|Publication number||US2225151 A|
|Publication date||Dec 17, 1940|
|Filing date||Sep 16, 1939|
|Priority date||Sep 16, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2225151 A, US 2225151A, US-A-2225151, US2225151 A, US2225151A|
|Inventors||Edward J Borba|
|Original Assignee||Edward J Borba|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (23), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 17, 1940. E. J. BORBA 2,225,151
ILL-UM INATED BATON Filed Sept. 16, 1939 Q j INVENTOR. ;& i EDWARD JBOEBA ATTORNEY Patented Dec- 17, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1 Claim.
The invention, in general, relates to batons, clubs and the like, such as the so-called Indian clubs. More particularly, the invention relates to an illuminated baton or club having associated therewith means for displaying desired illuminated design motifs.
A primary object of the present invention is to provide .a relatively thin, light-weight, balanced baton incorporating means for illuminating the W same.
Another object of my improvement is to provide an illuminated baton of the indicated nature which is additionally characterized by embodying means for displaying various illuminated design motifs.
A still further object of the invention is to provide an illuminated baton incorporating means for emitting a light, either colored or white, which may be flashed oil and on at will.
Another object of the present improvement is to provide a relatively inexpensive illuminated baton which is usable without likelihood of in- Jury.
A still further object of my invention is to provide a non-breakable or shatter-proof illuminated baton of the indicated nature.
The foregoing and other objects are attained in the preferred embodiment of my invention which is illustrated in the accompanying drawing. It is to be understood that I am not to be limited to the precise embodiment or precise arrangement of parts shown, as the invention, as-
defined in the appended claim, can be embodied in a plurality and variety of forms.
Referring to the drawing:
Figure 1 is an enlarged sectional elevation of a preferred embodiment of the invention.
Figure 2 is a view taken on the line 22 of Figure 1.
40 Figure 3 is a perspective view of the embodiment of my invention shown in Figure 1.
In its preferred form, the illuminated baton of my invention preferably comprises a rod possessing the property of transmitting light longitudinally therethrough, a tip removably fastened to one end of said rod, together with a source of light within said rod, means for flashing said light on and oil, and means on said rod affording diffusion of the light rays emanating from said 50 source of light.
In accordance with my invention, I provide a relatively thin, light-weight rod II which preferably is fabricated from a transparent plastic material, such as from the polymers of acrylic acid derivatives. A suitable material is obtainable in solid rods in the open market and sold as lucite or pontalite. The substance lucite is a transparent, water white, optically perfect material capable of transmitting light rays longitudinally thereof and is non-breakable and 5 shatter-proof since it is an acrylic resin. This material can be purchased in desired lengths and diameters. Preferably, the rod H of the baton of my invention is circular in cross-section although a rod of non-circular cross-section may 10 be used equally as well, as desired. Any other plastic material possessing the properties of lucite? or. pontalite may be used for fabricatin the rod.
As illustrated, one end of rod I l is threaded for 16 removably receiving a transparent tin [2 which preferably is fabricated from the same material as rod H. In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawing, the tip 12 is formed to a generally spherical shape and 2 made hollow and air exhausted therefrom to provide a partial vacuum. Moreover, I preferably polish or buff the interior surface of tip i2, as indicated by the concentric circles i3 of Figure 2 of the drawing, so that any light rays transmitted longitudinally throughout the rod and passing to the tip I! will be diilfused in every direction and thus providing a glowing tip when the rod is illuminated. An internally threaded boss H is formed on the tip l2 for enabling the convenient 7' attachment of the tip to the rod. Preferably, a closure member l5, having a conical extension, is tamped into the opening of tip I! after the air has been exhausted therefrom, although any desired shape of closure 'member i5 may be used.
While I have depicted a generally spherical tip I! for removable attachment to the rod ii, any other desired shape of tip may be used, such as a star-shaped tip or star and crescent, it being understood that any of these tips used is hollowed 40 out and polished, or buffed interiorly to effect diflusion of the light rays.
In accordance with the invention, a conventional dry cell flashlight battery I6 is mounted within the rod Ii at the end thereof opposite to 46 the end carrying tip [2. Preferably, the battery is mounted in a well ll formed in the rod and the actuating lever i8 of the battery is faced away from the tip l2 withthe lens IQ of the battery facing the tip so that light emanating 50 from the battery lamp, not shown, behind lens is will be directed toward the tip l2. With the lamp energized, light rays will pass longitudinally of rod H into tip I! and 'will be diffused in all directions therefrom. Preferably, the battery It has a casing of circular cross-section which is nearly equal in its outside diameter to the inner diameter of the rod, or diameter of well I1, so that a tight sliding fit between the battery and the rod is had. In operative position, the lens IQ of the battery is in abutment with an interior lens M in the rod I I which is concavo-convexo in shape to conform with the lens of the battery and which is formed within the rod II at the time of forming well I'l therein.
The illuminated baton of my invention includes a removable handle 22 which is conveniently internally threaded for engaging an externally threaded portion of rod I I, all as shown in Figure 1 of the drawing. The handle 22 preferably is made of a metal plated with chromium to enhance its appearance, but may be made of lucite, if desired, and serves to flash the lamp of the battery oil. and on since it can be screwed onto the rod to a distance adjacent to the actuating lever I8 of the battery. By a slight additional turning up of the handle, the lever I8 of the battery will be pushed into engagement with the battery contact to light the lamp; while turning of the handle in the opposite direction permits the actuating lever I8 of the battery to recede from the battery contact to'shut-ofi the lamp. Thus an orchestra leader, or other person handling the baton, can flash light on and off in the baton by slight manipulation of the handle. While it is customary to employ an uncolored lamp and lens in the conventional dry cell battery for emitting a clear uncolored light, it is clear that a lamp of any desired color can be used for emanating a colored lighrt therefrom. It is also clear that colored transparent discs may be installed within the tip IZ in the path of the light transmitted to afford variable color diflusions of light from the tip even though a white light is transmitted longitudinally throughout the rod I I.
The size and weight of the tip I2 and handle 22 are such that, when attached to the rod II, the complete batch is balanced about the longitudinal center thereof.
The present invention embraces a rod II which is ground or etched externally in desired design motifs, the light diflusing through the baton at the places etched. In the embodiment of the invention shown in the accompanying drawing, see particularly Figure 3, the rod I I is etched spirally so that the baton simulates a candy stick or conventional barber pole. However, any other design motii may be etched on the baton for diifusing the light in such designs.
While I have depicted an illuminated baton of my invention in the accompanying drawing as an especial adaptation thereof, the invention is entirely suitable for adaptation to other similar objects such as policemens clubs and particularly to such objects as drum sticks and Indian clubs wherein numerous ornamental design motifs are embodied and which can be attractively brought to visibility in illuminated color effects, all in accordance with the invention hereinabove described.
It is to be understood that the appended claim is to be accorded a range of equivalents commensurate with the scope with the advance made over the prior art.
An illuminatabie baton, club or the like, said baton, club or like structure consisting of a rod fabricated from a material capable of transmitting light rays longitudinally thereof; the major portion of said rod being of solid cross-section, said rod having a well therein adjacent to one end thereof, a tip detachably secured to the other end of said rod, 9. dry cell flashlight battery mounted in said well; said battery including a lamp at one end facing toward said tip and a push-lever for making and breaking an electrical contact to energize and de-energize said lamp; said tip being fabricated of light conducting material and formed to difluse light rays transmitted thereto from said rod whereby the tip is illuminated when said lamp is energized and said tip being of such dimensions that the baton, club or like structure inclusive of all elements thereof is balanced about its longitudinal center, and a handle rotatably mounted on the end of said rod opposite said tip; said handle being rotatable between two extreme positions so that rotation of said handle in one direction to one extreme posi- .tion and bringing it to rest in such position effects a movement of said push-lever toward said tip to energize and maintain the energization of said lamp, while rotation of said handle in the opposite direction permits movement of said pushlever away from said tip to de-energize said lamp.
EDWARD J. BORBA.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2493991 *||Mar 22, 1947||Jan 10, 1950||William J Morrison||Ornamental illuminated device|
|US2601554 *||Jun 25, 1948||Jun 24, 1952||John W Peters||Baton having selectively illuminated section|
|US2614203 *||Apr 19, 1948||Oct 14, 1952||Jr Harry Dalton||Runway marker for airports|
|US2665561 *||Jul 11, 1949||Jan 12, 1954||Yocum Reuben J||Ice-skating rink|
|US2787470 *||Nov 4, 1955||Apr 2, 1957||Ruby M Aitken||Lighting attachment for golf clubs|
|US3731077 *||Mar 31, 1971||May 1, 1973||Honeywell Inc||Illuminated indicator for high and low ambient light environments|
|US3890497 *||Mar 18, 1974||Jun 17, 1975||Chromalloy Electronics Div Chr||Illuminated safety pole for bicycles or the like|
|US4012630 *||Feb 12, 1975||Mar 15, 1977||Richard Gareis||Lighting fitting|
|US4226163 *||Feb 27, 1979||Oct 7, 1980||Welcomer James D||Illuminated drumsticks|
|US4231077 *||Dec 27, 1977||Oct 28, 1980||Joyce James E||Light toy|
|US4600974 *||Feb 19, 1985||Jul 15, 1986||Lew Hyok S||Optically decorated baton|
|US4952511 *||Apr 14, 1989||Aug 28, 1990||Martek Corporation||Photobioreactor|
|US5003437 *||Jun 18, 1990||Mar 26, 1991||Barrett Robert R||Illuminated boat hook structure|
|US5392203 *||Sep 18, 1992||Feb 21, 1995||American Airlines, Inc.||Signal light assembly and method of manufacture|
|US5581230 *||Jan 5, 1995||Dec 3, 1996||Amerisafe Corporation||Illuminated door handle assembly|
|US5980063 *||Sep 24, 1997||Nov 9, 1999||Ford; Timothy D.F.||Illuminated elongated tubular body|
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|US20050046582 *||Jul 25, 2002||Mar 3, 2005||Kessel David Roy||Device for identifying a person or an object|
|US20090310364 *||Jun 16, 2008||Dec 17, 2009||Cornelius Turner||Attachable illumination accessory for walker|
|US20140309081 *||Apr 10, 2013||Oct 16, 2014||Andrew Gavigan||Most fit exercise sledge hammer|
|US20150045192 *||Aug 4, 2014||Feb 12, 2015||Bosu Fitness, Llc||Hand held exercise and fitness device|
|WO2003019489A1 *||Jul 25, 2002||Mar 6, 2003||David Roy Kessel||Device for identifying a person or an object|
|U.S. Classification||362/102, 340/321, 84/464.00A|
|International Classification||G09F21/02, A63B15/02|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B15/00, A63B2207/02, A63B15/02, F21L11/00, G09F21/02|
|European Classification||G09F21/02, F21L11/00, A63B15/00, A63B15/02|