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Publication numberUS2236593 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 1, 1941
Filing dateJul 19, 1938
Priority dateJul 19, 1938
Publication numberUS 2236593 A, US 2236593A, US-A-2236593, US2236593 A, US2236593A
InventorsBooth Morris F
Original AssigneeBooth Morris F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Birdhouse
US 2236593 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A rii 1, 1941. v 2.236.593

BIRD'HOUSE Filed July 19, 1938 4 sheets-sheet" 1 km Y I INVENTOR. I MORRIS E BOOT/f A'ITQRNEYS.

April 1, 1941.

M. F. BOOTH 2,236,593

BIRDHOUSE 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 NVENTOR. MORE/5E 5007/7 Patented Apr. 1, 1941 BIRDHOUSE Morris F. Booth, Alden, Mich. Application July 19, 1938, Serial No. 220,069

8 Claims.

This invention relates to birdhouses and particularly to that type of birdhouse which is made up of detachably connected pieces wherebythe house may be assembled or disassembled with ease.

An object of the present invention is to provide a birdhouse which may be easily taken apart forcleaning or for shipping.

Another object of the invention has to do with a novel construction arrangement in which a birdhouse may be built up piece by piece and firmly fastened together to provide a solid structure. An additional object has to do with that feature of the construction which permits the birdhouse to be bodily removed from its supporting bottom member so that the birdhouse may be readily cleaned.

A further object of the invention relates to a novel construction for ventilating a plurality of compartments in a birdhouse without exposing the same to the weather; and to a novel roof construction which does away with the necessity of forming a slanting roof.

A still further feature of the invention has to do with the novel roof construction which permits water to be retained on the top thereof to cool the house and serve as a bird bath.

Other objects and features of the invention have to do with details of construction and assembly and with be brought out in the following description and claims.

In the drawings:

Fig.- 1 is a, perspective view of the assembled house.

Fig. 2 is a sectional side view taken on the lines 22 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a sectional plan view taken on the lines 33 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a perspective view illustrating certain of the details of the construction at the corner posts.

Fig. 5 is a section in the corner post taken on the lines 5-5 of Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 illustrates an end portion of a roof piece for the birdhouse.

Figs. 7 and 8 are detail sections taken on the lines '|'l and 8-8 respectively, of Fig. 3.

Fig. 9 shows an end of one of theledge members of the birdhouse.

Referring to Fig. 1, the base of the multiplecompartment birdhouse is designated generally. as It! and the main elements of the structure con-.

sist of corner posts lower and'upperside members I2 and |2a and I3 and |3a, lower and tively, of the corner posts ll.

upper ledges l4 and H), a roof I6, a roof covering I! and roof retaining bars I8 and I9.

In Fig. 4, certain of the details of construction are illustrated. The corner post II is provided with vertical slots 20 and 2| on adjacent inside faces thereof. The ends of the lower side members |2a and I30. are fitted into these slots 20 and 2|, as shown. The side members l2a, and |3a are also provided with grooves 22 and 23, respectively, at different levels from the floor Ill. These grooves 22 and 23 may either be cut in from the vertical surfaces of the side members |2a and |3a as shown in Fig. 4, or they, may be cut in the edges of the members, if such is desired. (See'grooves 24, Fig. 2.) Positioned directly above the lower side members I2a and |3a are the lower sides l2 and I3 which also have their ends retained in slots 2|] and ill, respec- Directly above the side members I2 and I3 are found the ledges I l and I5. These ledges have notches cut therein to receive the corner posts and they are mitered as at 25 so that a neat joint is formed. If desired the mitered surfaces may be slotted and a feather piece 26 inserted therein to hold the ledges in line (Fig. 1).

The details of the end formation of the ledges l4 and I5 are shown particularly in Fig. 9 where it will be seen that a notch 32 in the ledge provides a projecting portion 33 to be receivedby the slots 20 or 2|. The top surface of the member M, as shown in Fig. 9, is actually the lower surface in the assembly and is provided with spaced grooves 34, one of which is shown in Fig. 9. The function of these grooves will later be referred to.

- Passing through the grooves 22 and 23 in the slides |2a and |3a are rods 21 and 2B which pass from one corner post to another to hold the parts assembled. In Fig. 5 these rods are shown each provided with a threaded end 29 which is received in a threaded cap 30 having an enlarged head 3|. The other ends of the rods 21 and 28 may be provided simply with an enlarged end.

The second story of the birdhouse is built up in substantially the same manner as the first story described in connection with Fig. 4. Above the ledges I4 and 5, the upper side members I20. and |3a are placed and, in turn, upper'sides l2 and I3 with ledges I4 and I5 are superimposed, all joining the corner posts Each of the sides I2 is provided with bird openings 35 and each of the sides I3 is provided with a bird opening 36. Passing through the upper side members l2 and 3 are grooves 24. see Fig. 2, through which rods 3'! and 38 project between the corner posts H as previously described in connection with rods 2'! and 28. When the sides have thus been built up to the upper ledges l4 and I5, Fig. 1, partitions to be supported by the bottom of the house, may then be placed in the birdhouse. These partitions are provided for each story of the birdhouse and consist of longitudinal members 39 and cross members 40 which are interlocked to provide the nine compartments shown, for example, in Fig. 3. Between the upper and lower partitions a floor is located formed of pieces M and 62 which are supported by the lower partition members and notched at the comers to receive the corner posts II.

The top of the birdhouse, which is generally indicated at i6, is composed of flat pieces 43 extending between the top ledge members I 4. The end pieces 43 are notched at the corners to receive the corner posts I I. Covering the top pieces 63 is a Waterproof asphalt or tar paper I! which is held fiat against the top 43 by cross bars I 8 and I9, the ends of which are fitted intothe slots and 2| of the corner posts. These retaining bars 18 and i9 are pressed tightly down against the waterproof covering i! which projects past the roof pieces 43 to cover portions of the top ledge members M and I5. Plugs 44 may be used to fill the top of the slots 29 and 2| and to hold the retaining bars I8 and iii in position if such is necessary.

Each of the eight outside compartments on each floor is open to one entrance aperture or 36 and each is ventilated by the slots 34 in'the ledges It and [5. Each ledge l4 and I5 is provided with three slots 34 spaced to register with a compartment, Fig. 2. The corner compartments are thus open to two of the slots while the middle compartments are open to one.

The bottom of the birdhouse which has been generally designated as 10, preferably is formed of two boards and d6 which are joined at an adjacent edge by a dovetail joint shown in Fig. 7. The ends of the boards 45 and 46 are bordered by strips 4'! which are dovetailed into slots 48 in said ends. Passing through the slots 48 are rods 49 serving to hold the bottom portions together, Fig. 8. Studs are doweled into the bottom at each corner thereof, Fig. 3, directly adjacent a corner post and sides I211 whereby the entire birdhouse assembly is fixed on the bottom against a relative sliding movement. Hooks 5| serve to fasten the bottom to the superstructure, Fig. 1.

When the birdhouse is to be cleaned or painted, the hooks 5! are released and the entire building may be removed from the bottom I0 simply by lifting the same away from the studs 50. Since the partitions of both stories of the house are supported on the bottom, they will readily slip from the shell of the house and may be cleaned conveniently. In this way the roof assembly may be made a permanent one.

It will be seen, then, that the birdhouse is so formed that it is completely knock-down to permit a convenient shipping package to be made of the parts. Additional stories may be added to the assembly simply by providing longer corner posts and building up the structure with parts identical with those described. Similarly, added length or width may be given to the assembly by utilizing the corner posts as shown and providing longer sides.

On the top of the structure the retaining bars in conjunction with the corner posts form a tight wall surrounding and raised from the roof covering I1. In this way a reservoir is formed which will catch rainfall. A bird bath is thus formed on the top of the house and also the evaporation of water from said reservoir will cool the upper stories of the house considerably.

What I claim is:

1. A multiple-compartment birdhouse compris ing a bottom piece, corner posts supported thereby and provided with vertical slots, side members for said birdhouse having ends to be detachably received by said slots, partition members arranged within the said side members to form a plurality of compartments in cooperation with said side members, apertures formed in said side members, each leading to a compartment, and a roof over said compartments comprising one or more cross pieces supported by said side members, a relative ly fiat waterproof sheet covering said cross pieces and extending between said posts, and restraining bars detachably positioned between said posts to hold the covering in position.

2. A multiple-compartment birdhouse comprising a bottom piece, corner posts supported thereby and provided with vertical slots, side walls for said birdhouse having ends to be receivedby said slots, partition members arranged within the said side walls to form a plurality of compartments in cooperation with said side walls, apertures formed in said walls, each leading to a compartment, a roof over said compartments comprising one or more cross pieces supported by said side walls and a waterproof sheet covering said cross pieces and extending between said posts, and retaining bars between said corner posts for holding said sheet and said roof cross pieces in position.

3. A multiple-compartment birdhouse comprising a bottom piece, corner posts supported thereby and provided with vertical slots, side Walls for said birdhouse having ends to be received by said slots, partition members arranged within the said side walls to form a plurality of compartments in cooperation with said side walls, apertures formed in said walls, each leading to a compartment, a

roof over said compartments comprising one or more cross pieces supported by said side walls and a Waterproof sheet covering said cross pieces and extending between said posts, and retaining bars between said corner posts for holding said sheet and said roof cross pieces in position and arranged to fit snugly against said sheet and said posts, to form a reservoir to retain rainfall which may serve as a bird bath and cooling medium for said house. I

4. A multiple-compartment birdhouse comprismg a bottom piece, corner posts supported thereby and provided with vertical slots, side walls for said birdhouse having ends to be received by said slots, partition members arranged within said side walls to form a plurality of compartments at difierent levels in cooperation with said side walls, apertures formed in horizontal rows in said side walls, each leading to a compartment, and outwardly projecting ledges on said side Walls over each row of apertures, said ledges having projecting portions for engaging said slots in said corner posts, and a roof over said compartments.

5. A multiple-compartment birdhouse com rising a bottom piece, corner posts supported thereby and provided with vertical slots, side walls for said birdhouse having ends to be received by said slots, partition members arranged within said side walls to form a plurality of compartments at different levels in cooperation withsaid side walls,

apertures formed in horizontal rows in said side.

walls, each leading to a compartment, and outwardly projecting ledges on said side walls over each row of apertures, said ledges having projecting portions for engaging said slots in said corner posts, and a roof over said compartments, said ledges having openings leading to each of said compartments from the outside of said house to afford ventilation of said compartments.

6. A multiple-compartment birdhouse comprising a bottom piece, corner posts supported thereby and provided with vertical slots, side walls for said birdhouse having ends to be received by said slots, partition members arranged within said side walls to form a plurality of compartments at different levels in cooperation with said side walls, apertures formed in horizontal rows in said side walls, each leading to a compartment, and outwardly projecting ledges on said side walls over each row of apertures, said ledges having projecting portions for engaging said slots in said corner posts, and a roof over said compartments, said ledges having openings in the bottom surfaces thereof leading to each of said compartments from the outside of said house to afiord ventilation of said compartments.

7. A multiple-compartment birdhouse comprising a bottom piece, corner posts supported thereby and provided with vertical slots, side members for said birdhouse having ends to be received by said slots, partition members arranged within said side members to form a plurality of compartments at difierent levels in cooperation with said side members, apertures formed in horizontal rows in said side members, each leading to a compartment, and outwardly projecting ledges on said side members over each row of apertures, said ledges having projecting portions for engaging said slots, and retaining rods between said corner posts for holding said posts, sides, and ledges in assembled relation whereby the birdhouse assembly may be removed bodily from said bottom piece to permit cleaning thereof.

8. A multiple-compartment birdhouse c0mprising a bottom piece, corner posts supported thereby and provided with vertical slots, side walls for said birdhouse having ends to be received by said slots, partition members arranged within said side walls to form a plurality of compartments at different levels in cooperation with said side walls, apertures formed in rowsin said side walls, each leading to a compartment, and outwardly projecting horizontal ledges on said side walls over each row of apertures, said ledges having projecting portions for engaging said slots, retaining rods between said corner posts for holding said posts, sides, and ledges in assembled relation, a roof over said compartments comprising one or more cross pieces supported by said side walls and a waterproof sheet of material covering said cross pieces and extending between said posts, and retaining bars having ends in said slots and adapted to hold down said sheet material and said roof cross pieces.

MORRIS F. BOOTH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3459157 *Feb 27, 1967Aug 5, 1969Mayes Robert MBirdhouse kit
US3496913 *Sep 26, 1968Feb 24, 1970Trio Mfg CoBirdhouse with snap-out wall panels
US5479877 *Dec 5, 1994Jan 2, 1996Demboske; Edmund J.Birdhouse assembly kit and method of erecting a birdhouse
US6009837 *Mar 25, 1998Jan 4, 2000Mcclasky; David R.Purple martin birdhouse and telescoping pole
US6067938 *Aug 7, 1999May 30, 2000O'dell; James E.Modularly stackable centrally ventilated bird house
US6343568Jan 3, 2000Feb 5, 2002Mcclasky David R.Non-rotating telescoping pole
Classifications
U.S. Classification119/431, D30/110, 119/432
International ClassificationA01K31/00, A01K31/14
Cooperative ClassificationA01K31/14
European ClassificationA01K31/14