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Publication numberUS2241642 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 13, 1941
Filing dateJun 25, 1938
Priority dateJun 25, 1938
Publication numberUS 2241642 A, US 2241642A, US-A-2241642, US2241642 A, US2241642A
InventorsMccauley Willis J
Original AssigneeCelotex Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Prefabricated unit comprising siding and sheathing
US 2241642 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 13, 1941.

w. J. MocAULEY PREFABRICATED UNIT COMPBISING SIDING AND SHEATHING Filed June- 25, 1938 2. Sheets-Sheet 1 mrs. a.

May 13, 1941- w. J. MccAULEY 2,241,642

PREFABRICATED UNIT COMPRISING SIDING AND SI'IEATHJING Filed June 25, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheefl 2 \\g @v `//A \W WJM-a came] FI G. G.

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\ Ratented May 13, 1941 PREFABRICATED UNIT ooMPmslNG smlNG AND SHEATHING Willis J. McCauley, Chicago, Ill., assgnor to The Celotex Corporation, Chicago, lll., a corporation of Delaware Application June 25, 1938, Serial No. 215,911

This invention relates to a building unit for walls, and comprises combined sheathing and siding, the invention having for its object to provide such a unit which will be cheap in manufacturing cost and more eflicient in use than those heretofore proposed.

With these and other objects in view the invention resides in the novel details of construction and combinations of parts as will be disclosed more fully hereinafter and particularly pointed out in the claims.

Referring to the accompanying drawings forrn ing a part of this specification and in which like numerals designate like parts in all the views- Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of a unit made in accordance with this invention and shown as applied to framing members or studs of a wall;

Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional View of the parts shown in Fig. 1 taken as on the line 2--2 thereof and looking in the direction of the arrow;

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken as on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 and looking in the direction of the arrow;

Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view of a single unit to illustrate a treatment thereof; and

Fig. 5 is an end elevational View of a single unit illustrating a diierent treatment of the exposed' surface thereof.

According tothis invention, sheathing and siding are combined in asingle building unit which can be nailed or otherwise secured to the framing members such as studding of a wall, and the invention further contemplates the application of a plurality of similarly formed units to such studding in such manner that portions of one unit will overlap portions of the next adjacent unit to produce closed joints between said units. Further, the unit may be provided in suitable widths from top to bottom, and in various lengths of as much as 8' whereby considerable time may be saved in the erection of a wall with such units.

In addition the sheathing portion of a unit may be preformed, as may also the siding portion of the unit, and said portions cemented, adhered, or otherwise secured together to form the complete laminated unit of sheathing and siding; or, on the other hand, the entire unit may be formed from a single piece of material and thereby avoid the lamination just above mentioned although, from a manufacturing standpoint and in the interest of economy, it may be more desirable to preform the sheathing as well (Cl. D20-5) as the siding portions and join them together to make the laminated unit.

Regardless of whether the sheathing and siding portions are laminated or not, the siding portion will be offset relative'to the sheathing portion so as to provide a nailing surface or area on one longitudinal side as Well as on one transverse side of the sheathing portion, which areas may be covered by the respective opposite longitudinal and transverse sides of the siding portion of the next adjacent units, whereby all nailing or other means of securement to the studding will ultimately be concealed, and certain edges of a unit will be so formed as to provide interlocking relation with certain edges of the next adjacent unit.

Referring to the drawings, 2 and 3 respectively indicate generally the siding portion and the sheathing portion of a unit made according to this invention, the siding portion having a 1ongitudinal edge or a tongue portion 4 and a transverse edge 5 which extend beyond respectively the longitudinal edge 6 and the transverse edge 'I of the underlying sheathing portion. Further, the sheathing has a longitudinal edge B and a transverse edge 9 which extend beyond respectively the longitudinal edge I0 and the transverse edge II of the overlying siding portion. All of the longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion and the siding portion are substantially parallel to each other, as are also all of the transverse edges of said portion, the entire unit being substantially rectangular.

The longitudinal upper edge 4 of the siding portion is shown completely bevelled in Fig. 4, the plane of the bevel being-such as to make an obtuse angle with the plane of the exposed face I5 of the siding portion, and the opposite or bottom longitudinal edge I0 thereof is provided with a mortise or undercut rabbet I2 to provide a bottom edge lip I3 substantially parallelly spaced from the front face I4 of the underlying sheathing portion, said mortise or rabbet adapted" to receive therein the upper longitudinal edge of the siding portion of the next adjacent unit, all as clearly indicated in Fig. 3.

The upper longitudinal edge 6 of the sheathmg portion is shown completely bevelled in Fig. 4 so that the plane of said bevel makes an acute angle with the plane of the rear surface I6 of the extending upper edge of the overl 'n sidin portion. The bottom longitudinal edgyl ilg of thi sheathing portion is shown completely and similarly bevelled so that the plane of the bevel makes an acute angle with the plane of the front face I4 of the sheathing portion. Thus it will be understood that when two adjacent units are intertted with each other as shown in Fig. 3 the lower edge I!v of the sheathing portion of one unit will t and interlock in the angle formed by the upper edge 6 and the rear surface IB of the adjacent unit, and that the tongue edge portion of the lower unit will fit within the rabbet I2 of the unit thereabove.

This interlocking horizontal joint between two adjacent units is important since it provides a. means for preventing displacement of the adjoining longitudinal edges of the adjacent units between the studs such as II. In other words, the usual practice in building construction is to space the studs on 16" centerings whereby there is a relatively considerable span between two adjacent studs which is bridged by the units forming the subject matter of this invention and, since the units constitute the exposed portion of the wall, said units are subjected to the elements such as wind and weather, whereby said units might have a tendency to ex or warp in the span between the studs. Therefore, unless the longitudinal edges of the adjacent tiers or courses were interlocked with each other, there might result a separation therebetween -to disrupt the continuity of the wall and allow the elements to enter and pass through the longitudinal joints.

As shown in Fig. 2, the transverse edges of the sheathing portion of each unit are similarly bevelled to provide a similar interlocking effect in the vertical joint between two adjacent units. The lengths of the units are made such as to be equal to the spacing of the studs, or equal to a multiple thereof so that the transverse or vertical joints between adjacent units are caused to lle upon a stud as clearly indicated in the drawings, the transverse dimension of a unit being made as desired. The transverse edges of the siding portion of each unit may likewise be bevelled though this is not necessary since a rectangular edge as shown in Fig. 2 may be sufficient in view of the fact that the said transverse edges need only have abutting relation with each other because the joint formed by said edges overlies a solid portion of the sheathing therebeneath.

The outer exposed surface I of the siding portion of the unit is preferably in a plane which is oblique to the plane of the rear surface I8 of the sheathing portion, to give the usual appearance of siding to the wall when completed, but obviously said front surface could be formed parallel to said rear surface in which case the upper longitudinal edge of the siding portion would have a tongue complementally formed for intertting with the rabbet I2 of the lower longitudinal edge of the next adjacent unit. The bevelled edge 4, as shown in the drawings, makes possible an easier application of one unit to the next adjacent unit and, further, provides drainage for any rain that might be blown or capillarily creep up into the rabbet such as I2 in a horizontal joint.

In applying the units to the studding, nails such as indicated at I9 are driven through the projecting nailing areas of the sheathing portion into the studs, and then the next adjacent units are applied so that the projecting portions of the siding of the next adjacent units will overlie the nailing areas of the units that have been secured to the studs, thereby concealing the nails and protecting the heads thereof from the weather.

The units may be variably formed. In other words they may be fashioned as shown in the drawings and described hereinbefore, or they may be modified somewhat while still incorporating and retaining the general salient principles of the invention. For example, the longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion instead of being bevelled may be provided with tongue and groove formations or other contours which, however, will provide the interlocking relationship above referred to in the horizontal joints between the units, and the transverse edges of the sheathing portion may be similarly or otherwise suitably modified. In like manner, the longitudinal and transverse edges of the siding portion may have various formations while still adapted to perform the intertting and interlocking relationship desired.

Further, the material from which the unit is formed may be of various kinds. The sheathing portion may be of a material different from the material of the siding portion whereby, for example, it would be possible to have the sheathing portion made of a material particularly suitable as an insulation of temperature and noise, and the siding portion could be of a material particularly adapted to resist Weather, in which case the sheathing portion would preferably be laminated with the siding portion. On the other hand, the sheathing and siding could be of the same material and/or formed as one piece, the siding portion being treated in a manner different from the sheathing portion; as an illustration it may be mentioned that the unit as a whole might be formed of fibrous material with the siding portion surface-treated and/or impregnated to make it highly resistant to weather while leaving the sheathing portion in its original fibrous condition as well suited for insulation against temperature and noise. The preferred material is Celotex cane fiber insulating board because of its light weight, high insulating value, and adaptability of receiving most any treatment and finish.

In Fig. 4 there has been illustrated a construc- .tion indicated as laminated (though it need not be laminated) wherein the unit has been dipped or submerged in a solution which has penetrated or impregnated the material of the unit, as indicated by the stippling, to provide complete saturation or impregnation of the siding portion along its longitudinal and transverse edges in order to stiften the same as well as to protect the exposed surfaces thereof, but leaving the central part o1' core 20 of the unit unsaturated and/or unimpregnated in order not to impair the insulating quality of the unit. As an example of such a solution there may be mentioned hot asphalt or other bituminous substance which not only stilens the treated parts of the unit but additionally renders them waterproof or moisture repellant. On the other hand coatings of paint or other substance may be applied to some or all of the surfaces of a unit, and in Fig. 5 there has been illustrated a coating 2| of nely divided material such as sand, slag, mica or other suitable grit-like finishing material, which coating has been applied only to thatportion of the siding which will be exposed to view or to the elements, said coating being adhered in any suitable manner to the material of the unit.

It is obvious that those skilled in the art may vary the details of construction and arrangements of parts without departing from the spirit of this invention and therefore it is desired not of the siding portion, withthe longitudinal edges to be limited to the exact foregoing disclosure except as may be required by the claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A buildinglunit for walls comprising combined sheathing and siding, the siding offset in such manner .as to provide a longitudinal as well as a transverse nailing portion on the sheathing adapted to be covered by complementally offset portions of the siding of a similarly formed adjoining unit in the building of the Wall, complementa] means formed on the top and bottom edges of the sheathing cooperating with interfltting tongue and groove lconstruction of the siding for interlocking the bottom and top edges of the adjoining units, and complemental means formed on the two vertical side edges of the sheathing for intertting relation with the vertical side edges of the adjoining units.

2. A substantially rectangular building unit for Walls comprising combined sheathing and siding, the siding portion of the unit extending beyond one longitudinal edge as Well as beyond one transverse edge of the sheathing portion, and the sheathing portion of the unit having its other edges extending beyond the corresponding edges of the siding portion, with the longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion formed for inter- Wedging engagement with the corresponding longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion of a similar adjacent unit in the building of the wall, and a recess formed in one longitudinal edge of the siding portion to receive therein the oppositely disposed longitudinal edge of the'siding portion of the adjacent unit.

3. A substantially rectangular building unit for walls comprising combined sheathing and siding, the siding portion of the unit extending beyond one longitudinal edge as well as beyond one transverse edge of the sheathing portion, and the sheathing portion of the unit having its other edges extending beyond the corresponding edges of the siding portion, with the edges of the sheathing portion formed for wedging engagement with the corresponding edges of the sheathing portion of a similar adjacent unit in the building of the wall, the longitudinal edges of the siding portion formed for intertting engagement and adapted in combination to interlockingly and wedgingly engage through the Wedglng eifect of the aforesaid wedging engagement of the longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion of the unit,

4. n substantially rectangular building unit for walls comprising combined sheathing and siding, the siding. portionof the unit extending be yond one longitudinal edge as well as beyond one transverse edge of the sheathing portion, and the sheathing portion of the unit having its other edges extending beyond the corresponding edges of the siding portion, with the longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion formed for wedgingly interntting with the corresponding longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion of a similar adjacent unit in the building of the Wall, the siding portion having one longitudinal edge thicker than its opposite longitudinal edge and provided With a recess to receivetherein the thinner longitudinal edge of the siding portion of the adjacent i'mt. e

5. A substantially rectangular building unit for walls comprising combined sheathing and siding, the siding portion of the unit extending beyond one longitudinal edge as well as beyond one transverse edge of the sheathing portion, and the sheathing portion of the unit having its other of the sheathing portion formed for wedging engagement with the corresponding longitudinal Vedges of the sheathing portion of a similar adjacent unit in the building of the wall, the siding portion progressively increasing in thickness from one longitudinal edge to the other and having in its thicker edge a recess to receive therein the thinner longitudinaledge of the siding poredges extending beyond the corresponding edges tion of the adjacent unit.

6. An article of manufacture comprising a substantiai'lly rectangular building unit for walls comprising a unitary combined sheathing and siding product, the siding portion thereof extending beyond one longitudinal edge and beyond one transverse edge of the sheathing portion, the sheathing portion having its other edges extending beyond the corresponding edges of the siding portion, the longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion formed for intertting engagement with the corresponding longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion of a similar adjacent unit in the building of4 a wall, the siding portion having one longitudinal edge thickerthan its opposite longitudinal edge and provided with a recess to receive therein the thinner longitudinal edge of the siding portion of the adjacent unit, the thinner longitudinal edge of the siding portion of a unit and the lip which defines in part the recess in the siding portion, each saturated throughout with plastic to strengthen and rigidify the same.

7'. As an article of manufacture, wall surface forming units composed of :ber insulating board each comprising a sheathing forming. portion and a siding forming portion, the sheathing and siding forming portions offset diagonally one with respect to the other, the offset of the sheathing and siding forming portions providing compleinenting ship-lap construction along a pair ofv the opposite edges of the unit, the recess of the ship-lap edge construction relieved at its base inwardly, from the back of the sheathing portion to the back of the tongue of the ship-lap construction, the complementing tongue complementally formed, the other opposite pair of edges of the unit having complementing interfitting tongue and groove construction and the entire article coated with a Weather-resistant material, a groove forming lip and a tongue portion of the construction completely saturated with asphalt reinforcing and rigidifying the suc tongue and lip constructions.

8. A substantially rectangular building unit for walls comprising combined sheathing and siding, the siding portion of the unit extending beyond one longitudinal edge as well as beyond one transverse edge of the sheathing portion, the sheathing portion of the unit having its other edges extending beyond the corresponding edges of the siding portion, the longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion formed for interwedging engagement with the corresponding longitudinal edges of the sheathing portion of the similar adjacent unit in the building of the wall, the siding portion having one longitudinal edge thicker than its opposite longitudinal edge andv provided with a recess to receive therein the thinner longitudinal edge of the siding portion of the adjacent unit, the entire surface area of the unit saturated with a weather-resistant material, the thinner longitudinal edge of the siding portion and the lip portion in part dening the said recess completely saturated with a strengthening and rigidifying substance, and that portion of the unit adapted to be exposed carry-lng on its sur= race a water and weather-resistant surface covvering.

9. In a building construction, wall support members and a plurality of wall forming units mounted thereon, the wall forming units each .5

comprising'a siding portion and sheathing portion, the siding portion of a'unit extending beyond one longitudinal edge as well as beyond one transverse edge of the sheathing portion, the

sheathing portion having its other edges ex;- l0

tending beyond the lcorresponding edges of the siding portion, complementing edges of the sheathing portion relieved and interlockingly eng'aging edges of adjacent units, the siding portion

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2450562 *Feb 1, 1946Oct 5, 1948George Link JrCovering strip for roofs and sidings
US2519950 *Oct 4, 1947Aug 22, 1950Ruberoid CoSiding
US3262239 *Aug 27, 1962Jul 26, 1966Mills Thomas WLaminated wood building unit
US3626439 *Dec 15, 1969Dec 7, 1971Joseph P KneiselRoof planking
US6009679 *Jul 12, 1995Jan 4, 2000V. Kann Rasmussen Industri A/SWall elements for wooden buildings, a method for manufacture thereof and a method for erection of wooden building with such wall elements
US6042680 *Apr 8, 1998Mar 28, 2000Joined Products, Inc.Laminated siding pieces and method of producing the same
US6428876Aug 17, 2000Aug 6, 2002Joined Products, Inc.Laminated siding pieces and method of producing the same
US7712277 *Jul 6, 2007May 11, 2010Lief Eric SwansonBuilding siding with horizontal panels installed
US8695303 *Aug 20, 2008Apr 15, 2014Top Down Siding, LlcPanels including trap lock adaptor strips
US20090007517 *Aug 20, 2008Jan 8, 2009Lief Eric SwansonPanels including trap lock adaptor strips
US20140215945 *Apr 8, 2014Aug 7, 2014Top Down Siding, LlcBuilding siding systems and methods
DE1134190B *Nov 20, 1957Aug 2, 1962Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg AgRaumabschliessendes Bauteil, insbesondere Wand
WO1999051434A1 *Apr 6, 1999Oct 14, 1999Joined Products IncLaminated siding pieces and method of producing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/539
International ClassificationE04F13/08
Cooperative ClassificationE04F13/0864
European ClassificationE04F13/08D