Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS224226 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 3, 1880
Filing dateDec 2, 1879
Publication numberUS 224226 A, US 224226A, US-A-224226, US224226 A, US224226A
InventorsFrank Rhind
Original AssigneeF One
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Frank rhind
US 224226 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



No. 224,226, A. Patented Feb. 3, 1880.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 224,226, dated. February 3, 1880. Application filed December 2, 1879.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, FRANK RHIND, ot' Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain newand useful Improvements in Coal-Oil Chandeliers; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use it, reference bein g had to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification.

My invention relates to an improvement in chandeliers; and it consists in a bent pipe which has an oil-reservoir placed upon one end and a number of" cups placed along at intervals to receive burners, the said pipe being suspended from above by means of rods, as will be more fully described hereinafter.

Figure l is a perspective of my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section ot` the glass top.

c represents the wick-cup of a coal-oil chandelier, or device for lighting windows `and fac tories, and which is placed upon a branch pipe or tube, c, which leads out from the bottom of the reservoir d, which works upon the barometrica-l principle. This reservoiris placed at one end ot' the supply-pipe, which runs along under all the cups. This tube c is supported from above by means of the rods or pipes g, and which hold the pipe c rigidly in place. Of course, this pipe c will be of any desired length, according to the size of the window, and will be provided with any suitable number of burners. For the sake of convenience the tube c is so bent that the end upon which the reservoir is placed will extend into the store, or up in one corner of the window, where it is not only readily reached, but is out of the way and takes up no room.

By means of a device of4 this kind windows of all kinds can be most brilliantly lightedby meansot' coal-oil, and at a far less price than by gas.

In order to prevent the oil from creeping up -over the tops of the cups, as it will do when the cups are made of metal, no matter to what height they may be made, I make the top c of each cup of glass, which is secured to the cup by any suitable wax or cement. Each one of these glass tops e has a flange, n,

projecting out from its lower edge, and on its bottom is made a shoulder or oft'set, o. By means of this flange, which projects out over the top of the cup or bowl and the shoulder, a joint is made, through which it is impossible for the oil to escape. Oil will not creep up a glass-surface by capillary attraction as it will a metal one; and when the Oil reaches this glass top it will go no farther, and hence never creep up over its top and run down upon the iioor.

In order to save the expense and time of cementing on the usual collaror female screw t', into which the burner screws, I apply the collar to the top while it is hot and soft, and, the glass catching in the threads on the outer side of the collar, the two parts will be secured together as one solid piece. This collar may be dropped in the molds, and the top pressed uponV it, or the two may be stuck together in any other manner preferred. This glass top is equally applicable to metallic lamps, which are being driven out ot' use on account of the oil rising overthe top and running down over the sides.

Where the conducting tubes, pipes, or arms are made of iron, their insides are thoroughly coated with lgum-shellac, or any other suitable compound which is not affected by the coaloil, so as to stop up all of the holes in the pipes through which the oil would leak.

The glass tops e may be made to cover the ventire top of the lamp or wick-cup, or the collar alone may be made of glass. It' preferred, any other substance having a vitreous face or coating may be substituted for the glass.

Having thus described my invention, I claim- A device for lighting shop-windows, consisting of the bent pipe c, upon which are placed the cups a and reservoir d, which pipe is suspended from above by means ofthe rods or pipes g, substantially as shown.

In testimony that I claimthe foregoing I FRANK RHIND.




have hereunto set my hand this 28th day of95 -November, 1879.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7316822Nov 26, 2003Jan 8, 2008Ethicon, Inc.Injectable suspension of a tissue carrier matrix of bioresorbable granules and a tissue fragment containing viable cells that migrate from the tissue and populate the matrix; rotator cuff injuries, ACL ruptures, and meniscal tears
US7824701Feb 25, 2003Nov 2, 2010Ethicon, Inc.from monomers such as lactide, glycolide, dioxanone, and caprolactone; living cells migrate and populate scaffold; orthopedics, foot surgery
US7875296Nov 29, 2007Jan 25, 2011Depuy Mitek, Inc.Conformable tissue repair implant capable of injection delivery
US7901461Dec 5, 2003Mar 8, 2011Ethicon, Inc.Viable tissue repair implants and methods of use
US8137686Apr 20, 2004Mar 20, 2012Depuy Mitek, Inc.Nonwoven tissue scaffold
US8221780Jun 29, 2006Jul 17, 2012Depuy Mitek, Inc.Nonwoven tissue scaffold
US8226715Jun 30, 2003Jul 24, 2012Depuy Mitek, Inc.Scaffold for connective tissue repair
US8449561Feb 15, 2007May 28, 2013Depuy Mitek, LlcGraft fixation device combination
US8657881Apr 20, 2004Feb 25, 2014Depuy Mitek, LlcMeniscal repair scaffold
US8691259Nov 16, 2005Apr 8, 2014Depuy Mitek, LlcReinforced foam implants with enhanced integrity for soft tissue repair and regeneration
US20050232967Apr 20, 2004Oct 20, 2005Kladakis Stephanie MNonwoven tissue scaffold
Cooperative ClassificationF21L19/00