Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2237148 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 1, 1941
Filing dateFeb 19, 1940
Priority dateFeb 19, 1940
Publication numberUS 2237148 A, US 2237148A, US-A-2237148, US2237148 A, US2237148A
InventorsKaptuller Alexander F
Original AssigneeAgnes Kuney
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door stop
US 2237148 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April l, 1941.

A. F. KAPTULLER DOOR STOP Patented Apr. l, 1941 DOOR STOP Alexander F. Kaptuller, Chicago, Ill., assigner to Agnes Kuney, La Grange, Ill.

Application February 19, 1940, Serial No. 319,627

'1o claims.

This invention relates to a door stop and more particularly to a hinge stop attachment therefor, although certain features thereof may be employed with equal advantage for other purposes.

It contemplates more especially the provision of a simple, inexpensive and improved hinge stop attachment that can be utilized in conjunction with standard building door hinges serving as mounts for doors that open both parallel as well as angularly to a wall.

Numerous types of door stops have heretofore been proposed in conjunction with hinge mounts therefor, but these are expensive and require special hinge constructions that preclude their use with doors of standardv construction now available and commonly usedin building structures. Then, too, the hinge stops of known construction are not adaptable for use on present door constructions which are in use and cannot be advantageously changed to provide an adjustable stop therefor ofknovvn construction. It is often that doors cannotV be permitted to swing to the limit of their open position against an adjacent Wall because there may be numerous obstructions such as the requirement to place furniture in the path thereof.

As a result, injury is occasioned to the door as well as the furniture unless fa positive stop is provided. This' usually takes the form of a floor mounted stop which is undesirable for numerous well known reasons such as impairment to the floor as Well as the obstruction occasioned thereby when the door is not in its extreme open position. Floor mounted stops as well as the customary door stops on the base-board of the wall are not entirely advantageous or desirable in that they serve as obstructions causing damage to the person as well as appliances such as vacuum cleaners,V buggies and other movable objects that are often displaced in the path thereof. All of these shortcomings `render it undesirable to utilize the customary baseboard and floor mounted door stops as well as the specially constructed hinges that have been provided for an equivalent purpose, the latter being too expensive asa substitute for standard hinges and for that reason have not been adopted to any extent. v

Numerous types' of door stop hinge attachments have heretofore been proposed, but these for the mostrpart require special hinges and an attachment is so designed .that they must be anchored in both the door andl .wall frames or either. in the wall or door or both usually is beyond the ability of the average untrained individual in the home and, further, these necessitate permanent holes and cause unsightly damage to the nish, so that the door stop cannot be removed The anchored attachment of doorstops.

should the occasion arise therefor or in the event the further use thereof becomes unnecessary.

With the teachings of the present invention, these' undesirable features of'door stops have been overcome and an improved structure has been provided that enables the ready association thereof to a standard hinge without any required anchorage in the wall or door frame.

One object of thepresent invention is to simplify the construction and improve the operation of devices of the character mentioned.

Another object is to provide a durable, inex-A sisting of a plurality of interconnected links capable of relative pivotal displacement to arrest the opening of a door in a variety of positions by merely serving as a complement to a standard door hinge.

A still further object is to provide a plurality of interconnected links having means, for varying the relative positions thereof to constitute an adjustable obstruction in the path ofl a door.

Still a further object is to provide doorl stop attachments capable of application to standard building door hinges to predetermine the positions of the door without resort to the usual wall or door anchored elements.

An additional object is to provide a plurality of interconnected link-s together with adjustable means to render such relatively collapsible and expansible to define adjustable obstructions in the path of a swinging door and its frame.

kOther objects and advantages will appear from the following description of -an illustrative embodiment of the present invention.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a sectional plan view of a wall and v `door frame showing a plan view of a hinge attached door stop embodying features of the present invention and illustrated in its operative relation to a wall and door frame. Y

Figure 2 is a front view in elevation `of an adjustable hinge `attached door stop embodying features of the present invention.

Figure 3 is a side view in elevation of the de- .side view in elevation of a still door stop embodying features of the present invention.

Figure '1 is a front view in elevation of a modied embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 6.

Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional view in elevation taken substantially along line VIII- VVIII of Figure 6.

Figure 9 is a sectional view taken substantially along line IX-IX of Figure '1.

Figure 10 is a sectional view taken substantially along line X-X of Figure 7.

The structure selected for illustration comprises a substantially elongated rectangular bracket member I stamped or otherwise shaped from steel or other suitable material to provide normally oifset arms I I and I2 constituting in this instance integral portions of the bracket member I0 to define horizontally spaced and vertically aligned extensions thereof. The top and bottom bracket arms II-I2 are spaced to correspond with the width'of the complemental hinge loops I3, I4, I5, and IIS-I1 comprising parts of the standard hinge-plates I8 and ISL The hinge plates I8-I9 are maintained in assembled relation for pivotal swinging movement relative to each other by an` interconnected pintle 20 that terminates at its upper end in a peripheral flange 2I constituting a part of an ornamental head 22. The pintle 20 extends through the complemental loops I3-I4-I5 and I6-I1 of the hinge plates I8-I9, respectively, and the bottom ornamental head 23 has a pin 24 extending into thelower hinge loop I5 to provide symmetrical and ornamental hinge pin exten- As shown, the bracket arms II-I2 receive the aligned complemental loops I3-I4-I5 and I6- I1 therebetween, the bracket arms II-I2 being provided with aligned bores to receive the pintle and the lower head pin 24 therethrough so that the bracket member II! is detachably connected thereto. connected hinge plates Ill-I9 serve to swingingly mount the door to a door frame 26 of a building structure. To this end, the door 25 has its hinge plate I8 mounted in a countersunk end portion 21.

Similarly the door frame ,26 has its hinge plate I9 mounted in a, .countersunk end portion 28, since the countersunk end portions 21-28 are provided in the-r adjacent surface of the door 25 and frame 26 as an expedient of common practice. -Threaded screws or other suitable fasteners secure the movable hinge plates I 8-I9 to the door 25 and door frame 26 in the custornary manner. This constitutes a standard hinge mount for doors 25to-maintain them relatlve to a xed door frame 26 and usually two or more hinges I8--I9-2Il are utilized to swingingly support a door 25 depending upon the size and weight thereof.

The number of hinges I8-I9-20 that are utilized to swingingly support the door 25 is immaterial, since it is preferable though not essential that the top hinges I8-I9-2Il of any door 25 be utilized for attachment of the stop member bracket I Il thereto. To this end, the stop member bracket I0 is detachably connected to the top hinge pintle 20 and an adjustable stop is mounted thereon for positioning in the It is to be noted that the inter- 3U, 3| and 32, in this instance four, which are interconnected at their extremity by means of pivot pins 33, 34, 35 and 36. The pins 34 and 36 constitute, in this instance, short rivets that loosely interconnect the links 29-30 and 3I-32 at their laterally projecting extremities. The top pivot pin 33 not only interconnects the upper extremities of the links 29-3I, but also projects path between th-e relatively swinging door 25 y and its frame 26.

.by the screw adjusting bolt 38.

through the bracket member IU proximate to the top thereof to serve as an attaching expedient thereof.

The lower pin 35 interconects the lower extremities of the links 30-32 and, further, has an inwardly projecting lug 31 constituting an integral portion thereof to threadedly receive a screw adjusting bolt 38 therethrough. To'this end, the lug 31 is provided with an internally threaded bore corresponding with the external threads on the screw adjusting bolt 38 which is journalled at its extremities in the vertically aligned bores provided in the bracket arms II- I2. To this end, the screw adjustingbolt 38 is provided'with an enlarged upper head 39 and a lower thumb knob 40 which permits the rotation of the screw adjusting bolt 38 to raise or lower the lug 31 which is pivotally. connected to the lower extremities of the links 36-32.

It will be observed that with the rotation of the screw adjusting bolt 38 in one direction, the lug 31 will be elevated to spread the pivoted extremities 34--36 of the interconnected links 29-30-3I and 32. By reversing the direction of rotation of the screwxadjusting bolt 38, the lateral movement of the link extremities 34-36 will be effected to contract the interconnected links 29, 30, 3| and 32, thereby providing a variable spread thereto so that the link extremities 4I and 42 proximate to the pins 34-36, willbe disposed inthe path of the swinging door 25 and its frame 26 (Figure 1).

As a result, the door-25 will be limited in its swinging movement relative to the frame 26 depending upon the relative position of the interconnect-ed links 29-30-3I-32 that is controlled So that the extremities 4I-.42 of the interconnected links 3I-32 and 29--30 will not mar the finish of the door 25 and frame 26, metallic impact sustaining plates 43 and 44 are attached by means of fasteners 45 and 46 to the confronting surfaces of the door 25 and frame 26. over the area thereof that confronts the link extremities III-42..

These plates 43-44 serve as a protecting shield for the door 25 and frame 26 which, for the most part, are constructed from wood that otherwise would be injured by the impact of the link extremities 4I-42 thereagainst.

In the modified embodiment sho-wn in Figure 5 the position of the stop link actuating. member is reversed from that shown in the preceding embodiment. In this embodiment, the elongated rectangular bracket member I0 has relatively shorter top and bottom bracket arms II-I2 spaced to correspond with the width of the complemental hinge loops I3', I4', I5', and |6'I1 comprising parts of the standard hinge I8' and I9 (Figure 5). As shown, the bracket arms II'-l2' receive the aligned complemental loops I3-I4'-I5 and I6-I1' therebetween and the bracket arms II-I2 are provided with aligned bores to receive the pintle 20' and the lower head pin 24 therethrough so that the bracket member I0 is detachable connected thereto. The bracket member I0 extends parallel to aligned hinge loops I3-I4-I5' and I6'-I1 and-in closer association therewith in that the interconnected links 29', 30', 3| and 32' are next adjacent thereto with the top link pin 33' extending there-v through to provide an outwardly projecting lug ssa.

To this end, the lug 31' confronts the upper pin lug 33EL and a lower lug 33b anchored to the lower extremity of the bracket member I0', the

lugs 33e, 33h, and 31' being pro-vided with inter'- nally threaded aligned bores corresponding with the external threads on the screw adjusting'bolt 38 journalled at its extremities in the vertically aligned bores provided in the bracket arms ||-l2'. To this end, the screw adjusting bolt 38 is provided with an enlarged upper head 39 and a lower thumb knob 4B' which permits the rotation of the screw adjusting bolt 38' to raise or lower the lug 31 which is pivotally connected to the lower extremities of the links 3|l-32'.

It will be observed that with the rotation of the screw adjusting bolt 38'A in one direction, the lug 31 will be elevated to spread the pivoted extremities 4|', 42 of the interconnected links 29'-3|l3 l "-32. By reversing the direction of rotation of the screw adjusting bolt 38', the lateral movement of the link extremities 34'-36' will be eifeoted to contract the interconnected links 29', 3B', 3| and 32', thereby providing a variable spread thereto so that the link extremities 4|' and 42' proximate to the pins 34'-36, will be disposed in the path of the swinging door 25 and its frame ZS (Figure 1). As a result, the door 25 will be limited in its swinging movement relative to the frame 26 depending upon the relative position of the interconnected links 29'- 30'-3|'-32 that is controlled by the screw ju-sting bolt 38. l

In the still further modified embodiment shown in Figures 6 to 9, the screw adjusting bolt 38' in the preceding embodiment, is dispensed with in lieu of a more simple and inexpensive expedient. In this embodiment, the elongated rectangular bracket member lil" has relatively longer top and bottom bracket arms ||"-|2" spaced to correspond with the width of the complemental hinge loops I3", I4", l5", and |6"-|1" comprising parts of the standard hinge I8" and I9" (Figure 9). As shown, the bracket arms ||"-l2" receive the aligned complemental loops |3"-|4"|5" and |6"-|'l therebetween and the bracket arms ||"'-|2 are provided with aligned bores to receive the pintle and the' lower head pin 24" therethrough so that the bracket member I8 is detachably connected thereto.

The bracket member lll" extends parallel toV the aligned hinge loops |3"'-|4"-|5" and |6"-||" in closer association therewith in that interconnected links 29, 30", 3| and 32" are next adjacent thereto with the top link pin 33" this embodiment, the adjustable stop member comprising a plurality of links 29", 30", 3|" and 32", in this instance four, which are interconnected at their' extremity by means of pivot pins 33, 34", 35"v and 36".

The pins 34" and 36" constitute, in this instance, short rivets that loosely interconnect the links 29m-30" and 3|--32 at their laterally projecting extremities. The top'pivot pin 33" not only interconnects the upper extremities of the links 29"-3| but also projects through the bracket member I0" proximate to the topI thereof .to serve as an attaching expedient thereof.-

The lower pin 35" interconnects the lower extremities of the links 30"-32" and, further, has an outwardly projecting threaded shank 31" constituting an integral portion thereof. The threaded shank 31" extends from a'shoulder 38" on the pin 35" which rides in an elongated slot 39 provided in, thebracket member |0".

VTo this end, the shoulder 38" rides in the slot 39" within the limits thereof to elevate the pin 35" to-spread the pivoted extremities 34"-36" of the interconnected links 29"-30"-3|" and By lowering the pin 35", the lateral move- 32". ment of the link extremities 34"--36" will be effected to contract the interconnected links 29", 3U", 3| and 32", thereby providing a variable spread thereto so that rubber feet 4|" and 42" anchored to the pins 34"-36, will be disposed in the path of the swinging door 25 and its frame 26 (Figure 1).

As a result, the door`25' will be limited in its l l swinging movement relative to the frame 26 depending upon the relative position of the lower pin 35"' which determines the lateral spread of k the interconnected links 29"- 3|l"3|-32 that is controlled and retained in adjusted positionwithin the slot 39" by a screw fastener 40".

It will `'be observed that the rubber extremities and 29"-3|l" will not mar the finish of the` door 25 and frame 26, and that such a resilient bumper expedient may be desirable to protect the confronting surfaces of the door 25 and frame 26 over the area thereof that confrontsv Various' changes may be made in the embodif ment of the invention herein specioally fdescribed without departing Vfrom orsacricing any of the advantages of the invention or any features thereof, and nothing herein shall ber construed as a limitation of the invention, its concept or structural embodiment as to the whole or anyv part thereof except as definedA in the appended claims.

I claim: 1. In a door stop hinge attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge plates in complemental connected association by a pintle extending therethrough, ofa rigid bracket member provided with integral arms having aligned spaced openings tol receive the hinge' pintle therethrough for detachable connection above and below the hinge plates responsive to inserting the pintle therethrough, and adjustable door stop means mounted on said member for support by said hinge pintle between a door and pintle for regulating the limit swinging door movement.

2.In a door stop hinge attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge plates in complemental connected association by a pintle extending therethrough, of* a substantially U-shapedbracket having aligned spaced openings to receive the hinge pintle :therethrough` for detachable connection above and below the hinge plates responsive to inserting the` pintle therethrough, and laterally adjustable-door stop means mounted on said bracket for support by said hinge pintle between a door and ,frame swingingly connected by said plates and pintle for regulating thelimitof maximum swinging door movement.

3. In a door stop hinge attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge plates in complemental connected association by k\a pintle extending therethrough, of ,an elongated bracket member having confronting arms extending therefrom, there being aligned bores in said bracket arms to receive said hinge pintle therethrough for detachable connection of said bracket member to the hinge, a plurality of pivotally interconnected links on said bracket member, and link actuator `means to laterally spread and contract said links to provide an adjustable stop for a door mounted on the hinge.

4. In a door stop` hinge attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge plates' ally spread and contract said links 'to provide an adjustable stop for a door mounted on the hinge.

5.l In a door stop hinge attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge` plates in complemental connected association by a pintle extending therethrough, of an elongated bracketmember having confronting arms extending therefrom, there being aligned bores in said bracket arms to receive said hinge pintleA therethrough for detachable connection of said bracket member to the hinge, a plurality of pivotally interconnected links on said bracket member, and adjustable means to laterally spread and contract said links to provide an adjustable stop for a door mounted on the hinge, and means for retaining said adjustable means vin any predetermined position of link adjustment.

6. In a door stop hinge attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge plates in complemental connected association by a pintle extending therethrough, of an elongated bracket member having confronting arms extending therefrom, there being aligned bores in said bracket arms to receive said hinge pintle therethrough for detachable,` connection of said bracket member to the hinge, a plurality of pivotally interconnected links on said bracket member, and adjustable means comprising anelongated threaded bolt operatively connected to said interconnected links.

frame. swingingly connected by said plates and' "l, In a.. doorstep; hinge; attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge plates in complemental connected association by a pintle extendingtherethrough, of an elongated bracket member having confronting arms extending therefrom, there being aligned bores in said. bracketA `arms, to 'receive said hinge pintle therethrough for detachable connection of said bracket member-to the hinge, a plurality of pivotally interconnected links on said bracket member,.fa threaded bolt journalled in said spaced bracket arms, and a threaded lug on said links in mesh with said threaded bolt to laterally spread andv contract said links to provide an adjustable stop for a door mounted on the hinge.

8. In a door stop hinge attachment, the combinationv with .standard door swinging hinge plates in complemental connected association by a pintle extending therethrough, of an elongated bracket member having confronting arms eX- tending therefrom-there being aligned bores in said,v bracket arms to receive said hinge pintle therethrough for detachable connection of said bracketmember to the hinge, a plurality of pivotally interconnected links on said bracket member, a member projecting from an interconnecting link pivotto cooperate with said bracket member, and means for frictionally holding said` projecting member in any adjusted position along said bracket member.

9. In a door stop hinge attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge plates in complemental'r connected association by a pintle extending therethrough, of an elongated in any adjusted position within the limits of said slot in said bracket member.

10. In a door stop hinge attachment, the combination with standard door swinging hinge plates in complemental connected association by a pintle extending therethrough, of an elongated bracket member having confronting arms extending therefrom, there being aligned bores in -said bracket arms to receive said hinge pintle therethrough for detachable connection of said bracket member to the hinge, a plurality of pivv otally interconnected links on said bracket member, said interconnected links being joined by pivotal pin connectors, one of said pivotal pins serving to mount said interconnected links to said bracket member, another pin projecting from said interconnected links, there being a slot in said bracket member to receive said last named threaded pin, and threaded fastening means on said threaded pin to retain the latter with said interconnected links in any adjust-ed position Within the limits of said slot in said bracket member.

ALEXANDER F. KAPTULLER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2638620 *Apr 13, 1949May 19, 1953Civitelli GennaroDoorstop
US2768754 *Aug 12, 1948Oct 30, 1956Southwick W BriggsBonded sawdust filter medium
US3187372 *Feb 18, 1963Jun 8, 1965Stanley WorksDoor stop
US3971100 *Mar 6, 1975Jul 27, 1976Ivan AnopAuxiliary door lock
US5161282 *Aug 5, 1991Nov 10, 1992Pechota Jr FrankDoor stop
US5265922 *Oct 21, 1991Nov 30, 1993Gregory FalconeDetachable door lock member for hinge side of door
US5727289 *Jan 17, 1996Mar 17, 1998Reder; AndrewHinge mounted adjustable door stop
US20120192604 *Jul 29, 2011Aug 2, 2012Robert SimmeringDoor Lock
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/375, 16/86.00A
International ClassificationE05D11/00, E05D11/06
Cooperative ClassificationE05D11/00, E05D11/06
European ClassificationE05D11/06