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Publication numberUS2233041 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 25, 1941
Filing dateSep 14, 1939
Priority dateSep 14, 1939
Publication numberUS 2233041 A, US 2233041A, US-A-2233041, US2233041 A, US2233041A
InventorsAlley Thomas R
Original AssigneeArthur J Penick, Kirby T Penick
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Blowout preventer
US 2233041 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 25, 1941. T. R. ALLEY BLOWOUT PREVENTER Patented Feb. 25,- 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE y Y` 2.233.041 l Arthur J'. Penick and Kirby T.

. i Harris County, Tex.

Application september 14, 1939, serial No. 294,892

9 claims. (ci. iss-14) v This invention relates to a blowout preventer. An object of the invention is to provide equipment of the character described designed to be attached tothe top of a well` pipe for use in drilling or while running a .tubing into the well in the presence of well pressure and for forming a seal around the tubing or drill stem to prevent a blowout.

`Another object of the invention is to provide a. blowout preventer of the character described through which a drill stem may be operated while drilling having sealing means which may be normally maintained in inactive position spaced away from the drill stem withmeans for actuating the sealing means, in case of threatened blow- "out, into sealing relation with, and around, the

drill stem to prevent the escape of fluid under pressure around said stem, said sealing means being provided also with stem engaging means for engaging and maintaining the stem in the well until the pressure is relieved.

The invention also embodies alpressure head shaped to forma seal about the tubing or drill stem connected to the pipe engaging and sealing means and which is effective, in case high pressure develops in the Well, to actuate the pipe engaging and sealing means into active position closely around and in engagement with the tubing or stem whereby the tubing or stem is anchored in the well and a fluid tight seal formed therearound. l

The invention also embodies means to be actuated by iiuid under pressure into active or iuactive positions.

With the above and other objects in View the invention has particular relation to certain novel featuresof construction, operation and arrangement of parts, examples of which are given in this specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein: l l

Figure 1 shows a side elevation of the blowout preventer, shown partly in section, with the tubing engaging and sealing means in active position.

Figure 2` shows a sectionalview taken on the line2-2 of Figure l, and

Figure 3 shows a fragmentary, elevational view, partlyv in section, showing the parts in inactive position with the pressure head removed.

Referring now more particularly to the drawing wherein like numerals of reference designate the same parts in each of the figures, the numeral I designates a pipe in a well and the numeral 2 designates a cylindrical housing attached to the upper end of said pipe which includes a cap 2'a secured on the upper end thereof and having the inside upwardly converging seat 3. The upper end of the housing 2 has the external annular ange 4 and the lower end of the cap 2a has the external annular flange 5 registering with the flange 4. Within the housing there is an anchor ring 6 havingan external annular ange 'I between the flanges 4 and 5 with suitable leak proof gaskets between said flanges and these three ilanges are secured together by the common bolts,

8 as shown. Secured within Ithe upper end of the 10 cap 2a there is an anchor ring 9 'and the guide rods I Il have their upper and lower ends anchored to the upper and lower anchor` rings 9 and E, said guide rods being approximately parallel with the seat 3 as shown in Figure 1. The numeral II designates the segmental slip carriers whose outer sides are shaped to-coniorm to the shape of and to fit closely against the seat 3. They are mounted to slide` on the corresponding rods III.

II there is a pipe engaging slip I2. The inner sides-of these slips are shaped to conform to the shape of and to closely surround an inner tubing I3 and have the inside downwardly pitched teeth to engage said tubing. Above each slip and countersunkinto the corresponding carrier there is an arcuate sealing member I4 `preferably formed of rubber. The sealing members I4 complement each other so as to form a complete seal around the tubing when the carriers II are in their up- VCountersunk into the inner side of each carrier per. or active, position. The carriers with their slips and sealing members will be referred to as the tubing engaging and sealing means. l l

As will v`be noted from an inspection of Figure 2 each sealing member I4 is extended at each end of its segment II forming the wings I4a, I4a. which overlap the ends of the corresponding carriers so as to form complete seals between the carriers when the `pipe engaging and sealing means is in active position. When in inactive position the pipe engaging and sealing means will rest on the annular anchor 6 as shown in Figure 3.

The anchor ring 6 has a depending tubular cylinder, I5 whose upper end is attached to said anchor ring and whose lower end is free. Within this Icylinder the annular head I6 of Figure 1, or IBa of Figure 2, works. These heads are connected to the carriers II above by corresponding links I1 whose ends are flexibly connected thereto.

As is clearly shown by the drawing the guide or cylinder I5 is spaced inwardly from the housing 2 and between it and the housing thereis the annular plunger I8 having the outside aud inside countersunk packing rings forming` fluid tight seais with the housing and with said cylinder.

Attached to and depending from the plunger I8 is the cylindrical guide I9 which works closely through an inside guide ring carrier in the housing. This guide ring has the inside packing which surrounds the tubular guide I9 as shown in Figure 1. As is clearly shown in Figure 1 the guide I9 works closely over the cylinder I5 and extends beneath it and is permanently connected at its lower-'end to the lower end of a tubularsupport the plunger I8 works above and beneath said plunger. These lines converge and are connected into the valve casing 25 containing the four way valve 26 and a supply line for an operating fluid is also connected into said valve cylinder. When the valve is actuated into one position an operating fluid under pressure may be introduced into said cylinder, as 21, above the plunger I8 and relieved from said cylinder beneath the plunger and when an operating fluid is introduced into the cylinder 21 beneath the plunger the fluid from the cylinder will be relieved from above the plunger. While lowering or elevating the tubing under normal conditions the plunger I8 should be moved downwardly to Withdraw the tubing engaging and sealing means from engagement with the tubing and the pressure head 22 will be lowered, with the head I6, a required distance down into the cylinder I5. In case pressure should develop in the well but not suillciently high to cause a blowout an operating fluid may be introduced through the pipe 23 above the plunger I8 to balance said pressure; however, should a high or dangerous pressure develop in the well it will move the pressure 22 upwardly overcoming the pressure against the plunger I8 and elevating the support 2I aswell as the guide I9 and the plunger I8 also operating through the links I1 to elevate the tubing engaging and sealing means. It may be here noted that the sealing members I4 extend radially inwardly beyond the slips I2 so that before said 'slips engage the tubing the sealing members I4 will have formed a complete seal around the tubing so as to prevent the escape of pressure and a further upward movement of the pressure head 22` and the carriers Il will cause the slips I2 to 4then come into engagement with the tubing so as to grip and secure the same against danger of being blown vout of the well.

The anchor ring 6 `has a by-pass 28 whose lower end is inwardly turned and the head I6 has a by-pass 29. The by-pass 29 registers with the by-pass 28 when the pressure head has moved to its extreme upper position so as to allow the pressure beneath the pressure head 22 and above said pressure head to' equalize.

When the equipment is used for drilling the pressure head 22 will not be used as shown in Figure 3. While drilling operations are being carried on the plunger I8 will be moved to its lower position by the introduction of an operating fiuidthrough the line 23 and the carriers II will be in their lower position as shown in Figure 3. In case of a threatened blowout the operating uid will be relieved through the pipe 23 and simultaneously introduced into the cylinder 21 through the pressure line 24 and the plunger will thereby be elevated to its upper position carrying the head IIia upwardly with it and elevating the carriers II s0 as to form a seal about the drill stem 30 and to carry the stem engaging slips I2 into secure engagement with the drill stem to prevent the latter from being blown out by the high pressure in the well.

The drawing and description are illustrative merely, While the broad principle of the invention will be defined by lthe appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. A blowout preventer comprising a housing adapted to be connected to an outer pipe in a well and shaped to receive an inner pipe therethrough, a pipe engaging and sealing means in the housing movable to inactive position away from the inner pipe and into active position to engage, and form a seal about, the inner pipe, a pressure head around and in sealing relationship with the inner pipe and connected with said engaging and sealing means and adapted to be actuated by well pressure and to actuate said pipe engaging and sealing means into active position.

2. A blowout preventer comprising a housing adapted to be connected to an outer pipe in a well and shaped to receive an inner pipe therethrough, a pipe engaging and sealing means in the housing movable to inactive position away from the inner pipe and into active position to engage, and form a seal about, the inner pipe, a pressure head around and in sealing relationship with the inner pipe and connected with said engaging and sealing means and adapted to be actuated by well pressure and to actuate said pipe engaging and sealing means into active position and means under the control of an operator and adapted to be actuated by an operating fluid and eil'ective to move said pipe engaging and sealingimeans to inactive position.

3. A blowout preventer comprising a housing adapted to be connected to an outer pipe in a well and shaped to receive an inner pipe therethrough, a pipe engaging and sealing means in.

the housing movable to inactive ,position away from the inner pipe and into active position to engage, and form a seal about, the inner pipe, a pressure head around and in sealing relationship with the inner pipe and connected with said engaging and sealing means and adapted to be actuated by well pressure and to actuate said pipe engaging and sealing means into .ctive position, said blowout preventer having a bypass permitting equalization of the well pressure above and beneath the pressure head when said pipe engaging and sealing means is in active position.

4. A blowout preventer comprising a housing adapted to be connected to an outer pipe in a well and shaped to receive an inner pipe therethrough and having an upwardly converging seat, carriers on the seat, inside seals on the carriers, said carriers being movable upwardly on the seat into active position to form a seal about the inner pipe, a cylinder, a plunger in the cylinder, means connecting the plunger to the carriers, means for applying an .operating fluid to the plunger to actuate the carriers into active or inactive position, a pressure head on said actuating means forming a seal about the inner pipe and subject to the internal well pressure and effective to be actuated thereby to move the carriers into active position.

5. A blowout preventer comprising a housing adapted to be connected to an outer pipe in a well and shaped to receive an inner pipe therethrough, sealing means in the housing movable to inactive position away from the inner pipe and movable into active position to engage, and form a seal about the inner pipe, a pressure head within the housing around and in sealing relationship with the inner pipe and adapted to be actuated by the well pressure and eective, when so actuated to actuate said sealing means into active position to form a seal with the housing and with the inner pipe. i

6. A blowout preventer comprising a housing adapted to be connected to an outer pipe in a well and shaped to receive an inner pipe therethrough, pipe engaging means in the housing movable into inactive position away from the inner pipe and into active position to engage and anchor thepipe, a pressure head around and in sealing relationship with the inner pipe and connected with said pipe engaging means and adapted to be actuated by well pressure within verging seat, segmental slip carriers on the seat,

pipe engaging means on theinner sides of the carriers, an annular anchor within the housing, a tubular cylinder depending from the anchor,

` an annular head within the cylinder operatively connected with the carriers, an annular plunger aroundthe cylinder, a cylindrical guide attached to and depending from the plunger, a guide ring secured to the housing beneath the plungery through which'said guide works 'and forming a,

chamber in which the plunger moves, means for connecting the guide to said'. head and means for introducing an operating fluid into said chamber on opposite sides of the plunger alternately to actuate the plunger, head and carriers to move the pipe engaging means into and out of engagement with the inner pipe at will.

8. A blowout preventer comprising a housing adapted to be connected to an outer pipe in ai well and shaped to receive an inner pipe therethrough, said housing having an upwardly converging seat, segmental slip carriers on the seat. pipe engaging and sealing means on the inner sides of the carriers, an annular anchor within the housing, a tubular `cylinder depending from the anchor, an annular head Within the cylinder operatively connected with the carriers,` an annular plunger around the cylinder, a cylindrical guide attached to and depending from the plunger, a guide ring secured to the housing beneath the plunger through which said guide works and forming a chamber in which the plunger moves, means for connecting the guide to said head and means for introducing an operating fluid into said chamber on opposite sides of the plunger alternately to actuate the plunger, head and carriers to move the pipe engaging and sealing means into and out of engagement with the inner pipe at will.

9. A blowout preventer comprising a housing adapted to be connected to an outer pipe in a well and shaped to receive an inner pipe therethrough, a pipe engaging and sealing means in the housing movable to inactive position away from the inner pipe and to active position to engage and forma seal about the inner pipe, an annular head in the housing, a closedl cylinder within the housing, a plunger in the cylinder, means` connecting the plunger to the head, means connecting the head to the pipe engaging and sealing means and means for introducing anop- Ierating uid into the cylinder on opposite sides of the plunger alternately to actuate the plunger and head and to thereby move the pipe engaging and sealing means into active or inactive position at will.

THOMAS R. ALLEY.

alsl

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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Classifications
U.S. Classification285/123.11, 285/123.6, 166/212, 137/498, 251/1.1
International ClassificationE21B33/03, E21B33/06
Cooperative ClassificationE21B33/06
European ClassificationE21B33/06