|Publication number||US2239206 A|
|Publication date||Apr 22, 1941|
|Filing date||Jul 12, 1939|
|Priority date||Jul 12, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2239206 A, US 2239206A, US-A-2239206, US2239206 A, US2239206A|
|Original Assignee||Tietig Chester|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (33), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
C. TlETlG PLASTIC SHOE April 22, 1941.
Filed July 12, 1939 Patented Apr. 22, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PLASTIC SHOE Chester Tietig, Covington, Ky.
Application July 12, 1939, Serial No. 284,063
This invention relates to a shoe made from plastic material.
Among the objects of the invention is to provide a shoe which will grip the wearers foot with a degree of pressure which is sufilcient to hold the shoe on tightly but insuillcient to cause discomfort. Another object is to provide a shoe which is easy and quick to manufacture and which costs less than a leather shoe. A third object is to provide a molded metallic arch support interior of the sole. A fourth object is to provide a shoe of striking appearance which is readily colored by dyes incorporated into the plastic mass and which is transparent and therefore adapted to show the wearer's foot.
In the drawing, Figure 1 shows the preferred form of the invention.
Figure 2 shows a low-heeled form in which the bands or straps across the foot are fused orv otherwise sealed together.
Figure 3 is a lengthwise section of the shoe which is shown in Figure 2, said section showing an incorporated arch support.
Figure 4 is a shoe according to my invention, said shoe being in flat form, 1. e., not folded to conform to the wearer's foot. Figure 4 represents a stage or intermediate product in the manufacture of my shoe. v
The plastic material which I prefer to use for making my shoes is the vinyl polymer of one of the vinyl halides probably vinyl chlorides, said polymer being known as Koroseal and manufactured by the B. F. Goodrich Company. The grade of Koroseal which I prefer to use is known as 117, it being so designated by the mani ufacturers. My invention is, however, not limited to this material. Harder grades of Koroseal may be used and entirely different plastics can also be employed. Another such plastic is methyl methacrylate (Lucite, Luxene). Another is cel lulose acetate ('I'enite). Another is polyvinyl acetal. Still other suitable materials are monomeric methyl acrylates, such as butyl, amyl, lauryl, stearyl, interpolymerized with methacrylate ester, vinyl compounds, butadiene or styrene. Still other equivalents are the polystyrols manufactured and sold commercially by the Dow Chemical Company of Midland, Michigan. To each or all of such materials, plasticizers may be added to promote flexibility. Such compounds and mixtures are very well known to the art and it lies within the skill of any competent plastics chemist to add such stabilizers in suitable amounts to get required degrees of flexibility.
The shoe shown is made of a sole III which is made of one of the resins named. The sole preferably encloses a metal shank or arch support II which ispreferably molded within the sole as shown in Figure 3, however, it may be omitted. A heel I! may be made of a different material than the sole and may be cemented thereto or it may be of the same material of and integral with the sole. A counter l3 may also be integral with the sole. Above the sole l0 and adherent thereto there is preferably a cloth covering ll extending completely over the sole and heel. This cloth is made preferably of cotton which will stand the molding temperatures although other suitable textiles may be used.
As shown in Figures 4, 3 and 1, the metallic arch support ll may have extensions or fins l5 which curve about over the foot. Such fins are embedded in bands or straps I6 which are made grip the foot, thus causing the shoe to give quite substantial support. The fins may be omitted if desired.
Referring to Figure 1, this shoe is open along the top of the vamp, this open space being designated II. It is intended that this open space coincide with the bony ridge down the top of the human foot, this ridge being further toward the inside of the foot than toward the outside. Such a shoe requires no lace. However, eyelets or holes and the usual laces may be provided if desired. The counter I3 is also molded around the last from the flattened counter integral with the sole shown in Figure 4.
The sole I0 as well as the bands I6 may have incorporated into the composition from which they are made from 1% to 25% by weight of textile fiber or asbestos fiber. I prefer to use cotton fiber of an average length of about A. Wool fiber (shoddy) may also be used. The textile or asbestos fiber has the advantage of hindering the transmission of heat through the sole of the shoe.
The cloth inner sole I may also extend to the inner side of bands It as shown at IS on Figure 4.
While no invention is claimed for the use of rubber in making shoes, nevertheless, it is within the purview of my invention to make a rubber shoe, 1. e.. the rubber being used in place of the named plastics, when my specific construction of shoe is used, provided such construction lies within the scope of the following claims.
As shown in Figure 3 there may be a number of cloth layers 2. interspersed with layers of flexible plastic making up both the bands II and the sole, the two being integral.
In this specification and the appended claims the term molded is to be interpreted broadly enough to include the hot or cold pressing of a powder or a syrup in a mold to harden or consolidate same, but also to include the pressing together to adhesion of already formed sheets of plastic material, said adhesion being either to textiles or to another plastic sheet of the same character.
Referring now to Figure 2, at 2| it is shown that the bands I may be attached to each other at their ends by fusing or cementing so that a longitudinally closed shoe is produced. Although a lap Junction is shown, a butt junction is regarded as being equivalent.
An equivalent for the cloth covering I4 is paper or a felt covering.
My shoe may be fitted to the human foot by heating the shoe to the softening point of the plastic and pressing the shoe manually or otherwise about the foot of the person who is to be the wearer and allowing the shoe to cool while so pressed.
I claim as my invention:
1. A sandal comprising a sole of a tough thermoplastic material of limited flexibility at ordinary temperature and bands of the same material curving upwardly and inwardly from said sole and being integral therewith, for enclosing the forward portion of the human foot by the inherent resiliency of the material in the bands.
2. A sandal comprising a sole of tough synthetic resin thermoplastic material of limited flexibility at ordinary temperature and a plurality of bands comprising the same material curving upwardly and inwardly from said sole and being integral therewith for enclosing the forward portion of the human foot by the ininherent resiliency of the material in the bands and an inner sole of textile material extending over at least as much of .the inner surface of said sandal as the sole and being adherent thereto.
4. A sandal comprising a sole of a tough thermoplastic material of limited flexibility at ordinary temperature and bands of the same ma terial curving upwardly and inwardly from said sole and integral therewith for enclosing at least the forward portion of the human foot by the inherent resiliency of the material in the bands, said synthetic resin material comprising a polyvinyl halide.
5. A sandal oomprising a sole and bands of the same material as the sole and integral therewith, said bands curving upwardly and inwardly from said sole for enclosing the forward portion of the human foot by the inherent resiliency of the material in the bands, said sole and bands being built up of a plurality of textile sheets interspersed with at least one layer of a tough thermoplastic material of limited flexibility at ordinary temperature.
6. A sandal comprising a sole of tough thermosplastic material of limited flexibility at ordinary temperature and bands of the same material integral with the sole curving upwardly and inwardly from said sole and enclosing the forward portion of the human foot by the inherent resiliency of the material in the bands, a heel integral with said sole, a counter also integral therewith and being also adapted to assist the retention of the sandal on the wearer's foot by the resiliency of its material.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2496782 *||Mar 25, 1948||Feb 7, 1950||Engel Arthur C||Prepared molded shoe vamp|
|US2509335 *||Sep 20, 1946||May 30, 1950||Harry A Dadisman||Shoe with channel members embedded in sole|
|US2568974 *||May 20, 1947||Sep 25, 1951||John P Tarbox||Vamp and sole connection|
|US2586747 *||May 10, 1949||Feb 19, 1952||Atta Van||Detachable body grounding device|
|US2606333 *||Jan 8, 1949||Aug 12, 1952||Alan E Murray||Method of making shoes|
|US2677201 *||Jul 6, 1950||May 4, 1954||Albert Lyon George||Shoe of thin gauge sheet metal|
|US2736972 *||Apr 22, 1953||Mar 6, 1956||Morris Bingham||Attaching means for overshoes|
|US2747301 *||Aug 4, 1953||May 29, 1956||Diamond Match Co||Molded pulp slipper|
|US4592152 *||May 20, 1985||Jun 3, 1986||Brown Group, Inc.||Unlasted shoe|
|US4766680 *||Dec 23, 1986||Aug 30, 1988||Grendene S.A.||Shoe with transparent sole and scuff pads|
|US5659979 *||Oct 17, 1994||Aug 26, 1997||Sileo; Steve||Transparent footwear with interchangeable tongue and insole and kit therefore|
|US6128834 *||May 20, 1999||Oct 10, 2000||A.K.A Advanced Kit Art S.R.L||Shoe using a moulded bottom provided with a series of slots for the application of a strap-type closed upper|
|US6874255||Apr 3, 2003||Apr 5, 2005||Noam Bernstein||Side entry footwear|
|US6990753 *||Sep 8, 2004||Jan 31, 2006||Keen Llc||Three point footwear|
|US7290356||Jun 8, 2005||Nov 6, 2007||Keen, Inc.||Footwear with multi-piece midsole|
|US7328527||Aug 27, 2004||Feb 12, 2008||Reebok International Ltd.||Shoe strap changing system|
|US7513064 *||Jul 22, 2004||Apr 7, 2009||Keen, Inc.||Footwear having an enclosed and articulated toe|
|US7762011||Jan 29, 2007||Jul 27, 2010||Keen, Inc.||Toe protection sandal|
|US7762012||Sep 27, 2007||Jul 27, 2010||Keen, Inc.||Footwear with multi-piece midsole|
|US7997009||Apr 1, 2009||Aug 16, 2011||Keen, Inc.||Footwear having an enclosed and articulated toe|
|US8533976||Aug 15, 2011||Sep 17, 2013||Keen, Inc.||Footwear having an enclosed toe|
|US8834770 *||Dec 11, 2012||Sep 16, 2014||Wolverine World Wide,Inc.||Sole component for an article of footwear and method for making same|
|US20040049945 *||Apr 3, 2003||Mar 18, 2004||Noam Bernstein||Side entry footwear|
|US20050060914 *||Jul 22, 2004||Mar 24, 2005||Fuerst Rory W.||Footwear having an enclosed and articulated toe|
|US20050115109 *||Aug 27, 2004||Jun 2, 2005||Jared Goldman||Shoe strap changing system|
|US20050183289 *||Apr 21, 2005||Aug 25, 2005||Roger Neiley||Footwear fit system|
|US20050268492 *||Jun 8, 2005||Dec 8, 2005||Fuerst Rory W||Footwear with multi-piece midsole|
|US20050274040 *||Sep 8, 2004||Dec 15, 2005||Fuerst Rory W||Three point footwear|
|US20060037217 *||Jul 25, 2005||Feb 23, 2006||Noam Bernstein||Side entry footwear and methods of making|
|US20080010855 *||Sep 27, 2007||Jan 17, 2008||Keen, Inc.||Footwear with multi-piece midsole|
|US20090126229 *||Jan 29, 2007||May 21, 2009||Keen Llc||Toe protection sandal|
|US20090265955 *||Apr 1, 2009||Oct 29, 2009||Fuerst Rory W||Footwear having an enclosed and articulated toe|
|US20130091638 *||Dec 11, 2012||Apr 18, 2013||Wolverine World Wide, Inc.||Sole component for an article of footwear and method for making same|
|U.S. Classification||36/11.5, 36/25.00R, 36/DIG.200, 36/58.5, 36/154|
|Cooperative Classification||A43B3/124, Y10S36/02|