|Publication number||US2242120 A|
|Publication date||May 13, 1941|
|Filing date||Jun 28, 1940|
|Priority date||Jul 4, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2242120 A, US 2242120A, US-A-2242120, US2242120 A, US2242120A|
|Inventors||Lett Gardiner Ernest|
|Original Assignee||Simmonds Dev Corp Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 1941- E. 1.. GARDINER 2,242,120
HOLDER FOR PIEZOELECTRIC DEVICES Filed June 28, 1940 LIIIIIIUII/A l Patented May 13, 1941 HOLDER FOR PIEZOELECTRIC DEVICES Ernest Lett Gardiner, Middlesex County, England, assignor to Simmonds Development Corporation Limited, London, England Application June 28, 1940, Serial No. 343,036 In Great Britain July 4, 1939 (C1. 171&27)
This invention relates to holders for piezoelectric crystals of the kind which are used as electric oscillators or resonators. In the known form of crystal holder the crystal is held or located between two electrodes, 1. e. a first and a second electrode, which usually take the form of metal plates.
In such an arrangement there inevitably exists a certain amount of stray capacity between the crystal electrodes which capacity is, of course, increased when a crystal is placed between these electrodes. This capacity may be considered as being connected in shunt with the crystal and in many applications of a piezoelectric crystal it is 'most desirable that this capacity, according to the results desired, be either adjusted to a definite magnitude or neutralized out in the known way, e. g. by means of a balanced bridge circuit.
It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide a crystal holder which is provided with means for adjusting the magnitude of the shunt capacity across the crystal. A further object of the present invention is to provide an improved holder for accommodating a plurality of crystals in which means are provided for adjusting the magnitude of the capacity in shunt with one or more of the crystals.
In accordance with the present invention therefore the improved holder comprising a first and a second crystal electrode is provided with a third electrode which is adjustable relative to one (the second) of the crystal electrodes to form therewith a variable condenser.
One form of holder in accordance with the present invention is shown by way of example in Figures 1 and 2 of the accompanying drawing in which Figure 1 is a central vertical section through the holder and Figure 2 is an exploded view in perspective of the holder. Figures 3 and 4 are circuit diagrams of electrical filter networks employing piezoelectric crystals and illustrate how a holder in accordance with this invention may be utilized.
Referring now to Figures 1 and 2, the holder comprises three plates ll, l2 and I3 of insulating material which are secured together by screws l4 passing through aligned holes in the end plate II and the centre plate l2 and screwing into tapped holes in the other end plate l3. The centre plate I2 is provided with apertures l5 and IS in which crystals l1 and I8 may be housed between a common electrode formed by a metal plate I9 located in a recess I9a in the end plate l3, and two separate electrodes formed by the metal plates and 2| which are located in recesses 22 and 23 respectively formed in the insulating plate II. The inner face of the end plate II is also formed with a deeper circular recess 24 which houses a movable semi-circular plate electrode 25 which is spaced from the electrodes 20 and 2| and is secured to a spindle 28 rotatably mounted in a bearing formed in the end plate II. The spindle 25 projects beyond the outer surface of the end plate H and is provided with means, e. g. the slot 21, whereby the position of the semi-circular plate electrode 25 may be adjusted. The spindle 26 is also provided with an extension 28 which passes between the electrodes 20 and 2|, through an aperture 29 in the plate l2 and through an aperture 30 in the electrode IS. A nut 3| screwed on the extension 28 of the spindle 26 holds a spring washer 32 in contact with the underside of the electrode l9 serving to provide an electrical connection between the movable electrode 25 and the electrode I9. As shown, the insulating plate [3 is formed with a recess 31a which receives the end of the spindle extension 28 with its attached nut 3| and spring washer 32. In some cases where it is not desired to connect electrically the electrode IS with the movable electrode 25 the spindle extension 28 with the nut 3| and spring washer 32 may be omitted. The electrodes 20 and 2| are each provided with laterally extending tags 38 which extend beyond the edge of the insulating plates to provide convenient means whereby electrical connection may be made with the electrodes. The electrode I9 is similarly provided with a tag 34 projecting beyond the edge of the plates.
In operation, on rotation of the spindle 28, it will be seen that the rotating plate electrode 25 may be brought from a position in which it over,- laps the electrode 20 only, through positions in which it overlaps decreasing areas of the electrode 20 and increasing areas of the other electrode 2|, to a position in which it overlaps only this other electrode.
The invention accordingly provides a holder for piezoelectric crystals combined with a differential condenser. Such an arrangement may be used advantageously in electrical filter networks such for example as are shown in Figures 3 and 4. Figure 3 shows a network in which a single crystal is employed. In this arrangement it is usually desired either to balance out the capacity of the crystal 35 and its holder by means of the variable condenser 38 or to arrange for a so called rejector point in the transfer characteristic by adjusting the condenser 36 t0 unbalance the circuit slightly. The above described holder may be used for this purpose by inserting a suitable crystal in one of the apertures, say aperture 15, in the insulating plate [2, connecting the tag 33 of electrode 20 with the end 31 of the inductance 38, connecting tag 33 of the electrode 2| with the other end' 4% of the inductance 38, and connecting tag 34 of the electrode [9 with the output terminal 39. The circuit of Figure 4 shows a filter network employing a pair of crystals 40 and M. In this case the tags 33 of electrodes 20 and 2| are connected with the ends 3'! and 40 respectively of the in ductance coil 38 and the tag 34 of electrode I9 is connected with the output terminal 39. Adjustment of the position of the movable electrocle 25 relative to the fixed electrodes 28 and 2| enables any desired value of capacity within the limits of the dimensions of the apparatus to be connected in effect across one or other of the two crystals 40 and 4|.
In some crystal filter circuits of the kind shown generally in Figiue 4, the single crystals All and 4| may be replaced each by a plurality of crystals having difierent resonant frequencies, and it will be understood that wherever reference is made herein to a crystal, the use of either one or a plurality of crystals is contemplated. The holder of the present invention may be modified for such arrangements by providing in the insulating plate l2 a plurality of apertures arranged in two groups, one group of apertures being closed by the electrode 26 and the electrode 19 and the other group being closed by the electrode 2| and the electrode l9.
It will be seen therefore that the combined multiple crystal holder and condenser in accordance with this invention may be employed with advantage through saving in space and improved performance in piezoelectrical crystal band-pass filters and other circuits employing one or more piezoelectric crystals in which it is desired to control the performance by means of an adjustable condenser.
1. In combination a piezoelectric crysta1holdor for accommodating two crystals comprising two independent pairs of electrodes, one pair for each crystal, and a differential condenser comprising a single rotor and two opposed stators, the said stators being constituted by one electrode of each of the said two pairs of electrodes.
2. In a piezoelectric crystal holder for accommodating two crystals, two coplanar electrodes associated one with each crystal and a third electrode mounted adjacent to the said two coplanar electrodes and adjustable relatively thereto.
3. In a piezoelectric crystal holder for accommodating two crystals, two coplanar electrodes associated one with each crystal and a third electrode rotatably mounted adjacent to and parallel with said two coplanar electrodes.
4. A piezoelectric crystal holder for accommodating two crystals comprising an insulating plate like member formed with two crystal locating apertures, two spaced coplanar electrodes mounted on one side of the said plate and covering the apertures therein, a single electrode mounted on the other side of said plate covering both said apertures, and an additional electrode mounted adjacent the said two coplanar electrodes and movable therebetween, the said additional electrode being electrically connected with the said single electrode.
ERNEST LET'I' GARDINER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5057182 *||Jan 19, 1990||Oct 15, 1991||Sonokinetics Group||Ultrasonic comb horn and methods for using same|
|US5171387 *||May 10, 1991||Dec 15, 1992||Sonokinetics Group||Ultrasonic comb horn and methods for using same|
|US7494468||Feb 21, 2003||Feb 24, 2009||Omnisonics Medical Technologies, Inc.||Ultrasonic medical device operating in a transverse mode|
|US7503895||Feb 24, 2003||Mar 17, 2009||Omnisonics Medical Technologies, Inc.||Ultrasonic device for tissue ablation and sheath for use therewith|
|US7794414||Feb 9, 2004||Sep 14, 2010||Emigrant Bank, N.A.||Apparatus and method for an ultrasonic medical device operating in torsional and transverse modes|
|US8790359||May 18, 2007||Jul 29, 2014||Cybersonics, Inc.||Medical systems and related methods|
|US20040158150 *||Feb 2, 2004||Aug 12, 2004||Omnisonics Medical Technologies, Inc.||Apparatus and method for an ultrasonic medical device for tissue remodeling|
|U.S. Classification||310/318, 310/342|