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Publication numberUS2226433 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 24, 1940
Filing dateNov 2, 1939
Priority dateNov 2, 1939
Publication numberUS 2226433 A, US 2226433A, US-A-2226433, US2226433 A, US2226433A
InventorsHerman William P
Original AssigneeHerman William P
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multiple connector
US 2226433 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 24, 19%. W. P. HERMAN 2,226,433

MULTIPLE CONNECTOR Filed Nov. 2, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet l dofr/fuaaae INVENTO ATTORNEY 8Q 9 194@- w. P. HERMAN 2,226,433

MULTIPLE CONNECTOR Filed Nov. 2, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 aulummnlmx INVENTOR.

ATTORN EY Patented Dec. 24, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT orrica 9Claiml.

My present invention relates to the manufacture of a one-piece connector element, and has particular reference to a novel construction of L-shaped connector and a novel method of assembly of the same.

It is the principal object of my invention to provide an L-type connector in which the connector body is made of an integral, one-piece, resilient material such as soft rubber.

l It is an additional object of my invention to Another object of my invention is to provide 25 an L-type connector which will permit the connector body to lie flat against the wall receptacle.

Another object of the invention is to provide an L-type connector which can be easily and economically assembled by machine.

30 With the above and other objects and advantageous features in view, my invention consists of a novel arrangement of parts and a novel method of manufacture and assembly, more fully disclosed in the detailed description following, in

conjunction with the accompanying drawings,

and more specifically defined in the claims appended thereto.

In the drawings: Fig. l is a front elevation of an L-type con- 40 nector embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof; Fig. 3 is a top plan view thereof; Fig. 4 is a bottom view thereof; Fig. 5 is an enlarged detailed section taken 45 along line 5-5 on Fig. 1;

Fig. 6 is a plan view of one of the horizontal contact elements; I

Fig. 7 is a section taken along line 1-1 0 Fig. 6;

50 Fig. 8 is a plan view of one of the vertical contact elements; and

Fig. 9 is a section taken along line 9! on Fig. 8.

Multiple service connectors have heretofore 55 been constructed in the conventional design disclosed in my copending application Serial No. 235,336, filed October 1'1, 1938, issued as Patent No. 2,210,215 on August 6, 1940. However, instead of a connector body portion having four outlet sections, it has occasionally been found ii practicable to use a flatter connector body portion having only three outlet sections and designed to lie flat against the wall receptacle. Such a construction permits the use of a pair of contact elements for entering the wall re- 10 ceptacle, and provides two additional outlets one of which usually is provided with a cord lead wire and the other of which provides a female receptacle portion for receiving the usual plug cap. The present invention provides a novel type of flat connector body portion having three connector sections, which is made of an integral, one-piece body and resilient material and which is assembled easily and economically by machine, and in which the connector elements and cord lead connections are anchored without distorting the body portion and without the use of screws or other outside clamping means.

Referring to the drawings illustrating my invention, the connector element 20 comprises an integral, one-piece molded body of resilient material such as soft rubber, and comprises a vertical portion 2| and an integral laterally extending portion 22. The vertical portion 2i is preferably flat, andthe lateral portion 22 extends from one face of the flat vertical portion 2i. a

In the illustrated form, the vertical portion 2| is preferably tapered at the upper end thereof as at 23; the tapered portion 23 terminating in a central cable opening 24. The opening 24 opens into an upper cable recess 25 communicating with spaced parallel slots 26 and 21 which extend downwardly through the vertical portion 2!. Integrally formed with the internal portion of the connector element 20 and between the upper end of slots 26 and 21 is a baflle 28 extending partiallyinto the upper cable recess 25. The baille 28 is of the same material as the plug body and is designed to prevent short circuiting and arcing between the upper ends of the contact elements and the cord lead connections.

The laterallyextending portion 22 is provided with spaced parallel slots 29 and 30 extending into the vertical portion 21 and intersecting the slots 26 and 21. Slots 29 and '30 extend slightly beyond the slots and 21 but not through the vertical portion 2|; the inner ends of the slots being enlarged to accommodate the hereinafter 5 quired by the Underwriters.

to be described lugs 39 on the horizontal contact elements.

While any conventional type of interlocking device may be used for anchoring the contact elements in the slot such as struck-up lugs or tangs, I prefer to use the type of anchoring device in which the slots are provided with restricted slot portions with shoulders and the contact elements are provided with complementary cut-out portions so that the anchoring of the contact elements in the slots is accomplished without distorting the connector body and without the use of screws or other outside clamping means.

The vertical slots 26 and 21 are provided with the type of contact elements shown in Figs. 8 and 9. Each contact element 3! comprises a. elongated integral fiat metallic portion preferably stamped from sheet stock and having a lower opening 32 for the purpose of assembly. The upper end of the element 3| is provided with a lateral slot 33 extending inwardly from one edge of the contact element and below that a second lateral slot 34 extending inwardly and at a slight downward angle from the other edge of the contact element. Slots 33 and 3 3 are for the purpose of anchoring the electrical cord lead connection in a manner hereinafter to be described. The central face of the body of the element St is provided with a projection 35 preferably annular in cross section and at least the thickness of the contact element 38. The projection 35 may be formed integrally with the contact element, as by extruding, or may be soldered or separately attached thereto in any suitable manner.

In assembling the vertical contact element 3! into the vertical portion of the connector body 2!, the electrical cord lead connections 36 are bared at their ends and the bare ends are spot welded, soldered, or attached in any other suitable manner to the upper edge of the blade 3i adjacent the lateral slot 33. The cord lead wire is then pulled into the slot 33 across the intervening portion between the slots 33 and 3t and into the slot at and around and upwardly. The

intertwining of the cord lead connection 35 between the slots 33 and 3 3 will serve to anchor the cord lead connection to the connector element, and will provide the necessary strain relief re- The cord lead connection is preferably made to the vertical contact element prior to their assembly, and the element 3| with the cord lead connection may be assembled into the vertical slots 26 and 21 in any suitable manner but,preferably by a machine of the type disclosed in my copending application entitled Contact plug assembly apparatus, Serial No. 99,848, filed September 8, 1936, issued as Patent No. 2,198,966 on April 30, 1940.

The contact elements 31, illustrated in Figs. 6 and '7, are designed to fit into the lateral slots 29 and to in the portion 22. The elements 3'! are also preferably stamped from flat sheet stock and may be provided at their outer ends with openings 33 required by the Underwriters. The inner end of each contact element 37 is provided with integral, reentrantly bent lugs or projections 39 and a lateral slot d adjacent the inner end. In assembly; when the elements 37 are positioned in the slots 29 and 3B, the lugs 39 will hook around the edges of the elements 3| and the projection 35 on the element 31 will enter into the slot 40 so that the contact elements will be interlocked against accidental removal. If desired, the pin and slot arrangement may be disposed with and the lugs 38 may be used alone to interlock the contact elements.

The elements 81 are of suilicient length to ex tend outwardly from the lateral portion 22 and the outwardly extending Portions are designed to be pushed into the conventional wall receptacle so that the flat surface of the vertical portion 2| of the connector element is parallel with the wall and flat against the wall. The lower end of the vertical element 3! extends to just short of the lower end of the vertical slots 26 and 27 with a portion of dielectric material 4! between the end of the slot and the end of the connector element. This provides a female receptacle portion into which contact elements on a conventional connector cap may be pushed and the additional lower dielectric material 4 acts as a snuffer to prevent arcing when the connector cap is being pushed into or pulled out of the slot. Furthermore, the central cable opening 24 may be of slightly smaller diameter than the cable or cord lead wire 36 so that after they have been returned to their normal position and the cable has been pulled into the connector element body 20, there will be a gripping action tending to ad ditionally hold the cable within the connector element body.

While I have described a form of connector element having a pair of protruding contact elements for insertion into a. wall receptacle and a plurality of service openings one for the reception of a conventional connector cap and the other for the attachment of a cord lead connection which will permit the extension of a cord lead wire, it is obvious that the cord lead wire can be eliminated and that both ends of the vertical connector element 3i may be made alike and both ends of the vertical slots 28 and 27 may be made alike so that when the elements are pulled into the vertical slots instead of a cord lead connection, as shown, the connector element body will be provided with two oppositely disposed female connector elements which will permit the attachment of two separate conventional connector caps.

The use of the above-described construction and of the preferred method of manufacture and assembly provides a multiple L-shaped connector which comprises an integral, one-piece body of resilient material, which is easy and economical to manufacture and assemble and which is flat, unbreakable, and which can be readily used behind pieces of furniture such as a radio, etc. without scratching or breaking.

While I have described a specified embodiment of my invention, and a specific method for manufacture and assembly, it is obvious that these are merely illustrative, and that changes in the size and shape of the parts, in the materials used for the parts, their relative arrangement, and in the assembly method desecribed, may be made to suit requirements for different connector body designs without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, and pairs of contacts mounted within said slots in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with each other.

2. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, and pairs of contacts mounted within said slots in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with each other, said body constituting yielding resilient means for retaining said contacts within said slots.

3. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, and pairs of contacts mounted within said slots, one contact of each pair being in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with one contact of the other pair.

4. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, and pairs of contacts mounted within said slots in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with each other, the pair of contacts in said horizontal slots extending beyond said body to provide means for establishing electrical energization for all of said contacts;

5. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the Outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, pairs of contacts mounted Within said slots, one contact of each pair being in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with one contact of the other pair, and a pair of electrical conducting wires extending into said cable recess in electrical conducting engagement with the contacts in said vertical slots.

6. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, and pairs of contacts mounted within said slots in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with each other, said vertical slots being of greater length than the contacts therein whereby flexible slots mouths beyond the ends of said contacts are provided.

7. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, and pairs of contacts mounted within said slots in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with each other, the pair of contacts in said horizontal slots extending beyond said body to provide means for establishing electrical energization for all of said contacts, said vertical slots being of greater length than the contacts therein whereby flexible slot mouths beyond the ends of said contacts are provided.

8. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, and pairs of contacts mounted within said slots, one pair of said contacts each having a pin and the other pair of said contacts each having a slot adapted to receive said pin, whereby said contacts are in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with each other.

9. In a connector element, an integral onepiece body of molded soft resilient material having an upper cable recess and two slots extending vertically therefrom through said element, said body having an integral auxiliary portion extending at right angles thereto and having two horizontal slots extending from the outer surface thereof and terminating at said vertical slots, and pairs of contacts mounted within said slots; one pair of said contacts each having a pin and the other pair of said contacts each having a slot adapted to receive said pin, the contacts in said horizontal slots having integral reentrantly bent lugs at their inner ends adapted to hook over the edges of said vertical contacts, whereby said contacts are in electrical and mechanical interlocking engagement with each other.

WILLIAM P. HERMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3387253 *Sep 27, 1965Jun 4, 1968Motorola IncConvenience plug
US4085996 *Mar 29, 1977Apr 25, 1978International Telephone And Telegraph CorporationCubical three-conductor electrical tap
US4776814 *Dec 23, 1987Oct 11, 1988Geurts Jan V MElectric plug
US5171168 *Oct 15, 1991Dec 15, 1992Manufacturers Components, IncorporatedElectrical plug-socket unit
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/600, 439/651, 439/694, 439/458
International ClassificationH01R25/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01R25/003
European ClassificationH01R25/00B