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Publication numberUS2230434 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1941
Filing dateFeb 15, 1939
Priority dateFeb 15, 1939
Publication numberUS 2230434 A, US 2230434A, US-A-2230434, US2230434 A, US2230434A
InventorsPorter William L
Original AssigneePorter William L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valve
US 2230434 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 4, 1941. w. 1.. PORTER VALVE Filed Feb. 15, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 J7 All I INVENTOR.

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' ATTORNEY.

Patented Feb. 4, 1941 UiTE STATES PATENT OFFICE 6 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in valves and has for its object to provide a new and improved device of this description.

The invention has as a further object to provine a valve simple in construction, efficient in operation and which can be easily and quickly repaired or replaced. The weakest portion of a valve consists of the opening and closing parts or device, as there is often provided non-metallic material where the two members of the opening and closing device meet, necessitating repairs and replacements. The invention has as a further object to provide a valve wherein the removal of the opening and closing members for repair or replacement shuts off the flow of fluid through the valve.

The invention has other objects which are more particularly pointed out in the accompanying description.

Referring now to the drawings,

Fig. 1 is a view of one form of valve embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section through the valve illustrated in Fig. 1, showing the parts in their operative position;

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, showing the parts where the fluid is shut off and where the opening and closing members may be then easily removed;

Fig. 4 is a view showing the shut off member without the laterally extending part; and

Fig. 5 is a sectional view through a valve for high pressure fluids, such as steam.

Like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several figures.

Referring now to the drawings, I have shown one form of valve embodying the invention. It is of course evident that the invention may be used in any forms where it is applicable. In the construction herein shown, there is provided a casing i. This casing is providedwith a recess 2. There is a member 3, which is arranged to be connected with the source of fluid supply by means of the member 4 and with which the casing i is connected in any desired manner when the device is in use. In Figs 1 and 2 the casing l is fastened to the member 3 by means of a. set screw 5. A shut off member 6 has a screwthreaded engagement with the interior of the casing I. This shut ofi member is provided with one or more openings 1 through which the fluid may pass so as to pass up into the interior cf the casing l and thence out the discharge member 8 of the valve when the closing member is opened. The shut oiT member may be pro- Vided with a shut off engaging portion la, which engages a shoulder lb on the casing I, so that when the parts la and lb are in contact, the fluid is shut off so as to prevent it from 'entering the casing above the shoulder 7b. The end of the shut off member has a wall 6a extending thereacross which completely closes the end. This wall preferably has a suitable notch for a tool which may be used for turning it.

In Fig. 4 I have shown a construction where the laterally extending portion la is omitted. In this construction the tight fit produced by the screwthreads on the shut off device and casing prevents the leakage of the fluid. In this form the shut ofi device can be inserted into the casing from the same end as the valve seating member. The laterally projecting part la has two advantages, one is it prevents the shut off device from being moved too far upwardly, and it also makes a more fluid tight joint between the parts.

Within the casing l is a valve seating member which has two portions of different diameters, one an upper portion 9 of a larger diameter and another a lower portion it) of a smaller diameter. This seating member has a shoulder H which engages a shoulder I2 on the casing. There is preferably a packing member l3 between these shoulders when the parts are in their operative position. The portion IE! of the seating member and'the shut oii member have interlocking parts which may be any desired shape. As herein shown, the seating member is provided with one or more projections Illa and the shut off member with one or more notches lllb, the projections fitting into the notches when the parts are in their operative position, as shown in Fig. 2.

Within the seating member is an opening or closing member consisting of the valve member 14, arranged to be moved into and out of contact with a. seat IS on the seating member. Just be-. yond this seat, the seating member is provided with one or more openings l6 through which fluid passes so as to be discharged from the casing. The casing is preferably provided with a chamber Ilia surrounding these openings, so as ber 20 and the end of the enlarged portion 9 of the seating member. There is a packing gland 22 for the stem II.

In Fig. 5 I have shown a valve particularly adapted for use with high' pressure fluids, such as high pressure steam as used in locomotives. In this construction the parts are substantially the same as those shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 and I have applied to them the same reference numerals. There is a change at one end of the valve, for example, wherein the pipe 23, which connects with the source of fluid or steam supply, is provided with an annulus 24 and is connected to the casing of the valve by the coupling member 25. The engaging face of this pipe and the casing are preferably beveled as shown at 26. The laterally projecting portion Ia on the shut off member is also preferably provided with an inclined 'or beveled face 21 and the shoulder 1b is provided with an inclined face 28. These inclined faces provide tighter connections between the parts.

The discharge member 8a in this construction is provided with external threads and is connected to a pipe 81) by the coupling member 8c which engages an annulus 8d on the pipe 8b. The discharge member 8a and the pipe 8b have inclined faces at the point where they contact, as shown at 8e. This insures a tighter connection of the parts. In the construction shown in Fig. 5, the openings I6 in the seat-member are of sufiicient size to permit the valve part I4 to be inserted and attached to the stem before the seating member is placed in the casing. By means of the construction herein shown, a very strong and durable valve is provided which will withstand high pressures and rough usage.

The use and operation of my invention are as follows.

When the valve is assembled, the shut oil member 6 is placed in the lower end of the casing I and turned until its upper end projects into the chamber I6a. The valve seating member is then inserted in the upper end of the casing and the projections Illa fitted into the notches I011. The seating member is then rotated and this rotation causes it and the shut off member 6 to be moved downwardly to the position shown in Fig. 2. The valve member I4 and stem I! are then placed in position and the retaining member 20 and the packing gland 22 are then placed in position. The valve member I 4 is ordinarily in contact with the seat I5. When it is desired to let the water escape, the handle I9a is turned so as to move the valve member I4 from contact with the seat I5, whereupon the water flows through the openings I and I6 and out the discharge 8'.

When it is desired to remove or repair the seating members, the retaining member 20 is removed and the seating member is rotated in the unscrewing direction. This moves it up and also moves the shut off member 6 upward until the portion Ia of the shut off member engages the shoulder lb of the casing. This shuts ofi the flow of water into the casing. When this position of the shut 01f member is reached, the interlocking parts Illa and Iflb are in the chamber Mia. The part II] of the seating member will then be free from the screwthreads and the entire seating member and valve member I4 may then be moved; out of the casing, the flow of liquid being completely shut 01f by the shut ofi member 6.

When the seating members are repaired or new ones provided, the seating member is then inserted in the casing until the interlocking parts Illa and "lb are brought into contact. The seating member is then rotated, the part IOa engaging the screwthreads in the casing, and the shut ofi member is moved down to open communication between the openings 1 and the recess 2, so that fluid may flow through the openings I up into the lower part of the seating member. When this is accomplished, the valve memher I 4 is on its seat and the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 2. It will thus be seen that the seating members of the valve may be easily and quickly removed for repair or replacement and that the act of removing them moves the parts so that communication between the discharge 8 and the source of fluid supply is closed, thereby shutting off the escape of fluid. It will also be noted that the mere act of putting the parts back in position opens up communication to the source of fluid supply, so that by moving the valve member I4 from its seat, the fluid will escape through the discharge 8. This construction therefore provides a cheap, eificient valve which can be easily and quickly repaired and the party who repairs it need give no consideration to the question of the fluid, as the valve automatically takes care of this and shuts off communication with the fluid supply while the parts are being examined and repaired, and opens up communication with the fluid supply when the parts are placed in position.

In Fig. 5 I have shown a construction particularly adapted for use with high pressure fluids, such as steam. The construction shown in this figure is made so that it can be substituted on locomotives for the valves now used and with this construction, the valve members, including the seating member, can be easily and quickly removed, their removal completely shutting 01f the high pressure steam. They can then be repaired or replaced and when replaced, the shut off device is moved to its open position.

It will thus be seen that with this construction there is complete and positive automatic movement of the shut off device to its closed position and to its open position by simply removing and inserting the seating member.

I claim:

1. A valve comprising a casing having an inlet at one end and a laterally extending discharge outlet, a shut off member at one end of the casing having a threaded part making a threaded connection with the' interior of the casing, a seating member on the interior of the casing, having two parts of different diameters, one smaller than the other, the smaller part having a threaded connection with the interior of the casing, said smaller part having the same exterior diameter as the threaded part of the shut 01f member, interlocking parts on the shut off member and the threaded part of the seating member, the rotation of the seating member in a direction to remove it from the casing, moving the shut off member to its shut off position and disconnecting the screwthreaded part of the seating member from the casing, so that the seating member may be disconnected from the shut off member and moved out of the casing, said seating member provided with a lateral opening which communicate with said discharge outlet when the parts are in their normal position.

2. A valvecomprisin a casing having a recess in one end and with a discharge outlet at one side thereof, a threaded opening in the casing communicating with said recess, a shut ofi' member having a threaded engagement with the threads in the casing and provided with a laterally extending engaging portion, means below said shut off member for connecting said recess with a source of fluid supp y, an opening in the shut on member located between said laterally extending engaging portion and the portion which is threaded to the casing and normally communicating with said recess when the device is in operation, a Seating member in the casing having two members of difierent diameters, one smaller than the other, the exterior of the larger member being free from threads, the smaller member having threads which engage threads on the interior of the casing and being of substantially the same diameter as the shut oif member, said seating member and shut off member having interlocking parts, the seating member having an opening therein communicating with the interior of the seating member through which fluidmay flow to said discharge outlet, a valve member in the seating member, a seat therefor, a stem for said valve member, and a retaining member surrounding said stem and engaging said casing,

which closes the end of the casing to prevent removal of the seating member.

3. A valve comprising a casing having a discharge outlet at one side thereof, a seating member in the casing having two parts of different diameters, the part of smaller diameter having exterior screwthreads and the part of larger diameter having a smooth outer face, said seating member having a shoulder intermediate its ends, a shoulder on the casing engaged by the shoulder on the seating member, the seating member having a part normally opposite said discharge outlet and which has an opening through which fluid passes to the discharge outlet, a valve member in the enlarged portion of the seating member, a seat in the seating member which said valve member engages when the valve is closed, and a shut off member having a, threaded engagement with the interior of the casing, the shut off member and the portion of smaller diameter of the seating member having interlocking parts, arranged so that when the seating member is rotated to remove it from the casing, it rotates the shut off member and moves it to its shut ofi position.

4. A valve comprising a casing having a discharge outlet at one sid thereof, a removable seating member in the casing having a portion thereof normally opposite said discharge outlet and which has an opening through which fluid passes to the discharge outlet and a screwthreaded connection with the interior of the easing below said opening for a portion of its length, a hollow shut oif member having a screwthreaded connection with the interior of the casing, enclosed at one end, but having an opening leading to the interior thereof intermediate its ends, an interlocking connection between the seating member and the shut off member, and a valve member in the seating member, the rotation of the seating member to remove it form the casing automatically and positively moving the shut off member to its shut off position and means for attaching to said casing below said seating member, a pipe leading to a source of fluid supply.

5. A valve comprising a casing having a discharge outlet at one side thereof, a removable seating member in the casing having a screwthreaded connection with the interior of the casing for a portion of its length, said casing being provided with a recess near its lower end, a hollow shut off member having a screwthreaded connection with the casing, enclosed at one end, but having an opening leading to the interior thereof intermediate its ends, the lower end of said shut off member normally projecting into said recess, the opening therein communicating with said recess, an interlocking connection between the seating member and the shut off member, and a valve member in the seating member, the rotation of the seating member to remove it from the casing automatically and positively moving the shut off member to its shut off position, said shut off member having a laterally extending portion which engages the casing when the shut off member reaches its shut off position, so as to positively stop the movement of the shut off member when the threaded portion of the seating member has become disengaged from the threads in the casing, said seating member having a portion opposite said discharg outlet which has an opening therein through which fluid passes to the discharge outlet.

6. A valve comprising a casing having a discharge outlet at one side thereof, a removable seating member in the casing having a portion thereof opposite said discharge outlet with an opening therein through which fluid passes to the discharge outlet, said seating member having a threaded portion which has a screwthreaded connection with the interior of the casing, a hollow shut off member having a portion of substantially the same diameter as the threaded portion of the seating member and which has a screwthreaded connection with the casing, said shut off member being enclosed at one end, but having an opening leading to the interior thereof intermediate its ends, an interlocking connection between the seating member and the shut off member, and a valve member in the seating member, the rotation of the seating member to remove it from the casing automatically and positively moving the shut off member to its shut off position, said shut ofii member having a laterally extending portion which engages the casing when the shut off member reaches its shut off position, so as to positively stop the movement of the shut off member when it has been moved far enough into the casing to release the seating member, said laterally extending portion acting also as an additional closure between the shut off member and the casing.

WILLIAM L. PORTER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2997057 *Feb 28, 1957Aug 22, 1961Gen Controls CoValve structure having readily removable plug and seat structures
US3195552 *Aug 21, 1961Jul 20, 1965Rasmussen Ciifford LValving method which includes reforming the seat material
US3202166 *May 29, 1959Aug 24, 1965Parker Hannifin CorpShut-off valve assembly having a removable plug
US4041973 *May 2, 1975Aug 16, 1977Fisher Controls CompanyQuick change valve trim assembly
US4177971 *May 18, 1977Dec 11, 1979Pilgrim Engineering Developments LimitedSea cock valve
US4204661 *May 3, 1978May 27, 1980Thore StrombergWasteless connecting valves
US4206778 *Jan 15, 1979Jun 10, 1980Gallo William CRotary valve assembly having a dual purpose valve element
US8104508 *Nov 10, 2005Jan 31, 2012Jtekt CorporationValve device assembling structure, plug body, and manual valve
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/315.12, 137/613
International ClassificationF16K1/42, F16K1/32, F16K43/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16K1/42, F16K43/006
European ClassificationF16K43/00D2, F16K1/42