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Publication numberUS2229911 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 28, 1941
Filing dateJan 15, 1937
Priority dateJan 15, 1937
Publication numberUS 2229911 A, US 2229911A, US-A-2229911, US2229911 A, US2229911A
InventorsRalph Anderson Charles
Original AssigneeRalph Anderson Charles
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Merchandising and display case
US 2229911 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 28, 194-1. c. R. ANDERSON MERCHANDISING AND DISPLAY CASE Filed Jan. 15, 1937 4.- Sheets-Sheet 1 Eve/2x 07" C/zarka 1%{103 Anderson fifi orizqys.

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Jan. 28, 1941.. c. R. ANDERSON 2,229,911

MERGHANDISING AND DISPLAY CASE Fi led Jan. 15; 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet. 2 m 52 f (5' .57 a Z 54 Imam/o2" Cizaggs Ralph A 7267673012 40 fl orizqya,

MW (3. R. ANDERSON MERCHANDISING AND DISPLAY CASE Filed Jan. 15, 1995'"! 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 J72 vezzz or 55 Chg Z65 Eavkflrzciezworz Jan. 28, 1941. c. R. ANDERSON MERCHANDISING AND DISPLAY CASE Filed Jan. 15, 19757 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Patented Jan. 28, 1941 Mam" OFFlCE MERCHANDISING AND DISPLAY CASE Charles Ralph Anderson, Rock Island, Ill.

Application January 15, 1937, Serial No. 120,776

15 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in merchandising and display cases and more particularly concerns a case adapted for displaying and vending edible merchandise.

The sale of certain types of prepared edibles is largely influenced by eye appeal. Accordingly, the merchandise must be attractively displayed, and where there are several varieties they should be conveniently grouped and labeled to facilitate selection. Taste appeal is also of importance with some merchandise of this type, as, for example, nut meats which should be conditioned to reach the consumer fresh and warm in order to be possessed of the utmost delicacy of flavor and aroma. Moreover, the vending facilities should enable the exercise of prompt and efficient sales service.

A general object of the invention is to embody the foregoing merchandising features in a novel display and vending case of simple, compact construction and large capacity.

Another object is to provide a merchandising case which may be packed and shipped in a knock-down condition and which may be easily assembled by unskilled persons from a few factory assembled units.

Another object is to provide an improved sectional glass panel wall arrangement and supporting framework therefor including quickly releasable means enabling removal of the panels for cleaning the interior of the case.

Another object resides in the provision of an enclosed display case embodying an improved arrangement of transparent wall panels enabling a clear view from different angles of the contents on display.

Still another object is to provide a display case embodying merchandise shelf means constructed as a unitary rack which may be mounted for movement bodily in a front torear direction relative to the base of the case.

Another object is to provide in a display and vending case a shelf rack structure having merchandise supporting means mounted thereon adapted to be moved rearwardly relative thereto for vending or refilling purposes.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed descriptiom of the preferred embodiments disclosed in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure l is a perspective View of one form of merchandising case having the features of the invention.

Fig. 2 is a rear elevational view of the case with parts broken away to show more clearly various details of construction.

Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation through the case taken substantially along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but showing the rack in a retracted position.

Fig. 5 is a fragmental side elevational View of one front corner of the case.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmental sectional view taken along the plane of line 6-6 of Fig. 5.

Fig. '7 is a sectional plan View taken along line 'i-'! of Fig. 2.

Fig. 8 is an enlarged sectional View taken on line 8--8 of Fig. '7.

Fig. 9 is an enlarged sectional View taken along line 9-9 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 10 is a sectional view on a slightly enlarged scale taken along line Ill-ill of Fig. 7.

Fig. 11 is a perspective view of one of the frame units of the device.

Fig. 12 is a sectional side elevational view of a modified form of case.

Fig. 13 is a sectional plan view taken along the line l3l3 of Fig. 12.

Fig. 14 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line M-I4 of Fig. 12.

Fig. 15 is a fragmental sectional view of a portion of the device taken in substantially the same plane as Fig. 12 but showing the parts in different relative positions.

While the invention is susceptible of various modifications and alternative constructions, I have shown in the drawings and will herein describe in detail, the preferred embodiment, but it is to be understood that I do not thereby intend to limit the invention to the specific forms disclosed, but intend to cover all modifications and alternative constructions falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as expressed in the appended claims. 40

Having reference to Figs. 1, 2 and 3 of the drawings, one preferred form of merchandising case embodying the invention includes a transparent front wall including upper and lower panels 2H and 2!, respectively. These panels may be disposed in edge-to-edge relationship but at different upwardly and rearwardly slanting angles, herein the upper panel being at a small angle to the horizontal and the lower panel at a small angle to the vertical. In this manner the contents of the case may be readily viewed by a person standing close to the front of the case and looking downwardly, or standing at some distance from the front of the case. Parallel transparent panel side Walls 22 and 23 extend back from the 55 the screws.

front wall and a rack structure 24 completes the enclosure. Plate glass forms a desirable material for the several panels. The necessity for a separate top panel is avoided and a clear view of the display is afforded by the arrangement of the upper front panel 20 so that the top of the case will be enclosed by coaction between the rear edge of said panel 20 and a top portion of the rack 24, Supporting the several walls and the rack 24 is a horizontal base 25 which may include a rigid depending peripheral skirt 21 by which the case rests upon a suitable stand, table or counter (not shown).

According to the present invention, the several walls of the case and the rack 24 may all be connected to the base 25 through the medium of a unitary frame work, herein comprising a pair of frame units 28 and 29 which are mounted upon the upper face of the base in parallel relation adjacent to its left and right edges, respectively. The frame units are preferably substantially identical as to general details of construction and a description of one will therefore suffice for both. Referring particularly to the frame unit 28 (Fig. 11), therefore, it includes a hollow base bar 33 which is of substantially the same length as the front to rear dimension of the base 25 and has a flange 3| arranged to rest fiatwise upon and to be secured to the base in any suitable manner such as by means of screws 32 (Figs. 1 and 3).

At its rear end, the base bar 30 carries a short forwardly opening vertical channel 33 which provides a socket for the lower rear edge of the side wall panel 22. Rigid with the forward end of the base bar 39 is an upwardly extending bar or corner post 34 which is preferably formed with two angularly related slanting sections conforming to the desired compound slope of the front wall of the case. Respectively laterally and rearwardly extending longitudinal flanges 35 and 31 are arranged with the body of the post 34 to provide seats for the ends of the front wall panels 20 and 2| and the forward end of the side wall panel 22.

To facilitate assembly and to render the interior of the display case easily and quickly accessible for cleaning and the like the front wall panels 20 and 2| are mounted to be readily removed. For this purpose there is provided a pair of similar left and right hand removable clips 38 and 39 (Figs. 1, 5 and 6) which are of angular cross section and dog leg form conforming to the angular sections of the corner posts 34 and. which coact with the flanges 35 and 3'! to hold the several wall panels in place. Each of the clips 38 and 39 is held in place by manually releasable means such as a series of headed thumb screws 49 which eX- tend through apertures 4| therein into threaded engagement with the respective corner posts 34. The apertures 4| are of keyhole form to permit passage of the heads of the screws 40 through the enlarged rear sections thereof. Thus, removal of either clip may be effected merely by loosening the thumb screws 40 which hold the same, moving the clip bodily forwardly until the heads of the screws register with the enlarged portions of the apertures 4| (as suggested in the broken line position of Fig. 5), and then moving the clip laterally away from the corner post past To replace the clip the foregoing steps may be performed in the reverse order.

The base bars 35 of the frame units 28 and 29 may serve as tracks upon which the shelf rack 24 may be movably mounted. To this end the shelf rack structure 24 is preferably constructed as a preformed rigid sheet metal assembly including spaced parallel vertical side plates 42' and 43 having on their lower ends elongated angularly shaped bars 44 serving as bearings to coact slidably with the base bars 30 (Figs. 1, 2 and 9). Each of the bearing bars 44 extends a substantial distance forwardly from the front edge of its respective side panel 42, 43 and carries a laterally extending pin 45. The pin has a head 45 at its free end and is of such length and is so located that by slightly flexing the extended part of its bearing bar 44 during the operation of assembling the case, the head 45 will enter a reception enlargement at the forward end of a longitudinal slot 41 provided for this purpose in the associated rail 3|). The slot 41 is of a predetermined length designed to stop the rack in a given position retracted from the merchandise case (Fig. 4) when the pin 45 engages the rear end thereof. In the rearwardly extended or retracted position of the rack the pin serves to hold the bearing bars 44 substantially in the plane of the rails 3|) and avoids downward tilting of the rack. While the rack is thus retracted, the side wall panels 22 and 23 may be assembled with the case. Upon returning the shelf rack 24 into the case, forward movement will be limited by engagement with the rearward portions of the side panels to a position wherein the pins 45 remain rearwardly out of register with the forward ends of the slots 4! (Fig. 3). As a result, removal of the shelf rack will depend upon removal of the side wall panels.

When the rack 24 is in its inward position, the rear edges of the side wall panels 22 and 23 above the sockets 33 are received within vertical channel shaped sockets 48 which may be formed by return bending the rear edges of the rack side plates 42 and 43 (Figs. 1 and 7). To receive the top edges of said side wall panels slidably the side plates 42 and 43 carry near their upper ends downwardly facing channels 49 (Fig. 2) which have guide fingers 59 projecting from the outer sides of their forward ends to maintain the wall panels 22, 23 in alinement when the rack is retracted beyond the rear edges thereof (Fig. 4).

Bridging the upper ends of the side plates 42, 43 of the shelf rack 2'4 is an elongated top shelf 5| which is provided with an upstanding peripheral flange or retaining rim 52 and is adapted to receive packaged merchandise for display. The top shelf may be substantially narrower than said side plates and have its front edge disposed substantially in the plane of their forward edges. On the underside of the top shelf is mounted illuminating means such as a series of electric lamps 53 for directing light downwardly into the case, and a depending anti-glare flange or shield 54 is provided along the forward margin of the shelf. At spaced intervals the shield may be provided with suitable apertures or slots 55 (Fig. 1) which are traversed by suitable transparent signs 57 formed of glass or the like. To support the signs removably the lower edge of the shield adjacent to the slots 55 may be provided with upturned flanges 58 (Figs. 3 and 4).

When the rack is in its innermost position, the forward edge of said top shelf 5| coacts with the upper edge of the upper front wall panel 20 to form the top enclosure for the case (Figs. 1 and 3). When the interior of the case is to be cleaned, the rack 24 may be retracted and the upper front panel 20 removed by sliding the same from position as suggested in broken outline in Fig. 4. The interior of the case will then be readily accessible without the necessity of removing the lower front wall panel 2!. After the upper panel 20 has been replaced and the rack 24 returned, the top of the case will again be closed.

Secured to the rear edge of the top shelf 5| and extending above and below the plane thereof is a vertical back plate 59. The front and rear faces of the upper part of the back plate 59 may have thereon advertising and instruction card holding strips fill and 6! respectively, the latter coacting with an opposed retrovert flange 62 along the top of the back plate. Secured along the lower edge of the rear face of the back plate is a conventional card holding strip 63, and hingedly mounted on a horizontal axis slightly above this strip is an upwardly swingable door 64 arranged when open to expose the strip to view (Fig. 4). To hold the door open, it is provided near opposite ends of its outer face with projec ing catches 65 arranged to be engaged by resilient grippers 6! which may be mounted below short auxiliary shelves 68 secured in a plane with the top shelf 5! near opposite ends of the back plate 59 (Figs. 2, 3 and i). As will be clear, the offset mounting of the door $4 on the back plate substantially minimizes the clearance necessary in back of the merchandise case for the swinging movement of the door in opening or closing the same.

In its closed position the door M is adapted to extend downwardly and rearwardly toward the rear edges of the side plates 42, t3 and it is provided with 3. mar inal flange 64 arranged to coact flatwise with the upper edge of a second or lower vertical door (ill. The latter door may beslightly narrower than the door 64 and is hinged to the rear edge of the base 25 for vertical swinging opening and closing movement. A hasp and eye connection Id enables the doors to be locked against unauthorized opening. When the doors are closed, the rack is held against retraction and the display within the case is protected from. dust and dirt.

Extending in a horizontal plane rigidly between the side plates 42, t3 and below the lower edge of back plate 5%} of the shelf rack 24 is an intermediate horizontal merchandise shelf H. The major area of this shelf lies forwardly of the back plate 59 but it has a pair of similar narrow extension portions "l2 which project rearwardly along the side plates 42, 43 into proximity with the coacting edges of the closed doors. Each extension it may have a downturned flange l3, equipped with a conventional card holding strip for identification of the merchandise supported below the shelf ll, similarly as merchandise upon the shelf may be identified by price cards in the holding strip [it thereabove.

Merchandise may be supported by the shelf ii in a plurality of trays 14 (Fig. l) forwardly of the back plate 5.). To facilitate access into the trays for vending or refilling purposes, suitable means may be provided for sliding the trays individually rearwardly without moving the As shown herein, a pair of narrow, substantially identical. manually engageable slides 15 and are mounted upon the respective opposite extension portions 72 of the shelf (Fig. '7). The construction of both slides will be understood from a detailed description of the slide 15 which com-- prises an upwardly opening channel-shaped sheet metal body (Fig. 8) having the center portion thereof slightly offset as shown at ll. Near the lower front margin of the offset portion is a transverse bar 78 having downwardly offset, angular end flanges 18 interengageable with opposed retrovert side flanges 19 of a track plate 89. The flanges 79 are provided at their rear ends with abutment projections 8! (Fig. 7) which are adapted to engage the flanged ends w of the guide bar 18 to stop rearward movement of the slide after it has substantially cleared the depending portion of the back plate 5?). To remove the slide from the shelf it may be moved forwardly until the guide bar ends W clear the forward ends of the track plate flanges I9, whereupon the slide may be lifted away.

Between the end slides 75 and 16 is a narrow central slide 32 of substantially the same width as the central portion of the shelf l! and dimensioned to bridge the extensions To guide the central slide 82 for movement in a front to rear direction to clear the overhanging back plate 59, parallel channel-shaped tracks 83 are secured along the opposed inner margins of the extensions '12 (Fig. 10). Laterally projecting stops 84 near the rear ends of the tracks 83 are adapted to coact with upstanding stops 85 provided near the forward corners of the slide 82 to limit retraction thereof.

Forward movement of the several tray slides or the trays 14 carried thereby is. limited by an upstanding front marginal fiange 5? on the shelf ll (Figs. 3 and 7). Herein this front flange Bl serves also as the rear wall of a hood 88 within which is concealed means such as a series of electric lights at for illuminating the merchandise within the case below the intermediate shelf H. The front of the hood may be provided along its lower edge with a price card holding flange 9b.

The lights iii may be supported by rigid conduit arms til which extend rearwardly under the shelf ll and are connected to an elongated, narrow, hollow housing t2 mounted longitudinally upon the lower face of the shelf H and supporting electrical wires 93 through which electrical energy is supplied to the lights. Heating means, herein comprising a series of electrical resistance units t l, is mounted upon the housing 92. Overlying the resistance units El i are reflectors 95 which are adapted to direct heat therefrom toward the merchandise therebelow. Guard plates 96 may be provided behind the heaters (Figs. 1, 2 and 3). Suitable means manually controllable as at ill (Fig. 2) at the rear of the back plate 59 may be provided to control operation of the heaters El i. Thus, it will be apparent that the merchandise within the case will be brightly illuminated and maintained in a warm condition. Nut meats will remain warm and especially palatable, and the natural or roasting fat which coats the meats will be fluid and effect a glistening attractive appearance. Since the case is fully enclosed except when the rear doors are opened to reach the merchandise, the temperature within the case remains substantially uniform.

A valuable device for attracting attention to the display and for facilitating vending resides in the provision of a continuously moving body of merchandise. In the present instance there is provided below the shelf "H a round merchandise tray or bowl 98. Secured axially to the bottom of the bowl 93 is a 'thimble Hill adapted to project downwardly through an aperture ill! in the base 25. Removably secured to bolts ill! depending from the lower face of the base 25 is a power unit Hi2 (Fig. 2) which has a rotatable spindle I03 (Figs. 3, 4 and 12) that projects upwardly through the aperture fill and fits into the thimble IUD to impart rotary motion to the bowl 9B. Thus,

as the bowl revolves, the contents in the several compartments thereof will be successively carried forwardly for inspection from the front of the case and toward the rear for ready access in vending or refilling. In the course of the rotary motion of the bowl, the contents will, moreover, be uniformly heated by the overlying heating units 94.

To accommodate a bowl 08* (Fig. 12) of greater diameter (herein twice the diameter of the bowl 98) with its rear periphery in substantially the same vertical plane as the smaller bowl, the power unit I02 may be shifted forwardly so that the spindle I03 will project through a second aperture I04 which is provided in the base 25 on a line forwardly of the aperture IOI. When the aperture I04 is not in use, it may be covered by a semi-circular mirror finish plate I05 (Fig. 1) which may at least partially underlie the bowl 98 and by its reflective properties will enhance the attractiveness of the display.

In its general shape, the modified form of the invention shown in Figs. 12 to 15, inclusive, is substantially the same as that thus far described. In the modified form, however, the shelf rack identified generally at 24 has spaced side plates I01 and I08 which are formed to replace substantial rear portions of the respective glass side wall panels 22 and 23, respectively. The side plates I0! and I08 are, moreover, secured in fixed parallel relation upon the base 25. A top shelf I09 rigidly connects the edges of the side plates I01 and I08 and projects slightly forwardly therefrom to coact with the upper front panel 20 for enclosing the top of the case. The rear edge of the top shelf I09 may be provided with an up standing flange IIO forming a back plate which carries one or more short rearwardly extending auxiliary shelves III. A pair of doors H2 and I I3 which are secured respectively to the rear of the top shelf I09 and to the rear edge of the base 25, coact to close the back of the case.

The modified form of the invention is provided intermediate the top shelf I09 and base 25 with an auxiliary merchandise shelf I I4 which is bodily movable relative to the shelf rack in a front to rear direction to facilitate the vending or replacement of the merchandise. With this in view, the intermediate shelf II4 may be constructed of flat sheet metal and has downturned flanges I I5 along its opposite side edges which coact with appropriate slideways I I! mounted upon the respective side plates I0'I, I08. overlying the slideways III in spaced relation are rigid retaining strips II'8 which serve to avoid tipping of the shelf by upward pressure thereon and to maintain the same substantially horizontal when pulled back as seen in Fig. 15. To define the forward and rearward limits of movement of the shelf H4 alined abutments H9 are provided on its lower face adjacent to the flanges H5 to coact with front and rear stops I20 and I2I, respectively, on each of the slideways In (Figs. 12 and 15). For removing the shelf II4 rearwardly from the slideways III, it may be raised bodily as suggested in broken outline in Fig. 15 to lift the abutments I'I9 over the stops I2 I, and it may be returned in a similar manner.

Along its front margin the intermediate shelf I It may be provided with a shield or downwardly facing hood I22 for concealing electric lights I23 which are carried by rigid pipes I24. These pipes I24 are secured at their rear ends to an electric wire duct or housing I25 which is secured to the lower face of the shelf II4. Heaters I21 are also connected to the housing I25. Extending rigidly upwardly from the shelf H4 is a duct I20 from the upper end of which projects a flexible electric cable I20 carrying a conventional electrical plug I 30. This plug is adapted to be connected in a suitable outlet in an electric wire housing I3I which is supported below the top shelf I09 and carries electric lights I32 for illuminating the top of the shelf H4. The flexible cable I29 permits free movement of the shelf H4 relative to the lights I32 without disrupting the supply of electrical energy thereto.

From the foregoing it will be apparent that the improved merchandise case of this invention will require very little space for shipment in a knockdown condition and it may "be easily and quickly assembled without the exercise of special skill to provide an enclosure of compact structure and large capacity which is attractive in appearance and easy to keep clean. Edible merchandise is displayed therein in an attractive, appealing manner in an environment that improves both the appearance and the flavor thereof, and the merchandising operations are greatly facilitated by the convenient arrangement and accessibility of the merchandise carrying means. The light weight, compact and fully enclosed arrangement of the case affords a portable display which may be moved easily into any strategic position where it will be most effective in attracting trade.

I claim as my invention:

1. In combination in a merchandising and display case of the character described, a base having a substantially flat upper surface, a pair of elongated frame units secured in spaced parallel relation upon said upper surface and having corner posts extending upwardly from the forward ends thereof, side wall panels secured at their forward edges to said corner posts, transparent front wall panels extending between said corner posts, a shelf rack unit having side plates extending upwardly adjacent said frame units and carrying means coactive with the upper part of said front wall to enclose the top of the case, a shelf mounted between said side plates inter mediate said top shelf and said base, and means for closing the rear of said rack including a pair of oppositely opening doors mounted upon respectively said rack and said base and cooperating in closing relation near the rear edge of said intermediate shelf.

2. In combination in a merchandising case of the character described, a base having frame means thereon, spaced side walls and a front wall held in position by said frame means, a rack having side plates mounted parallel to said side walls at the rear of said base, said rack including a top shelf having its forward edge located adjacent the upper edge of said front wall and its rear edge offset forwardly relative to the rear edges of said plates, a vertical back plate secured to said rear edge of said top shelf and having a portion extending downwardly below the plane of said top shelf, a door hingedly mounted on a horizontal axis on said downwardly extending portion, an intermediate shelf extending between said side plates and having its rear edge located adjacent to the lower edge of said door when closed, and a second door carried by the rear edge of said base and adapted to coact with said first mentioned door to complete the rear enclosure of said shelf rack.

3. In combination, in a merchandising case including a base having frame means thereon and front and side walls connected to said frame Jan. 28, 1941.

R. w. BAILY 2,229,912

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISPLACING PENETRABLE MATERIAL Filed Dec. 18, 1959

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2722646 *Oct 6, 1951Nov 1, 1955Cline Electric Mfg CompanyAlternating current motor control systems
US4074108 *Sep 13, 1976Feb 14, 1978Henny Penny CorporationCountertop display warmer
US6259065Apr 28, 2000Jul 10, 2001Henny Penny CorporationMerchandisers with central heating and control mechanisms and methods for manufacturing and reconfiguring such merchandisers
US6627855 *Jul 10, 2001Sep 30, 2003Henny Penny CorporationMerchandisers with central heating and control mechanisms and methods for manufacturing and reconfiguring such merchandisers
US6686563 *Aug 1, 2002Feb 3, 2004Creative Serving IncorporatedCombination food preparation and self-serve delivery system
US7467738 *Nov 13, 2003Dec 23, 2008Gtech CorporationLottery ticket dispenser and ticket bin
EP0901765A2 *Aug 3, 1998Mar 17, 1999Korte Einrichtungen GmbHDisplay counter,especially for baked products
WO2000064319A1 *Apr 10, 2000Nov 2, 2000Henny Penny CorpFood merchandiser with reconfigurable food wells
Classifications
U.S. Classification312/131, 34/88, 362/126
International ClassificationA47F3/00, A47F3/06
Cooperative ClassificationA47F3/06
European ClassificationA47F3/06