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Publication numberUS2243299 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 27, 1941
Filing dateOct 8, 1940
Priority dateOct 8, 1940
Publication numberUS 2243299 A, US 2243299A, US-A-2243299, US2243299 A, US2243299A
InventorsEllis Travers
Original AssigneeEllis Travers
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Irrigating applicator
US 2243299 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 27, 1941. E. TRAVERS 2,243,299

- IRRIGATING APPLICAT'OR Filed oct. 8, 1940 fo "Umm, x'

Patented May 27, 1941 'UNETED STATES PATENT OFFICE IRRIGATING vAPPLICATOR Ellis Travers, West Los Angeles, Calif.

Application October 8, 1940, Serial No. 360,211

(Cl. 12S-240) 7 Claims.

My invention relates to improvements in irrigating apparatus and pertains more particularly to a double flow irrigating applicator for insertion into the rectum, Vagina, or other body orice.

The principal object of the invention is to provide an applicator of the character described which may be readily dismantled for cleaning and sterilization and which may be readily reassembled.

Another obj-ect of the invention is to provide a double flow applicator of the character described with liquid supply and -outlet channels which may be readily cleansed and maintained open and with liquid return openings and passages of large diameter.

A further object of the invention is to provide an applicator of the character described which is of rugged construction and is inexpensive to manufacture.

Further objects and advantages of the invention will either be specifically brought out in the ensuing descriptionor will be apparent therefrom.

I have illustrated my invention in the accompanying drawing and referring thereto:

Fig. l is a partly sectional elevational view of a preferred embodiment of my applicator;

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional detail showing the forward end thereof on enlarged scale;

Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section thereof taken on line 3-3 in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a transverse section taken along line d-ll in Fig. l;

Fig. 5 is another transverse section taken along line 5 5 in Fig. 2;

Fig. 6 is a transverse section taken along line --S in Fig. 2;

Fig. 7 is a transverse sectional view illustrating a modified form of construction; and

Fig. 8 is a longitudinal sectional View taken along line S--S in Fig. '7 with the inner barrel omitted for the purpose of clarity.

Referring to the drawing, the preferred form of my applicator is shown as comprising an outer barrel I having a smooth outer surface for insertion in a body cavity such as the rectum. The term smooth is meant to denote the absence of any harsh irregularities on the outer surface and includes a barrel having a cylindrical cross-section such as shown or an oval cross-section, or it may include a barrel having a longitudinal flutecl surface provided the surface in contact with the body is curved. The barrel I is shown as comprising forward and rearward '7 openings I If,

outer barrel members 2 and 3, respectively, which abut at 4 to provide a substantially liquid-tight joint. The outer barrel members are provided with axially alined cylindrical inner surfaces 5 .rand 6.

The applicator further comprises an inner barrel 'I which extends within the outer barrel and is longitudinally removable therefrom. The inner barrel is removably secured adjacent its rearward end as by means of external screw threads 8 to the rearward outer barrel 3. The outer surface of the inner barrel is` adapted to contact the inner cylindrical surfaces 5 and 6 of the outer barrel l at a plurality of points to maintain the abutting outer barrel members 2 and 3 in alinement. The outer surface of the inner barrel member 1 is recessed longitudinally as at 9 and lll to provide liquid supply channels extending between the inner and outer barrel members.

The forward barrel member 2 is provided with one or more liquid discharge openings Il and with one or more liquid return openings i2. The longitudinally extending recesses 9 and ill extend to a position beneath the liquid discharge In order to discharge liquid through la plurality of openings l I located at circumferentially spaced positions on the outer barrel, the outer surface of the inner barrel 'l is provided with an annular recess I3 which coin- -municates with each of the openings II and establishes communication between the longitudinally extending .recesses 9 and I9.

The inner barrel member 'i is further provided with one or more liquid return openings i4 which are adapted to aline with the liquid return openings I2 inthe outer barrel to provide a liquid return passage communicating with the interior of the inner barrel. The outer surface of the inner barrel is in continuous contact with the inner surface of the forward outer barrel member around the liquid return passage as at I5.

It is to be pointed out that the outer surface of the inner barrel member 'I performs three functions: it serves to maintain the outer barrel members in alinement; it cooperates with the inner surfaces of the outer barrel members to provide a liquid sup-ply channel; and it cooperates with the inner surface of the forward outer barrel member to provide a liquid return passage. To perform the first function, it is necessary only for the outer surface of the inner barrel member to contact the inner surfaces of the outer barrel members at a sufficient number of points to maintain them in alineinent. Thus it is not necessary for the major porti-on of the surface of the inner barrel member to contact the outer barrel members as shown. Thus, the outer surface of the inner barrel member may be rugose instead of smooth as shown. By changing the surface of the inner barrel in this manner, the longitudinally extending recesses 9 and I0 and the annular recess I3 may be omitted since the space shown between the projections on the outer surface of the inner barrel member will provide the necessary liquid supply channel communicating with the liquid discharge openings I I. It still will be necessary, however, for the outer surface of the inner barrel to be in continuous contact with the inner surface of the forward outer barrel around the return passage in order to prevent communication within the applicator between the liquid supply channel and the liquid return passage.

The applicator is further provided with la removable plug IB having a smooth exterior surface II which preferably joins smoothly with the outer surface of the forward outer barrel member 2. The plug I6 is shown engaging the forward ends of the barrels 2 and 'l and closing the interior of the inner barrel. The plug I6 preferably threadedly engages the interior of the inner barrel member as at I8 and acts to hold the outerbarrel members 2 and 3 in abutment at 4.

Means associated with the rearward outer barrel member 3 is provided for dening a liquid supply passage communicating with the liquid supply channel such as defined by the recesses 9 and I0. Such means may comprise a nipple I9 adapted for connection to a suitable liquid supply as through the agency of rubber tube 20. The nipple I9 is shown attached to the rearward outer barrel 3 and this barrel is preferably expanded at this position as indicated at 2| to provide an annular inlet chamber 2la, which extends around the inner barrel member 'I and provides communication between the nipple I9 and the recesses 9 and I0. The expanded portion 2I also acts as a gauge or stop to limitJ the depth of insertion of the applicator into the body cavity. v

Means is also provided for defining a liquid outlet passage communicating with the interior of the inner barrel member adjacent its rearward end. Such means may be provided by forming a rearward projection 22 on the rearward outer barrel member 3 which extends beyond the projecting portion 2| and the inner barrel member 'I'. This projection 22 provides a nipple by means of which the liquids returned through the interior of the inner barrel may be conveyed to a desired position such as a sewer through the agency of a suitable conduit such as a rubber tube 23. The rearward end of the inner barrel preferably extends rearwardly beyond the threads 8 and into the extension 2'2 as at 22a to provide a seal therebetween to prevent the leakage of liquid within the applicator between the inlet chamber 2| and the outlet passage.

As pointed out above, the applicator may be substantially completely dismantled for cleaning and sterilization. Assuming that it has been` dismantled, it is preferably assembled as follows: The forward outer barrel member is slipped over the forward end of the inner barrel member and the openings I2 and I4 are placed in alinement; the plug IS is screwed into the end of the inner barrel and brought into snug engagement therewith; the rearward end of the inner barrel is then inserted into the forward end of the rearward outer barrel and the threads 8 are screwed into the coactingthreads on the interior of the rearward outer barrel until the plug I6 engages the forward end of the forward outer barrel and forces this barrel toward the rearward outer barrel and brings the outer barrels into abutment at 4.

In order to facilitate the aligning of the openings I2 and I4 when the device is assembled as above described, I prefer to provide the forward ends of the innerbarrel and the forward outer ybarrel with cooperating means for engaging one another. Such means may comprise a radial projection 25 located on the inner surface of the forward outer barrel 2 and a cooperating recess 26 on the outer surface of the inner barrel I as shown in Fig. 6. Obviously, the recess may be provided in the outer barrel and the projection may be provided on the inner barrel.

I It is understood that it is not necessary that the liquid supply channel be provided by recesses in the outer surface of the inner barrel member, as illustrated in Figs. 1 to 5. The recesses may be provided on the inner surfaces of the outer barrel members and the outer surface of the inner barrel member may be smooth. An example of such construction is illustrated in Figs. 7 and 8.

In these figures the outer barrel member is designated at Ia and comprises two sections 2a, and 3a which abut at 4a. The outer barrel Ia is provided with a pair of longitudinal extending recesses 9a and IUa on its inner surface, corresponding to the recesses 9 and I0 on the outer surface of the inner barrel' in Fig. 1. The applicator is further provided with an inner barrel 'la which has a cylindrical outer surface which is adapted to contact the inner surface of each of the sections of the barrel Ia at a pluraliity of points in order to maintain the sections in alinement.

In order to maintain communication between the liquid supply passages provided by the recesses in each of the outer barrel sections, irrespective of the relative rotative positions of the barrel sections, I have provided an annular recess 3U in the inner surface of the outer barrel member at the position of the joint 4a. Thus, if the applicator is assembled with the longitudinal recesses in adjacent sections out of alinement, the liquid may fiow through one recess to the position of the joint 4a and thence through the annular recess 3U and into a recess in the adjacent outer section.

The relative lengths of the barrel members 2 and 3 may be varied considerably without departing from the present invention. I prefer, however, to have the rearward outer barrel 3 of sufficient length to place the forward end thereof and the joint 4 within the body recess when the device is in use, so that the contact of the body about the joint 4 tends to prevent the leakage of liquid through the joint. Furthermore, any leakage from this joint takes place within the patients body.

The applicator may be fabricated from metal, molded plastic, or other material or combination of materials. It is preferable to keep the weight of the applicator at a minimum. In order to prevent burrs from forming on the external surface thereof, it is also preferable to slightly round the edges of the outer barrel members at the abutting joint 4 and to also slightly round the edges at the forward end of the forward outer barrel member 2.

Having now described and illustrated a particular form of my invention, I wish it to be understood that my invention is not to be limited to the specific form or arrangement of parts herein described and shown, except insofar as such limitations are specied in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In an irrigating applicator, the combination which comprises: an outer barrel having a smooth outer surface for insertion in a body cavity, said barrel comprising forward and rearward abutting barrel members; an inner barrel extending within and longitudinally removable from said outer barrel and secured adjacent its rearward end to said rearward outer barrel member, the outer surface of said inner barrel being adapted to contact the inner surfaces of both of said outer barrel members at a plurality of points lying on a common cylindrical surface to maintain said abutting barrel members in alinement, the forward barrel member having a liquid discharge opening and a liquid return opening, the outer surface of said inner barrel and the inner surface of said outer barrel cooperating to form a liquid supply channel extending between said last-mentioned barrels and communicating with said liquid discharge opening, said inner barrel being provided with a liquid return opening adapted to aline with the first-mentioned liquid return opening to provide a liquid return passage communiy cating with the interior of the inner barrel, the outer surface of said inner barrel being in continuous contact with the inner surface of said forward outer barrel member around said liquid return passage; means associated with said rearward outer barrel member defining a liquid supply passage communicating with said liquid supply channel; means defining a liquid outlet passage communicating with the interior of said inner barrel member adjacent its rearward end; and a removable plug having a smooth exterior surface and engaging the forward ends of said barrels and closing the interior of said inner barrel and holding said outer barrel members in abutment.

2. An applicator as set forth in claim 1, the forward end of the forward one of said outer barrel members and the forward end of said inner barrel member being provided with cooperating means for alining said liquid return openings, said means comprising a radially extending projection on one of said last-mentioned members and a cooperating recess in the other of said lastmentioned members.

3. An applicator as set forth in claim 1, the position of abutment of said outer barrel members being sufficiently near to said plug member so as to be located within a body cavity when the applicator is inserted in such a body cavity.

4. An applicator as set forth in claim 1, the inner surface of said outer barrel member having a recess to provide said liquid supply channel.

5. In en irrigating applicator, the combination which comprises: an outer barrel -having a smooth outer surface for insertion in a body cavity, said barrel comprising forward and rearward abutting barrel members having axially alined cylindrical inner surfaces; an inner barrel extending within and longitudinally removable from said outer barrel .and removably secured adjacent its rearward end to said rearward outer barrel member and having an outer surface adapted to contact each of said inner cylindrical surfaces at a plurality of points to maintain said abutting barrel members in alinement, the forward barrel member having a liquid discharge opening land a liquid return opening, the outer surface of said inner barrel member being recessed to provide a liquid supply channel extending between said outer barrel members and said inner barrel and communicating with said liquid discharge opening, said inner barrel member being provided with 'a liquid return opening adapted to aline with the first-mentioned liquid return opening to provide a liquid return passage communicating with the interior of the inner barrel, the outer surface of said inner barrel being in continuous contact with the inner surface of said forward outer barrel member around said liquid return passage; means associated with said rearward outer barrel member defining a liquid supply passage communicating with said liquid supply channel; means defining a liquid outlet passage communicating with the interior of said inner barrel member adjacent its rearward end; and a removable plug having a smooth exterior surface and engaging the forward ends of said barrels and closing the interior of said inner barrel and holding' said outer barrel members in abutment.

6. An applicator as set forth in claim 5, the forward end of the forward one of said outer barrel members and the forward end of said inner barrel member being provided with cooperating means for alining said liquid return openings, said means comprising a, radially extending projection on one of said last-mentioned members and a cooperating recess in the other of said last-mentioned members.

7. An applicator as set forth in claim 5, the position of abutment of said outer barrel members being sufficiently near to said plug member so as vto be located within a body cavity when the lapplicator is inserted in such a body cavity.

ELLIS TRAVERS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2494088 *Feb 13, 1948Jan 10, 1950Dulity Nicholas MColon irrigating device
US2559086 *May 9, 1949Jul 3, 1951Mclaren George EDevice for administering enemata
US3109426 *Feb 13, 1961Nov 5, 1963Noonan Clayton TCombined aspirator and irrigation instrument
US4723946 *Feb 12, 1986Feb 9, 1988Kay Dennis MUrinary catheter, hygiene system and process therefor
US4941872 *Jan 22, 1985Jul 17, 1990C. R. Bard, Inc.Control handle for surgical irrigation and suction device
US5470305 *Apr 19, 1993Nov 28, 1995Stryker CorporationIrrigation handpiece with built in pulsing pump
US5709698 *Feb 26, 1996Jan 20, 1998Linvatec CorporationIrrigating/aspirating shaver blade assembly
US5718668 *Nov 17, 1995Feb 17, 1998Stryker CorporationIrrigation handpiece with built in pulsing pump
US5827218 *Apr 18, 1996Oct 27, 1998Stryker CorporationSurgical suction pool tip
US5947990 *Feb 24, 1997Sep 7, 1999Smith & Nephew, Inc.Endoscopic surgical instrument
US6022329 *Jan 20, 1998Feb 8, 2000Stryker CorporationIrrigation handpiece with built in pulsing pump
US6068641 *Aug 25, 1998May 30, 2000Linvatec CorporationIrrigated burr
US6213970Dec 19, 1996Apr 10, 2001Stryker CorporationSurgical suction irrigation
US6623445Oct 2, 2000Sep 23, 2003Stryker CorporationSurgical suction irrigator
US6746419Dec 14, 1999Jun 8, 2004Stryker CorporationIrrigation handpiece with built in pulsing pump
US7144383May 4, 2004Dec 5, 2006Stryker CorporationSurgical/medical irrigating handpiece with variable speed pump, integrated suction and battery pack
US7297133Aug 26, 2003Nov 20, 2007Stryker CorporationSurgical suction irrigator
US7481791Oct 14, 2003Jan 27, 2009Stryker CorporationSurgical suction irrigator
US7762997 *Oct 19, 2004Jul 27, 2010Ariana AdjaniHygienic and therapeutic vaginal cleansing and hydromassaging device
US8206349Mar 1, 2007Jun 26, 2012Medtronic Xomed, Inc.Systems and methods for biofilm removal, including a biofilm removal endoscope for use therewith
US20130085477 *Sep 29, 2011Apr 4, 2013Tyco Healthcare Group LpCatheter with tapering surfaces
WO1986004247A1 *Jan 21, 1986Jul 31, 1986Bard Inc C RControl handle for surgical irrigation and suction system
WO2004012792A1 *Jul 29, 2003Feb 12, 2004Zassi Medical Evolutions IncNozzle for stoma cleansing system
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/39
International ClassificationA61M3/02, A61M3/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M3/0283
European ClassificationA61M3/02H2