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Publication numberUS2225247 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 17, 1940
Filing dateMay 18, 1937
Priority dateMay 18, 1937
Publication numberUS 2225247 A, US 2225247A, US-A-2225247, US2225247 A, US2225247A
InventorsEngler Walter N, Kline Bernard L
Original AssigneeWestern Union Telegraph Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of and apparatus for electrical recording
US 2225247 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 17, 1940. B E ETAL 2,225,247


"'mllll I I NVENTOR' w 026.6 AT ORNEY W Patented Dec. 17, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT orrica METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICAL RECORDING Application May 18, 1937, Serial No. 143,392

3 Claims.

The present invention relates to apparatus for recording and more particularly to novel arrangements for conditioning electrical recording blanks by controlling humidiflcation of the same.

In accordance with the present invention, a sheet or layer of paper or other fibrous material is prepared in any suitable manner by the application of a substance which becomes conductive when moistened. Certain of these substances known to the prior art will change color upon application of an electric current thereto in the wet state, whereas others serve merely as electrolytes, in which case blanks to be used in the novel manner disclosed herein will be coated, impregnated,

'' or otherwise supplied with a color changing medium in addition to the electrolyte. Ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulphate, sodium nitrate and nickel sulphate are examples of electrolytes which will cause a blank to become conductive when the blank is used in a moist atmosphere. The present invention is based upon the discovery that certain recording blanks of the prior art as well as the recording blank disclosed and claimed in a copending application Ser, No. 59,780, filed January 18, 1936, of B. L. Kline, will readily change color upon passage of an electric current when they are exposed to moist air either before or during recording, or if closer control of the process is desired, when they are exposed to a specially humidity controlled atmosphere in the same way. Accordingly, one important object of the present invention resides in the provision of a novel method of recording electrical impulses or signals.

Another and related object is to provide recording apparatus embodying means for supplying humidity controlled air to facilitate recording by electrical means.

A further object of the present invention is to provide novel recording means to permit use of greatly simplified recording apparatus of the type employing a device for moistening the record sheet.

A still further object of the present invention resides in the provision of novel methods and means for artificially maintaining humidity and temperature conditions surrounding an electrical recorder.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide novel means for bringing humiditycontrolled air into contact with a recording blank within limited successive areas thereof.

The foregoing and more specific objects will appear in the following complete disclosure of the invention in its several aspects, Referring to the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a view in side elevation of a recorder suitable for use in practicing the present invention, certain of the parts thereof being omitted for the sake of simplicity;

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a recorder embodying the present invention in modified form;

Fig. 3 is an elevational view of a continuous type of recorder embodying the present invention in modified form;

Fig. 4 is a view illustrating a recorder enclosed within a housing to insure proper recording conditions;

Fig. 5 is an elevational view of a storage device from which given lengths of recording paper may be dispensed or which may feed a continuous re- 16 corder of the general type suggested by Fig. 3 of the drawing; and

Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 2 and illustrates modified apparatus for practicing the invention.

Referring for the present to Fig, 1 of the draw- 20 ing, reference character l0 designates copyholders illustrated as cylinders, each of which is adapted to receive a record blank in contact with its periphery. Apparatus for feeding copyholders automatically into position to cooperate with an axially movable stylus II is disclosed by Figs. 6 and '7 in the application of R. J. Wise et al., Ser. No. 110,760, filed Nov. 13, 1936, and, therefore, details of the apparatus which are unnecessary to an understanding of the present invention are omitted. The recording stylus II. is supported V upon a movable carriage as disclosed in the above mentioned application and a pair of discs I2, one of which appears in Fig. 1 of the drawing, are secured to a shaft s, the latter being turned intermittently to bring a cylinder l0, resting in aligned notches It in the discs, into position where it is rotated in contact with the stylus H by a mechanism which is fully disclosed in the application above referred to. A storage rack 'or magazine ll, along which the cylinders it are conveyed to the discs I2, is provided with a latch member l8 adapted to be operated by pins It to release the cylinders one at a time. It will be understood that the improvement illustrated in Fig. 1 may be applied to any type of recorder in which loaded copyholders are stored and fed one at a time into recording position.

The major portion of the storage rack or maga- I zine I1 is enclosed in a housing II of suitable dimensions which is open atone side as indicated by the reference character 22 to permit the cylinders to roll along the rack ll onto the aligned notches IQ of the. discs II. The opening is 56 preferably covered by a flap 23 hinged at 24, To facilitate loading of the rack I1, the top of the housing may be hinged at 23. The cylinders, which are discharged after being scanned by the stylus roll along a conveyor 23 to an accessible position.

Air is supplied through a conduit 21 to the housing 2| from an air conditioning device 23, and, if desired, air may be circulated through the housing 2| and returned to the device 23 through another conduit 23. The device 23 is provided with a blower 33 or other suitable means for moving conditioned air along the conduit 21 to the housing 2| and moistening of the air may be accomplished by evaporating water or other liquid in a boiler 3| which is adapted to be heated by an arrangement such as the coil 32. The water for moistening purposes is supplied to the evaporating device 3| through a conduit 33. In the event that atmospheric humidity is excessive, this excess may be removed by a refrigerated coil 34 or suitable chemicals or solutions of chemicals for maintaining any desired humidity, The coil 34 may be an evaporator for a liquid refrigerant, or it may be a coil carrying a cooled liquid such as brine.

To ensure a proper degree of humidity in the housing 2|, a humidostat 33 is provided which is connected to valves 33 and 31 in the supply line to the coil 34 and in the conduit 33.

Operation of the apparatus disclosed in Fig. 1 will be obvious from the foregoing. The blanks on the cylinders l3 which remain within the housin 2| for an appreciable time before they, are successively placed in position to cooperate with the recording stylus II, will be moistened to a degree sufficient to make them conductive. The mechanism which rotates the shaft l4 a quarter of a revolution causes the pin |3 to raise the latch |3 which depresses the portion in contact with the cylinder on the rack l1 so that it rolls down into the upwardly positioned aligned notches l3. The latch |3 returns immediately to retain the next cylinder in the housing 2| until the cylinder, which is in position adjacent the stylus H is scanned.

Referring to Fig. 2 of the drawing, .an arrangement is shown for conditioning a limited portion of the blank with conditioned air as a scanning operation is performed. For the purpose of illustrating this form of the invention, a scanning device is shown which comprises a scanning cylinder 33 which is rotated by suitable apparatus (not shown) and a housing 4| to which is secured the scanning electrode or stylus 42. The housing 4|, which may contain the amplifiers necessary for feeding the stylus 42, is mounted to slide upon rails 43 along which it is propelled at scanning speed by a lead screw (not shown). An arrangement of this type is disclosed in Fig. 1 of the drawing of the Wise et 9.1. application above referred to. A hood 44 is carried by the housing 4| and is open at one end and formed to fit over the cylinder 33. The hood 44 is provided with conduit connections 43 and 41 which are in communication with a source of conditioned air such as the device 23 described in connection with Fig. 1. To facilitate observation and adjustment of the stylus 42,

the hood 44 is hingedly mounted at 43 so that it may be raised bodily away from the cyl inder 33. It will be understood that the conduits 43 and 41 can be readily made of flexible material so as to permit raising of the hood 44 when desired. In operation of the device of Fig.

2, a record blank 43 on the cylinder 33 will be subjected to the flow of conditioned air within the hood 44 in the immediate neighborhood of the stylus 42 which in most instances will be suflicient to make the blank 43 conductive enough for recording purposes.

Fig. 3 of the drawing shows the invention as applied to receiving apparatus of the continuous type in which the blank is iii th form of a continuous web or sheet 3|. The web 3| is curved at the point where the record is impressed upon it to permit operation thereon of a revolving stylus or a plurality of styli 32, which is energized in accordance with the received signals and is driven by a motor or other mechanical driving means 33.

The scanning motor 33 and an electrically conducting platen 34 are carried upon a suitable frame comprising the members 33 and 31 which support side walls 33 and top and bottom walls 33 and 33 to form a compartment or housing 3| en closing the stylus 32 and the platen 34. The housing 3| is supplied with conditioned air through a conduit 32 leading from a conditioning device indicated by the reference character 33. To provide recirculation of the. conditioned air a second conduit 34 leads from the housing to the conditioning device 33. With the arrangement Just described the recording process is conducted in an atmosphere which may be readily controlled with respect to temperature and moisture conditions, the latter being maintained at the point best suited for recording without danger of softening the web 3| to the point where it would tear because of the tension imposed by the sheet propelling means (not shown).

In Fig. 4 of the drawing an electrical recorder is enclosed in a hood or housing 33 which is arranged to be supplied with humidity-controlled air from the air conditioning device 31, the latter being similar in function and operation to the device 23 described in connection with Fig. 1. Conduits 33 and 33 are arranged to provide recirculation of air through the housing 33. The facsimile receiver 1| may be of any known type or kind. this figure of the drawing serving only to illustrate a facsimile recorder which is enclosed so that recording occurs in a specially controlled atmosphere. A recorder which is similar to the recorder 1| chosen for the purpose of illustration, is disclosed in an application of R. J. Wise, Ser. No. 23,927, filed May 28, 1935.

Fig 5 of the drawing discloses a modified appsratus for practicing the invention in which a quantity of recording paper may be stored in a specially conditioned atmosphere prior to its use in the recording machine. Referring to Fig. 3, the recording paper is illustrated as being stored in the form of a roll 12 within a cabinet or housing 13. The latter is supplied with humiditycontrolled air from the air conditioning device 14 through the conduit 13. The conduit 11 provides for recirculation of the conditioned air in the manner already described in connection with other figures of the drawing. If the record paper is stored in the cabinet 13 in the form of a roll, it may be conveniently fed to a facsimile recorder 13 of the general type disclosed in Fig. 3 of the drawing. The web of recording paper 13 which extends between the cabinets 13 and 13 is preferably made very short so that the recording paper will not have an opportunity to become dry prior to recording. If the recorder is to be used at infrequent intervals, it should be covered and supplied with moist air as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 of the drawing. It will then be possible to start the recorder at any time with properly conditioned record paper.

Fig. 6 of the drawing discloses an arrangement in accordance with the invention by which the record sheet 49 maybe moistened by moist air blown out of the pipe 8| located near the recording stylus 82. The pipe 8| connects with an air moistening device 83 whichis provided with an arrangement for moistening the air or generating steam which is to be blown upon the record blank 49.

The structure such as shown in Figs. 1 and herein is not disclaimed, but comprises the subject matter of a divisional application Serial No. 365,692, filed November 14, 1940.

From the foregoing it will be seen that there is provided a recording method and means which permits simplification 01' a recording operation and also avoids all objectionable features of prior recording methods and apparatus wherein it is necessary to apply a liquid for the purpose of enhancing the conductivity of a record blank.

The nature of the invention will be determined from the Ioregoing'and the scope thereof is delined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. The method of electrically recording signals which comprises selectively applying an electrical potential to elemental areas of a recording blank capable of conducting electricity when moist and at the same time conditioning said blank by contact with a humidity-controlled atmosphere in the area in which recording is being done.

2. In a recorder, recording means, means for operativeiy maintaining a recording blank in operative relationship with said recording means, means for progressively changing the position of said blank relative to said recording means, and means surrounding said recording means for supplying moist air to the recording blank while in operative relationship wtih said recording means. 3. In a recorder, recording means, means for operatively maintaining a recording blank in operative relationship with said recording means, means for progressively changing the position of said blank relative to said recording means, and means to provide a humidity-controlled atmosphere surrounding said recording means during recording.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2421673 *Nov 29, 1941Jun 3, 1947Rca CorpFacsimile receiver
US2570096 *Jan 9, 1947Oct 2, 1951Pierce CompanyFacsimile wet electrolytic recording
US4734721 *Oct 4, 1985Mar 29, 1988Markem CorporationElectrostatic printer utilizing dehumidified air
US4772901 *Jul 28, 1987Sep 20, 1988Markem CorporationElectrostatic printing utilizing dehumidified air
US4809026 *Jul 29, 1986Feb 28, 1989Markem CorporationElectrostatic printing utilizing a heated air flow
US4809027 *Jul 29, 1986Feb 28, 1989Markem CorporationOffset electrostatic printing utilizing a heated air flow
U.S. Classification346/150.3, 205/52, 358/300, 346/25, 34/380
International ClassificationH04N1/23, H04L21/00, H04L21/04
Cooperative ClassificationH04L21/04, H04N1/23
European ClassificationH04L21/04, H04N1/23