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Publication numberUS2236969 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 1, 1941
Filing dateSep 6, 1938
Priority dateSep 6, 1938
Publication numberUS 2236969 A, US 2236969A, US-A-2236969, US2236969 A, US2236969A
InventorsFlateboe Einar I
Original AssigneeFlateboe Einar I
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Paper shredder
US 2236969 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 1, 1941. E. l. FLATEBOE ,23

APER SHREDDER Filed Sept. 6, 195B 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 l VVVV OR .fl/yme luz rEaaE B 1 2.04% y ATTO R N EY April 1, 1941. E. FLATEBQE PAPER saasmma Filed Sept. 6, 1938 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVE 0 Emma LFLATEE'ZE r Al IORNEY April 1, 1941. E. I. FLATEBOE PAPER SHREDDER Filed Sept. 6, 1938 a Shets-Shegt 5 R Y W3 mw m 1% Q wT w. 3 ma R 6 4/ x Wm: m 9v M A -N I. W R m W m, O M 6 r O\ w. o 3 E r VN v A N \m paper magazines,

Patented Apr. 1, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT- OFFICE PAPER SHREDDER.

Einar I. Flateboe, Everett, Wash.

Application September 6, 1938, Serial No. 228,599

4 Claims.

This invention relates to shredders, and has reference more particularly to machines designed for the tearing up, shredding, or reducing of catalogs, periodicals, news papers, and the like, as a means of converting the same into separated pieces of paper of sizes that permits them to be properly acted on in a treatment for reconversion into pulp, from which paper, cardboard, and the like of certain grades may be made.

Explanatory to the present invention, it will here be stated that there are innumerable articles, such as telephone directories, catalogs, magazines and similar paper books, discarded daily that are made of a grade of paper that is of suitable character to be reconverted into pulp of a kind suitable for the manufacture of certain grades of cardboard and paper that have wide range of uses. However, in order to make the reconversion of these paper articles into pulp, it is necessary that the work of reducing, disintegrating, or tearing them up be expeditiously and economically done and that the pieces of paper be torn, separated and crumpled, so as to be in proper condition to receive the following treatments.

In view of the above, it has been the principal object of the present invention to provide a substantial, power driven paper shredder, of large capacity and operable to satisfactorily break up a book, catalog, directory, magazine or folded news papers, and to tear up, separate and crumple the pieces of paper, and deliver them for the treatments which are to follow in the reconversion of this paper into pulp.

More specifically stated, the objects of the invention reside in the provision of a machine as above noted Comprising a receiving hopper,

into which the articles to be shredded are first received, and a series of toothed shredding rolls into which the articles are delivered from the hopper; the rolls being arranged to successively or progressively receive the paper and so constructed and spaced in such relation that the projecting teeth of one roll rotate in the space between the teeth of the adjacent roll, to a limited extent without touching. These rolls are to be driven at diiferent speeds thereby to effect a tearing and disintegrating action by the teeth that leaves the paper in the necessary shredded and crumpled condition.

It is also an object of this invention to provide for removal of the crumpled and torn pieces of paper from the machine by suction.

Other objects of the invention reside in the construction of the shredding rolls, in their relationship and relative driven speeds whereby the breaking down of the articles is progressively accomplished.

Still further objects of the invention reside in the details of construction of the various parts of the machine, in their mode of operation and manner of use as will hereinafter be fully described.

In accomplishing the above and other objects of the invention, we have provided the improved details of construction, the preferred forms of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein- Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an apparatus including therein a paper shredding machine made in accordance with the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a plan view of the shredding machine showing a part of the top plate and a part of the suction tube removed for the purpose of better illustrating parts inside the machine.

Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of the shredder as seen in the line 3--3 in Fig. 2.

Fig. l is a vertical longitudinal cross section as seen on the line fl4 in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail view of one of the shredding teeth, as would be seen on the line 5- in Fig. 3.

Fig. 6 is a vertical transverse cross section as seen on the line 6-t in Fig. 4.

Fig. 7 is an enlarged detail view of the shredding teeth as would be seen on the line 6-6 in Fig. 4.

Referring more in detail to the drawings The present apparatus, considered as a unit and as illustrated in Fig. 1, comprises a table or platform 8 across which a driven conveyor belt 2 operates to deliver the books, magazines, catalogs or other articles that are to be shredded, onto an elevator 3. The elevator includes a traveling belt 6 whereby the articles received for the belt 2 are delivered into the shredding machine which, in Fig. 1, is designated in its entirety by reference numeral 5. The shredder in this particular instance is illustrated as being driven by an electric motor 6 that is operatively connected thereto by means of a plurality of V belts I which operate about the motor pulley 8 and the driving pulley 9 of the shredding machine.

Since the conveyor mechanism, the elevator, and the electric motor form no particular part of the present invention, these parts will not be described in any further detail.

Referring now more particularly to following figures, the shredding machine, in a preferred housing toward the outlet are driven at progressively increased speeds so that, while moving in the indicated direction, there will be a desired tearing action by coactingrolls. This progressive action eliminates any concentrated strain and also overcomes any tendency to clog the machine at the first roll. The torn and crumpled paper is received from the discharge or outlet into a suction housing and this is damper controlled so that the degree of suction may be varied. y

In this preferred construction, the housing of the shredder comprises a heavy, horizontal base section It of rectangular form, provided with a peripheral flange 82 for reception of anchor bolts. Fixed upon this base ill, along the opposite side edges, are the side wall'sections l4l4' of corresponding length and height, and to these is secured a'iiat, top plate l5; the plate being fixed in place by a plurality of bolts it that are extended through and bolted to the top edges of the side wall section Ill-l8.

It is to be observed that the top plate I5 isprovided, at the receiving end of the machine, with a transverse, rectangular opening l8 about which a hopper is fixed. This-hopper is disposed in position to receive the articles from the elevator conveyor belt 4 and to discharge them into the machine through the hopper 20 and the opening l8. At its receiving end, the housing is closed by an end wall section 22, which is arcuatelycurved inwardly, as seen at 22a in Fig. 4.

.At its other end, that being the discharge end,

the housing is open and in direct communication with] a suction housing designated in its entirety by reference numeral 23.

It will be observed that the suction housing is somewhat of tubular form and is flanged, as at 24 to fit or register with. the end flanges 25 of 50 the main housing to receive the attachment bolts .as designated at 26. The tubular housing exlel relationship and have their axles, or supporting shafts, 28', 2 9 and 30', revolubly contained in bearings 32 provided therefor in the side walls ll of the housing, as will be understood by reference to Figs. 2 and 6.

Referring now more particularly to Figs. 2, 4 and 6 of the drawings, it is to be observed that the motor driven belt pulley wheel 9 is fixed, outside the housing 5, to one end of the driving and supporting shaft 30' for the roll 30; this being the roll nearest the discharge end of the machine and incidentally the fastest'driven roll.

At the other end of this roll, a gear wheel 35 is fixed on the shaft 30' in driving mesh with a gear 36 on the driving shaft 29' of the adjacent roll 75 width of the housing.

. tightly together in close functional relationship,

29, that is the central roll. The gear. wheel 33 is somewhat less than half the diameter of the driven gear 36 and thus the roll 29 will rotate at a proportionate slower rate of speed.

Roll 28, which is located at the entrance end of the housing, has its driving shaft 28' equipped at one end with a, driving gear wheel 38 that isin mesh with a smaller driving gear wheel 39 carried on one end of a cross shaft {0. Shaft 40, as noted in Fig.2, is disposed across the receiving end ofthe machine, outside of the end wall, and is revolubly contained in mounting bearings 4| and 42, which are suitably fixed to the end wall 22. On the end of shaft 40,opp osite that end which carries gear wheel 35, a sprocket wheel M3 is fixed in alinement with a relatively smaller sprocket wheel 33 fixed on the end of shaft 29' just outside the gear 35. A sprocket chain belt operates about the sprocket wheels :53 and M3 to provide a driving connection throughwhich the roll 28 will be driven. The gear ratios, in this connection, are such that roll 28 is driven at a slower speed than the others.

It will here be mentioned that, with the parts as here shown, the rolls, from the receiving toward the discharge end of the machine will rotate at rates corresponding to the proportion of 60, 240 and 600 revolutions per minute; this being a satisfactory condition in this machine.

Going somewhat more into detail with reference to the housing, it is to be observed by reference to Fig. 4, that the inner surface of the front end wall 22 is arcuately curved inwardly, as at 22a to maintain a close relation to the periphery of the adjacent roll 28 and to prevent the piling up and clogging of material in what otherwise would be a square corner recess.

The roll 28 is made up of its central, or axial shaft and a plurality of tooth frames 48 concentrically mounted thereon and extending the full These frames are clamped by nuts 49-49 threaded and locked on opposite end portions of the shaft just within the side walls.

Each of the frames 48 comprises a central hub portion 48' that is fitted on the roll mounting shaft and from which hub a plurality of teeth 48a. extend. These teeth. are equally spaced apart and extend radially of the hubs, also, the teethof the series of frames on the roll 23. are all alined lengthwiseof the roll'and preferably have smooth or straight out side edges. It will be noted by reference to Figs. 2, 6 and 7 that the teeth are of lesserthickness in the axial direction of the hub of their mounting-frame than the length of the hub portions; thus the teeth of each row in lengthwise direction of the roll are spaced apart, as noted in Figs. 2 and 6. The frames also are fixed against rotation on the shaft by keys 5,3 and therefore the teeth maintain their'alinement both circumferentially and longitudinally of the roll.

' With reference to the rolls 29 and ill-eachof these likewise is composed of its mounting shaft and a series of frames 50 clamped together in tight relation thereon and held between clamping nuts 49-49 threaded and locked on the end portion of the shaft. The frames also are held against rotation by keys seated in key slots in the shafts and hub portions of the frames.

Each frame 50 has a hub portion 50' and, as in or notched along theside edges, as at 50b to give a, better tearing action on the paper. The frames on the shafts of rolls 29 and 30 are adjusted so that the teeth of alternate frames are alined, and thus, the teeth of successive frames are staggered. In the setting of the three rolls, the adiustment is such that the teeth of the central roll are adapted to pass between the circumferential rows of teeth of the first and last roll, as will be understood best by reference to the plan view of Fig. 2.

Material that is discharged after passing the roll 30 is received directly into the suction housing 23. This comprises a cylindrical or tubular body portion extending transversely of the discharge end ofthe housing and to one side thereof. Along one side this tube has open communication with the housing and at one end it has a tubular connection 23a with the housing 65 of a suction fan whereby the torn and crumpled pieces of paper will be drawn out of the tube by suction and delivered to a point of storage.

At the other end, the housing 23 has openings 66 over which a damper disk 61 is mounted for adjustment on a pivot bolt 68 to regulate the effective size of the openings to admit more or less air, as is necessary to produce the most emcient operation of the suction fan for removal of the small pieces of paper. v

Assuming now that the machine is constructed as illustrated and described, its operation will be as follows:

y starting the motor 6, the V belts 1, which are disposed around the belt pulleys 8 and 9,

will be driven in the direction of the arrows adjacent thereto in Fig. 1, which is a counter-clockwise direction. It is evident that with the shaft rotating in this direction that the shaft, 29 will rotate in a clockwise direction through the gears 36 mounted on these respective shafts and in operative mesh with each other. The shaft 28 will be driven in a counter-clockwise direction, since the shaft is driven in a clockwise direction by the chain belt 45, which is dis posed about the sprockets 42 and 43, and the gear 38 which is mounted on the shaft 28' is in operative mesh with the gear 38 on the shaft 40. The direction of rotation of the frames 28, 29 and 30 are indicated by arrows adjacent thereto.

With the shredder in operation as just explained, the books, magazines, catalogs, papers, etc. to be shredded will be placed on the conveyor belt 2 of the table or platform I.

As this conveyor belt 2 moves along the material is carried by the conveyor belt 4 in the elevator 3,-and dumped into the hopper 20. In the present instance a chain belt and sprocket drive are provided between the shaft 28' and the upper roller of the conveyor belt 4. Likewise a chain belt and sprocket connection is provided between the lower roller of the conveyor belt 4 and the forward roller of the conveyor belt 3. These connections are not illustrated, as it is to be understood that any means may be employed to power these conveyor belts. These structures are old in the art and a more specific description is not considered necessary.

It is to be understood that in the use of such a shredder the materials are placed on the conveyor belt 2 in such a way as not to place a heavy load on the machine suddenly, but to distribute the load evenly by varying or staggering the loading of the conveyor belt 2.

With the rolls 28 and 28 rotating towards each other, as previously described, the material which is dumped thereon through the hopper 20 will be torn apart by the rotation of the staggered, over-lapping teeth 48' and 50'. It is obvious that with the roll 28 rotating faster than the roll 29, there will be a tearing action exerted on the material falling there between.

The serrations or notches 50b on the teeth 50a of the roller 29 have a tendency to grip the paper of the materials, and tear it, and carry it forward to the next roll, where it undergoes a similar operation by the roller 30, which is rotating at a still much higher rate of speed.

It is obvious that with such a combination of rotating rolls provided with teeth extending therefrom in staggered and over-lying relation, that the paper will be thoroughly torn up or shreddedas it is carried back and forth from roller to roller, and finally discharged from the machine.

It may well be stated here that the paper is thoroughly torn apart, into small pieces, and also thoroughly crumpled. This is particularly advantageous and to be desired in the manufacture of paper, as stated, in that none of the paper fibres have been cut, but that they have been pulled apart in the tearing or shredding operations. This contributes to the strength and binding properties of the finished paper made from this material.

Furthermore, it makes the interior of the paper more accessible to the water and other chemical reagents used, in that it presents a fibrous end or edge to the water and solutions used, which will absorb water and solutions and carry it into the interior of the pieces of paper. Also as the paper is crumpled in the operation of the machine, the hard surface of the paper is also broken up, which causes the fibres of the paper, to be ruffed up and consequently opened up to the water and solutions also.

Such advantages, as above mentioned, are evident to those familiar with the art, and the utilities and applications are readily apparent.

It is obvious that this invention is capable of numerous forms and variations without departing from the essential features herein disclosed.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and novel therein, and wish to secure by Letters Patent, follows:

1. A machine of the character described, comprising a housing forming a continuous passage having receiving and discharge openings at opposite ends, means for feeding material into the machine through the receiving opening, a suction tube connected with the discharge opening for withdrawal of shredded material by suction through the passage, a succession of parallel shredding rolls rotatably mounted on axes extending transversely of the path of material within the housing between the receiving and discharge openings, and means for rotating said rolls at speeds progressively increased from the receiving to the discharge opening; each of said rolls having rows of teeth thereon arranged to overlap with clearance the rows of teeth of adjacent rdlls, for cooperatively acting on the material for its disintegration and advancement along the passage.

2. A machine of the character described comprising a housing forming a continuous passage having receiving and discharge openings at its opposite ends, a hopper arranged for the feeding of articles into the machine through the receiving opening, a suction device cl'mnected with the discharge Opening tor the withdrawal of shredded material by suction through the passage, a plurality of horizontally disposed, par

allelv shredding rolls of like diameter mounted,

on axes extending transversely of the housing within the housing between the receiving and discharge openings for the shredding and advancement or: material through the machine; each roll having-radially extending teeth arranged in spaced'rows circumferentially thereof and overlapping, with clearance, the rows of teeth of adiacent rolls, and means for driving the rolls in such direction that the overlapping;

is applied to one end thereof; said housing having an opening in the end opposite the suction 3 fan, and'a damper applied to the said opening and adjustable to regulate the degree oisuction 1 applied through the passage tor the withdrawal of shredded material.

4. A machine of the character described,' comprising a housing forming a continuous passage provided with a top opening at one end and open at its opposite end for discharge of material, a hopper tor the delivery of material to the passage through the receiving opening, .a suction housing applied to the machine housing in open communication with the discharge opening, a

suction device applied to said suction housing,

a plurality of horizontal, parallel shredding rolls mounted on axes extending transversely of and within the machine housing between the receiving and discharge openings, means for rotating the rolls at speeds progressively increased from the receiving to the discharge end of the machine, and in such direction that adjacent sides of the rolls move in the same direction for disintegration oi the material and its'advancement alongthe passage; each of said rolls having teeth extending therefrom in rows lengthwise and circumfercntially thereof and overlapping, with clearance, the teeth of adjacent rolls, and means for regulating the application of suction.

EINAR I. mmorl.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2894697 *Jan 9, 1958Jul 14, 1959Blower Applic CompanyShredder
US2989252 *Jul 28, 1958Jun 20, 1961 Apparatus for processing fibrous material
US3170642 *Sep 26, 1961Feb 23, 1965Economy Baler CoBox crusher and paper shredder
US3201066 *Nov 29, 1962Aug 17, 1965Bolton John W & Sons IncMachine and method for disposing of broke
US3554453 *Jun 19, 1967Jan 12, 1971Fiskeby AbMethod of shredding fibrous pulp
US3630460 *Oct 20, 1969Dec 28, 1971Goldhammer AlbertPaper shredder
US4944462 *May 2, 1989Jul 31, 1990Cummins-Allison Corp.Shredder
US5071080 *Feb 27, 1990Dec 10, 1991Fellowes Manufacturing CompanyDocument shredding machine
US5295633 *Jan 13, 1992Mar 22, 1994Fellowes Manufacturing CompanyDocument shredding machine with stripper and cutting mechanism therefore
US5324391 *Nov 9, 1992Jun 28, 1994Weyerhaeuser CompanyMethod for crosslinking cellulose fibers
US5636801 *Aug 2, 1995Jun 10, 1997Fellowes Mfg. Co.One piece molded stripper for shredders
US5655725 *Aug 24, 1995Aug 12, 1997Fellowes Manufacturing Co.Retaining plate for gearing
US5676321 *Apr 3, 1995Oct 14, 1997Fellowes Mfg. Co.Cutting disk
US5829697 *Jul 8, 1997Nov 3, 1998Fellowes Manufacturing CompanySupport for cylinders in a paper shredder
US6261410Oct 14, 1999Jul 17, 2001Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent GmbhProcess for separating compressed material containing paper fibers
EP1002897A1 *Aug 12, 1999May 24, 2000Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent GmbHProcess and apparatus for shredding compacted papermaking fibrous material
WO1992007992A1 *Oct 28, 1991May 1, 1992Weyerhaeuser CoMulti pin rotor fiber fluff generator
Classifications
U.S. Classification241/43, 241/236, 241/191, 241/187, 241/111
International ClassificationD21B1/00, D21B1/08
Cooperative ClassificationD21B1/08
European ClassificationD21B1/08