desired. The bracket 5 provides a support or receptacle for an arcuateshaped canister H containing the necessary filtering material for a gas mask I2 which is connected to the canister by a hose IS. A horizontal re'arwardly extending flange I4 is also included on the bracket 5, which acts or serves as a spacer member. for detachably holding a protecting dome or outer shell I5 in spaced relation from the inner shell I' at the rear of the head, whereby the hose l3 may move freely between the inner shell and protecting dome or outer shell. The width of the protecting. dome or shell I-5.is slightly less than the width of the inner shell, whereby the lower inner surface thereof at its sides is caused to come into contacting engagement with the outer surface of the inner shell at its sides, thus providing a space l6 between the inner shell and protecting dome 40 or outer shell I and I5, respectively, which is of a substantially converging concavo convert or converging meniscus shape in cross-section and serves as a pocket or chamber in which the gas mask l2 may be stored when not in use on the face and to be quickly removed therefrom for use on the face in emergency.

In order to place more quickly the gas mask I! in the pocket or chamber l6 any suitable means, such as a ring H which is secured to the chin portion l8 of the gas mask, .may be employed. The outer shell or protecting dome I5 is detachably held against the inner shell by a'chin strap H, as in accordance with present usage.

Any suitable gas mask may be used, having the usual windows 20 and exhaling trap 2|, the gas mask l2 in the present case being supported on the face by four elastic straps 22 which are connected at one end to a ring 23 at the back of the head, the other ends of two of the straps 22 being connected to the upper end at the opposite sides of the gas mask [2 and the remaining two straps being connected at their other ends to opposite sides of the chin portion I8 of the gas mask.

In using the combined gas mask' and helmet,

assuming that the gas mask is being'used on the face and it is desired to place it in an inoperative position within the pocket or chamber 16 formed by the space between the inner shell and the protecting dome or outer shell IS, the soldier takes hold of the ring I! on the chin part l8 of the gas mask and with an outward and upward push and with the pull of the elastic straps 22, the mask is caused to slip back up into. the helmet and lie against the inner shell as indicated by the dotted outline in Fig. 1, the hose l3 folding within the rear of the space between the inner shell and protecting dome. To return the gas mask I2 to the face, a finger is inserted in the ring l1 and then with a pull I on the ring the gas mask is removed from between the inner shell and protecting dome for engaging the face.

It will thus be seen that there is provided a highly novel and useful form of device which is well adapted for all the purposes indicated. Even though there has been herein described certain features of construction and operation of parts, it is nevertheless to be understood that various changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and wish to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A helmet comprising in combination an inner shell having side walls and shaped to fit the head, a bracket on the rear of said inner shell, a canister mounted on said bracket, an outer shell freely mounted on said inner shell and said bracket, ,said outer shell shaped to engage the side walls of the inner shell and the bracket, and forming an interspace between said inner and 50 outer shells, a hose connected with said canister and a gas mask connected with said hose, said canister, hose and gas mask removably housed withingsaid interspace, said interspace opened at the front of said inner and outer shells to permit withdrawal of said gas mask therefrom into wearing position and to return the gas mask thereto.

2. A helmet comprising in combination an inaza aess .ner shell having side walls and shaped to fit the head, an arcuate-shaped bracket on the rear of said inner shell, an arcuate-shaped canister removably mounted on said bracket, an outer shell freely mounted on saidinner shell, said outer shell shaped to engage the side walls of the inner shell and the bracket and forming an interspace between said inner and outer shells, a hose connected with. said. canister and a gas mask connected to sald hose,-said canister, hose and gas mask removablyhousedwithin said interspace, said interspace opened at the front of said inner andouter shells to permit withdrawal of said gas mask therefrom into wearing position and to return the gas mask thereto.

3. A helmet comprising in combination an inner shell having side walls and adapted to fit the head, a bracket on the rear of said inner shell, a canister removably mounted on said bracket, said bracket including a horizontally extending portion and a rearwardly extending portion, said horizontally extending portion of said bracket providing a seat for said canister, an outer shell freely mounted on said inner shell, said outer shell shaped to engage the side walls of the inner shell and the rearwardly extending portion of said bracket and forming an interspace between said inner and outer shells, a hose connected with said canister, a gas mask connected to said hose and means to maintain said gas mask on the face, saidcanister, hose andgas mask removably mounted within said interspace, said interspace opened at the front of said inner and outer shells to permit withdrawal of said gas mask therefrom into wearing position and to return the gas mask thereto.

4. A helmet comprising in combination an inner shell having side walls and adapted to fit the head, an arcuate-shaped bracket on the rear of said inner shell, an arcuate-shaped canister removably mounted on said bracket, an outer shell freely mounted on said inner shell, said outer shell shaped to engage the side walls of said inner shell and the arcuate-shaped bracket and forming an interspace between said inner and outer shells, a hose connected with said canister, a gas mask connected with said hose, said canister, hose and gas mask housed within said interspace, means for maintaining the inner shell upon the head, means for removably holding said outer shell on the inner shell, said interspace 7 opened at the front of said inner and outer shells to permit withdrawal of said gas mask therefrom into wearing position and means for removably maintaining the gas mask on the face.

. KENNETH SMITH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2478936 *Aug 10, 1942Aug 16, 1949Motsinger Armand VFacepiece canister attachment
US3130415 *Apr 21, 1961Apr 28, 1964Goodrich Co B FHelmet assembly with face seal and adjustment means therefor
US3624663 *Jun 15, 1970Nov 30, 1971Gen Aquadyne IncDiver{40 s faceplate and helmet head gear
US4730612 *Mar 19, 1986Mar 15, 1988Helmets LimitedHelmet with auxiliary, electrically operated service
US4811728 *Sep 29, 1986Mar 14, 1989Auergesellschaft GmbhRespirator hood
US7827620 *Oct 17, 2005Nov 9, 2010Steve FeherAir conditioned helmet apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/201.25
International ClassificationA62B18/00, A62B18/04
Cooperative ClassificationA62B18/04
European ClassificationA62B18/04