|Publication number||US2228484 A|
|Publication date||Jan 14, 1941|
|Filing date||Aug 20, 1938|
|Priority date||Aug 20, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2228484 A, US 2228484A, US-A-2228484, US2228484 A, US2228484A|
|Inventors||Walter R Ramsaur, Edward H Stempel|
|Original Assignee||Young Radiator Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Jan. 14, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE UNIT LIQUID COOLER Application August 20, 1938, Serial No. 225,892 6 Claims. (Cl. 62-156) The present invention relates to means for cooling a liquid being circulated through a conventional finned core and having a spray of water which moves downwardly between the ns and tubes of the core while a blast of air is being moved upwardly between the tubes and fins and in contact with the spray of water whereby the liquid in the tubes of the core is cooled by the spray of water and by the evaporative effect of the water while in contact with the air.
An object of the present invention is to provide a vertically positioned cabinet inclosure having a blower fan at the bottom and adjacent the air inlet and means for trapping the moisture left in the air after leaving the spray and for trapping the drippings below the core.
Another object of the present invention is to provide convenient means for supplying a constant level of water in the drip pan and a pump which is driven from the fan shaft and adapted to recirculate and spray the water over the core.
A further object of the present invention is t0 provide a design which can be made at low cost, is simple and will operate eiiiciently.
A To these and other useful ends my invention consists of parts, combinations of parts, or their equivalents, and mode of operation, as hereinafter set forth and claimed and shown in the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a front plan view of our improved liquid cooling device taken on line I-I of Figure-2.
Fig. 2 is an end elevation of the device illustrated in Figure 1 and taken on line 2-2 of Figure l.l
As thus illustrated, we provide a cabinet having end walls or panels 5 and 5, a bottom panel 1 and front and rear panels 8 and 9.
We provide a fan chamber I0 formed by means of a drip pan II'.
occupy all of the space between panels 5, 8, 8 and 9 except an air passageway I2.
We position one or more blower fans which are in their entirety designated byV reference character A and locate them in chamber Il as clearly illustrated in the gures. The blower fan is provided with an outlet I3 registering with air passageway I2.
We provide a motor I5 which is operatively 5o connected to the fan shaft I8 by means of a suitable pulley and V belt or belts I1. 'I'he motor is adapted to turn the fan rotor as indicated by curvilinear arrows.
We preferably position a centrifugal liquid 55 pump I8 in the other end of the fan chamber i This drip pan is-adapted to .l
and operatively connect this motor to the fan shaft by suitable pulleys and a V belt I9. Pump I8 is operatively connected on its suction side to trough I I by means of a pipe 20.
An air inlet 2| is provided in panel 9 as il- 5 lustratedV in the figures. This inlet may be grilled or provide a suitable connection for an air duct leading from the exterior of -thezbuilding.
A quantity of moisture is carried through the l0 system by the passing air. We provide a float controlled valve 25 having a water inlet pipe 26 thus any water discharged from the cabinet will be replaced by this valve so there will always be an abundant supply of water for pump I8. 15
We position a finned core which in its entirety. is designated by reference character B a distance above trough II. This core is designated in its entirety -by reference character B and mayv be made in any conventional form, the preferred 20 form being a number of coils of tubes and a multiplicity of closely spaced fins through which the tubes extend, the entire assembly being surrounded by a suitable housing inclosure 21 and supported preferably by panels 8 and 9 through 25 brackets 28 and 29, bracket 29 extending preferably for the entire length of the cabinet thus to provide an air lock on the rear side of the core. Bracket 2 9 is provided with a downwardly and inwardly projecting plate 30 which terminates 30 as at 3l thus to catch any drlppings that may fall from the core and direct them into pan I I.
We provide a plate 82, this plate and member 30 extending preferably for the entire length of the cabinet thus to form an air directing means 35 and permit the air passing from duct I2 to spread and pass through the entire surface of core B. The direction of the air passage throughthe device is clearly indicated by arrows in Figure 2.
We provide a number of integrally connected 40 spraying heads which are in their entirety designated by reference character C comprising a main tube 35 having spaced and centrally positioned spraying heads 36 each being adapted to receive transverse pipes 31 on the ends of which 45 are positioned spraying heads 38 each head having a small orice at its bottom as at 39 whereby when a suillcient water pressure is maintained, the watergwill be sprayed over unit B as illustrated by dotted lines in the figures.
Pipe 35 is provided with a cap III at one end yand an elbow 4I at the other end having a pipe 42 which forms a. connection to pump I8 through an elbow 43 and pipe M which is screw threaded into pump I8 as at 45; Thus when the fans 55 are operating, pump I8 will act to move water from pan Il into the heads 36 and 38 which will in turn spray the water over unit B as alread explained.
Core B is supported in the housing at its ends preferably by means of brackets 46-46. 'I'hese brackets extend preferably from panel 8 to panel 9 thus to form air locks at the end of unit B.
.Drip guards 41 and 48 are provided so as to prevent the spray from passing over the edges of unit B. It will be understood that guards 41 and 48 may act as the air seals in which case brackets 46 and 28 may be made short so as to act as supports only. Unit B is provided with an inlet header 50 and an outlet header 5l having suitable inlet and outlet pipe connections as illustrated.
We provide an eliminator which, in its entirety, is designated by reference character D. This eliminator may be made in any desired form but preferably consists of a multiplicity of transverse plates 52 having means for catching the liquid moisture carried past the spray by the air.
It will be seen that the fans, fan motor, pump and belts will be within a dry air compartment; that a constant water spray will be furnished as long as the fans are in operation; that air will be conveniently and eiciently conducted from the exterior through the core, the water spray and the eliminators; that the device is compact, simple and eilicient and that provisions are made whereby as nearly as possible, all solid moisture is trapped before-the air escapes from the unit and is conducted to the pan and is used over and over.
Clearly many minor detail changes may be made in our structure as illustrated without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as recited in the appended claims.
Having thus shown and described our invention, we claim:
1. A device of the class described, comprising a cabinet, a` bottom chamber in said cabinet formed by means of a water pan an`d leaving an air passageway at one side thereof, a blower fan having a motor and a water pump operatively connected thereto positioned in said bottom chamber, the blower fan being arranged to discharge air into said air passageway, an air inlet to said bottom chamber, an intermediate chamber formed by a liquid cooling core which occupies the major part of the cabinet in cross section and having thereunder a drip plate which is spaced from and extends over said air passageway and being arranged to convey drippings from said cooling core to said pan, a top chamber having an eliminator in its outlet and having therein means for spraying water over said core.
2. A structure as recited in claim 1 including; supporting brackets for said core, drain plates positioned above said core and being arranged to prevent water spray from passing around the edges of said core.
3. A structure as recited in claim 1 including; drain plates positioned above said core and beingY arranged to prevent water spray and air from passing around the edges of the core.
4. A structure as recited in claim 1 including; an air guide plate positioned below said drip plate forming a. brace connection between the free edge thereof and the adjacent panel of said cabinet near said air passageway.
5. A structure as recited in claim 1 including; said pump having a suction connection t'o said pan and an outlet connection to said water spraying means.
6. A device of the class described, comprising in combination, a cabinet, a bottom chamber in said cabinet formed by means of a water pan but leaving an air passageway at one side thereof, a blower fan positioned in said bottom chamber and having a motor and a water pump operatively connected thereto, said blower fan being arranged to discharge air into said air passageway, an air inlet in said bottom chamber, an
intermediate chamber 'formed by a liquid cooling core which occupies the major part of the cabinet in cross section and having thereunder a drip plate which is spaced from and extends over said air passageway and being arranged to catch and convey some of thev drippings from said cooling core to said pan, an air guide plate secured to the free end of said drip plate and extending outwardly and downwardly and contacting the wall of said cabinet near the outside edge of said air passageway, a top chamber having an air outlet and an eliminator therein,
' means in said top chamber for spraying water over said liquid cooling core, said pump having an inlet connection from said pan and an outlet connection to said water spraying means.
WALTER R. RAMSAUR.` EDWARD H. STEMPEL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2481149 *||Apr 17, 1945||Sep 6, 1949||Peterson Adolphe C||Air-conditioning and heating means|
|US2662741 *||Sep 13, 1948||Dec 15, 1953||Buildice Company Inc||Condenser cooling unit|
|US3748832 *||Jul 9, 1971||Jul 31, 1973||Fluor Cooling Products Co||Drift eliminator|
|US4196157 *||Jul 6, 1978||Apr 1, 1980||Baltimore Aircoil Company, Inc.||Evaporative counterflow heat exchange|
|US4755331 *||Dec 2, 1986||Jul 5, 1988||Evapco, Inc.||Evaporative heat exchanger with elliptical tube coil assembly|
|US6595011 *||May 2, 2002||Jul 22, 2003||Linda Forgy Chaney||Water cooled air conditioner|
|US7823865 *||Nov 2, 2010||Carel S.P.A.||Air humidification system for large enclosed spaces and humidification module usable in such system|
|US20070194469 *||Feb 20, 2007||Aug 23, 2007||Carel S.P.A.||Air humidification system for large enclosed spaces and humidification module usable in such system|
|US20110315345 *||Dec 29, 2011||Yi-Hsiung Lin||Indoor air conditioner able to carry out washing and cleaning automatically|
|DE1001694B *||Apr 7, 1954||Jan 31, 1957||Borsig Ag||Waermeaustauscher|
|EP0007829A1 *||Jul 3, 1979||Feb 6, 1980||Baltimore Aircoil Company, Inc.||Evaporative counterflow heat exchanger and method of evaporatively removing heat from a fluid|
|U.S. Classification||62/310, 165/122, 62/314, 261/151, 261/29, 96/356, 261/153, 261/DIG.340, 261/127|
|Cooperative Classification||F28D5/02, Y10S261/34|