Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2224464 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 10, 1940
Filing dateAug 10, 1937
Priority dateSep 3, 1936
Publication numberUS 2224464 A, US 2224464A, US-A-2224464, US2224464 A, US2224464A
InventorsWolf Richard
Original AssigneeFirm Georg Wolf G M B H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Thoracoscope
US 2224464 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 10, 1940.

R. WOLF THORACOSCOPE Fild Aug. 10, 1937 fnvenfor: I M/ W/ Patented Dec. 10, 1940 UNITED STATE T'HGRACOSCOPE Richard Wolf, Berlin, Germany, assignor to the firm Georg Wolf G. in. b. H., Berlin, Germany Application August 10, 1937, Serial No. 158,401 In Germany September 3, 1936 6 Claims.

The present invention concerns thoracoscopes provided with an electrically heated cauter for separating adhesions from the lun s and which have a lamp for illuminating the part to be operated upon, this lamp being elastically fixed to a holding tube through which the optical tube for viewing the said part is introduced into the patients body.

According to the invention, the cauter is disposed on a hollow catheter which can be inserted into the said holding tube, and the interior diameter of the catheter and theexterior diameter of the optical tube are such as to per% mit the optical tube to be inserted into the catheter, so that the operating surgeon is enabled to view the place to be burned through the thcracoscope effecting the burning. The burning process by means of the said thoracoscope need not, accordingly, be viewed through another thoracoscope, and the patients body does therefore not need being punctured more than once.

Making such thoracoscopes has been exceeding- 1y difficult technically because the cauter is to be fed either with caustic or diathermanous current, according to whether adhesionshave to be separated or a consequent hemorrhage is to be prevented by coagulation of the tissue of the part operated upon. As the electric leads are to have, accordingly, comparatively great diameters and must be insulated carefully, these leads require comparatively much space in the catheter. It has been found out, however, that the optical tube and the catheter holding the cauter can be introduced, according to the invention, at the same time into an instrument in which the lamp is fixed to the holding tube, so that the optical tube can be comparatively thin. The insertion of the lamp through the trocar sleeve is. efiected in the instruments constructed according to the invention before that of the catheter. holding the center, the lamp, which is attached elastioal ly, being pressedaside by the catheter. When using an instrument of this kind, the operating surgeon can therefore view already when the catheter is being inserted, a step which can be effected together with the insertion of the optical tube, how far and to what place in the patients body he introduces the cauter.

To overcome the said difiiculties in the supply of current by means of the catheter carrying the cauter, the current supply strips are suitably embedded between two, preferably silken, layers and these layers are placed between an interior and an exterior tube constituting together with these layers the tube of the catheter.

At the endto be introduced, the current supply strips are conveniently made to assume the form of tubular sleeves, without the diameters of these strips being reduced, and into these sleeves are inserted the ends of the cauter, which is a wire.

If the cauter is in the form of a loop, as is the case generally, it is advisable to provide that the light entrance aperture of the optical tube .be coaxial withthis tube and to curve the cauter in such a manner that the vertex of the loop lies in the catheter axis, which coincides with the axis of the optical tube.

To enable the insertion of the catheter into the tube holding the lamp being so effected that both these parts assume definite positions with respect to each other, and to provide that the cauter can be given its most favorable position, it is convenient to have a bayonet groove in this, tube engage a tongue fast with the head of the catheter.

The accompanying drawing illustrates a constructional example of the invention. In this drawing,

Figure l is a lateral view of the entire thoracoscope,

Figure 2, a lateral View of the tube holding the Figure 4 is a lateral View of the catheter and the cauter,

Figure 5, a view of the optical tube, and

Figure 6, a view of the trocar sleeve.

Figure 7 is a part-sectional view of the catheter tube, on an enlarged scale, and

Figure 8 shows a section through line 8-8 in Figure '7, the scale of Figure 8 being enlarged with respect to that of Figure '7.

In these figures, l is a trocar sleeve the front end of which is slotted. This sleeve has such an interior'diameter that a tube 2 holding a lamp 5 can be inserted. In the tube 2 is a rod 3 which is suitably soldered to this tube. The rod 3 protrudes from the front end of the tube 2; this protruding part of the rod 3 being elastic. The rod. 3 is hollow and contains an insulated lead supplying current to the lamp 5, which is disposed in a lamp holder 4 attached to the front end of the rod 3. To the tube 2 is fixed a short tube 2a, the interior or which communicates with the interior of the tube 2. Through the tube 2a, combustion gases or air can be aspirated from the patients body. The interior diameter of the tube 2 corresponds to the exterior diameter of a catheter sleeve 6, the rear end of which is provided in the known manner with a current distributor I and a plug sleeve 8 and is covered by a screw 9. On a lower ring IU of the distributor I is a tongue II.

From the front end of the catheter sleeve 6 protrude two insulated tubular feet l2 the front ends of which hold a loop l3 which constitutes a cauter and is suitably of platinum or a platinum alloy. The feet l2 and the loop l3 are conveniently so curved that the vertex of the loop 13 lies in the axis of the tube 6. The loop l3, which can be fed at option either with caustic or diathermanous current, is connected to the distributor I by means of current-conducting strips l5 which are embedded between two silken insulating layers i6 and I8 and separated from each other by two insulators I! (of. Figures 7 and 8). The layers [6 and I8 lie between an interior protecting tube l4 and an exterior tube [9. The front ends of the strips l5 are rolled to the form of tubular feet l2, without the cross section of these strips being reduced, so that the loop I3 can beinserted and soldered into these feet. The catheter B has such an interior diameter that the optical tube 20 can be inserted into the catheter with play. The optical tube 20 has a co-axial eyepiece 2| and a co-axial objective 22.

The instrument is used as follows: The trocar sleeve l is inserted into the body of a subject, then the tube 2 holding the lamp 5 is slid through the trocar sleeve and, subsequently thereto, both the catheter 6 and the optical tube 20 are placed into the sleeve holding the lamp 5, the tube 20 being inserted into the catheter 6. The surgeon is thus in a position to view the loop l3 at the latest at the moment at'whioh it emanates from g the trocar sleeve.

When the catheter 6 and the loop at the front end of this catheter are being inserted, it is to be considered that the rod 3 requires the oatheter 6 to assume the position illustrated in Figure 3, viz., a position in which the curvatures of the feet I3 extend towards the rod 3, so that the tube 6 can slide along the rod 3 and injuries to the insulation of the feet l2 are avoided. When the catheter 6 assumes the position shown in Figure 3, the tongue II on the head 1 of the catheter is being directed to the slit 23 of a bayonet groove 24 in the head 25 of the tube 2. When the tongue H has been inserted into the slit 23, the catheter is turned and, on account of the helical arrangement of the slit 24 the oatheter 6 and the tube 2 are rigidly interconnected, the loop l3 being rotated into the position required for the operation (Figure l), in which the loop l3 lies exactly opposite the lamp 5, and in which the objective 22 of the optical tube 20 is between the cauter feet l2 and the lamp 5. As the-catheter cannot be removed from the tube 2 before the bayonet coupling is disengaged, the

insulation of the feet 12 cannot be damaged by incautious manipulation of the instrument.

I claim:

1. In a thoracoscope, a straight exterior tube 1 an objective, said optical tube being introducible into said catheter, said exterior tube, said catheter and said optical tube being co-axial to each other, and said lamp holder being resilient and lying snugly against said catheter.

2. In a thoracoscope, a straight exterior tube for introduction into a body, a lamp, a holder, the one end of said holder being fixed to said exterior tube and the other end of said holder carrying said lamp, a hollow catheter introducible into said exterior tube, a cauter fixed to the oatheter end to be introduced into a body, and an optical tube containing an eye-piece and an objective, said optical tube being introducible into said catheter, said exterior tube, said catheter and said optical tube being co-axial to each other, and said lamp holder being resilient and lying snugly against said catheter, the wall of said catheter consisting of an interior tube, a thin exterior tube and two insulating layers disposed between said two tubes, two conducting metal strips separate from each other electrically being disposed between said two insulating layers and extending from said cauter to the opposite end of said catheter.

3. In a thoracoscope, a straight exterior tube for introduction into a body, a lamp, a holder, the one end of said holder being fixed to said exterior tube and the other end of said holder carrying said lamp, a hollow catheter introducible into said exterior tube, a cauter fixed to the catheter end to be introduced into a body, and an optical tube containin an eye-piece and an objective, said optical tube being introducible into said catheter, said exterior tube, said catheter and said optical tube being co -axial to each other, and said lamp holder being resilient and lying snugly against said catheter, the wall of said catheter consisting of an interior tube, a thin exterior tube and two silken layers disposed between said two tubes, two conducting metal strips separate from each other electrically being disposed between said two insulating layers and extending from said cauter to the opposite end of said catheter.

4. In a thoracoscope, a straight exterior tube for introduction into a body, a lamp, a holder, the one end of said holder being fixed to said exterior tube and the other end of said holder carrying said lamp, a hollow catheter introducible into said exterior tube, a cauter fixed to the catheter end to be introduced into a body, and an optical tube containing an eye-piece and an objective, said optical tube being introducible into said catheter, said exterior tube, said catheter and said optical tube being co-axial to each other, and said lamp holder being resilient and lying snugly against said catheter, the wall of said catheter consisting of an interior tube, a thin exterior tube and two insulating layers disposed between said two tubes, two conducting metal strips separate from each other electrically being disposed between said two insulating layers and extending from said cauter to the opposite end of said catheter, two tubular sleeves constituting the ends of the current supply strips, said cauter being inserted into these sleeves.

5. In a thoracoscope, a straight exterior tube for introduction into a body, a lamp, a holder, the one end of said holder being fixed to said exterior tube and the other end of said holder carrying said lamp, a hollow. catheter introducible into said exterior tube, and a looped cauter fixed 0 he catheter end to be introduced into a body,

said cauter being so formed that the vertex of the loop lies in the axis of said catheter.

6. In a thoracoscope, a straight exterior tube for introduction into a body, a lamp, a holder, the one end of said holder being fixed to said exterior tube and the other end of said holder carrying said lamp, a hollow catheter introducible into said exterior tube, a cauter fixed to the catheter end to be introduced into a body, and an optical tube containing an eye-piece and an objective, said optical tube being introducible into said catheter, said exterior tube, said catheter and said optical tube being co-axial to each other, and said lamp holder being resilient and lying snugly against said catheter, a bayonet groove in the tube holding said lamp, and a tongue fixed to the head of said catheter and adapted to engage said groove so as to assure thatthe holding tube is introduced in a definite position with respect to said tube and to give the catheter, by rotation subsequently to introduction, the most suitable working position.

RICHARD WOLF.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4111529 *Mar 14, 1977Sep 5, 1978Olympus Optical Co., Ltd.Optical system for an endoscope
US4337763 *Apr 21, 1980Jul 6, 1982The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health, Education And WelfareIlluminated surgical instrument
US4624243 *Apr 8, 1985Nov 25, 1986American Hospital Supply Corp.Endoscope having a reusable eyepiece and a disposable distal section
US4869248 *Apr 17, 1987Sep 26, 1989Narula Onkar SMethod and apparatus for localized thermal ablation
US5437665 *Oct 12, 1993Aug 1, 1995Munro; Malcolm G.Electrosurgical loop electrode instrument for laparoscopic surgery
US5569244 *Apr 20, 1995Oct 29, 1996Symbiosis CorporationLoop electrodes for electrocautery probes for use with a resectoscope
US5902300 *Feb 5, 1997May 11, 1999Symbiosis CorporationElectrodes having upper and lower operating surfaces for electrocautery probes for use with a resectoscope
US5908419 *Feb 5, 1997Jun 1, 1999Symbiosis CorporationResectoscope roller electrode having high heat zone insert
US5938661 *Feb 5, 1997Aug 17, 1999Symbosis CorporationSingle arm electrocautery probes for use with a resectoscope
US5957923 *Oct 7, 1996Sep 28, 1999Symbiosis CorporationLoop electrodes for electrocautery probes for use with a resectoscope
US6358273Apr 9, 1999Mar 19, 2002Oratec Inventions, Inc.Soft tissue heating apparatus with independent, cooperative heating sources
US6379350Oct 5, 1999Apr 30, 2002Oratec Interventions, Inc.Surgical instrument for ablation and aspiration
US6391028May 16, 2000May 21, 2002Oratec Interventions, Inc.Probe with distally orientated concave curve for arthroscopic surgery
US6394949Oct 5, 1999May 28, 2002Scimed Life Systems, Inc.Large area thermal ablation
US6461357Jun 25, 1999Oct 8, 2002Oratec Interventions, Inc.Electrode for electrosurgical ablation of tissue
US6544260Dec 31, 1999Apr 8, 2003Oratec Interventions, Inc.Method for treating tissue in arthroscopic environment using precooling and apparatus for same
US6645203Jan 2, 2001Nov 11, 2003Oratec Interventions, Inc.Surgical instrument with off-axis electrode
US6695839Feb 8, 2001Feb 24, 2004Oratec Interventions, Inc.Method and apparatus for treatment of disrupted articular cartilage
US6699244Apr 17, 2002Mar 2, 2004Oratec Interventions, Inc.Electrosurgical instrument having a chamber to volatize a liquid
US6932812Apr 29, 2002Aug 23, 2005Scimed Life Systems, Inc.Large area thermal ablation
US6939346Jun 28, 2002Sep 6, 2005Oratec Interventions, Inc.Method and apparatus for controlling a temperature-controlled probe
US6997926Feb 4, 2002Feb 14, 2006Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Resistance heated tissue morcellation
US6997941Mar 17, 2003Feb 14, 2006Oratec Interventions, Inc.Method and apparatus for treating annular fissures in intervertebral discs
US7226447Jun 23, 2004Jun 5, 2007Smith & Nephew, Inc.Electrosurgical generator
US7267683Nov 14, 2003Sep 11, 2007Oratec Interventions, Inc.Method for treating intervertebral discs
US7282061Nov 14, 2003Oct 16, 2007Oratec Interventions, Inc.Method of treating intervertebral disc
US7400930Nov 14, 2003Jul 15, 2008Oratec Interventions, Inc.Method for treating intervertebral discs
US7647123Oct 31, 2007Jan 12, 2010Oratec Interventions, Inc.Method for treating intervertebral discs
US7655003Jun 22, 2005Feb 2, 2010Smith & Nephew, Inc.Electrosurgical power control
US7749159Jun 21, 2005Jul 6, 2010Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Large area thermal ablation
US8052675Jan 21, 2010Nov 8, 2011Smith & Nephew, Inc.Electrosurgical power control
US8187312Oct 15, 2007May 29, 2012Neurotherm, Inc.Method for treating intervertebral disc
US8226697Oct 15, 2007Jul 24, 2012Neurotherm, Inc.Method for treating intervertebral disc
US8348934Sep 23, 2011Jan 8, 2013Smith & Nephew, Inc.Electrosurgical power control
US8603082Dec 5, 2012Dec 10, 2013Smith & Nephew, Inc.Electrosurgical power control
DE1024202B *Apr 4, 1953Feb 13, 1958Eberhard HeynemannOperations-Endoskop
WO2010043961A1 *Oct 16, 2009Apr 22, 2010University Of Cape TownA thoracoscope
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/45, 600/104
International ClassificationA61B1/313, A61B1/267
Cooperative ClassificationA61B1/06, A61B1/2676, A61B1/313
European ClassificationA61B1/267D, A61B1/06, A61B1/313