Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2235979 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 25, 1941
Filing dateJun 3, 1940
Priority dateJun 3, 1940
Publication numberUS 2235979 A, US 2235979A, US-A-2235979, US2235979 A, US2235979A
InventorsAlbert L Brown
Original AssigneeAlbert L Brown
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical and diagnostic instrument
US 2235979 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

". LL. W'N

.- March 25, ism;

` Fileddune 3, l:194m l "2, sheets-snag 1-l Patented Mar'. 2S. 1941i i 2,235,3794 suncicnLa-so omeivosrrc LNSTRUMENT n 'Albert Brown. San'lrancisco, Calif. nppiicaunnsune 3.11940, serial No. 338.533

. 3 Claims.

My invention relates to surgical and diagnostic instruments, and particularly to a device for use in inspectingahd treating various bodily cavities. A number of different instruments have been devised for the use ci medical men in making i n- Yternal examinations of various organs oi the body. Some forms Vhave involved very complicated systems of lenses and prisms in order to provide the proper focus and perspective in viewing the interior of the esophagus, the bronchial tubes, the excrctory and the reproductive organs.`

` The problem is-complicated by the necessity for directing iight' onto the portion' to be examined,

without interfering with the observed'image..

Some examinations require a high intensity' of illumination; others require great uniformity of light.

It is necessary not only to have a satisfa-ctmsf instrument for examination. butit is desirable also to be able to use it in connection with surgical instruments, sc that operations may be performed'under inspection.

This need has given rise to devices using vhollow tubes which may be inserted into the bodily cavities through which the surgical'instrun'ients may be inserted. The dimension on the de,-` sign oi such devices is the outside diameter which can be taken by the' particular orifice with which each is to be' used. Within this'diameter space adequate illumination and careful.

.must beiound for projecting light onto the parti'cular area and reflecting back the image, and for the surgical instruments.' Aneiiciency rat ing may be given such devicesin terms of the ratio of the cross-sectional area available for passage and inanipulation'oi the surgicalinstruements to the overall cross-sectiona area occupied by the inserted babe.

Certain of these devices use very small light bulbs located at the end of the inserted tube.` With these, diiiculty is found in proper focusing vand d'iiiusing of the light for different uses, andthe permissible bulb size make manufacture difl Another type uses an external lens system to direct light down the hollow tube.- The intensity 1 cult and expensive.

can beaccurately controlled at thev source, but

the light cannot be distributedln V.any desired di4` rection at the inner en'd of the tube, and it is often necessary to illuminate for observation areas extending in a number of directionsthere'- s from. This method is also objectionable in that the surgical instmrnentsinserted in the tube cast i' a shadow and interiore with vision. i

a more satisfactory type' uses ra roundllightr ,insertion tubes;l

carryingrod Iixed in the tube, through which UNITE- .Sflfwgis PATENT OFFCE i 9 light may be directed from an external source".

This design. is inefficient, however, since it leaves so.little of the tube area available for observation andthe use of instruments. f

'A further objection to all of the previous designs has been the expense. since it has been necessary to have a separate instrument for each organ to be examined and treated.

The present invention overcomes the diiicuL- 1 0 ties inherent in all such priortypes of instru' It comprises, in brief, a universal handle ments. in v vhich the source of illumination is placed, and lto which different sizes and shapes of tubes may' body. A rod of material having a 'large critical refractionangle is used to carry the light from its source in the handle to the field to be illuminated. This rod is shaped to occupy a minimum of the cross-sectional area of the tube. ciency of the present 'design is from 61% to '73%, depending on the tube diameter, as opposed to about 52% for the best of the previous comparable designs. Due to the refractive characteristics of through a curved path substantially Without loss,

be connected Ioruse with different organs of the 15 The ef- 20 Y the rod material, the rod -will carry the light 25.

and by proper shaping of the inner rod. end. the N light maybe distributed in any desired Way over the eld of view. Thus any desired illumination maybe obtained by using different light-carrying rods with any of the different tubes. Since the light is projected at the inner end of the tube,l no shadows are cast by the surgical tools Within the tube itself, and vision is under most y favorable conditions. Since space requirements are not so limi-ted in the handle, standard lens# type bulbs may be used.

The objects of the invention thus include providing an improved instrument for inspection,` diagnosis, and surgical treatment of bodily cavities. A

Providing more efficient utilization of the max'- imuni cross-sectional area of such an instrument; Illuminating interiorsurfaces of the body with any desired intensity and distribution' of light; 45 :i u

l'ermitting inspection and' treatment of terior surfaces without interfering shadows;

Utilizing a universal handle and illuminating unit with any desirednumberi, size and shape olf- 5or` Reducing the cost of 4such instruments:

Providing an instrument with which moreac curate diagnoses and more ssiliiuloicrations may be performed by the Vmecrzml proiessicn,1 and '55 having an oval cross-section rather 'than around' section. In such case, I prefer to place tile'ligh t` desired -by'tluc'usc o!v proper facet shapes.

The end of. ltube 5 is preferably provided "with s, rounded peripheral bead E5.l Bead 55 makes iteasierto insert the tube into 'anorliiceoi the body without injury tothe patient;

For centan' uses, as in connection with the esophagus, itmay be 'desirable to use a tube carrying rod near one of the foci Vof the oval PON-i021; f

In some cases it :nay bedesirable to omit the cord 6, and to insert abattus?, not shown, in the handle 2 to supply the bulbs l2. The 1ens-type bulbs used Aare ordinarily run at 23 volts. which possible where the current is supplied through' a cord 5" iromanl external source. Obviously the Bakelite handle provides good insulation of the portions of the instrument in contact with the patient from the electrical circuit,

Another modification includes provision for the removable attachment of an objective or lens above the upper end of .the tube 5 to aid in ex amination. This is particularly suited for use in proctoscopy, where the lens may be attached in air-tight fashion to permit dilation of the organ by air pressure, as from a. rubber bulb operated by hand, Further modifications in the instrument to meetv special needs will be `obvious to those skilled in the art.

Proper cleansing of the instrument as designed is easy.V The handle which is of Bakelite, maybe readily disinieoted Wit i the well known-agents, as may the iight-carrier plugs and rods 'of Lucite. The tubes are oi metaLand may be boiled.Y .The lighting unit does not ordinarily need 'to be cleansed, as it does not come in contact with the patients. The plug rods, tubes and handle may be; taken apart with great rapidity, which assists in maintaininggthe proper sanitary` standards.

It will thus be seen'that have invented an instrument for the inspection and treatin ont of various bodily cavities which possesses numerous advantages. Obviously, it notglimi-ted to yuse with human 'beings only.n The efficiency in terms of arfailble cross-sectional working area. is substantially greater than in. previous instruments'. so that observation of lthe interior and n'xanlpulal l tion of the surgical instruments is made easier'.

' t is yeryilexible, since interchangeable tubes make psbea single instrument for use mm .all bodily cavities. Illumination may be accurately controlled, whether a highly concentrated or Welldiffused light is requircdand its intensity rnaintained at any desired point. The lens-type lamp bulbs used are commercially available et low cost and lare of satisfactory quality. The instrument may be quicklyl 'and easily disassembled for cleansing and disinecting. No .diicult production methods' arie required, and this, together with allargatoV 7 'brated beam may be obtained and directed asl y The invention. claimed is:

j 1;' In a surgical and diagnostic 'instrumenta handle havingn'a cylindrical chamber and o. threaded bore, a light source disposed in said chau'iber,V a shank threadably inserted in said bore. a curvilinear light-transmitting plug dise` posed within sa-Idshank and'adjacen't said'lght source, a collarattached to seid shank and a. 'ocretherein axially displaced 'from said handle by an means for removably fixing said bushing therein,

a tube ilxedly associated' with said bushing, a

partition longitudinally extending through said tube, a, curvilinear,lighhtransmitting rc'xi extending .through said tube on one side of said parti-` tion and curving tolenter said handle adjacent and optically continuous. with said plug, a; gasket disposed Within said collar adjacent said curioing rod portion, and a lens portion formed terminally said rodi-opposite said curving portion'.

2. The combination, in a` device for inspecting` and treating areas within bodily cavities, oi' a. handle'a light source removably disposed therein,

a bored" shank4 threadabiy insertable in said-V handie a bushing removably insel-table in said shank, a .tube fixed irland through said bush,-

ing, 'a division extending longitudinally of said` 3. In' a surgical anddiagnostic instrument, a4 cylindrical handle, a shoulder annularly dividing said handle inte a cylindrical chamber and a.

threaded cylindrical chamber; a light source cornpz'isinu a cluster of lens-type lamps mounted in'a Bakelite head, a 'cylindrical shell, and a handle portion attached to said' shell and saidhead, an *electrical connection cord passing able external connect-ion means applied to said cord, Ysaid light source being insertable as a unit vthrough said .handle portion and connected through said head to said lamps and having suitin said cylindrical chamber; a threadedfshank insented in said threaded chamber, a conica-l bore formed in said shank, a'cylindricallyended coni cal plug disposed .in said bore and projecting within the space defined by said annular shoulder, a tapered rod having a circular cross-section disposed adjacent said plug and curving axially away therefrom and tapering gradually. to a cross-secition constituting a segment o a. circle. said rod.

and plug being formed of material having enlarge critical angle of refraction; a tube longitudinally compaitmented xed vina cylindrical element in turn disposed in said bore or s aid shank. with one of said compartments surrounding said rod, an angular end portion terminating said tube. a pe ripl'ieral bead formed about said angularly terminated em portion, andle'ns facets formed on said rod adjacent said angular end termination.

maar n snow.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2544914 *Jul 18, 1945Mar 13, 1951Cameron William JInspection device
US2630114 *Apr 27, 1950Mar 3, 1953Welch Allyn IncLaryngoscope
US2699770 *May 9, 1952Jan 18, 1955Centre Nat Rech ScientEndoscope
US2797683 *Nov 29, 1954Jul 2, 1957Thomas F AikenBronchoscope with illuminating system
US2932294 *Oct 10, 1955Apr 12, 1960Centre Nat Rech ScientLighting devices for endoscopes
US3021835 *Jan 22, 1958Feb 20, 1962Centre Nat Rech ScientEndoscopic apparatus
US3224320 *Mar 28, 1960Dec 21, 1965Slagteriernes ForskningsinstApparatus for determination of the distribution of meat and fat in slaughtered animals or parts thereof
US3261350 *Sep 16, 1963Jul 19, 1966American Cystoscope Makers IncEndoscope
US3269387 *Oct 1, 1963Aug 30, 1966American Cystoscope Makers IncEndoscope with rigid fiberscope illuminating means
US3324850 *Apr 8, 1964Jun 13, 1967Aubern Instr CorpIlluminated vaginal speculum with rotatable cam pivoting and locking means
US3592199 *Feb 9, 1970Jul 13, 1971Medical Products CorpAutoclavable surgical instrument illumination
US3760797 *Feb 3, 1971Sep 25, 1973V StaufferMethod and apparatus for endotracheal intubation
US4006738 *Jun 4, 1975Feb 8, 1977Welch Allyn, Inc.Otoscope construction
US4181123 *Dec 28, 1977Jan 1, 1980The University Of Virginia Alumni Patents FoundationApparatus for cardiac surgery and treatment of cardiovascular disease
US4248214 *May 22, 1979Feb 3, 1981Robert S. KishIlluminated urethral catheter
US4567882 *Dec 10, 1984Feb 4, 1986Vanderbilt UniversityMethod for locating the illuminated tip of an endotracheal tube
US4669818 *Jul 31, 1986Jun 2, 1987Hughes Aircraft CompanyMiniature window
US5588950 *Jul 7, 1995Dec 31, 1996Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPortable endoscope system
US5667475 *Nov 28, 1994Sep 16, 1997Etb Endoskopische Technik Gmbh BerlinEndoscopic device
US5718664 *Jun 6, 1995Feb 17, 1998United States Surgical CorporationLight guide connection port for a disposable arthroscope
US5735794 *Apr 9, 1996Apr 7, 1998Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaEndoscope having external battery connected to battery casing
US5785645 *Apr 16, 1996Jul 28, 1998Synergetics, Inc.To be inserted through an incision in an eye
US5792044 *Mar 22, 1996Aug 11, 1998Danek Medical, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US5865727 *Aug 13, 1996Feb 2, 1999Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPortable endoscope system
US5888194 *Dec 12, 1996Mar 30, 1999Mitsubishi Cable Industries, Inc.Endoscope including an improved lighting apparatus
US5902231 *Oct 24, 1996May 11, 1999Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US5928140 *Sep 2, 1997Jul 27, 1999Hardten; David R.Illuminated iris retractor probe system
US5954635 *Aug 29, 1997Sep 21, 1999Sdgi Holdings Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6004264 *Mar 14, 1997Dec 21, 1999Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPortable endoscope system
US6007485 *Aug 31, 1998Dec 28, 1999Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPortable endoscope
US6007487 *Aug 29, 1997Dec 28, 1999Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Tissue retractor for use through a cannula
US6033360 *Jul 24, 1998Mar 7, 2000Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPortable endoscope
US6152871 *Sep 25, 1998Nov 28, 2000Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Apparatus for percutaneous surgery
US6162170 *Jan 20, 1999Dec 19, 2000Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6176823Nov 25, 1998Jan 23, 2001Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Fixture for supporting a viewing element within a cannula
US6206822Jul 2, 1999Mar 27, 2001Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6217509Jan 20, 1999Apr 17, 2001Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US6270454Nov 8, 1999Aug 7, 2001Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaPortable endoscope system
US6425859Nov 9, 1999Jul 30, 2002Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Cannula and a retractor for percutaneous surgery
US6520907Nov 30, 1999Feb 18, 2003Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Methods for accessing the spinal column
US6575899 *Oct 20, 2000Jun 10, 2003Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Methods and instruments for endoscopic interbody surgical techniques
US6679833Mar 23, 2001Jan 20, 2004Sdgi Holdings, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US7056321Oct 25, 2002Jun 6, 2006Endius, IncorporatedMethod of securing vertebrae
US7198598Jan 20, 2004Apr 3, 2007Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery
US7223233Aug 1, 2003May 29, 2007Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.Systems and techniques for illuminating a surgical space
US7427264Apr 22, 2005Sep 23, 2008Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.Instruments and methods for selective tissue retraction through a retractor sleeve
US7434325Jul 26, 2004Oct 14, 2008Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.Systems and methods for determining optimal retractor length in minimally invasive procedures
US7556601Aug 1, 2003Jul 7, 2009Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.Systems and techniques for illuminating a surgical space
US7699877Aug 5, 2004Apr 20, 2010Zimmer Spine, Inc.Method of securing vertebrae
US7722530Oct 15, 2003May 25, 2010Zimmer Spine, Inc.Method of securing vertebrae
US7798692 *Dec 30, 2005Sep 21, 2010Optim, Inc.Illumination device
US7846171May 27, 2004Dec 7, 2010C.R. Bard, Inc.Method and apparatus for delivering a prosthetic fabric into a patient
US7850695Aug 12, 2004Dec 14, 2010Zimmer Spine, Inc.Method of securing vertebrae
US7959651May 15, 2007Jun 14, 2011Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.Systems and techniques for illuminating a surgical space
US7985247Sep 9, 2003Jul 26, 2011Zimmer Spine, Inc.Methods and apparatuses for treating the spine through an access device
US7993378Mar 6, 2007Aug 9, 2011Warsaw Orthopedic, IN.Methods for percutaneous spinal surgery
US8033704Dec 11, 2006Oct 11, 2011Optim, Inc.Compact, high efficiency, high power solid state light source using a solid state light-emitting device
US8047987May 23, 2007Nov 1, 2011Invuity, Inc.Blade insert illuminator
US8088066Oct 24, 2007Jan 3, 2012Invuity, Inc.Blade insert illuminator
US8221440Nov 8, 2010Jul 17, 2012C.R. Bard, Inc.Method and apparatus for delivering a prosthetic fabric into a patient
US8277486Oct 20, 2003Oct 2, 2012Zimmer Spine, Inc.System for performing a procedure at a spinal location
US8388523 *Jun 3, 2009Mar 5, 2013Welch Allyn, Inc.Medical diagnostic instrument having portable illuminator
US8409088Jan 17, 2007Apr 2, 2013Invuity, Inc.Retractor illumination system
US8430813May 26, 2006Apr 30, 2013Depuy Spine, Inc.Illuminated surgical access system including a surgical access device and integrated light emitter
US8540746Sep 14, 2012Sep 24, 2013Zimmer Spine, Inc.Cannula for receiving surgical instruments
US8597261 *May 7, 2004Dec 3, 2013C. R. Bard, Inc.Ureteral access sheath
US8777997Sep 7, 2012Jul 15, 2014Zimmer Spine, Inc.Method for securing vertebrae
US8801253Oct 15, 2008Aug 12, 2014Optim LlcIllumination device
US20090287192 *Jun 3, 2009Nov 19, 2009Vivenzio Robert LMedical diagnostic instrument having portable illuminator
DE946655C *May 10, 1952Aug 2, 1956Centre Nat Rech ScientEndoskop
DE1030971B *Jun 28, 1956May 29, 1958Karl StorzEndoskop zur Photographie mit Elektronenblitzbeleuchtung
DE1101688B *May 27, 1960Mar 9, 1961Karl StorzEndoskop zur Photographie mit Elektronenblitzbeleuchtung
DE19524366B4 *Jul 4, 1995Oct 27, 2005Pentax Corp.Tragbares Endoskopsystem
DE19525228B4 *Jul 11, 1995Sep 22, 2005Pentax Corp.Tragbares Endoskopsystem
DE19615678B4 *Apr 19, 1996Oct 20, 2005Pentax CorpTragbares Endoskopsystem
EP0069776A1 *Jan 15, 1982Jan 19, 1983Hughes Aircraft CoAn optical fiber assembly and method of mounting it.
EP0101781A1 *Jan 27, 1983Mar 7, 1984W.C. Heraeus GmbHRetractor for surgical purposes
WO1997003602A1 *Jul 23, 1996Feb 6, 1997Vibeke Elisabeth HjortdalTransilluminator for use in human and veterinary medicine
Classifications
U.S. Classification600/178, 385/902, 433/29
International ClassificationA61B1/07
Cooperative ClassificationA61B1/07, Y10S385/902
European ClassificationA61B1/07