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Publication numberUS2235708 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 18, 1941
Filing dateJan 10, 1938
Priority dateJan 10, 1938
Publication numberUS 2235708 A, US 2235708A, US-A-2235708, US2235708 A, US2235708A
InventorsJenkins Alexander F
Original AssigneeJenkins Alexander F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spraying device
US 2235708 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 18, 19 A. F. JENKiNS SPRAYING DEVICE Filed Jan. 10, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet l fiw aa M Ill- March 18, 1941. NKI 2,235,708

SPRAYING DEVICE Filed Jan. 10, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 gnaw/tom Patented Mar. 18, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 16 Claims.

This invention relates to spraying devices or the like, and more particularly to the nozzle assemblies of spray guns of the type which are employed in atomizing and sprayingliquids, such as coating materialsor the like.

The general objectof the invention is the provision of novel and improved nozzle constructions of the class described, which are easy and economical to manufacture and at the same time are capable of being readily assembled so as to produce a spray jet of great accuracy and fineness of atomization; and one which is susceptible of a wide range of adjustability,

It is a more specific object of the invention to provide in a nozzle of this type, means for ensuring the accuracy and uniformity of width or diameter of the central orifice for the atomizing and aspirating jet of air which surrounds the liquid jet. Heretofore, in the manufacture and 20 use of spray guns, much difficulty has been experienced in obtaining an accurate alignment or centering of the air and liquid jets, and this has been due principally to the factthat the annular aspirating air orifice has been formed between cooperating surfaces ofgthe inner liquid conducting nozzle portion and of the outer separable air cap or atomizer head. Numerous expedients have been proposed for ensuring the maintenance of the proper concentric positions of these nozzle 30 parts, including the provision of-conical or spherical bearing surfaces between them, but these proposals have not been entirely satisfactory, due to both the increase in the difficulty and expense of manufacture and to the failure to en 35 tirely eliminate the distortions or inaccuracies of fit even in the most careful processes of machining and assembly.

The present invention attains this object by providing. means embodied in the construction of 40 the inner liquid nozzle portion itself for defining the aspirating and atomizing air jet orifice, and thus removes the greatest source of error in manufacture. Furthermore, in the preferred embodiments of the present nozzle construction,

45 the portion which confines this air jet is joined or sealed to the liquid nozzle proper at a point so immediately adjacent to the forward effective end of the fluid nozzle that there is little chance of error or variation in the cooperation or inter- 50 fitting of the parts. Several optional arrangements of assembly details of such a nozzle are shown herein, but obviously the invention in its broadest aspect is not limited to these disclosures.

55 Another closely allied object of the present invention, and one the attainment of which is facilitated by the above described improvement, is the provision in fluid spraying nozzles of this general type, of aspirating and atomizing air jets of various configurations and combinations, such 5 as, for example, those formed of one or more annular series of openings, which are preferably used in addition to and in cooperation with the annular orifice to which reference has already been made. A similar arrangement is disclosed 10 in the applicants copending application, Serial No. 58,399, filed January 9, 1936, which is a continuation-in-part of application Serial No. 714,766, filed March 9, 1934, issued June 1, 1937 as U. S. Patent No. 2,082,060.

The provision of such multiple orifices attains several advantageous objects. First of all, the provision of these supplemental air jets adjacent the fluid jet, aids in the atomization of the fluid, providing a smoother, easy flowing wall of air surrounding and mingling with the jet of liquid which effects a softer central conical spray which can be very easily flattened and widened in the zone where the auxiliary jets from the side wings of the nozzle impinge upon it. The provision of these multiple orifices has been found to be particularly effective when employed in connection with the hollow or annular type of side wing jets of the general type disclosed in my copending applications, Serial No. 81,952, filed May 26, 1936, and Serial No. 128,507, filed March 1, 1937; an extremely wide, wet, and highly atomized spray of liquid material being produced, even in the case of the widely used synthetic enamels with the spraying of which considerable dificulty has been encountered in the past. Another important function which the multiple central orifices perform is that of preventing the building up of coating material upon the face of the nozzle around the central orifices. A much cleaner operation of the spraying device is attained both during the actual spraying process and immediately after the fluid supply has been cut off. Most of the spray guns of this general type are provided with adjustments which enable the 5 maintenance of the air flow for a short period of time after the liquid flow has ceased. This affords a cleaning or wiping action by means of the flow of air through the multiple central jets after the flow of liquid has ceased, and which serves to effectively prevent the building up of the coating material on the face of the nozzle.

The provision of these additional openings is rendered easy by the construction of the nozzle in accordance with the previously described object of the invention involving the employment of the air jet forming members which are applied to the inner liquid nozzle organization of the spray gun, as will be developed further in connection with the detailed description of the several embodiments of the invention.

Other objects and features of novelty will become apparent from the following specification when read in connection with the accompanying drawings in which several embodiments of the invention are illustrated by way of example.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view of one embodiment of the invention in which there is employed an inner annular series of air openings disposed around the central liquid orifice;

Figure 2 is a front elevation of the same;

Figure 3 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view of a variant form of this type of nozzle;

Figure 4 is a similar view of a nozzle having two series of air openings;

Figure 5 is a fragmentary View in front elevation of the central portion of the nozzle shown in Figure 4;

Figure 6 is a similar view of a modified form of this nozzle showing one means of connecting the air cap to the body of the gun;

Figure 7 is a view in vertical longitudinal section of a nozzle and front end construction applicable especially to a spray gun body made of a die casting;

Figure 8 is a fragmentary front elevation of the same;

Figure 9 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view of a nozzle comprising another embodiment of the invention;

Figure 10 is a similar view of another adaptation of the air cap of Figure 9;

Figure 11 is a view in rear elevation of the air cap of Figures 9 and 10; and

Figure 12 is a front elevational view of the air cap.

Referring to the drawings, and preliminarily especially to Figure 7 thereof, it will be seen that a portion of the forward end of the body of a spray gun is indicated at Hit and is provided with a liquid chamber or passageway Hi and a main air passageway which is provided with a valve seat dividing the air passageway to provide a forwardlydirected passageway I42 leading to the supplemental flattening jets of the air cap and the diverging passageway I52 leading to the central aspirating air orifices. The forward face of the body portion of the gun may be formed in a single plane, although within the scope of the invention the construction of the body portion of the gun may vary widely.

The inner liquid nozzle portions in the several embodiments are indicated generally by th reference numerals 20 with certain exponents to indicate varient forms and comprises the central rearwardly projecting nipple which is threaded as at 212' (Figure 7) into the recess I I1 formed in the head I91. The central portion of the liquid nozzl 20c, for example as in Figure 1 is provided with the flange 22c, the periphery of which may be squared for the application of a wrench or suitable tool for removing and applying this portion of the nozzle to the spray gun. The forward end of the liquid nozzle proper is of a general conical configuration and is provided centrally at the tip thereof with a liquid orifice 266, etc.; the flow of liquid through this orifice being controlled by means of the usual needle valve which projects rearwardly and is operatively con nected with the trigger of the gun which is not shown herein, but may be of any usual or conventional construction, or may be arranged as shown in my Patent No. 2,082,060 or 2,082,061. The intermediate flange 222' is provided with an annular series of passageways 302' which provide communication between the rear annular chamber into which the air passageway [5 leads, and the forward air chamber 322' formed between the conical top of the liquid nozzle and the air cap.

The air cap may be formed integrally as in Figure 1 or it may include a separately formed in sert or tip 352' provided for rigid and substantially permanent application to the liquid nozzle 202' to provide the annular aspirating air orifice Mi, as illustrated in Figure 7. This insertable tip is adapted to be applied to the wall or flange 34 and the rearwardly extending portion 362 of the tip or insert may be seated against the flange 221'. The tip 35i converges forwardly to the plane of the face of the liquid nozzle and the inner margin of the opening therein is spaced from the liquid nozzle tip at a predetermined distance to provide the annular aspirating air orifice 402. It will thus be seen that there is thereby formed a relatively permanent arrangement for defining the orifice 402 which is adapted to be carried by the inner liquid nozzle portion of the nozzle assembly; which is of a relatively small diameter as compared with the air cap of the usual arrangement; and which is secured to the rigidly supported liquid nozzle at a point well forwardly thereon and adjacent the front face of the nozzle assembly. Thus no reliance need be placed upon the accuracy of fit of the usual air cap with relation to the inner liquid nozzle to provide the aspirating jet of air.

The air cap of this type of nozzle assembly is indicated generally by the reference numeral 421' and is provided with an inner circular opening which fits around the cylindrical outer surface of the cap or insert 352' and abuts the forward face of the flange I30 formed thereon. The rearward portion of the air cap is provided with an outwardly extending annular flange 432 which forms a shoulder about which the inwardly directed flange Mi of the clamping ring 45 may engage. The clamping ring 45i is connected to the forward end of the body of the gun as will be later described and when applied serves to effect the necessary sealing of the air supplies within the nozzle. Air cap 4212 is provided with the usual diametrically oppositely disposed wings 502' which in this instance are provided with annular openings for the projection of the hollow annular flattening jets as in the case of the construction shown in my copending application, Serial No. 218,507. Leading to the base of these annular openings there are provided channels which open rearwardly into the rear annular recess formed in the air cap. These annular openings and recesses are designated respectively 51h and 53h in Figure 6. This rear recess lies opposite corresponding recesses and passageways in the nozzle assembly of the gun into which the air passageway I42 opens as will be later described in more detail. There is thus provided communication between the main air supply and the auxiliary flattening jets provided by the wings 502'.

It is understood that any form of side wing or flattening jet may be employed in this connection whether they are adapted to produce hollow annular jets or solid conical jets of flattening air.

In Figures 3 to 12, inclusive, various arrangemerits of supplemental central air orificesare disclosed andlt will be seen that the provision of the separately formed air tips which have just been described greatly facilitates the arrangement of these supplemental orifices although within the broader aspect of the invention the orifices may be provided in nozzles of more or less conventional construction;

l In Figure 1 of the drawings, as has already been generallyexplained, the inner liquid nozzle portion of the nozzle assembly is indicated by the reference numeral c and is provided forwardly of the intermediate flange 22c with a frusto-conicalpo-rtion 34c having the annular series of passageways c formed therein and opening into the forward annular recess 32c. Upon the forward tip 26c of the liquid nozzle there is provided an outwardly extending annular flange 60 which may be formed integrally with the tip 262 or permanently secured thereto as by welding, soldering, brazing or the like. This flange is provided with an annular series of minute openings or oriflces 62. The air cap 42c in this embodiment is provided with the somewhat enlarged circular central opening the annular wall of which is indicated by the numeral 64 which is spaced from the outer periphery of the flange 6|] a sufficient distance to provide the annular opening c of suflicient width for the purpose desired. This arrangement of orifices is clearly shown in Figure 2 of the drawings and the function and effect of the added annular series of orifices will be at once apparent. The openings 62 will provide an initially interrupted annular wall of air and it will cooperate with the annular jet issuing from the orifice 40a to eifect an increased atomization of the liquid and also provide means for preventing dripping and the building up of accumulations of liquid on the face of the nozzle. The provision of this means for effecting a more complete atomization of the central spray also provides a better formed basic jet for impingement by the flattening jets issuing from the side wings c of the nozzle.

In Figure 3 there is illustrated a very similar arrangement of central jets including the flange (SB and the series of orifices 62 but in which the separate air tip 35] is used, this tip being connected as at 36; with the wall 34] of the liquid nozzle portion 25 land inwardly directed annular flange 31 is formed on the air cap 42 and aids in preventing the removal of the tip 35f. This arrangement as already described, provides an accurate means for defining the annular orifice 4b which surrounds the flange of the inner liquid nozzle Figures 4 and 5 illustrate an embodiment of the invention in which an air tip 35g is made of" an enlarged diameter so as to provide the wide rearwardly extending flange 36g which encloses the annular wall 349 of the liquid nozzle 20g and is threaded thereto as at 31g. The air cap 42g fits around the exterior surface of the air tip 359 and abuts the flange 229 in the usual way. An important feature of the present embodiment is the provision in the tip 35g of the outer annular series of openings which surround the annular air orifice 40g formed between the air tip 35g and the tip of the liquid nozzle 209'. In Figure 4 the tip 269 of the liquid nozzle is provided with the flange 60 having the inner annular series of openings '52 formed therein but obviously the outer series of orifices 65 in the tip 35g could be employed without the provision of the inner series 62, as shown in Figure 7 of. the drawings.

The outer series of orifices 65 may be formed with their axes parallel to the axis of the nozzle assembly or they may converge toward a point on the latter axis as shown in the preferred embodiment. In any event, the outer series of orifices performs the dual function of providing a better atomization of the liquid and a soiter preliminary spray jet which is acted upon more e.- fectively by the side wing jets in providing a wide, wet, fan-shaped spray; and also in providing means for preventing dripping and building up of coating material on the face of the nozzle as already described. It is understood that any desired number and spacing of orifices may be provided in the inner circular series of openings 82 or in. the outer circular series 65.

In Figure 6 there is shown an air cap 3571 which is fitted to the wall 3th of the liquid nozzle por tion 20k in a manner very similar to that shown in'Flgure 3 of the drawings, except that the in- Warclly tapered surface 3th of the air cap 42h serves to enclose and aid in retaining the cap 357:, in position, The central air and liquid jets are formed in a similar fashion to those shown in Figure 4 of the drawings. The threaded retaining ring is shown at 45k, the squared intermediate flange of the liquid nozzle Ellh is shown at 22h, the inner annular series of passageways leading through this flange is shown at Edit and the dual passageways leading from the annular chamber iii-3h forwardly to the side Wing openings cm are indicated at 52k. (See also Fig. 11.)

Figure 6 also illustrates a novel fastening means for securing the air cap to the body portion of the gun by means of the clamping ring 45h. Rearwardly projecting flange it of the air cap surrounds the Wall 3 th of the liquid nozzle and is adapted to compress the gasket 12 against the'fiange 2% when the air cap 42h is clamped to the body portion of the gun. An outer annular groove 15, preferably of semi-circular configuration is provided in the periphery of the rear portion of the air cap 42h and is adapted to receive the split annular wire ring 16 which is sprung into the groove so as to provide an abutment for the forward flange it of the clamping ring 45h. In applying the ring, it may be expanded into the annular recess 11 formed in the clamping sleeve or ring 45, and both the clamping ring and the spring wire ring 16 apu plied to the outer surface of the air cap and moved longitudinally thereof until the ring 16 snaps into the groove '35. It will be understood that this arrangement has particular applica bility to air caps which are provided with outwardly projecting side wings which would prevent the application of the clamping rings 45h forwardly of the air cap.

In Figures 7 and 8 of the drawings, already referred to in a general Way there is illustrated one very practical embodiment of the invention, the air cap portion 422' of which is provided with assembled wing constructions 531'. The liquid nozzle portion 2m is threaded as at 222' into the recess Ili formed in the forward portion IZli of the main body of the gun, which in this embodiment may be made of a forging or die casting of alul minum. The inner liquid nozzle Elli is provided with the intermediate radial flange 221' and the inner air passageway 338i as in the case of the previously described embodiments. However, instead of having the flange 222' directly abut the front face I62" of the body of the gun, as in the usual case, there is provided an intervening annular thread carrying element I in, the inner annular surface III of which fits around the central projecting portion 1 I2 of the front end of the gun and is sealed against the rearward stepped face II3 of the body portion I01' as by means of the gaskets II5.

An inwardly disposed ring or washer H3 is held by the flange I I! of the member IIO so as to baiile and equalize the distribution of the central air supply passing through the passageway I51 before it enters the passageways 301'. The annular intermediate member H0 is also provided with the annular recess or forward annular chamber I20 which is placed in communication with the air supply passing through the passageway I41 in the body of the gun by means of the series of holes I2I. An inwardly projecting flanged baffle ring I22 and an outwardly projecting ring I23 are fitted within the chamber I20 in order to equalize the distribution of the auxiliary jet air supply upon opposite sides of the air cap.

The intermediate annular member H0 is preferably made of brass or some other durable readily machinable metal and is provided around its outer periphery with the screw threads I25 upon which may be screwed the clamping ring 45"; which is provided with the flange or shoulder 44-1 surrounding the shoulder 431' of the air cap. This arrangement not only provides a convenient disposition of the equalizing air baffles but also enables the placing of the screw threads for the attachment of the air cap on the member made of renewable bar stock and eliminating the alternative of providing threads upon the front end of the body portion which would be subject to wear and deterioration.

The very practical form of air tip illustrated in Figure 7 of the drawings as applied to the liquid nozzle 201' will now be described in more detail. This nozzle portion is provided with the forwardly projecting annular flange or wall 341' simi-- lar to the corresponding portion of certain of the other embodiments and around the exterior surface of this wall is fitted the rearwardly extending flange 361' of the air tip 351'. The outer air cap 421' is provided with a central annular surface 371' which fits around the flange 361' of the air tip 351'. The flange 361' extends rearwardly to abut the intermediate flange 221' of the liquid nozzle and is provided with a radially outwardly directed flange I30 which is spaced from the flange 221' so as to leave an annular space I3I into which a screw driver or other suitable tool may be inserted in order to remove the cap or tip 351' from the liquid nozzle. The flange I30 also provides an abutment element for the surrounding inner portion of the air cap 421'. Preferably the inner wall 341' of the liquid nozzle 201' is shaped as shown in Figure '7 and terminates short of the converging front walls of the cap 351' so as to provide as much of an enlargement within the air chamber 321' as possible.

The inner air tip 351' in this embodiment is provided with an annular series of openings 651' which surround the annular aspirating air orifice 401' of the nozzle. Any number of these openings 651' may be provided and they may be arranged as shown in Figure 8 of the drawings, with diagonally opposite pairs of openings on opposite sides of the central liquid orifice.

In Figures 9 to 12 inclusive of the drawings, there is illustrated a form of air cap which is applicable to many of the liquid nozzle arrangements illustrated in other figures of the drawings and which may obviously be applied to liquid 'as plain tips. This air cap, which may be designated 4270, is provided with side wing arrangements 5070 similar to those already illustrated and forming one of the principal features of my application Serial No. 128,507. The inner portion 351:: of the air cap is arranged to surround the liquid tip in the manner already explained and this portion is provided with an annular series of dual orifices 55k, these orifices being the forward opening ends of the intersectingpassageways and 8| the passageways 80 being so drilled as to converge at the point a which is nearer the face of the nozzle than the point I) which represents the approximate center of the zone of impingement of the jets from the side wings 5010. The passageways 8| are of less convergence and are adapted to intersect substantially at the point e outwardly of the center b. By means of this disposition of supplemental air orifices all of the previously stated objects may be obtained and a more diffused spray produced. In making this air cap, it is preferred that portions of the metal of the interior of the cap adjacent the orifices and indicated at 33 be allowed to remain until after the passageways 80 and BI are drilled, then the metal represented by the areas 83 may be removed.

It will be seen that by the various provisions of the present invention, a novel and improved spray gun nozzle has been attained which will ensure an accurately formed, finely atomized, and readily controllable spray.

It will be understood that various changes and modifications in the embodiments illustrated and described herein may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the following claims.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly being provided with a centrally disposed valve controlled liquid orifice, an annular series of spaced air orifices disposed radially outwardly thereof, concentric therewith, and immediately adjacent thereto, and an annular air orifice surrounding said series of spaced orifices and closely adjacent thereto.

2. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly being provided with a centrally disposed valve con trolled liquid orifice, an annular series of spaced air orifices disposed radially outwardly thereof and immediately adjacent thereto, and an annular air orifice surrounding said series of spaced orifices and closely adjacent thereto, and another annular series of air orifices surrounding said annular air orifice; the central liquid orifice, the annular air orifice, and both annular series of air orifices all being concentric.

3. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly being provided with a centrally disposed valve controlled liquid orifice, an annular series of spaced air orifices disposed radially outwardly thereof, concentric therewith, an immediately adjacent thereto, an annular air orifice surrounding said series of spaced orifices and closely adjacent thereto, and an annular series of air passageways opening through the face of the nozzle and surrounding said annular air orifice, means disposed radially outwardly of the central portion of thenozzle and on diametrically opposite sides thereof for projecting converging jets of air against the central jet of aspirated and atomized fluid to flatten the same, the axes of theseveral passageways of the outer series converging toward the axis of the central fluid jet.

4. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly being provided with a centrally disposed valve controlled liquid orifice, an annular series of spaced air orifices disposed radially outwardly thereof, concentric therewith, and immediately adjacent thereto, an annular air orifice "surrounding said series of spaced orifices and closely adjacent thereto, and an annular series of air passageways opening through the face of the nozzle and surrounding said annular air orifice, means dispose-d radially outwardly of the central portion of the nozzle and on diametrically opposite sidcs thereof for projecting converging jets of air against the central jet of aspirated and atomized fluid to flatten the same, the axes of the several passageways of the outer series converging toward the axis of the central fluid jet and adapted to intersect therewith at a point rearwardly of the point of impingement of said spray flattening jets.

5. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly being provided with a centrally disposed valve controlled liquid orifice, an annular series of spaced air orifices disposed radially outwardly thereof, concentric therewith, and immediately adjacent thereto, an annular air orifice surrounding said series of spaced orifices and closely adjacent thereto, .a series of radially aligned pairs of air orifices surrounding said annular orifice, passageways through the front wall of said nozzle leading to said pairs of orifices, means disposed radially outwardly of the central portion of the nozzle and on diametrically opposite sides thereof for projecting converging jets of air against the central jet of aspirated and atomized fluid to flatten the same, the axes of the several passageways of the outer series of pairs of orifices all converging toward the axis of the central fluid jet, the axes of some of said passageways adapted to intersect with said central fluid jet at a point rearwardly of the point of impingement of said spray flattening jets and the axes of the remaining passageways adapted to intersect with the axis of said central fluid jet at points forwardly of the point of impingement of said spray flattening jets.

6. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, the forward wall of said nozzle enclosing an annular air chamber, a central liquid orifice in said nozzle, a plurality of pairs of radially aligned intersecting passageways through said wall providing air orifices in the face of said nozzle, said pairs of passageways being arranged in an annular series, the axes of all of said passageways converging forwardly toward the axis of the liquid orifice, but

the axes of the passageways which provide the inner orifices of each pair having a greaterangle of convergence than the axes of the other set of passageways.

7. In a spray gun for coating material or the like, a nozzle assembly comprising a central liquid nozzle member having a valve controlled liquid passageway axially thereof and terminating in a discharge orifice in the forward, tip of said liquid nozzle member, a radially outwardly disposed air cap member having passageways and orifices therein for the projection of spray flattening jetsof air, air passageways formed in said liquid nozzle member radially outwardly of said liquid passageway and communicating with a source of compressed air, an annular flange on said liquid nozzle member radially outwardly of said air passageways and a forwardly disposed cap fitting said flange and having a central opening surrounding the tip of the liquid nozzle member with sufficient clearance to provide an annular orifice for the aspirating and atomizing air, said air cap being provided with an annular series of: air passageways opening forwardly therethrough to provide an annular series of air orifices immediately outwardly of said annular orifice.

formed in said liquid nozzle member radially out- 1 wardly of said liquid passageway and communieating with a source of compressed air, an annular flange on said liquidnozzle member radially outwardly of said air passageways and a forwardly disposed cap fitting said flange enclosing an air chamber into which said liquid nozzle air passageways lead, and having a central opening surrounding the flanged tip of the liquid nozzle member with sufficient clearance to provide an annular orifice for the aspirating i and atomizing air.

9. In a spray gun for coating material or the like, a nozzle assembly comprising a central liquid nozzle member having a valve controlled liquid passageway axially thereof and terminating in a discharge orifice in the forward tip of said liquid nozzle member, a circular radial flange formed on said tip and having longitudinal air passageways therethrough opening forwardly in an annular series of orifices immediately adjacent the central liquid orifice, a radially outwardly disposed air cap member having passageways and orifices therein for the projection of spray flattening jets of air, air passageways formed in said liquid nozzle member radially outwardly of said liquid passageway and communicating with a source of compressed air, an annular flange on said liquid nozzle member radially outwardly of said air passageways and a forwardly disposed cap fitting said flange onclosing an air chamber into which said liquid nozzle air passageways lead and having a central opening surrounding the flanged tip of the liquid nozzle member with sufficient clearance to pro-- vide an annular orifice for the aspirating and atomizing air, said air cap being provided with an annular series of air passageways opening forwardly therethrough to provide an annular series of air orifices immediately outwardly of said annular orifices.

10. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly comprising an inner axially disposed liquid nozzle member having a valve controlled liquid discharge orifice in the tip thereof, a radially projeotingflange on said tip at its extreme end, means providing an air chamber rearwardly of said flange and surrounding said liquid nozzle member, and an annular series of fine passageways passing through said flange, for the projection of a plurality of air jets adjacent the liquid jet issuing from said liquid orifice.

11. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray an annular series of passageways passing through said flange which provide a plurality of air orifices between said annular orifice and said central liquid orifice. 1

12. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly having a valve controlled liquid discharge orifice in the tip thereof, a radially projecting flange on said tip at its extreme end, a cap applied to said liquid tip and enclosing an air chamber which surrounds said tip rearwardly of said flange, said cap having a central orifice of greater diameter than that of said flange and surrounding the latter so as to provide between these two members an annular air orifice, and an annular series of passageways passing through said flange which provide a plurality of air orifices between said annular orifice and said central liquid orifice, said cap also being provided with an annular series of air passageways therethrough and providing orifices disposed outwardly of said annular orifice.

13. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly comprising an inner axially disposed liquid nozzle member having a valve controlled liquid discharge orifice in the tip thereof, a radially pro-- jecting flange on said tip at its extreme end, a cap applied to said liquid tip and enclosing an air chamber which surrounds said tip and is disposed rearwardly of said flange, said cap having a central orifice of greater diameter than that of said flange and surrounding the latter so as to provide between these two members an annular air orifice, and an annular series of passageways passing through said flange which provide a plurality of air orifices between said annular orifice and. said central liquid orifice, said cap also being provided with an annular series of air passageways therethrough and providing orifices disposed outwardly of said annular orifice, said last named passageways communicating with said air chamber and converging toward a point on the axis of said nozzle forwardly of the front face of the nozzle.

14. In a spray gun nozzle assembly of the class described, an inner liquid nozzle member which comprises a generally conical forward portion having a liquid orifice in its outer end and a circular radial enlargement of said member formed thereon at a point adjacent said end and rigid therewith, said enlargement being perforated to provide air orifices therethrough.

15. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly being provided with a centrally disposed valve controlled liquid orifice, ,an annular series of spaced air orifices disposed radially outwardly thereof, concentric therewith, and immediately adjacent thereto, an annular air orifice surrounding said series of spaced orifices and closely adjacent thereto, means for placing said last named orifices in communication with a source of compressed air, and a pair of diametrically oppositely disposed orifices for projecting converging spray flattening jets of air upon the main central spray jet as modified by the jets from said annular series of orifices.

1'6. In a spray gun for coating materials or the like, a nozzle assembly at the forward end thereof for the atomization and projection of a spray of material therefrom, said nozzle assembly being provided with a centrally disposed valve controlled liquid orifice, an annular series of spaced air orifices disposed radially outwardly thereof, concentric therewith, and immediately adjacent thereto, an annular air orifice surrounding said series of spaced orifices and closely adjacent thereto, means for placing said last named orifices in communication with a source of compressed air, :and a pair of diametrically oppositely disposed annular orifices for projecting converging substantially tubular spray flattening jets of air upon the main central spray jet as modified by the jets from said annular series of orifices.

ALEXANDER F. JENKINS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2743963 *May 11, 1954May 1, 1956Vilbiss CoSpray gun air cap
US4055300 *Oct 30, 1975Oct 25, 1977SkmEquipment for spraying paint and the like
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US20090107503 *Oct 22, 2008Apr 30, 2009Trudell Medical LimitedNebulizing catheter system and methods of use and manufacture
DE1106652B *Apr 25, 1957May 10, 1961Eichenauer RudolfDuesenkopf fuer Farbspritzpistolen
Classifications
U.S. Classification239/296
International ClassificationB05B7/08, B05B7/02
Cooperative ClassificationB05B7/0815
European ClassificationB05B7/08A1