|Publication number||US2225574 A|
|Publication date||Dec 17, 1940|
|Filing date||Feb 27, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2225574 A, US 2225574A, US-A-2225574, US2225574 A, US2225574A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec, 17,- 1940. r P. THOMSON y 2,225,574
l VFRAMINGAND FURRING vvSTRUCTURE FOR PARTITIONS,
WALLS, AND CEILINGS l V Fld Feb. 27, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet l I gZlnun-or' FE'EP T1-Lama mn Dec. 17, 1940. P. THOMSON. 2,225,574
FRAMING AND FURRING STRUCTURE FOR PARTITIONS, WALLS, AND CEILINGS '7 Filed Feb. 27, 19259 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 LE-fg E 7 1-TQ. E.
1*'55 .l E y M17 i' T J, o ZL), 75 t ..0 l ss r/ y o x62 :F l se 7; /M//Ww/ 7 7 Eg-lil- ET EJ wjl @VH H QJ /o' J 7 G I o @4.5mm J i il! H il Il ll Il ll Il H\ll ll/H H Patented Dec. 17, 1940 UNITED4r STATES PATENT gOFFICE;
FRAMING AND FURRING `STRUCTURE Foa PARTITIONS, WALLS, AND cEILINcs Peter Thomson, Wilmington, Del. Application February 27, 1939, Serial No. 258,825
` 5 claims. (ci. 'zz- 118i i The present invention relates to building conpart of this speciiication, and in which drawstruction generally and to improvements in framings:
ing and furrlng structures for partitions, walls Figure 1 is a perspective view of an interior and ceilings. corner of a room showing my improved furring An important object of the invention is to construction applied to the walls and ceiling, cerprovide a nailable supporting member particutain portions being shown broken away or in larly well adapted for use in framing and furring section. partitions, walls and ceilings in that the member Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of a porlo may be nailed at a plurality of points along a tion of the furring construction including an adrectilinear nail receiving and engaging path justable wall-carried supporting bracket. formed by a series of closely spaced openings Figure 3is avertical sectional view of a portion without splitting the member apart along the of the furring construction including a ceiling nail-receiving and engaging path and without loss hanger. of purchase of the nails in the nailable member. Figure 4 is a horizontal sectional view of a Another important object of the invention renailable supporting strip preferably forming a sides in the provision of a nailable metal uchanpart of the furring construction and showing how nel bar which may be employed at the floor or a panel of plaster board may be nailed thereto. ceiling as a sill or plate and to which may be Figure 5 is a view in side elevation with pornailed either end of a .supporting member of tions broken away and showing my improved 2o the character described constituting a wall or narrow wall and partition framing construction.
partition stud. Figure 6 is a view in vertical cross section of Another object of theinvention is to provide a the narrow framing construction.
longitudinally adjustable telescopic nailable sup- Figure 'l is a perspective View showing the reporting member for use in framing and furring lationship of sill, stud and plate forming the 25 of partitions, walls and ceilings of various dimennarrow framing construction. sions, and wherein the telescopic sections may be Figure 8, is a horizontal cross sectional view of secured against movement from a desired posithe stud forming a part of my narrow wall and tion of relativey adjustment by the driving of a partition framing construction and showing how nail, .y i a panel of plaster board may be nailed thereto. 30
A further object of the invention resides in Figure 9 is a perspective view of an end porthe provision of a nailable supporting member tion of channel beam employed for framingover having a nail receiving passageway defined by or under a wall opening.
walls adapted to engage or grip a nail driven int Figure 10 is a view in side elevation with ponthe passageway at a plurality of zones. tions broken away and showing my improved 3'5 Another object is to provide a nailable supwide wall and partition framing construction. porting member having a nail receiving passage- A Figure` 1l is a view in vertical cross section of way defined by convergent walls adapted to guide the widel wall and partition framing construction.
a nail thru the zones oi' engagement in the paS- y Figure 12 is a fragmentary perspective view o sageway. i showinga portion of the stud forming a part of 40 An `important feature of the invention is the the wide framing construction. provision of a nailable supporting member ofuni- Figure 13 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional form cross-sectional shape which may be emview of the wide stud. PlOyed D015 Only in the flllllg 0f partitions, walls Figures 14 and 15 are perspective views of a 5 andfceilings, but also in the fabrication of nailplate and sill preferably employed in the wide 45 able studs for the construction of walls and parframing construction. titions of various widths. In the drawings, which show preferred and Another important feature of the invention is modified forms of the invention, and wherein to provide a metallic framing structure arranged similar referencecharacters denote correspond- 5o to facilitate the installation of plumbing pipes ing parts thruout the several views, the letter 50 and electrical conduits. i A generally designates the improved furring con- Other objects and advantages of the invention struction for a wall or ceiling, including nailable will become apparent during the course of the supporting members Bandadjustable brackets following detailed description, taken in conriec-` C; the letter D generally designates a narrow l5 tion with the accompanying drawings, forming a type framing construction for a wall or partition, 55
including nailable narrow type studs E and nailable narrow type channel beams F for use as sills and plates; and the letter G generally designates a wide type framing construction for a wall or partition, including wide type studs H, each utilizing a pair of nailable supporting members B, and nailable wide type channel beams J for use as sills and plates.
Referring to the Vfurring construction A, the same is shown in Figure 1 as applied to a room including a concrete floor'25,.a concrete ceiling 26 and brick walls 21.' Secured in depending relation from the ceiling 26, as by molding therewith at the time the ceiling is cast, is a plurality of spaced hangers 28 carrying channel bars 29. preferably in parallel relation to-one of the side walls of the room. Secured subjacent the channel bars 29, as by wiring 30, and preferably in perpendicular relation thereto, is a plurality of spaced nailable supporting members B.
Secured in projecting relation from the brick walls 2l, as by setting in mortar 3| between vertical joints, preferably at the time the/Wallis constructed, is a plurality of spaced adjustable brackets C to which are secured, as by wiring 32, inverted channel bars 33, paralleling the floor.
Secured to the channel bars 33, and preferably in perpendicular relation thereto, as by wiring 34, is a plurality of spaced nailable supporting members B. At the room corners, the 'channel bars 33 of adjacent side wallsmay cross oneanother.
Referring now to the nailable supporting members B in detail, each may comprise a channel beam 35 including a reentrant dihedral angular web 36, and side flanges 3l including convergent sections 38 extending from opposite sides ofthe web and coplanar divergent sections 39 continuing from the convergent sections 38. lProvided along the vertex of each dihedral web 36 ls a series of nail-receiving .circular openings40 preferably of a diameter slightly less than that of a given nail 4|. These circular nail-receiving openings 40 are preferably closely spaced. As an exdivergent ample, the distancev between centers'of adjacent openings 40 preferably is no greater than vtwice'.
' the diameter of the openings. The side flanges -31 at the liunctures of their 'convergent andyV are preferably" `spaced' a distance less than the diameter of thel given nail 4|. Extending over thedivergent sec-.- tions 39 is a punsturable metal binding strip 42.y
sections 38, `39
having-its marginal edge portions 43 folded provide cavities 44, adjacent the folded portions as shown in Figure 13, permitting slight spreading of the divergent sections, upon driving of a nail into the member B. In Figure 4, rthe nail 4| has spread the iiangesections 39 apart so that the cavity. space is occupied. The convergent sur`v faces of the dihedral web and side flanges serve to guide a nail 4| thru one of the nail-receiving openings 40 and between the closely spaced junctures of the side flange sections 38, 39, and then into puncturing engagement with the binding strip 42.
The adjustable brackets C may each include a socket member 45 and a bolt 46.
A'I'he boltv 46 may be formed with a lug 58 atits outer end for carrying the inverted channel bar83.
AIn the example shown, plaster board panels 6| arelsecuredL-asby nails 4|, to the nailable supporting members B of the furring constructionA to provide wall'and ceilingsurfaces, but it will be understood thatthe surfaces may be of any suitthe divergent sections 8| of the beam 11.
able material, such as plaster, and that expanded metal or wood lath, as well as the usual plaster ground strips may be attached to the supporting members C by nailing.
Referring now more particularly to Figures 5-8 of the drawings, the narrow width framing D for walls and partitions is shown as applied between a floor l5 and ceiling 16. A plurality of nailable studs E may be employed, each comprising a channel beam 'Il including a reentrant dihedral webl, and side flanges 18 comprising convergent sections extending from opposite sides of the web '|8 and divergent sections 8| continuing from the convergent sections. The web 18 is provided with a series of nail-receiving openings 40 like those in the web 36 of the member B, and the junctures between the sections 80-8I are spaced in a manner similar to the spacing of the junctures of the side flange sections 38-39. Each nailable stud further comprises a nailable channel beam 82 including a reentrant dihedral web.83 and convergent side flanges 84 engaging The web 83 is also provided with a series of nail-receiving openings 40.
Teles'copically related to the channel beams 'Il-82 is' a sleeve member 85'having reentrant dihedral sides 85 similar to and slidable outwardly of the reentrant dihedral webs 18-83, whereby the sleeve member may be xed against Fmay be employed to form a the sill' 8 6r;.platelff81:andfhorizontal support 88 yfor use' above orlbelowial wall opening. In Figure 5,. the lhor-irlf'i'nitaljsupport 88 constitutes a header f for.ardooropeningjbutit will be readily understoodjtliat-the support 88 may lbe employed above or Vluelow a window opening. Each beam F comprises a central web 89 provided with a. series of apertures'90for the accommodation of electrical conductorsand the'likaandside flanges 9| providednwithaseries of nail-'receiving openings 92 y `It Vwill fbefsen this'framingconstruction D is adjustable-vtozvarious ceiling yheights and may befreadily' provided .onopposite sides with suitable' surfaces such as the plaster board panel 93, by nailing.. In order to facilitate framing of openings, the web 88o! the channel beam F may be severed along its junctures'with side flanges l9|, as shown in Figure 9, and turned to form an abutment flange 94. f
As for the framing construction G for a wide wall ,or partition, attention is invited to Figures l0-15Yof the drawings. a The wide type studs H f each preferably comprise a pair of nailable supportingl` members B of -thev character described. SecuringV these nailable supporting members B 'in spacedrelation is a plurality of cross-ties |00 each comprising a pair of strips |0| united intermediate their ends as by welding |02 and having their end portions |03 folded into gripping engagement with opposite sides of the flange binding strips 42 of the spaced members B.
Telescopically related to the supporting members B are spaced apart relatively short sections of channel beam 35 of the character described, and` connected by cross-ties |00, as described,
having their end portions |03 foldably engagingy the divergent side flange sections of the beam 35.
Relatively wide channel beams J may be emves ployed to form a sill |00, plate and horizontal support |06 for use above or below a wall opening. In Figure 10, the horizontal support |06 constitutes a header above a door opening but it will be readily understood that the support may be employed as a stretcher below a window opening. Each beam J comprises a central web |01 provided with a series of apertures |08 for the accommodation of the relatively large drain and vent pipes often encountered in the building industry, and side fianges |09 each provided with a series of nail-receiving openings ||0 for the securement of the wide type stud H in any of a plurality of positions along the channel beam J, by nailing.
1t will therefore be seen framing construction is adjustable to various ceiling heights and may be readily provided on either or both sides with suitable panel surfaces. The stud H may be economically1 produced in a quantity-of widths as the cross-ties |00 are the only portions which require variation.
It will therefore be observed that the nailable supporting member B, stud E and stud H herein described, each provide channel beams having for the reception, and engagement of a driven nail, and dened by walls adapted to guide the drive nail toward the zones of engagement.
Various changes may be made in the forms of invention herein shown and described without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the following claims.
1. A nailable supporting member comprising a channel beam including a reentrant dihedral web, and side flanges including convergent sections extending from opposite sides of the web and divergent sections extending from said convergent sections, said dihedral web being provided along its vertex with a series of nail-receiving openings and said side junctures of said convergent and divergent sections being spaced apart a distance no greater than the diameter of said nail-receiving openings and means spanning said divergent sections for maintaining said side flanges in spaced relation.
2. A nailable supporting member comprising a channel beam including a reentrant dihedral web, side flanges including convergent `sections extending from opposite sides of the web and divergent sections extending from said convergent sections, said dihedral web being provided along its vertex with a series of nail-receiving openings and said side flanges at the junctures of said convergent and divergent sections being spaced apart a distance no greater than the diameter of said nail-receiving openings, and a puncturable sheet secured in spanning relation to said divergent sections for maintaining said side anges in spaced relation.
that this wide type of beams in iixedly 3.4 A naiiable supporting member comprising a channel beam including areentrant dihedral web,
, side flanges including convergent sections extending from opposite sides of the web and divergent sections extending from said convergent sections, and a second channel beam including a reentrant dihedral web and side flanges including convergent sections extending from opposite sides of the web of said second channel beam, the convergent sections of said second channel beam being disposed in exterior surface engagement with the divergent sections of said first channel beam, said dihedral webs being each provided` along their vertices with series of nail-receiving openings and the side fianges of said first channel beam at the junctures of their convergent and divergent sectiens being spaced apart a distance no greater than the diameter of said nail-receiving openings.
4. A nailable supporting membercomprisng a pair of channel beams each including a reen- 'trant dihedral web, and side flanges including convergent sections extending from opposite sides of the web and divergent sections extending from said convergent sections, said dihedral webs each being provided along their vertices with series of nail-receiving openings and said side flanges at the junctures of their convergent and divergent sections being spaced apart a'distance no greater than the diameter of said nailreceving openings, said channel beams being j disposed in parallel relation with said divergent sections confronting one anothen and means secured to the divergent sections in spanning relation to said channel beams for maintaining said spaced relation and for maintaining said junctures against spreading upon passage of a nail therebetween.
5. Anailable supporting `member comprising a pair of channel beams each including a reentrant dihedral web, and side flanges including convergent sections extending from opposite sides of the web and divergent sectionsextending from said convergent sections, said dihedral webs each being provided along their vertices with series of nail-receiving openings and said side flanges at the junctures of their convergent and divergent sections being spaced apart a distance no greater than the diameter of said nail-receiving openings, said channel beams being disposed in parallel relation with said divergent sections confronting one another, and means disposed in spanning relation to said channel beams for maintaining said beams in xedly spaced relation, said means comprising a plurality of spaced crossbars each including a pair of straps having their end portions secured to the divergent sections and having their intermediate portions secured together remote from saiddivergent sections whereby a nail may be driven between said strap end portions.
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|US2425798 *||Mar 29, 1944||Aug 19, 1947||Great Lakes Steel Corp||Metal nailing beam|
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|US2553679 *||Sep 23, 1946||May 22, 1951||Cecil F Schaaf||Building construction|
|US2706315 *||Jun 11, 1949||Apr 19, 1955||Manley R Price||Wall or ceiling treatment|
|US2724960 *||Jan 10, 1950||Nov 29, 1955||United States Gypsum Co||Furred wall construction|
|US3214875 *||Feb 12, 1962||Nov 2, 1965||Nat Gypsum Co||Wall supporting and fastening means|
|US3527006 *||Mar 15, 1968||Sep 8, 1970||Hanson Russell G||Partition module construction|
|US3889439 *||Jun 27, 1974||Jun 17, 1975||Neomat Ag||Device for holding front wall or inside wall facings as well as inside or outside facings of a ceiling in a pre-set distance from a supporting wall respectively a ceiling|
|US4019291 *||Oct 14, 1975||Apr 26, 1977||American Store Equipment Corporation||Wall system|
|US5848512 *||Jul 18, 1997||Dec 15, 1998||Conn; Douglas R.||Structural member for wall assembly|
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|U.S. Classification||52/364, 52/345, 52/704, 52/241, 52/506.5, 52/349, 52/356|