US 2240071 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A ril 29, 1941. J. GKSOLFI CANDLE BASE Fild April 1, 1940 Patented Apr. 29, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CANDLE BASE Joseph Gisolfi, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application April 1, 1940, Serial No. 327,154 3 Claims. ,(oi. 67-21) This invention relates to candle bases and, more particularly, to the bases by which the candle wicks are secured to the wax bodies of the candles.
The candle bases with which the present invention is concerned consist of fiat sheet metal disks, which may be of any suitable shape, for example, circular or non-circular, such disks having an opening in which an end of the Wick is secured by means of prongs struck out from the disk at said opening and extending downwardly, that is, in a direction away from the bottom of the candle when the base is attached thereto. Said prongs engag the wick therebetween whereby to prevent the movement of the wick upwardly through the candle. The downwardly projecting prongs are superior to prongs which project upwardly from the metal disk because the former more efiectively secure the wick than the latter. However, the downwardly projecting prongs on the disk result in the tendency of the candle to tilt especially when the wax at the top of the candle melts during the burning cf the candle. The tilting of the candle is highly objectionable because the flame of the wick can contact or move suficiently close to the glass holder whereby to crack the same.
In accordance with the present invention, the candle bases are provided with downwardly projecting prongs for obtaining improved securement between the bases and the candle wicks and said candle bases are provided with means to prevent tilting of the candles.
The objects, features and advantages of the invention will be fully understood from the following description in connection with the accompanying drawing.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a candle provided with a base embodying the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a bottom view, on a larger scale, of the base shown in Fig. 1, the base being removed from the candle;
Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of a candle provided with a base of a somewhat modified form;
Fig. 4 is an end View of the base shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 are bottom and end views, respectively, of a candle base in accordance with another form of the invention;
Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 are bottom and end views, respectively, of candle bases made in accordance with yet another form of the invention;
Fig. 9 and Fig. 10 are bottom and end views,
respectively, of candle bases, illustrating a further form of the invention;
Figs. 11 and 12 are bottom and end views, re-
spectively, of candle bases showing a further modification.
Referring now to the drawing in detail and first to the form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, the candle C, is, as usual, disposed within a holder H of glass or other suitable masurface of the body of the candle. W which extends upwardly through the central opening 0 in the body of the candle and fits somewhat loosely therein .is attached to the bottom of the candle by the base l0 embodying the present invention. Said base comprises a disk of thin sheet metal having a plurality of downwardly struck out prongs I 2 providing an opening [4 through which the lower end portion WL of the wick W extends, said portion of the wick being engaged between adjacent prongs l2 and thereby secured to the base. Said base is provided with upwardly extending corner prongs l6 which penetrate the body of the candle adjacent the bottom thereof for attaching the base to the candle. In order to prevent the candle from tilting, base I0 is provided with means here shown with a plurality of downwardly pressed projections l8, here shown as circular ribs, which extend be yond the prongs I 2 downwardly in a direction axially of the candle. It will be observed that the means for preventing tilting of the candle are formed integral with the disk of the metal base and are positioned sufficiently close to the lower peripheral end of the candle, whereby to hold the candle in upright position at all times.
As will presently appear, the bases can be of various shapes and sizes and the means for preventing the tiltlng of the candle can assume various florms. Thus, for example, as illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4, the base Illa is substantially the same as the base l0 except that the means for preventing tilting are constituted by projections or tongues lBa which are partly struck out from the sheet metal disk of the base to provide openings for the passage of melted wax from the bottom of the disk to the top thereof. As shown in Fig. 5, the base is a circular disk having a continuous circular periphery which may be of the same diameter as the diameter of the candle at the lower end thereof. Said base lllb has upwardly extending prongs lBb for securing the base to the candle. As here shown, said base liib is provided with projections 3b which are similar to the projections lBa of disk lfla, said projection 1822 being partially struck out from the body of the disk. As shown in Fig. '1, the base lllc is constituted by a disk of non-circular configuration and is provided with outwardly pressed projections or circular ribs lBc like the projections N3 of base ID. The prongs I50 are struck out upwardly from the disk of base ific for securing the latter to the bottom of the candle.
As illustrated in Figs. 9 to 12, the means for preventing tilting of the candle can be consti-' tuted by elongated pressed out elements or noncircular ribs lfid in the case of the base Hid illustrated in Figs. 9 and 10, or can be constituted by a single peripheral downwardly pressed circular rib Me, as on the base llle shownin Figs. 11 and 12. Bases Hid and We are provided with corner prongs Hid and I Be, respectively, for securing said bases to their respective candles.
it is seen that the candle bases herein shown or described are well adapted to accomplish the main and ancillary objects of the invention. More particularly, it will be observed that the bases are provided with the downwardly pressed prongs for securing the wick against upward movement in the candle body and at the same time the candle is prevented frorntilting,
inasmuch as the projection or projections on the bases of the cancues extend below the wick holding tongues. It will be understood, however, that while I have shown and described several forms of the invention, the invention is susceptible of numerous other embodiments, and that various changes can be made in each of the illustrated embodiments. Accordingly, I- do not wish to be limited to the invention as herein shown or described or to any of the specific forms herein disclosed, except as may be required by the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A base for a candle having a wick passing upwardly through the candle from the bottom thereof, said base comprising a sheet metal disk having an opening through which the lower end of the wick projects and downwardly projecting struck out tongues for engaging said end of the wick to hold the latter against movement upwardly through the candle, said tongues extending below the plane of said disk, and means pressed downwardly from said disk to prevent tilting of the candle carried by the base due to the extension therebelow of said wick-securing tongues.
2.A base for a candle having a wick passing upwardly through the candle from the bottom thereof, said base comprising a disk having an opening through which the lower end of the wick projects, means projecting upwardly from the base at the periphery thereof for securing the base to the candle, and means projecting downwardly from the disk for securing said end of the wick to the base, said securing means extending below the plane of said disk, and means carried by said disk for preventing tilting of the candle mounted on the base due to the extension ther ebelow .of said wick-securing means, said last mentioned means comprising a plurality of projections integral with the disk and projecting downwardly therefrom beyond said wick securing means.
3. A base for-a candle having a wick passing upwardly through the candle from the bottom thereof, said basecomprising a sheet metal disk having an opening through which the lower end of thewick' projects and downwardly projecting are u r new f r e a id n of the wick to hold the latter against movement upwardly through the candle said tongues extending below the plane of said disk, and a plurality of members pressed downwardlyfrom said disk to prevent tilting of the candle carried by the base due to the egtensiontherebelow of said wicksecuring tongues, said downwardly pressed members haying openings therethrough for the passage of melted wax from the bottom of the disk to the topthereof. Y