|Publication number||US2228169 A|
|Publication date||Jan 7, 1941|
|Filing date||Jul 7, 1938|
|Priority date||Jul 7, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2228169 A, US 2228169A, US-A-2228169, US2228169 A, US2228169A|
|Inventors||Keogh Jr Edward S, Murphy Joseph M|
|Original Assignee||Keogh Jr Edward S, Murphy Joseph M|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
7, 1941- E. s. KEOGH, JR., EI'AL 2,228,169
DENTAL INSTRUMENT Filed July '7, 193a III "I n Q N \w m w Patented Jan. 7, 1941 DENTAL INSTRUMENT Edward S. Keogh, Jr., Bayside, Long Island, and Joseph M. Murphy, Pelham Manor, N. Y.
Application July 7, 1938, Serial No. 217,924
This invention relates to an improved dental instrument. More particularly the invention is directed to an improved dental mirror provided with means adapted to discharge a controlled jet 5 of fluid, either liquid or gaseous, from a nozzle extending through the mirror and terminating substantially flush with the face of the mirror. thereby facilitating examination and treatment of the oral cavity.
Dental mirrors provided with means for emitting one or more jets of fluid heretofore have been proposed. However, all of the devices of this general type heretofore proposed have been unsatisfactory for a number of reasons. In general, previously proposed instruments of this type have been too cumbersome for satisfactory use in the oral cavity. In some of the previously proposed devices the mirror mounting has been so bulky as to preclude satisfactory use in the restricted 20 space of the oral cavity. Others have been provided with a nozzle projecting a substantial distance from the face of the mirror. Such nozzles not only make the instrument cumbersome but in addition they create a blind spot in the mirror.
Furthermore, such previously proposed instruments have not been provided with means for conveniently and accurately controlling the discharge of fluid.
The improved dental instrument of the present 30 invention is substantially fiat and occupies no greater space than does the ordinary dental mirror. It has no nozzle projecting a substantial distance beyond the face of the mirror to restrict freedom of movement or to create blind spots. Moreover, it is provided with means for accurately controlling the discharge of either of two fluids, such control means being conveniently operable by the hand in which the instrument is held, thereby leaving the operators other hand free to manipulate a drill or other instrument.
parent from the following description of the instrument illustrated in the accompanying drawing. The accompanying drawing shows one advantageous form of dental mirror embodying our invention, although it Will be understood that various changes and modifications in structure and design may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention. In the drawing Fig. l is an assembly showing the handle in longitudinalelevation and. partly in section. Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view of the handle of the instrument shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view through the mirror proper and through the tubular stem to which the mirror proper is attached. Fig. 4 is a transverse section of the handle along the line 4--4. Fig. 5 is a transverse section of the handle along the line 5-5.
The improved dental instrument illustrated in Other advantages of the invention will be apthe drawing. consists essentially of a handle I, a tubular stem 2 and a mirror 3. The mirror 3 may be the conventional silver-backed glass mirror or it may comprise merely a polished metal reflector. The mirror 3 is mounted on the tubular stem 2, one end of which communicates with the nozzle 4 which extends through a small diameter opening in the mirror. The discharge end of the nozzle 4 terminates in a plane substantially flush with the face of the mirror, and advantageously is polished to provide a reflecting surface so that, except for the exceedingly small aperture in the discharge end of the nozzle, the mirror proper and the discharge end of the nozzle will provide a continuous reflecting surface.
The handle I comprises a casing 5 and a cover ii. The casing 5 may be of any conventional cross-sectional shape. In the form shown in the drawing, it is octagonal throughout the major portion of its length and tapered at the lower end from which protrudes the tubular stem 2. A relatively thick end-wall I is secured in the other end of the casing 5 and the upper half of the endwall I is provided with recesses 8. The cover 5 is attached to the casing 5 by a lip 9, which extends under the edge of the casing 6 at one end, and by the spring-retaining clip III, the outer ends of which yieldingly engage the recesses 8 in the end-wall I.
In the central portion of the casing 5 is mounted a valve block II which is held in position against longitudinal movement by the indentations it in the bottom of easing 5, or in any other suitable manner. The valve block I I is provided with a transverse channel I3, which is of rectangular cross-section, and also with a longitudinal bore. At opposite ends of the valve block I I the longi 'tudinal bore is of relatively large diameter and internally threaded. The internally threaded relatively large diameter recesses I4 at the opposite ends of the valve block I I are relatively shallow in depth and, from the bottom of these recesses, channels I5 of smaller diameter extend into the transverse channel I3. The cylinders I6 and I6 are externally threaded at their open ends and screwed into the recesses I4. Within the cylinders I6 and I6 are the pistons I! and Il' each of which has an annular groove I8. At one end each piston hasan extension I9. These extensions extend through the relatively small diameter longitudinal channels I5 into the transverse channel I3. An actuating element in the form of a lever 20 is pivotally mounted in the transverse channel, I3 and the extensions I9 are held against opposite sides of the lever 2!] by the springs Z-I which are mounted Within the cylinders: I6 and I6 and are compressed between the cylinder heads and the heads of the pistons I! and II. The cylinders I6 and I6 are provided with inlet conduits 22 and 22' and with outlet conduits 23 and 23', respectively. The inlet and outlet conduits communicate with the cylinders at pointsslightly closer to the closed outer ends I of the cylinders than the position of the annular 5 grooves I8 when the lever 20 is in the central position and the extensions I9 are being held against the lever 20 by the action of the springs 2| on the heads of the pistons IT.
The inner conduits 22 and 22 extend through the'end-Wall 1 and may be suitably attached, for example by a duplex flexible hose, to a source of water or other liquid and to a source of compressed air or other gaseous substance, respectively. The outlet connections 23 and 23 communicate with the tubular stem 2 adjacent the juncture of the tubular stem 2 and the casing 5.
The lever 20 at its upper end extends through an opening 24 in the cover 6. The arrangement is such that when the lever 20 is deflected to the left, in the position shown in Fig. 1, the piston I! is moved outwardly in the cylinder l6 until the annular groove [8 communicates with the inlet conduit 22 and the outlet conduit 2'3, thereby ,providing a free and open passage between the inlet conduit 22 and the outlet conduit 23. The cross-sectional area of this passage is determined by the extent to which the annular groove I8 is brought into registry with the inlet and outlet .connections. Similarly when the lever 20 is de- 'flected to the right, the piston n' is moved outwardly in the cylinder l6 until the annular groove I8 registers to a greater or less degree with the inlet connection 22' and the outlet connection .23. Thus merely by deflecting the lever 2'!) in one direction or the other by the finger of the hand in which the instrument is being held, the operator is able accurately to control the discharge either of liquid or of gas from the nozzle 9 in the mirror 3.
40:" When the mirror 3 is mounted rigidly with respect to the handle I in a position such that the lever 20 will be conveniently placed when the mirror is held in one given position, operation of the lever 20 will necessarily be inconvenient 45. when the mirror is held in other positions. By providing a universal joint 25 of the ball type in the tubular stem 2, the mirror 3 may be rotated about the longitudinal axis of the handle so as to overcome this inconvenience. This ar- 0 rangement also permits angular adjustment, within reasonable limits, of that portion of the tubular stem which is attached to the mirror 3 when such adjustment is desired for greater convenience. The ball type universal joint advanta- 55 geously may be so proportioned that its frictional resistance will preclude movement of the mirror relative to the handle under the pressures encountered in normal usage, but will permit adjustment when a somewhat greater pressure is 60 applied.
The improved dental instrument of the present invention permits the operator to direct a controlled jet of liquid upon a tooth for cooling it while it is being drilled, or into a cavity in a 65 tooth for the purpose of cleansing same. Similarly it permits the operator alternatively to direct a stream of air or other gaseous medium over the surface of a tooth or into a cavity therein for the purpose of blowing away debris, or drying 70 same. All or any of these operations may be controlled entirely by the hand in which the mirror is being held thereby leaving the other hand free to manipulate a drill or other dental instrument. f
The ability to direct a stream of liquid on a tooth being drilled so as to absorb the heat generated by the drilling permits more vigorous and rapid drilling with less pain to the patient. We have found that if a dental instrument of the type herein described is to be used in this manner, the aperture of the nozzle through which the stream of liquid is discharged should approximate .005.010 of an inch in diameter. Such an aperture is very much smaller than the apertures encountered in the ordinary dental syringe usually employed to flush out cavities and it is much smaller than the apertures employed in previously proposed dental instruments of the same general type as that to which the present invention relates. We have found that an aperture of the diameter above described is large enough to provide an adequate supply of water whereas with an aperture of substantially greater diameter an excess of water will be supplied unless the pressure is reduced to a point below that required to provide accurate directional control of the jet.
1. In an instrument of the class described, the combination comprising a mirror having. a small diameter opening therein, an elongated handle, a plurality of conduits each extending through said handle and each communicating at the reverse side of said mirror with a nozzle extending through the opening in said mirror, a valve in each of said conduits within said handle, and an actuating element extending through an opening in said handle, said actuating element being arranged to open only one of said valves when moved in one direction and only the other valve moved in the other direction.
2. In an instrumentof the class described, the combination comprising a mirror having a relatively small diameter opening therein, an elongated handle, a tubular stem connecting one end of said handle with said mirror and communicating at the reverse side of said mirror with a nozzle extending through the opening insaid mirror, a plurality of conduits disposed within said handle and communicating at the lower end of said handle with one end of said tubular stem, a valve in each of said conduits, and an actuating element arranged toopen only one of said valves when moved in one direction and only the other of said valves when moved in the otherdirection.
3. In an instrument of the class described, the combination comprising a mirror having a relatively small diameter opening therein, an elongated handle, a tubular stem connecting one end of said handle with said mirror and communicating at the reverse side of said mirror with a nozzle extending through the opening in said mirror, a universal joint in said tubular stem,
a plurality of conduits disposed within said han- EDWARD s. KEoGH, JR. JOSEPH M. MURPHY.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3164904 *||Jun 14, 1961||Jan 12, 1965||Trevallon Barnes Alonzo Roy||Dental instruments|
|US3441033 *||May 22, 1967||Apr 29, 1969||Clairol Inc||Cosmetic container including an internally disposed cosmetic applicator and means to readily detachably hold the same in place|
|US3476123 *||May 22, 1967||Nov 4, 1969||Clairol Inc||Cosmetic container with single post rotatable mounting for plural trays and ball swivel mount for mirrored lid for the top tray|
|US3859987 *||Apr 13, 1973||Jan 14, 1975||Holstad Harald||Mirror, particularly for examination of cavities, for example, surgical mirrors or dental mirrors|
|US3927686 *||Nov 12, 1973||Dec 23, 1975||James B Zambito||Dental floss holder|
|US4363626 *||May 15, 1980||Dec 14, 1982||Sybron Corporation||Dental syringe|
|US6468076||Jan 31, 2001||Oct 22, 2002||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Oral cavity washer with video scope|
|US20070122765 *||Oct 10, 2003||May 31, 2007||Kent Nyman||Dentist's mirror|
|DE102013004876A1 *||Mar 15, 2013||Sep 25, 2014||Wolfgang Winkelmann||Spiegel, insbesondere medizinischer Spiegel, und Vorrichtung, insbesondere zur Wurzelkanalbehandlung|
|EP1125543A2 *||Jan 17, 2001||Aug 22, 2001||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Oral cavity washer with video scope|
|WO2004034892A1 *||Oct 10, 2003||Apr 29, 2004||Kent Nyman I Göteborg Ab||Dentist’s mirror|
|U.S. Classification||433/35, 137/636.1, 433/80, 251/155|
|International Classification||A61B1/24, A61B1/253, A61C17/02, A61C17/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61C17/0202, A61B1/253|
|European Classification||A61C17/02B, A61B1/253|