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Publication numberUS2239196 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 22, 1941
Filing dateJul 1, 1940
Priority dateJul 1, 1940
Publication numberUS 2239196 A, US 2239196A, US-A-2239196, US2239196 A, US2239196A
InventorsRasmus Lunvik
Original AssigneeRasmus Lunvik
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vending and display device
US 2239196 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 22, 1941. R. LUNVIK VENDING AND DISPLAY DEVICE Filed July 1, 1940 4 z 7 G. W 4 4 1 k INVENTOR Pas/m1: un vik i7" ANE.

Patented Apr. 22,

UNITED STTES 3 Claims.

The principal object of this invention is to pro vide a merchandise display and vending device for articles of merchandise in which a plurality of vertical stacks of said articles can be arranged side by side and the lowermost article of each stack may be selectively engaged and moved outwardly so that it can be withdrawn from said stack.

My invention relates particularly to racks in which packages of cigarettes and the like may be stacked and selectively withdrawn. I am aware that it is old in the art to provide display and vending devices of this general type, but my invention is particularly directed to the means by which the lowermost article can be laterally moved from under. said stack. A device of this character, and particularly the ejecting device, must be simple, inexpensive and must be easily and positively actuated so that the operator thus can selectively engage one of said articles of merchandise.

I attain the objects of my invention by providing a rack having a plurality of vertically extending compartments. In each of said compartments, a stack of merchandise can be arranged in stacked arrangement upon the floor of said compartment. Extending from the bottom. of each compartment and of such size as to permit only one of said articles of merchandise to be displaced laterally therefrom, is an aperture and I provide ejecting mechanism of substantial mass, which mechanism normally is out of engagement with said lowermost article. Said ejector mechanism can be actuated by the operators finger and said mechanism having substantial mass, will strike the article of merchandise selected a hammer-like blow and drive it outwardly through said aperture until it strikes the operators finger. The hammer-like blow tends to drive said article of merchandise outwardly, independently of whether there are one or many of the articles of merchandise stacked upon said lowermost article. The operator can immediately and without looking, locate the article because it has struck his finger and it can then be quickly removed from the stack to permit the remainder of the articles in the vertical stack to fall downwardly so as to rest again upon the fioor of said compartment in which said articles of merchandise are stacked. I preferably arrange a tray, extending directly below and laterally beyond the vertical stack so that key portions of the ejected devices can be arranged in a bank resembling the black keys of a piano. Said key portions extend upwardly beyond the horizontal plane of said tray as do the black keys of a piano keyboard, and the operator can thus quickly and almost without viewing said keys, locate the correct one to be actuated.

Further details of my invention are hereinafter described with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a merchandise display and vending device embodying my invention, portions of said display and vending device being shown broken away to permit the illustration of parts. lying thereunder which would otherwise be concealed;

Fig. 2 is a front elevation of a fragment of said device shown foreshortened and with parts broken away;

Fig. 3 is a vertical fore and aft section taken on the line 3-3 in Fig. 2, said figure being shown on larger scale and being fragmentary, the ejecting mechanism being shown also in dotted outline in one position as it is arranged when it is actuated, and

Fig. 4 is a similar smaller scaled detail view illustrating the manner in which the lowermost article of merchandise is struck and thrown forwardly by the hammer-like action of the ejector.

A rack embodying my invention comprises a body I which I prefer to make of wood, but which may, if desired be made of any other suitable material. Said body is divided into a plurality of compartments 2 by partitions 3. I prefer to leave the front side of said compartments largely open in order that the merchandise therein shall be visible. To this end, I fasten strips 4 along the front edge of partitions 3, said strips being sulfioiently wide to retain the merchandise within compartments 2, but not wide enough to cover a substantial portion of the fronts of said compartments. I prefer to make the top portions of said strips narrow in order to leave openings 5 at the top of each compartment sufficiently wide to permit the merchandise to be inserted therethru.

A strip 6 (Fig. 3) runs the full length of the rack and serves as a floor for compartments 2. I prefer also to provide a strip 1 running the full length of the rack, said strip being positioned at the proper height above floor 6 to permit only one article at a time to be ejected thru the aperture defined thereby. However, strip 1 is not necessary since the wide portions of strips 4 may extend downward a distance sufficient to define an aperture of the required height. In other words, when the lowermost article is ejected it is necessary to hold back the next article. 'lhisv may be done either by strip 1 or by the ends of strips 4.

Having described the compartment portion of my invention, I will now describe the ejecting mechanism thereof. I provide a tray 8 directly underneath said compartments, said tray projecting forwardly and rearwardly thereof. The forwardly projecting portion of said tray has a cover 9 in which are slots Iii, one for each compartment. Ejector members H are pivotally mounted on strip i2, which may run the full length of the rack, forming a common fulcrum for all of the ejector members. I prefer to make the top of strip 12 semicircular, and to provide half-round grooves E3 in the under side of ejector members H. a

I prefer to place said grooves somewhat forward of the center of gravity of said ejector members, and to make the latter of substantial mass. The forward portions M of said ejector members project thru slots It! in the manner of the black keys of a piano, and, when struck, they strike the lowermost article of merchandise a blow in much the same way that a piano wire is struck. The rear portions I of said ejector members constitute hammer elements for striking the article of merchandise.

It will be seen that this ejector mechanism may be constructed very cheaply, and that it will function in a very satisfactory manner. When one of the keys is struck, the heavy hammer element quickly ejects an article of merchandise and then returns to its normal position without the aid of springs. Because of the substantial weight of said hammer element, the article is ejected in the same way when it is the last one in the compartment as when the compartment is full. Or if an article is too large for the compartment, the heavy hammer will eject it where a lighter hammer would fail. Furthermore, the article is ejected directly against the finger that strikes the key, and it may, therefore, be quickly grasped.

An important feature of my invention is the quickness with which the desired article may be selected and procured by the attendant, thus saving the time of both the attendant and his customer. Another important feature is the visibility of the merchandise, the customer being thereby enabled to choose his preferred article, and the proprietor being able to see at all times whether or not his stock is running low.

I claim:

1. A merchandise display and vending device comprising a vertical rack defining a plurality of vertically extending compartments each having a floor and adapted to accommodate a plurality of articles of merchandise in stacked arrangement upon said floor, a discharge aperture formed at the bottom of each compartment to accommodate the lateral discharge of one only of said articles from said compartment, a pivoted ejector member for each compartment underlying the latter, having an upstanding hammer element at one end proportioned and arranged to extend into said compartment spaced from said aperture to engage and to drive the lowermost article in said compartment thru said aperture, said ejector member being of substantial mass, pivotally mounted at one side of the center of mass thereof so that said hammer element is normally out of engagement with the article in said compartment, having a finger operated key portion lying laterally to one side of said compartment and directly below the fioor of the latter, and a tray extending from below and laterally to one side of said compartment, upwardly facing slots in said tray, said ejector members lying in said tray and having the key portion of each lying in one of said slots and projecting upwardly from said tray, whereby when said key portion is manually depressed by the operators finger said ejector member is moved about its pivot, the hammer portion is thrown into engagement with an article and strikes said article, driving it thru the aperture and into engagement with the finger of the operator.

2. A merchandise display and vending device comprising a vertical rack defining a plurality of vertically extending compartments each having a floor and adapted to accommodate a plurality of articles of merchandise in stacked arrangement upon said floor, a discharge aperture formed at the bottom of each compartment to accommodate the lateral discharge of one only of said articles from said compartment, a pivoted ejector member for each compartment underlying the latter, having an upstanding hammer element at one end proportioned and arranged to extend into said compartment, spaced from said aperture to engage and to drive the lowermost article in said compartment thru said aperture, said ejector member being of substantial mass, pivotally mounted at one side of the center of mass thereof so that said hammer element is normally out of engagement with the article in said compartment, having a finger operated key portion lying laterally to one side of said compartment and directly below the floor of the latter, and a common pivot member extending transversely of and below said vertical compartments, a groove arranged on the lower face of each of said ejector members, each of said ejector members being arranged with the groove therein overlying and engaging the upper face of said pivot member, whereby when said key portion is manually depressed by the operators finger said ejector member is moved about its pivot, the hammer portion is thrown into engagement with an article and strikes said article, driving it thru the aperture and into engagement with the finger of the operator.

3. A merchandise display and vending device comprising a vertical rack defining a plurality of vertically extending compartments each hav in a floor and adapted to accommodate a plurality of articles of merchandise in stacked arrangement upon said floor, a discharge aperture formed at the bottom of each compartment to accommodate the lateral discharge of one only of said articles from said compartment, a pivoted ejector member for each compartment underlying the latter, having an upstanding hammer element at one end proportioned and arranged to extend into said compartment spaced from said aperture to'engage and to drive the lowermost article in said compartment thru said aperture, said ejector member being of substantial mass, pivotally mounted at one side of the center of mass thereof so that said hammer ele ment is normally out of engagement with the article in said compartment, having a finger operated key portion lying laterally to one side of said compartment and directly below the floor of the latter, a tray extending from below and laterally to one side of said compartment, upwardly facing slots in said tray, said ejector members lying in said tray'and having the key portion of each lying in one of said slots and projecting upwardly from said tray, and a common pivot member extending transversely of and below said vertical compartments, a groove arranged on the lower face of each of said ejector members, each of said ejector members being arranged with the groove therein overlying and engaging the upper face of said pivot member, whereby when said key portion is manually depressed by the operators finger said ejector member is moved about its pivot, the hammer p0rtion is thrown into engagement with an article and strikes said article, driving it thru the aperture and into engagement with the finger of the operator.

RASMUS LUNVIK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2594147 *Dec 13, 1948Apr 22, 1952Nat Vendors IncMagazine structure for article dispensing apparatus
US2900514 *May 18, 1955Aug 18, 1959Boucher Cormack EDaylight film loading and developing apparatus
US2971675 *Mar 11, 1955Feb 14, 1961Allegri Theodore HDispensing display cabinet
US3199724 *Jun 17, 1963Aug 10, 1965Jo Dee CorpDevice for dispensing small articles
US4775077 *Feb 25, 1987Oct 4, 1988Capotorto Nicolo RVitamin dispenser
US4836413 *Aug 8, 1988Jun 6, 1989Pws CompanyMethod and apparatus for dispensing boxed goods
US5215213 *Dec 21, 1989Jun 1, 1993Richard F. Nestler & Associates, Inc.Item storage and dispensing apparatus
US6336568 *Mar 15, 2000Jan 8, 2002Terence TuckerCutlery utensil dispenser
US6832694 *Nov 7, 2002Dec 21, 2004Fort James CorporationDispenser for cutlery utensils
US8070013Jan 6, 2009Dec 6, 2011Dixie Consumer Products LlcCutlery utensil dispensing apparatus and method
US8152004May 2, 2006Apr 10, 2012Dixie Consumer Products LlcDispenser for disposable cutlery and components therefor
US8210364Nov 6, 2006Jul 3, 2012Dixie Consumer Products LlcDispenser for disposable cutlery and components therefor
US8297473 *Nov 7, 2007Oct 30, 2012Dixie Consumer Products LlcCutlery dispenser and method of dispensing cutlery
US8360273Oct 8, 2008Jan 29, 2013Dixie Consumer Products LlcCutlery utensil dispenser
US8701932Apr 7, 2011Apr 22, 2014Dixie Consumer Products LlcCutlery dispenser trays
US8776379Jul 22, 2011Jul 15, 2014Dixie Consumer Products LlcRemovable strip for packaging cutlery and related methods
US20080121650 *Nov 7, 2007May 29, 2008Dixie Consumer Products LlcCutlery Dispenser and Method of Dispensing Cutlery
US20120199604 *Nov 10, 2011Aug 9, 2012Maximus BrownBar Soap Holder and Dispenser
EP2016869A1May 4, 2006Jan 21, 2009Dixie Consumer Products LLCDispenser for disposable cutlery and stack of cutlery
Classifications
U.S. Classification221/131, 221/268
International ClassificationA47F1/00, A47F1/10
Cooperative ClassificationA47F1/10
European ClassificationA47F1/10