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Publication numberUS2227184 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 31, 1940
Filing dateMay 10, 1938
Priority dateMay 10, 1938
Publication numberUS 2227184 A, US 2227184A, US-A-2227184, US2227184 A, US2227184A
InventorsWilhelm Goetz
Original AssigneeAlbert Weiner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Clip brooch
US 2227184 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 3l, 1940. w @0E-rz 2,227,184

CLIP BROOCH Filed May 1o, 195s Q9 *f4/162,125 A INVENTOR Welm 0095;

Patented Dec. 31, 1940 PATENT OFFICE CLIP BROOCH Wilhelm Goetz, Providence, R. I., assignorto Albert Weiner, Providence, R. I.

Application May 10, 1938, Serial N0. 206,983

4 Claims.

` or more clips.

In the copending applications Serial No. 42,726, filed` SeptemberBO, 1935, and Serial No.. 89,725, filed July 9, 1936, which have now become Patent No. 2,120,215 and Patent No. 2,198,558, respectively there is disclosed a clip brooch .combination in which the clips are mounted upon an H-shaped frame structure or upon a structure which is slotted or recessed for resiliency and/or to receive the ornament or jaw members of the usual type of clip or clasp.

It is among the objects of the present .invention to kprovide a novel structure of the character above described in which `there will be an additional vresilient and/or Yfrictional engagement between the supporting or mounting frame and the clips or clasps or the ornament members thereof, and, which, at .the same time, may be readily dismantled into two ,clips` and a frame Q or assembled into a brooch by the wearer without .diiiiculty .Another object is to provide an improved clip brooch or pin clip combination of the character above described in which the clips and frame may be repeatedly dismantled to form separate clips or assembled to form a brooch without tendency for the assembly to `loosen with wear or upon handling, and in which the frame will be of particularly light construction without sacricing the rigidity and strength of the assembly and with assurance that the assembly may be readily used as a brooch and the pin may be utilized without interference with the clips or frame and with assurance that the clip brooch will properly hang itself when attached toa "4 dress or to another article of apparel.

Other objects will be obvious or will appear during the course of the Vfollowing specification.

In accomplishing the 'above objects', it has been found most suitable according -to one embodiment to combine the recessed or slotted frame with the clips, clasps or ornament members insucha manner that there will be a double resilient` and/or frictional engagement tending to retain the clips in position upon the frame.

. In case of an H-irame, aportion of the ornament or clip is preferably inserted between the legs of the H, while the ends ofthe legs of the H are preferably compressed between projections on the back of the ornament member or (Cl. (i3-20) teeth or other elements forming part of the jaw member of the clasp.

At the same time the frame is preferably provided with a protuberance at the end thereof which will rigidlyhold the frame or ornament,` 5 clip or clasp together in the assembled brooch structure.

Where the frame is of H-contour, the middle bar of the H is preferably bent away or offset from the plane of the frame so as to latch overprojecting portions of the ornament or clip structure.

When all four of the legs are caused to eX- tend in the same direction from a mounting bar, the elevated or oiset portions may be provided between each pair of legs to engage similar bosses or enlargements on the back of the clips.

In the case of an H-frame, the pin and catch are preferably mounted upon a parallel extra leg structure, while in the case of an E-bar struc-"" ture, the pin is preferably mounted upon the connecting element or the bar.

In the drawing, which illustrates several of the various possible embodiments ofthe present invention, but to which the present invention isf by no means restricted, said drawing being by way of illustration and not'by way of limitation, since many changes and alterations could be made, all within the scope of the present inven-A tion,

Fig. 1 is a rear View of a clip brooch combination showing part of the jaw member of one of the clips broken away to more clearly show the assembly,

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional View upon the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 upon an enlarged scale as compared to Fig. 1,

Figs. 3 and 4, respectively, are transverse sectional Views upon the lines 3-3 and 4-4 of Fig. l upon an enlarged scale as compared to Fig. 1,

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the inside face of the jaw member dismantled from the clip,

Fig. Gis a top perspective View of the H-frame4 structure, which may beutilized in the assembly of Figs. 1 to 4,

Fig. 7 is a side perspective View of an alternative E-frarne structure, which may be utilized in lieu of the H-frame structure of Figs. 1 to 6,

Fig. 8 is a rear View of a clip brooch assemblage including the E-rame structure of Fig. 7.

Referringto the embodiments of Figs. 1 to 6, the two clips A, are mounted back to back upon the clip frame B, which carries the pin and catch combination C. 0n the back of the clips bossrnent 21.

are attached the clip findings, including the jaw The ornaments A, as shown, have hollow inside faces I1 and are curved outwardly and downwardly as indicated at I8 `to cover the jaw members D. As shown the ornament members are provided with the bosses I 9 having the rearward pads or extensions 20, the side flanges 2|! and the upstanding post members or back flanges 22, said post members, together with said side flange members forming partial boxes at the rear of the ornament adjacent the abutting faces I6. f

Extending through the walls or flanges 2| are the pivot pins 23, the ends of which are embraced by or received in the coiled or turned over portions 24 in the ends of the arms 25 of the jaw members D.

Between the arms 25 of the jaw members D is a resilient tongue 26 having a reinforcing em- The tongue 26 rides over the back wall 22 to lie upon the top of the back wall 22, when the jaw members D are down, as indicated in Fig. 2, or upon the back face 30 of said wall 22 when the jaw members are turned up-wardly at 90 from the position shown in Figs. l to 4.

'Ihe jaw members D are provided with the dress or garment engaging teeth 28, which are formed when the slots 29 are made and which extend downwardly from the forward ends of the slots i 29. There are also the special slotted engaging teeth 3|. These teeth are turned downwardly from the side edges of the jaw member D, as best indicated in Fig. 4, and are turned inwardly adjacent their lower ends, as indicated at 3%2, the

slot 33 affording resiliency;

These teeth 3|, tend to exert 'a resilient grasp on mounting frame or basev frame B, pressing the resilient legs of said frame upwardly and inwardly to assure a rm substantial rigid engagement'between the clips A and the frame B.

`Referring to the frame, as best shown in Fig. 6, there is a central looped or offset bridge 34 forming the cross bar of the H which fits closely over andengages the projections 20 on the ornament and there are also providedA the substantially parallel legs 35 and 35 and the auxiliary legs 31,

, which form amount for the pin and catch C.

'I'he pin 38 is provided with a pivotal mount 39 upon one of said arms 31 and with a detachable catch4 on the other arm 31.

The enlargements 4| at the outside edges of the legs 35 assure a better rigid connection.

- The legs 35 and 36 may also be recessed and slotted, if desired, and it is also possible in certain instances to make the main slots 42 of different sizes to receive the teeth of jaw member D of the clip brooch.

In assemblage the legs 35 and 36 may be inserted into the slideways 43 between the coil portions 24 of the` jaw members D and the inside faces I1 of the end of the ornament.

This may be donewithout manipulation of the jaw members D and with the jaw members down in the position indicated in Figs. l and 2. As the leg members are inserted into the guideways or slideways 43 on the back of the ornament member formed by the elements 24 of the clip finding, they will engage or contact the inside faces of the teeth 3| andA the lower bosses of the teeth will tend to press the ends of the frame D upwardly curving them toward the. jaw members D as shown in Fig. 2.

When the connection is completed the cam enlargements 4| will snap past the teeth 3|, as best shown in Fig. 1, and the loop element 34 will snap onto and over the bosses 20 forming a rigid clip brooch or pin clip construction which will not rattle or loosen and which may be readily attached to a garment by manipulation of the pin and catch C without difficulty or interference with the clip findings or frame.

The action of the legs 35 and 36, in rst being spread by the bosses I9 and then pressed together by the teeth 3| and being also curved upwardly by the teeth 3 I, will form a most rigid connection, which at the same time will be readily dismantled or assembled by the ordinary wearer of such assemblage.

Referring to the construction of Figs. '7 and 8, the frame is of E form and has a cross bar 50 connecting the pairs of legs 35 and 36. Each pair of legs 35'-3B is designed to receive a clip, as indicated in Fig. 8, and the clips abut at their side faces I6', as indicated best in Fig. 8.

The pivot 39 and the catch 40' of the pin 38 are mounted upon the loops 34.

In operation the clips A' of Figs. 7 and 8 will be held in position in the same manner and with the same strength as in the embodiments shown in Figs. 1 to 6.

It is obvious that other shapes and forms of frames with parallel arms may be provided, such as X-shaped, T-shaped, W-shaped frames, which are designed to engage the clip finding, which nding formsa runway or guideway for the frame and at the same time conceals the frame. Where the arms of the X-shaped, T-shaped or W-shaped frame are not split, they it into runways or slideways on the back of the ornament members, as for example shown in application Patent 2,120,215 and/or application Patent 2,198,558. Where the legs, however, are positioned in pairs, as in the present application, the ornament members may be inserted between the pairs of legs as disclosed herein, with the abutting faces of the ornaments being so shaped as to have the flush contact indicated at IB and I6.

The legs 35 and 36 of Figs. 1 to- 6 or 35 and 35 of Figs. 7 and 8 might be closed together and the pivot mount 24 may be placed so as to straddle said legs or the legs 35 and 36 might be combined into single legs which are longitudinally slotted to give the necessary resiliency with the pivot mount 24 being on one or both sides of the combined legs 35-36.

Also instead of using the jaw members D, it is possible to place bosses I9 and projecting elements 3l on the back of the ornament to engage the legs 35-36 of the frame, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7.

It also may be desirable in certain instances to provide frames, such as shown in Figs. 6 and 7, either to carry the pin and catch and also to carry the jaw member and in such case the pin and catch frame B or B may be substituted by the jaw member frame depending upon whether the device is to be utilized.

rangement of clip brooch construction, or to any particular application of any such construction, or to any specic method of operation, or manner of use, or to any of various details thereof, herein shown and described, as the same may be modied in various particulars or be applied in many varied relations without departing from the spirit and scope of the claimed invention, the practical embodiments herein illustrated and described merely showing some of the various features entering into the application of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In a clip brooch construction, at least one clip and a frame, said clip including an ornament having a longitudinal axis and a toothed jaw member provided with a pivotal mount on the back of said ornament adjacent one side thereof and the axis of said pivotal mount being transverse to said longitudinal axis, said frame havingr a transverse bar and at least one pair of parallel legs extending transversely outwardly therefrom, said legs being parallel to said longitudinal axis, said frame carrying a pin and catch, said pair of legs being inserted between said ornament and said jaw member, saidy pair of legs embracing and frictionally grasping said pivotal mount adjacent said transverse bar and means carried by said jaw member to embrace and frictionally grasp the outside edges of said pair adjacent the outside ends of the legs of said pair, the pivotal and said last mentioned means with the jaw member closed forming parallel slideways into which said legs are frctionally inserted, said frame including two pairs of legs and all said legs being on one side of said transverse bar.

2. In a clip brooch construction, at least one clip and a frame, said clip including an ornament having a longitudinal axis and a toothed jaw member provided with a pivotal mount on the back of said ornament adjacent one side thereof and the axis of said pivotal mount being transverse to said longitudinal axis, said frame having a transverse bar and at least one pair of parallel legs extending transversely outwardly therefrom,

said legs being parallel to said longitudinal axis,

said frame carrying a pin and catch, said pair of legs being inserted between said ornament and said jaw member, said pair of legs embracing and frictionally grasping said pivotal mount adjacent said transverse bar and provided with camming projections adjacent said outer ends and means carried by said jaw member to embrace and frictionally grasp the outside edges of said pair adjacent the outside ends of the legs of said pair, the pivotal and said last mentioned means with the jaw member closed forming parallel slideways into which said legs are frictionally inserted with said jaw member closed against said member, said frame being capable of Withdrawal from said clip brooch without movement of said jaw member,

said last mentioned means including slotted transversely grooved teeth positioned on each side of said jaw member.

3. In a clip brooch construction, at least one clip and a frame, said clip including an ornament having a longitudinal axis and a toothed jaw member provided with a pivotal mount on the back of said ornament adjacent one side thereof and the axis of said pivotal mount being transverse to said longitudinal axis, said frame having a transverse bar and at least one pair of parallel legs extending transversely outwardly therefrom, said legs being parallel to said longitudinal axis, said frame carrying a pin and catch, said pair of legs being .inserted between said ornament and said jaw member, said pair of legs embracing and frictionally grasping said pivotal mount adjacent said transverse bar and vprovided with camming projections adjacent said outer ends and means carried by said jaW member to embrace and frictionally grasp the outside edges of said pair adjacent the outside ends of the legs of said pair, the pivotal and said last mentioned means with the jaw member closed forming parallel slideways into which said legs are frictionally inserted With said jaw member closed against said member, said frame being capable of withdrawal from said clip brooch without movement of said jaw member, said last mentioned means including slotted teeth positioned on each side of said jaw member, the lower portions of said teeth being offset inwardly and said legs being curved away from said ornament and toward said jaw member upon being inserted between said slotted teeth.

4. In a clip brooch construction, at least one clip and a frame, said clip including an ornament having a longitudinal axis and a toothed jaw member provided with a pivotal mount on the back of said ornament adjacent one side thereof and the axis of said pivotal mount being transverse to said longitudinal axis, said frame having a transverse bar and at least one pair of parallel legs extending transversely outwardly therefrom, said legs being parallel to said longitudinal axis, said frame carrying a pin and catch, said pair of legs being inserted between said ornament and said jaw member, said pair of legs embracing and frictionally grasping said pivotal mount adjacent said transverse bar and means carried by said jaw member to embrace and frictionally grasp the outside edges of said pair adjacent the outside ends of the legs of said pair, the pivotal and said last mentioned means with the jaw member closed forming parallel slideways into which said legs are frictionally inserted, said pivotal mount including a low boss and a high boss and said transverse bar having an olTset portion to fit over said low boss and to abut said high boss.

WILHELM GOETZ.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7225638 *Mar 16, 2005Jun 5, 2007Sharon Loeff Designs, LlcConvertible jewelry mounting
Classifications
U.S. Classification63/20, 63/1.16
International ClassificationA44C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA44C1/00
European ClassificationA44C1/00