Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2232156 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 18, 1941
Filing dateJan 10, 1939
Priority dateJan 13, 1938
Publication numberUS 2232156 A, US 2232156A, US-A-2232156, US2232156 A, US2232156A
InventorsAbeles Erwin
Original AssigneeGustav Zellnik, Julius Zellnik
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined radiator, particularly for medical purposes
US 2232156 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. ABELES Feb. 18, 1941.

Filed Jan. 10, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 W/ f 4 \7 I K i f 7 H M X I 1 I. 0. w 2 wnwm 8 a H f 6 u u 7 M u a a a lNVENTOR BY WK {$6 ATTORNEY Feb. 18, 1941.

E. ABELES 2,232,156


a g 50 w E 2 Enowx Abehis INVENTOR QLA ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 18, 1941 PATENT OFFICE COMBINED RADIATOR, PARTICULARLY FOR MEDICAL PURPOSES Erwin Abeles, Vienna, Germany, assignor to Julius Zellnik and Gustav Germany Zellnik, both of Vienna,

Application January 10, 1939, Serial No. 250,123

In Austria January 13, 193

2 Claims.

The object of the present invention is a combined radiator particularly for medical purposes. In accordance with the experiments of the inventor, it has been found that with the treatment of a diseased part of the body, the simultaneous application of radiations of various physiological eifects results in a surprisingly quick and thorough recovery.

In order to carry out the above mentioned progressive method of treatment without complicated and expensive apparatus, the combined radiator in accordance with the present invention has arranged thereon in the reflecting range of reflecting surfaces, a plurality of transmitters for waves of various physiological effects, such as electric short waves, light rays, heat rays.

Two embodiments of the invention are illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 shows partially in section, one embodiment of the radiator, in which two reflectors are provided, the inner reflector being used as a support for wave emitting means.

Figure 2 shows partially in section another embodiment of the radiator in combination with an electric short wave transmitter.

Figure 1 shows an interchangeable arrangement consisting of a reflector and wave emitting means. The part Y surrounds the arrangement X and consists likewise of a reflector and wave emitting means. At Z is indicated a covering for the arrangements X and Y, which serves at the same time as a carrying support for the entire apparatus.

The interchangeable arrangement X consists of an earthenware body I which is shaped parabolically at its interior side and has a reflecting surface I4. A heater wire 3 spirally encloses the earthenware body I. A body 2 for emitting waves, for example a gas-filled glowor luminoustube, is arranged above the earthenware body I and the heater wire 3. The earthenware body I is provided with a thread I3 so that the entire arrangement X can be screwed into the exterior part Y, and can be unscrewed therefrom at will. A further ray emitting means, for example in the form of a glow lamp 4 is also screwed into the thread I3.

The part Y consists of a reflector I6 having a reflecting inner surface I1. The reflector I6 is subdivided stepwise and ray emitting means, for example in the form of further glow lamps 5 and 6 are provided in the externally positioned step of the latter. In accordance with the invention the external step of the reflector I6 is formed in such a way that lamps carried by this step radiate upon the same place III.

The reflector I6 is fixed, with the interposition of insulating elements 22, by means of arms 23 to the covering arrangement Z. The reflector I6, moreover, bears against the exterior arrangement Z at 24. Here also layers 25 of insulating material are interposed, in order completely to insulate electrically the internal arrangements Y and X at the exterior.

The arrangement Z consists of a cap-shaped covering body 26 and of a support 21. The body 26 is preferably of electrically insulating material. The support 21 is rotatably mounted in a slotted column 29 of the base 28 of the radiator. This support 21 can be fixed by means of a handle 30 in any desired position. The capshaped body 26 has a handle M fixed thereto.

The electrical supply and return leads to the wave emitting means of the arrangements X and Y are as follows: To the wave emitting tube 2 are connected the supply lead 3| and the return lead 32, which supply and return leads are united in a cable 33, which can be connected by means of a plug 34 with a high frequency, high tension current source.

The mounting of the lamp 4 co-operates with the screw I3 which is screwed into the reflector I6. The reflector I6 is connected at 35 by means of the supply lead 36 to a pole of the electric lead. The second pole for the electric bulb is formed by the conducting pin I, which leads through a contact spring 8, terminal screw 9, to the lead 31. The leads 36 and 31 are united in a cable III.

The heater wire 3 is connected at one end through the conductor I2 with the conducting pin I, and at its other end through the conductor II with the mounting I3 to complete the heater with circuit.

Conductors 38 and 39 lead to the wave emitting means arranged in the part Y, that is to say primarily to the glow tubes 5 and 6. The leads I0, 36 and 39 are united in a cable 50 which leads to a common plug 5|.

As shown in Figure 2, an earthenware body I carrying a heater wire 3 has a threaded portion 52 thereof screwed into a mounting 53. A carrier I8 in the form of a cage, which surrounds the earthenware body, is connected with a plate 54. A further plate 55 is fixed to the earthenware body I. The carrier I8 is connected with the plate 55 and with the earthenware body I by a screw 56, and is thus held in position. This carrier III also bears against the reflector I6 at 51, and carries a wave emitting tube 2. The electrodes of the tube 2 are indicated at 58 and 59. The reflector I 6 has a reflecting surface II. On this reflector l6 are provided two capdike contact members 20. These latter are connected by means of arms 2|, with the interposition of an insulating layer 80, to the reflector l8. At 6| is indicated the supply lead to the electrodes 20. The supply lead to the heat wire 3 of the earthenware body I is indicated at 62 and 53. Both these wires are united in a cable 64. The supply wires to the parts 58, 59 of the tube 2 are indicated at 65 and G6, and a carrier of the entire arrangement is indicated at 51.

The conductors 65, 66 of the tube, and also the conductor 6| of the electrodes 20 lead to a transformer (not shown) which preferably is accommodated in the pedestal of the entire arrangement. In accordance with the present invention, the reflecting lining H of the reflector ii and also the reflecting lining H (see Figure 1) is selected in accordance with the physiological effects determined by the waves to be emitted. It has been found in the experiments of the inventor, that in accordance with the kind of waves to be emitted, it is favourable to employ at one time silver and at another time gold, for example, as reflecting linings.

The mode of operation of the radiator in accordance with Figure 1 is as follows: According to the disease of the part of the body to be treated, bulbs 4, 5 or 6 are chosen. These latter may be quartz light bulbs, mercury vapour bulbs etc. Then the plugs 34 and 5! are connected to the corresponding conductors, the entire arrangement is brought into the desired position by aid of the toggle 30 and of the handle 4| and fixed there. The arrangement is now ready for radiation.

With the radiator in accordance with Figure 2, the procedure is similar. Upon connecting the supply leads I, ll of the wave emitting tube and also of the conductors I of the short wave electrodes, and upon connection of the conductor I4 01 the heat wire, the apparatus is ready for operation.

The apparatus illustrated in Figures 1 and 2 are only given as an example for carrying the invention into eflect. The invention is in no way restricted to these embodiments, which can be modified at will without departing from the scope oi the invention. Particularly, all possible oombinations of wave emitting means can be employed in accordance with the various diseases to be treated. As for example the heat element 1, 2 and the tube in accordance with Figure 2 may be employed in the radiator in accordance with Figure 1 instead of the arrangement X.

Due to the simple manipulation and low manuiacturing costs of the radiator, in accordance with the present invention, it is possible to make the progressive method 0! treatment with this apparatus accessible to the public at large.

I claim:

1. In a radiator for medical purposes, in combination with a reflector, a carrier element mounted in said reflector, a heater wire wound helically on said carrier element, and a wave emitting glow tube formed into a helix surrounding said carrier element and heater wire and being supported on said carrier element.

2. In a radiator for medical purposes, in combination with a reflector, a hollow carrier element having a parabolically shaped inner reflecting surface and being mounted in said reflector, a lamp disposed in said carrier approximately in the focus of said parabolical surface. a heater wire wound helically on said carrier element, and a wave emitting glow tube formed into a helix surrounding said carrier element and heater wire and being supported on said carrier element.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2560652 *Dec 20, 1947Jul 17, 1951Fred LandauerLamp for therapeutic treatments
US2879369 *Dec 9, 1955Mar 24, 1959Huseby Harold WCorner radiant heat assembly
US3120599 *Aug 27, 1962Feb 4, 1964Hilgers Clair EOpen warmer
US3242314 *Jul 5, 1962Mar 22, 1966Aerojet General CoPortable brazing and welding device
US3557783 *Apr 12, 1967Jan 26, 1971Castner Charles SMethod of killing microprobes with microbicidal compounds and ultraviolet light
US3624351 *Jan 26, 1970Nov 30, 1971Gen ElectricShock-proof electric radiant heater
US3680557 *May 6, 1970Aug 1, 1972Becton Dickinson CoControlled atmosphere incubator system with oxygen probe
US4318722 *Apr 9, 1980Mar 9, 1982Gerald AltmanInfrared radiation cooler for producing physiologic conditions such as a comfort or hypothermia
US4556070 *Oct 31, 1983Dec 3, 1985Varian Associates, Inc.Hyperthermia applicator for treatment with microwave energy and ultrasonic wave energy
US4658823 *Apr 15, 1986Apr 21, 1987Beddoe Alexander FIncandescent lamp structure for applying therapeutic heat
US5107832 *Mar 11, 1991Apr 28, 1992Raul GuibertUniversal thermotherapy applicator
US5190031 *Feb 3, 1992Mar 2, 1993Raul GuibertUniversal thermotherapy applicator
US5207505 *Sep 3, 1991May 4, 1993Nikon CorporationIllumination light source device
US5315994 *Mar 5, 1993May 31, 1994Raul GuibertCombined thermotherapy and electrotherapy technique
US5443487 *Dec 20, 1993Aug 22, 1995Guibert; RaulCombined chemo-thermo therapy technique
US20120134654 *Feb 9, 2012May 31, 2012Paul Kam Ching ChanRadiator apparatus
US20120134655 *May 31, 2012Paul Kam Ching ChanRadiator apparatus
U.S. Classification607/90, 392/426
International ClassificationA61N5/08
Cooperative ClassificationA61N5/06
European ClassificationA61N5/06