US 2238541 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 15, 1941. v. SPAGNQLQ CLEANING AND MASSAGING DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed March 20, 1940.
April l5, 1941. 'v. SPAGNOLO 2,238,541'
l CLEANING AND MAssAGIuG DEVICE l Filed Maren 2o, 1940 2 sheets-sheet 2 sanitation, as the brush.
Patented Apr. 15, 1941l UNITED 'STATE ,CLEANING AND MsssAemG DEVICE Vincent Spagnolo, Springfield, Mass. Application March 2o, 1940. serial No. 324,969
This invention relates to improvements in cleaning and massaging devices; t,
The' invention is particularly directed to a cleaning and massaging device for use inl barber shops and hair dressing establishments, for massaging the scal-p and skin-of a, person, and at the same time removing dust, hair clippings, dandrufl, or otherv matter from the skin, hair, and clothing of the person. It is customary in the art as now practiced, to use a brush for removing hair clippings, dust, or the like, from the hair, skin,'and clothing of the customer. 'Ihis practice is objectionable for several reasons. The same brush is used repeatedly, without cleaning, and is, therefore, `a direct agent in the transmission oi germs and skin diseases from one person to another. It is impracticable, if not impossible, to provide means for sterilizing the soft brushes now in general use. The skin of the customer is. in nearly all cases, coated with, or moist from, perspiration, whichcauses small particles of hair, dust, etc., to cling to the skin. The brush is ineffective in removing such particles.
It is also customary to massage the scalp and neck of a customer after clipping the hair. The devices usedfor this purposeare not designed for cleaning or sterilization, andare, therefore, in many cases and uses, as objectionable, relative to It is an object of this invention to provide a l combined cleaning and massaging device which will perform the operations of cleaning and massaging simultaneously, and which may be sterilized or asepticized after each individual use, thereby entirely eliminating the possibility of the transmission of undesirable conditions from one customer to another. Y
Another object of this invention is to provide, in such a device, a nozzle or head of material impervious to sterilizing temperatures, and easily removable from the handle of the device, whereby the head may be removed and `placed in a steriliaer, and a second, sterile, head replaced on the handle.
Stili another obiect of vide a head or nozzle, in cooperation with a handle, with passages for the ton of air. both outwardly and inwardly, thereby providing a circulation of air for drying .the skin and removing particles of hair, dust, and foreign matter from the skin of a person. v
A fourth object of this invention is to provide a cleaning and massaging device utilizing, in combination, a circulation of air with a smooth contacting'- surface to produce a soothing, coolthis invention is to pro.-
ing eiect during the operation of'cleaning and massaging.
These, and other objects and advantages of this invention, will be clearly and concisely disclosed in the following specication, `the accompanying drawings, and the appended claims.
Broadly, this invention comprises an openl ended, hollow handle provided with an axial tube rspaced from the walls of the handle to provide an axial air passage and a separate, annular air passage means for securing air conductors to one end of the handle and one end of the axial tube, a nozzle or head removably secured on the opposite end of' the handle and tube and provided with air vpassages communicating with the axial air passage and the annular air passage in the handle, the head being formed' of materiaLwhich is impervious to high temperatures such as are used in'sterilization, and which may be finished with a smooth, hard'surface, such as glass, p0rcelain, or suitable plastic compounds, `such as Preferred embodiments of this invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in.
which Fig. 1 isa longitudinal sectional view through the handle and head, or nozzle;
Fig. 2 is an elevational view of the device illusl trated in Fig. 1,-
Fig. 3 is an end view of the nozzle Ior head,
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3,v illustrating la modined form of head or nozzle,
Fig. 5 is across sectional view taken on the .line i-'I of Fig. 1,
Fig. 6 is a sectional view through a modiiled form of head, v Fig. 7 isy an end elevational view of the head shown in Fig. 6, and
an axial tube 2 which is spaced fromthe wall of the handle I and vsupported by webs or spokes l..
Cooperation of the handle I and tube 2 provides 1 an axial air passage 4 andan annular air passage 5. One end 0 of. the handle I. and the corresponding end l of the tube 2, are corrugated l or otherwise suitably formed for receiving and gripping flexible air conductors 8 and 9. respectively, as best Ashown in Fig. l. At the opposite end of the handle l and tube 2, reduced portions il and il, respectively. are provided for receiving the concentrically socketed end I2 of a head or nozzle I3. A pin I4 on the handle I and cooperating bayonet slot I in the end I2 provide means for securing and locking the head I3 on the handle I.
The head I3 is formed with a concave face I3' and provided with a central bore or passage I3 and a plurality of relatively small bores or passages I1 encircling the central passage I9. When the head I3 is secured on the handle I, the passage Ii in the head I3 communicates with the passage 4 in the handle I, and the passages I1 In operation, air is forced outwardly from the passage l through the ports I1, against a surface proximate to the face of the head I3, as indicated by arrows 3| in Fig. 1. The air is then drawn inwardly through the port' Il into the passage 4. Preferably, the suction through the port Il is maintained at a higher volume capac'- ity than the combined volume capacity of the ports I1. Under such operating conditions, air will also be drawn to the port I6 from beyond the rim of the head I3. as indicated by arrows 32 in Fig. 1. 'I'he operation of the modied head in the head I3 communicate with the annular 4 passage 5 in the handle I, as yshowin in Fig. 1.'-
I'he head I3 is preferably made of a material capable of providing ,an extremely smooth. im-
' pervious surface, and which will also withstand high temperatures, such as are used in sterilizing mediums." The material should also be impervious to the action of antiseptic liquids. Materials which` have been found satisfactory for this purpose include glass, porcelain, and plastic compounds such as bakelite In the modif-ledform of head I8, 4, the head I8 is elliptical in shape, and the pas.- sages or ports I1 are arranged substantially parallel to the rim of the head I8.
In the modified form of head I3.illustrate d in Figs- 6 and 7, the head I3 is formed with small, vcone shaped protuberances Y I9 provided with ports which communicate with the passages I1. The protuberances I9 project slightly beshown in Fig. Y
yond the plane of the rim oi' the head I3, and c add a stimulating effect to the scalp and skin during the massaging operatic Fig. `8 illustrates, in a diagrammatic way, a simple means and apparatus for servicing the cleaning and massaging device.v The head I3 is immersed in an asepti liquid 2I contained in a tank or bowl 22 supported onatable or stand 23. The table 23 is provided with a shelf 24 and drawer 25. An exhaust fan orV pump 26 is ysupported on the shelf 24 and arranged to discharge into the drawer 25. A blower fan or pump 21 is also supported on the shelf 24. The units` and 21 may be individually actuated by electrical energy and controlled'by switches 28 and 29. The exhaust unit 26 is connected to the flexible hose 9, and the blower unit 21 is connected to the flexible hose 8. The force vof the air blast through the hose 8 may be controlled, or shut off entirely, by means of a valve 30. The air blast and air suction may be used in conjunction, or separately, as desired, as the units 26 and 21 are individually controlled by the switches 28 and 29.
construction shown in Figs. 4, 6, and 7, is the same. As the head is moved over the skin or scalp-in a massaging operation, the combined effect of the smooth surface of ltheI head with the circulation of air gives a pleasant, soothing impression. At the same time, the moisture onthe skin is absorbed and withdrawn, and particles of dust, hair, etc., are picked up bythe air stream and removed. The device is likewise effective .-in the'removal of dust from the clothing. When the form of head shown in Figs. 6 and 7 is used, added stimulation is provided for the skin and scalp, encouraging blood circulation.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:
1. A cleaning device-for the hair and scalp comprising a cylindrical handle member provided with an axialair passage and an annular air passage, a nozzle removably secured on an 2. A cleaning device for the hair and scalp comprising a cylindrical handle member provid-v ed with an axial air passage and an annular air passage, a nozzle removably secured on an end formed with a plurality of l of said handle and formedwith a concave face, said nozzle being provided with a central air port in said concave face with said axial air passage. said nozzle being also conical protuberances projecting from said concave face and provided with air ports communicating with said annular air passage, the opposite end of said handle member being adapted for connection to a blower device communicating with saidannular air passage and an exhaust device communicating with said axial air passage.
' VINCENT SPAGNOLO.