|Publication number||US2237260 A|
|Publication date||Apr 1, 1941|
|Filing date||Jun 27, 1940|
|Priority date||Jun 27, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2237260 A, US 2237260A, US-A-2237260, US2237260 A, US2237260A|
|Inventors||Mcdonald Jr Eugene F|
|Original Assignee||Mcdonald Jr Eugene F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April Irl-941'! .E-'F- MwoNAl-Qm- 2,237,260
l l Y "BoRTAgLEl RADIO RECEIVER. I n
Filed J'gne 27, 1940 1 2v sheets-sheet 2 w E@ fam tures.
Patented Apr. l, 1941 UNITED STATES .PATENT OFFICE 2,237,260 n PORTABLE RADIO RECEIVER Eugene F. McDonald, Jr., Chicago, Ill. Application June 27, 1940, serial No. 342318 (ci. 25o-*14) 5 Claims.
This invention relates to radio receiving apparatus, and more particularly concerns a novel construction and arrangement of a loop antenna forming a part of such apparatus.
The object of the invention is to provide a simple and eflicient construction through which the signal-receiving properties of a` radio receiving set may be greatly increased and improved, and through which radio receiving sets of the loop antenna type may be satisfactorily used in locations and under circumstances heretofore considered to be impracticable.
It is well known to those familiar with the I,radio art that, in radiol receivingV sets employing a loop antenna, the direct signal input from the loop is comparatively weak and that, while sets of or signal pick-up qualifications are greatly diminished if they are placed too near metal struc- This is quite apparent if such a set is moved into and from close proximity to the beams or posts in the walls of a steel framed building,
within metal enclosures or partial metal enclosures, such as the cabin walls of a steel ship, a steel railroad-car, an automobile, or an aeroplane.
Assuming that these enclosures constituted eiilcient shields for the loop antenna, I found that, f
by placing the set so that the loop antenna thereof was in an opening in the enclosure, the normal sensitivity or signal pickup of the set was reestablished.
Since it was impracticable to provide universally applicable means for supporting radio receiving sets in openings to obtain the results I have just mentioned, I have devised the present novel loop'antenna construction and provided it with means by which it may be so supported indithe application of my device, I have shown the I loop antenna construction in connection with a portable radio receiving set and applied upon the window of a railroad-car, but it will be understood from the foregoing explanation and the following description that neither its connection nor application is so limited, nor is the invention ceiving set upon the .usual folding table andthe loop antenna of my invention in position upon the adjacent car-window;
' this type have been constructed to operate satisfactorily under some conditions, their sensitivity y and I have found that highly emcient radio receiving sets of this type are practically useless.
Fig. 2 is an end elevational view of a portable Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional detail view,
upon an enlarged scale, illustrating the use of a conventional spring latch for removably holding the loop antenna unit inthe position shown in Figure 2:
Fig. 4 is a front elevational view of the loopantenna construction embodying my invention, viewed in the direction ofv the -arrows 4-4 of Figure 2; and
Fig. 5 is an end elevational view of `a radio receiving set, with the end wall thereof partly broken away to` illustrate Vthe built-in loop an'- tenna of the set and the plug-in connection of a separate loop antenna constructed and arranged according to another form of my invention.
The particular form and construction of the radio receiving apparatus does not form a part of this invention, and I have therefore illustrated 2, a hinged drop-cover 3, control knobs 4 and 5, A
and a tuning dial 6.
The loop antenna 1 herein shown is coiled upon the panel 8 and secured thereto in any suitable manner, as by the flat strips 9-9 spanning the coils at spaced distances and stapled as at IIl--Ill to the panel. The panel 8 is secured to a second panel I I by means of screws I2-I 2, the loop being positioned between the two panels and protected thereby upon its opposite sides. In the arrangement shown in Figures 2 and 3, the panel I I constitutes the removable back ofthe casing I, the lower edge-part of the panel being received in a channel or groove I3 along the upper rear edge of the bottom of the casing and the upper edge thereof being held by a relea'sable spring latch I4. A hand-hole is cut through both panels 8 and II, as at I5, to facilitate removal, replacement,-
portion of the interior` of a railroad-car, showing a portable radio reare stitched in spaced parallel arrangement along l be connected with the input leads 3i' and 32 v through loop-leads 2l and 21, contacts 2l and 29.
-I provide the outer surface of the panel l with one or more rubber suctioncups,`such as I9, 2l and. 2|, secured thereto in any suitable manner, by means of which the entire loop antenna unit may be supported upon the glass window 22, as illustrated in Figure 1, or upon any othersuitable flat surface. As hereinbefore mentioned and as will be apparent from the illustration, when the loop is thus supported upon the window of the car or other enclosing structure, it will be positioned .at an opening in the wall of said structure and completely insulated therefrom. In the actual use of the apparatus herein set forth, it has been found that under given conditions there is a denite location for best reception adjacent the opening in the w'all. For example, b'eSt reception for stations in a given direction from the opening may require the antenna to be DOsitioned in the upper left-hand or lower'right-hand corner, while for stations in another direction the other corners of thevopening may provide best reception. As shown in Figure 2, when the loop antenna unit is returned to its position at the back of thecasing I, the tape or webbing I8 1s stowed within the casing, and the loop continues to serve as the antenna for the radio receiver.
It is to be understood that the removability of the loop antenna unit and the described provision for its individual support do not interfere with or reduce its efficiency or the efficiency of the radio receiving set when it is returned to its` position in the casing, as shown in Figure 2, but constitute additional features which permit it to beused satisfactorily in locations and under circumstances Awhich would otherwise be impracticable. y .l
Referring, now, to the construction shown in Figure 5, I have illustrated a radio receiving set similar in general appearance to the set shown in the other figures of the drawings,'but which contains a built-in spiral loop antenna, which is indicated at 23 and which may be substantially the same in form and arrangement as the one already described. While the back panel 24 may be made removable for permitting convenient access to the interior of the casing 25, it will be assumed for the purpose of the following description that Iche loop and the back: panel are not intended to be removed excepting for inspection and repair purposes. Under such circumstances, an additional loop antenna unit may be provided and plugged into connection with the receiving set. `I have therefore shown the radio receiving set of Figure 5 provided with a jack-switch, and have provided an additional loop antenna unit, constructedaccording to my invention as already described, but having the leads therefrom terminating in a plug connector, The leads 26 and 21 from the built-in loop 23 are shown connected with contacts 28 and 29, respectively, of the jackswitch 30, and the input leads 3i and 32 of the radio receiver circuit are shown connected with the spring contact-lingers 33 and 34, respectivelyr The leads I6 and i1 from the additional loop antenna unit are shown connected, respectively, with the head and sleeve contactsl 35 and 36 of the plug 31. With this arrangement, prior to the and spring contact-fingers I3 and 34. Insertion of the P1118 I1 will spread spring contact-fingers Il and 34, breaking their connections with contacts 28 and 2l and thereby disconnecting loop 23, and leads ii and i1 ofthe additional loop antenna unit will be connected with the input leads 3l' ment which comprises a second antenna, said second' antenna' having means for quickly attachably and detachably securing the same lto a surface in any one of a plurality of positions apart from said set, and circuit connections including a plug for cooperation with said jack-switch, said plug upon insertion in saidv jack-switch acting to disconnect the first mentioned antenna and to connect said second antenna in circuit with said set. I
- 2. Radio apparatus for enhancing radio reception within a shielding structure having an opening therein, which comprises a receivingset and an antenna carried by saidset and connected thereto for supplying signal energy to said set, a second antenna structure having means for quickly attachably and detachably securing the same to a surface-in any one of a plurality of positions apart from said set, said second antenna being provided with means to connect the same to said set, said last named means acting to disconnect said first mentioned antenna; from vsaid set.
3. A loop antenna for enhancing radio reception of a portable radio set of the type having an antenna carried thereby, said loop antenna comprising a flat relatively thin supporting structure of substantial area having conductors forming a loop supported by .said supporting structure substantially in a'plane duringuse of said antenna,
a vacuum cup secured to said structure and .being adapted for quickly `attachably an'd detachably securing the same to, a surlace `in anyy one of a plurality of positions within a shielding structure having an opening therein and .apart from said set and parallel 'to said surface and a flat flexible and foldable connecting element including a web having spaced Iconductors secured near the edges thereof, 'said connector element having one end connected to said loop antenna and the other end -provided with means to connect the loop antenna to said set, said last named means being constructed to disconnect the antenna carried by said portable set. I
4. Radio apparatus for enhancing radio reception within a shieldin structure having an opening therein, 'which comprises, a portable receiving set and a loop antenna carried by said set and connected thereto for supplying signal energy to said set, a second loop antenna including a relatively thin flat supporting. structure of substantial area having conductorsforming a loop supported by said structure substantially in a plane during use of said second. antenna, a vacuum cup secured to said structure and adapted to quickly attachably and detachablyfsecure the same to a surface in any one of a plurality of positions apart from said set and parallel to said surface and a flat flexible and foldable connecting member formed of a web withv spaced conductors insertion of the plug 31, the built-in loop 23 will 75 secured near opposite edges thereof, said set being ing set and a loop antenna carried by said set and connected thereto for supplying signal energy to said set, a second loop antenna including a relatively thin flat supporting structure of substantial area having conductors forming a loop supported by said structure substantially in aplane during use of said second antenna, a vacuum cup secured to said structure and adapted to quickly attachably and detachably secure the same to a surface in any one of a plurality of positions apart from said set and parallel to said surface and a flat flexible and foldable connecting member formed of a web with spaced conductors secured near opposite edges' thereof, said connector having one end connected to said second loop antenna and means for connecting the same to said Set at the other end.
EUGENE F. McDoNALD, Jn.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2486536 *||Dec 22, 1945||Nov 1, 1949||Nathalyn Olson Arvilla||Radio receiver unit mounted in a suitcase|
|US4047109 *||Sep 9, 1975||Sep 6, 1977||Kiichi Sekiguchi||Drive-in theater audio system|
|US4278980 *||Mar 28, 1979||Jul 14, 1981||Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha||Antenna input circuit for radio receiver|
|US4727598 *||Jul 15, 1985||Feb 23, 1988||General Electric Company||Selectively mountable TV receiver cabinet and antenna|
|US5357262 *||Aug 17, 1993||Oct 18, 1994||Blaese Herbert R||Auxiliary antenna connector|
|US6276649||May 1, 2000||Aug 21, 2001||Brian David Kruse||Multifunction adapter for smooth surface mounting|
|DE1131762B *||Aug 7, 1958||Jun 20, 1962||Arnaldo Piccinini||Rundfunkempfaenger mit in Rahmenbauart ausgebildeter und einen Ferritkern aufweisender Gehaeuseantenne fuer Kraftfahzeuge|
|U.S. Classification||455/272, 343/867, 343/870, 343/878, 455/351, 343/702|