|Publication number||US2227920 A|
|Publication date||Jan 7, 1941|
|Filing date||Mar 15, 1939|
|Priority date||Mar 15, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2227920 A, US 2227920A, US-A-2227920, US2227920 A, US2227920A|
|Original Assignee||Harry Baither|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (25), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 7, 1941. H, BAITHER 2,227,920
VENT ILJATED TOILET 35 F'led March l5, 1939' 2 Sheets-Sheet l Inventar H B math ET' ttmrneg Jan. 7, 1941. H- BMTHER 2,227,920
VENT I LATED TO I LET Filed March 15, 1939 2 Sheets-$heet 2 Invl Html H Earti-IEP WMZ Patented jan. 'L 194i l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFECE VENTILATED TUILET Harry Baither, Milwaukee, Wis.
Application March 15, 1939, Serial No. 261,902
8 Claims. (Cl. 4-213l This invention appertains to bathroom appli- Figure is an enlarged, detail, sectional view ances, and more particularly to toilets of the gentaken on the line 5-5 of Figure l, looking in the eral type illustrated in my Patent No. 1,931,052, direction of the arrows, illustrating one means issued to me October 17, 1933. employed for resiliently mounting the motor and 5 (lne of the primary objects of my invention is fan in place. 5 to provide novel means for constructing a venti- Figure 6 is a fragmentary, vertical, sectional lated toilet in such a manner that all objectionview through a slightly modified form of my able odors will be carried oil' from the toilet bowl toilet, the View being taken on the line 6--6 of to the drain pipe while the toilet is in use, and Figure '1, looking in the direction of the arrows.
l0 all danger of foul odors seeping back from the Figure 'l is a transverse, sectional view taken l0 drain pipe into a room is eliminated. on the line 1 1 of Figure 6, looking in the di- Another salient object of my invention is the rection of the arrows. provision of a ventilated toilet bowl having a Figure 8 is a detail sectional view taken on water seal or trap chamber therein for the foul the line 8--8 of Figure 9, looking in the direcodors, with means for normally preventing the tion of the arrows, illustrating the means of in- 15 escaping of all odors or gases therefrom, means corporatlng the fan and motor in a compartment being provided for creating a pressure in said formed integral with the water tank or reservoir. chamber to force gases containing foul odors Figure 9 is a sectional View through the wacollected in said chamber to the drain pipe. ter tank or reservoir, taken on the line 9-9 of Another important object of my invention is Figure 8, looking in the direction of the arrows. 20 the provision of an electric motor and fan for Figure l0 is a. detail, horizontal, sectional view taking the gases from the bowl and for creating taken on the line I 0--20 of Figure 9, looking in pressure in said water seal trap chamber and for the direction oi the arrows, showing the cornmounting the motor and fan in such a manner pertinent formed in the water tank and the that the same will be normally hidden from view. means for mounting the fan and motor in said 25 A further object of my invention is the procompartment. vision of novel means for mounting the fan and Referring to the drawings in detail, wherein motor on the toilet in such a manner that noise similar reference characters designate correand vibrations will be reduced to a minimum. spending parts throughout the several views, the
A still further object of my invention is to letter T generally indicates my improved ventiprovide a. ventilated toilet of the above characlated toilet, which comprises a. toilet bowl I5, ter, which will be durable and efficient in use, having communicating therewith, through a waand one in which the parte are compactly and ter seal or trap I8, a'drain pipe I7. This drain conveniently arranged. pipe I1 is connected through the medium of a With these and other objects in view, the in suitable coupling (not shown) with the drain vention consists in the novel construction. arpipe of a building. rangement, and formation oi' parts, as will be The upper end oi' the bowl I5 has formed therehereinafter more speciiically described, claimed, in a. flush ring I8. The :hush ring I8 has comand illustrated in the accompanying drawings, municating therewith a plurality of outlet aper- 40 in which drawings: tures I 9, and Ithe flush ring communicates with 40 Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view through the main water outletl 20 of the ilush tank 2l. my complete ventilated toilet, the view being This outlet 2li also communicates through an entaken substantially on the line I-| of Figure 2, larged passageway 22 with the body of the bowl looking in the direction of the arrows. I5. The flush tank 2i can be formed integral Figure 2 is a transverse sectional view through with or separated from the bowl I5. The pas- 45 the toilet, taken on the line 2-2 of Figure l, looksageway 20 can be controlled in the usual or any lng in the direction of the arrows. preferred manner by a valve 23.
Figure 3 is an enlarged, detail, sectional view In accordance with my invention, I form in the illustrating the means for automatically closing rear end of the'bowl in back of the outlet or drain Y the circuit through the electric motor when prespipe I'l and the passageway 22, a water seal or 50 sure is applied to the seat of the toilet. trap chamber 253, and this chamber is adapted to Figure 4 is a horizontal sectional view taken be supplied with water through a small pipe 25, on the line 4 4 of Figure 1, looking inthe diwhich extends down toward the bottom of the recticn of the arrows, illustrating the means of chamber and opens into the passageway 22. y incorporating the vent pipe with the drain pipe. Thus, when thepassageway 22 is supplied with 55 water, water will also be supplied to the trap chamber Leading from the trap chamber 24 at the desii-ed water level is a vent pipe 25. This vent pipe 28 is carried into the discharge or drain pipe i? adjacent the lower end thercoi. and, it desired, this vent pipe 28 can be of an oval shape in cross-section, and the inner wall of the discharge or drain pipe il can be hollowed out to receive the saine. This will make a smooth inner drain pipe contour, so that foreign objects will not adhere to the pipe.
Also extending into the trap chamber 24 through the upper wall thereof is an inverted gooseneck pipe 2l. which forms a water seal or trap. The free end of the pipe 2l' extends slightly above the upper end of the vent pipe 26, and. if desired, a splash plate 28 can be arranged in front of the open end of the vent pipe, so that if undue disturbance is caused in the water of the chamber, the water will not have a tendency to unduly drain from the chamber through said pipe 2E.
In the form of my invention shown in Figures l to 5 inclusive, the usual or conventional type or" flush tank 2i is employed. and in accordance with my invention, I place in said tank at the desired point, a casing 29 for housing the electric motor 3S and the fan 3i. The casing 29 is provided with a removable cover 32 above the water line of the ush tank, so that entrance into the casing can be had when necessary or desirable.
To reduce noise and vibration, the casing is suspended in the flush tank by means of shock absorbing coil springs. Certain springs 32 can be disposed between the bottom of the casing 2S and the ilush tank, and certain springs 33 can be arranged between the front of the casing 29 and the front wall of the flush tank. Other springs 34 can be arranged between the rear wall or" the casing and the rear wall of the flush tank.
In order to further reduce noise and vibration, the fan and motor 3i) and 3i are arranged together as a unit, and this unit is then suspended in the casing by means of coil springs 35, as is clearly shown in Figures l and 2. The intake oi the fan 3i has connected thereto a suction pipe 3l, which leads into the toilet bowl and communicates with the chamber 22, so that when the fan is running. a suction will be created in the bowl through the openings I9 and the flush ring i8. The outlet of the fan is connected to a pipe 3S, which leads to the gooseneck El. The inlet and outlet pipes 3l' and 38 have incorporated in their lengths. at the desired points flexible couplings 39. These couplings prevent vibrations and noise from being transmitted from the motor and ian to the casing 29, and from the casing 29 to the flush tank and bowl. In order to insure the proper lling of the gooseneck with water to form the water seal. one branch thereof has formed therein a small opening 4G below the normal water level in said trap chamber 24.
The usual fiush tank pipe 4i can be provided with a water trap 42. which prevents the drawing of air through the pipe while the fan is in operation. Thus, all of the air is sucked from the bowl through the flush ring.
The circuit to the electric motor 3D can be closed in any preferred manner, and the current for operating the motor can be derived from the house circuit. In order to make the operation or the device automatic, I propose to close a switch to the motor 30 when the pressure is placed upon the seat 43 of the toilet bowl.
The seat 43 at its rear end is provided with hanger hinges 44, which are mounted upon hinge pins 45. These hinge pins are carried by brackets 46 slidably mounted on the top of the bowl. The brackets 46 are normally held in a raised position by expansion Coil springs 4'! placed about the brackets and confined between shoulders 48 on the brackets and the top of the bowl. One of the brackets 48 is employed as the Operating device for the switch, and, consequently, this bracket is guided in a sleeve or bearing 49 carried by the top of the bowl i5. The lower end of the sleeve 49 has firmly secured thereto an insulating housing 5B. Firmly secured to the lower wall of the insulating housing is an electric contact 5I and a companion Contact 52 is carried by, but insulated from the sliding bracket. The contacts 5| and 52 have electrically connected thereto current-conducting wires 53 and 54. These wires can be led through a conduit 55 disposed in the flush tank 2l, and the conduit, in turn, can lead into the casing 29 to the motor. This conduit can also be provided with a iiexible coupling 56, so that vibrations will not be transferred along the length of the pipe. Gbviously, at a desired point, electrical connections can be made with the electrical wires 53 and 54 with the wires of the house circuit.
In operation of my improved device, when pressure is placed upon the seat 43, the rod 46 carrying the contact 52 will be lowered, and this contact will be carried into engagement with the contact 5i, and the circuit will be automatically closed with the motor 30. The fan 3| will draw all objectionable odors from the bowl through the flush ring, and air containing the foul odors will be forced under pressure into the chamber 24. This pressure will blow the water out of the gooseneck 21, and the air containing the foul odors will be forced into the pipe 26, and thence into the drain pipe. As soon as the circuit is broken, the fan 3i will cease its operation, and, consequently, the pressure in the chamber 24 will be relieved. The Water seal will again be formed in the pipe 21 by owing into the pipe through the opening 40.
By this construction and' arrangement, a simple and inexpensive means is provided for carrying orf of vile odors Without any danger of foul gases leaking back into a room from the toilet bowl.
If preferred, an expansion spring 5l can be interposed between the contacts 5| and 52 to insure the normal operation thereof, and means is employed for insuring the proper insulation of the spring from the contacts.
In Figures l and 2, I have shown the fan and motor mounted in a casing within the flush tank. Some manufacturers may desire to form the ush tank, the bowl, and the compartment for the fan and motor, as well as the trap chamber, all in one piece.
In Figures 6 and 7, I have illustrated one convenient arrangement of this type. As shown in these two figures, the bowl and flush tank 60 and Si, at their point of juncture and at the rear face thereof, are provided with a compartment 62.
motor and ian unit is suspended in the compartment by the use of suitable coil springs 6B, which are disposed at the desired appropriate points. The intake pipe El for the fan communicates with the iiush chamber 60 of the bowl, so that a suction will be formed in said chamber and in the flush ring 68. This pipe 61 is formed relatively high so as to eliminate back pressure therein. The outlet B9 of the fan communicates with the trap chamber 10 through a gooseneck 1I. The chamber 10 is supplied with water from the flush chamber 60 through the medium of a pipe 12. The outlet from the compartment 'I0 includes a short length of pipe 13, which communicates with a second chamber 'lll formed in the bowl, and the said second chamber then communicates with the drain pipe i5 by a short length of tubing 16. This form of my invention operates the same as that form just previously described.
In Figures 8 to l0 inclusive, I have illustrated an arrangement whereby a compartment can be formed integral with a flush tank 80. As shown in the mentioned figures, the rear wall of the flush tank 8D can have built thereon an enclosing wall 3i, which wall, cooperating with the rear wall of the flush tank and the bottom wall of the flush tank, forms a compartment 82 for the motor 83 and the fan 84. The motor and fan unit is suspended in the compartment by springs 85, and the inlet and outlet of the fan is connected with the other parts of my ventilated toilet in the same manner as the two forms of my invention previously described.
In all instances, the inlet and outlet tubes and other pipes leading from the fan and motor have flexible couplings incorporated therein.
Changes in details may be made without departing from the spirit or the scope of my invention, but what I claim as new is:
l. A ventilated toilet comprising, a bowl having a water basin therein and a drain pipe below the basin and communicating therewith, means for creating a suction in said bowl above the water basin including an electric motor and a fan, a closed trap chamber, means for supplying water to a predetermined level to said trap chamber upon the flushing of the bowl, a vent pipe entirely independent of the motor and fan connecting the chamber with the drain pipe and extending a pre determined distance into said chamber, an inverted gooseneck disposed in said chamber having one end extending above the normal water level in said chamber and its other end communieating with the discharge of the fan, whereby upon operation of the fan and the creation of the suction in the bowl, a pressure will be created in the trap chamber to force gases through the vent pipe, said gooseneck having a water entrance therein to insure the forming of a water seal therein.
2. In a ventilated toilet, a ush tank having an integral compartment formed in the interior thereof, an electric motor and suction fan resiliently suspended in said compartment, and a cover for the flush tank closing said compartment.
3. A toilet bowl having a discharge pipe, means including a motor and fan for creating a suction in said bowl, a closed trap chamber having the outlet ol the ian communicating therewith above the water level therein for delivering foul odors from the bowl to the trap chamber and for creating a pressure in said trap chamber, means for supplying water to a predetermined level in said chamber, and an outlet tube entirely independent of the motor and fan communicating'with the closed trap chamber above said water level leading to said drain pipe, whereby to conduct gases from said closed trap chamber when pressure is built up therein by said fan.
4. A toilet bowl having a 'drain pipe, means for creating a suction in the bowl including a fan and motor, a closed trap chamber, means for supplying water to said chamber during the flushing of the bowl, a discharge pipe entirely independent of the motor and fan extending into the chamber a predetermined distance and communicating with the drain pipe for conducting gases from the trap chamber upon the building up of a pressure in said trap chamber, an inverted gooseneck disposed in said trap chamber forming a trap, and means connecting the outlet or" the fan with one end of the gooseneck, the other end of the gooseneck terminating above the water level inthe trap chamber, whereby upon operation of the motor and fan and the creation of a suction in the bowl, a pressure will be built up in the trap chamber, whereby to Vent the trap chamber through the discharge pipe, said gooseneck preventing the back Iiow of gases into the fan when the fan and motor are inactive.
5. In a ventilated toilet including a chamber, an electric motor and a suction fan for withdrawing foul odors from the toilet bowl arranged within the chamber and entirely free from the walls thereof, and coil springs connecting the motor and fan to the walls of the compartment, whereby independent movement of the motor and fan relative to the compartment is permitted.
6. In a ventilated toilet having a compartment, an electric motor and suction fan unit for withdrawing odors from the toilet bowl housed within said compartment and entirely free from the walls of the compartment, vertical springs resiliently connecting the motor and fan to certain walls of the compartment, and horizontal tension springs connecting the motor and fan to certain other walls of the compartment.
7. In a ventilated toilet including a bowl and a flush tank, a. housing arranged within the flush tank and spaced from the walls of the flush tank, resilient springs suspending the housing within the flush tank, and an electric motor and suction fan unit disposed within the housing in spaced relation to the walls thereof for creating a suction within the bowl, and resilient springs suspending the motor and suction fan within the housing.
8. In a ventilated toilet having a compartment, an electric drive motor and suction fan unit disposed in the compartment in spaced relation to the walls thereof, a rigid suction pipe for connection with the bowl of the toilet, a rigid outlet pipe, flexible resilient couplings connecting the outlet and inlet of the fan to said rigid pipes, and springs for resiliently suspending the motor and suction fan within the compartment.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2575778 *||Aug 21, 1945||Nov 20, 1951||Wilson Theodore R||Ventilated toilet|
|US2619655 *||Oct 4, 1946||Dec 2, 1952||Huff Floyd A||Ventilating toilet|
|US2639440 *||May 5, 1950||May 26, 1953||Majauskas Charles J||Ventilator for water closets|
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|US5083322 *||Feb 15, 1991||Jan 28, 1992||Jeff Goodman||Toilet system having an air evacuating system in a water storage tank|
|US5167039 *||Feb 14, 1992||Dec 1, 1992||Sim Jae K||Toilet assembly|
|US5369810 *||Dec 2, 1992||Dec 6, 1994||Warren; H. Ray||Malodorous air entrapment apparatus|
|US5388280 *||Oct 13, 1993||Feb 14, 1995||Sim; Jae K.||Ventilation toilet assembly for use in a recreation vehicle|
|US5715543 *||Jan 16, 1997||Feb 10, 1998||Sim; Jae K.||Toilet assembly having an automatic ventilation system|
|US5813060 *||Sep 12, 1996||Sep 29, 1998||Klopocinski; Stanislaw||Multifunction toilet|
|US6073275 *||Jul 29, 1998||Jun 13, 2000||Klopocinski; Stanislaw||Multifunction toilet|
|US8214930 *||Aug 2, 2010||Jul 10, 2012||Ghasem Azodi||Toilet odor removal apparatus|
|US20060037127 *||Aug 18, 2005||Feb 23, 2006||Jack Chen||Ventilation system for a toilet|
|US20120023650 *||Aug 2, 2010||Feb 2, 2012||Ghasem Azodi||Toilet odor removal apparatus|
|US20130263367 *||Apr 3, 2013||Oct 10, 2013||Juan Jose Hugo Ceja Estrada||Toilet odor elimination device and method|
|U.S. Classification||4/213, 417/363, 200/61.58R|
|International Classification||E03D9/052, E03D9/04|