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Publication numberUS2247799 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 1, 1941
Filing dateAug 31, 1939
Priority dateAug 31, 1939
Publication numberUS 2247799 A, US 2247799A, US-A-2247799, US2247799 A, US2247799A
InventorsWhitlock Boardman
Original AssigneeFerguson Brothers Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Folding chair
US 2247799 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 1, 1941' w. BOARDMAN 2,247,799

" FOLDING CHAIR Filed Aug. 31, 19159I 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ATTORNEYS July 1,1941. -w BOARDMA'N 2,247,799

FOLDING C HAIR Filed Aug. 31, 1959 2 sheets-sheet 2 ATTORNEYS Patented July 1, 1941 FOLDIN G "CHAI-R Whitlock Boardman, Hoboken, N. J., assignor to Ferguson Brothers Manufacturing Company, Hoboken, N. J .,-a corporation of New Jersey Application August 31, 1939,'Serial No. 292,859

(lol. 155-148) 4 7 Claims.

This invention relates to a folding chair of the type in which mechanism is provided for permitting the folding of the chair seat in substantial parallelism with the back rest and the opposite folding of ther rear and front legs, substantially parallel with the seat; so that the area of the chair when folded is not greater than the 'area of the back rest vor seat and the thickness is no greater vthan the thickness of the back rest, seat and legs combined. 4

An object of the invention is to provide im' proved mechanism for permitting the folding, unfolding and locking of the parts in unfolded position, with particular reference to an advanced type .and arrangement of locking means.

Another object consists in providing such mechanism in which the locking of the parts in unfolded position is automatically accomplished with the result of extreme rigidity, together with simple manually operable means for releasing the locking mechanism.

Another object consists in providing means for manual releasing the locking mechanism, which means is so arranged as to tend to prevent accidental release by the occupant when handling the chair for the purpose of moving it in one direction or another.

A further `object consists in providing folding and locking mechanism in which the several elements are sturdy and cooperate with a minimum of lost motion and with a maximum of precision.

Another object con-sists in providing such a chair in which the front legs extend to the top of the seat frame so as to enhance the appearance and improve. the rigidity of the chair.

A further object consists in providing certain improvements in the form, construction and arrangement of the vseveral parts, whereby the above named and other ob-jects may effectively be attained.

A practical embodiment of the invention is represented in the accompanying drawings, in WhCh. I l

Fig. 1 represents a side elevation of my improved folding chair in its unfolded position ready for use;

Fig. 2 represents a 'front view of the same;

Figs. 3, 4 and 5 represent front, side and rear views, respectively, of the chair with the parts in Afolded. position;

Fig. 6 represents an enlarged detail vertical ysection showing the locking mechanism with the parts in unfolded position, the chair vseat being removed;

Fig. 'Zrepresents a similar View of the parts in folded position, and

,The back rest of the chair consists of uprights I, 2 and cross braces 3, 4, 5; and the seat includes side membersf, 1, a front member vil, and support and cushion which are indicated collectively by 9. Mechanism is provided for connecting and jointly operating the back rest, seat and legs and, as this mechanism is duplicated at eachside of the chair, it will suice to describe the same in connection with one side only.

To thelower inner surface of upright I is secured a plate I', which is firmly xed in position by any suitable means vsuch as screws I'I'. An intermediate portion of plate I0 is offset, as indicated at I2, so Aas to provide space between the upright and said plate for the reception of a projecting extremity I3 on an angle plate I-'4 that is firmly secured to the inner rear surface of the seat side member 6 by screws I5. A pivot pin. I6 traverses the offset portion I2 and the extremity I3 and enters the upright I to establish a pivotal connection between the back rest vand sea-t and permit relative folding and unfolding thereof.

The rear legs of the chair are denoted by Il, I8 and are connected by the usual cross frames I9, 20. An L plate 2I is fastened to the upper" inner surface of rear legll by screws 22, and an intermediate portion of its projecting arm 23 is pivoted, as indicated at 2'4, to Va boss on angle plate I4 that projects below seat side member 6; whereby the said rear leg is pivoted to the seat for swinging or folding movement with respect thereto.

The extremity o-f arm '23 is connected by a pivot pin 25 with an vend of a link 2'6 that has its other end pivoted, as indicated at 21, to a portion 28 of plate `IIJ that is offset to a greater extent than the intermediate offset portion vI'2 of said plate; whereby a connection is made between rear leg I'I and back rest upright I so that the movement of either the rear leg or the back rest imparts movement to the other.

To the extremity of offset portion 28 on plate I0 there is pivoted, as shown at 29, one end of an actuating strap 39, Whichvstrap is slightly bent, ,as illustrated in Fig. 8, so as to clear adjacent parts of the mechanism, and has its other end pivoted at 3l in the projecting nose of a locking plate 32 which has a forwardly extending arm 33 that is pivoted at 34 to a .hinge plate 35 which is set into the upper inner surface of front leg 36 and fastened 'therein by screws' 31. The other front leg is denoted by 38, and is formed, connected and operated like front leg 36, so that it will only be necessary to give a detailed description touching the latter.

The locking plate 32 has its intermediate portion pivoted at 39 to one end of a link 4D, the other end of which is pivotally secured, as shown at 4l, to a face plate 42 which is fastened by screws 43 to the inner front surface of seat side member 6. The said face plate 42 has its front end 44 bent at right angles to its body portion and fixed to the adjacent inner surface of seat front member 8 by screws 45, in order to establish a firm connection between the said side and front members of the seat.

Hinge plate 35 on front leg 35 has a rearward projection 43 that is spaced from the top of the leg and pivotally connected at 41 to a depending boss of face plate 42, so as to hinge the said front leg to the seat and permit the leg to be folded into substantial parallelism with the seat side member, or to be folded into normal relationship thereto with the upper end of the front leg occupying the angular space between the seat side member and front member 8, and the top of the leg in the plane of the top of the said seat side member and front member.

The forward edge of locking plate 32 has an inwardly offset portion 48 which is provided with an elongated slot 49 that is fitted for locking engagement with a locking and releasing bar 5i) which has its ends bent and pivoted at 5l and 52 to face plates 42. Retractile coil springs 54, 55 are connected to the bent end portions of the locking and releasing bar, as indicated at 55, 51,4

such that, when the chair is unfolded into usable position, the said cam edge Sii will contact locking and releasing bar 5E) and move it against the tension of its springs 54, 55 Lmtil the slot and bar coincide, at which moment the tension of the springs will draw the bar into the slot and look the chair in unfolded position. When it is desired to fold the chair, it is merely necessary manually to swing the locking and releasing bar 50 against the tension of its springs 54, 55 until the bar clears the slot 49, whereupon the chair may be folded by swinging the back rest forwardly or the front legs rearwardly or the rear legs forwardly. As previously indicated, there are two slots for engagement with the bar, one at each side of the chair seat, and the fact that the bar is flat in cross section and the slots are elongated lends the construction to a firm and secure locking effect. For convenience in manipulation, the locking and releasing bar 53 is twisted intermediate its ends so that the central portion 5I offers a hat side to the fingers when the bar is manipulated to release the lock.

The chair is most conveniently operated, when it is desired to fold the same, by seizing the front of the seat with one hand and the top of the back rest with the other hand. The fingers of the first hand then move the bar 5e so as to release the lock, and the front of the seat and top of the back rest are moved toward each other simultaneously. Through the connections above described this brings about a very compact structure of the nature set forth at the outset of this description; and it may be added that the rear legs are preferably spaced close enough together so that they will lie within the front legs when the chair is completely folded. To unfold the chair into useful position, the operator may seize the front of the seat and top of the back rest and move them apart until the springs 54, 55 automatically slide the bar 50 into the slot 49 and its mate. Indeed, it is not necessary, in this operation, to take hold of the front of the seat at all, as it suiiices to lift the folded chair by the top of the back rest and, with a downward snap, bring it to unfolded and locked position.

When the chair is in unfolded position, the relationship of the locking and releasing bar 5l) and slot 49, with its mate, is such that, if the occupant of the chair should reach with one cr both hands underneath the front of the seat for the purpose of pulling the chair forwardly to bring it closer to a table, or for any other purpose, there is little or no likelihood of inadvertent releasing of the lock through the manual grasp of the occupant. To effect such a release requires a deliberate downward as well as forward pull on the bar 5S because it is fiat in cross section and the slots with which it coacts incline forwardly and downwardly when the chair is unfolded. The fact just stated, when considered in connection wtih the further fact that it is necessary to swing the back rest forwardly toward the seat in order to fold the chair, practically insures against unintentional collapsing or folding with its possibility of injury to the occupant.

The point at which the strap 3%, and its mate, are pivoted to the locking plate 32, and its mate; as well as the separate points at which the said strap and link 25, and their mates, are pivoted to the plate I0, and its mate, insure smoothness and ease in folding and unfolding movement, supplemented by pronounced rigidity when the chair is in use. There is no opportunity for any of the parts to get set on dead center and hamper folding movement; nor is there any substantial tendency to lost motion either inherent in the structure or arising from reasonable wear.

The provision whereby the front legs are pivoted so as to, when unfolded, lie in the angular space between the side members and front member of the seat and extend to the top of the seat, also tends to rigidity and imparts a line and sturdy appearance to the structure. The plates and various other elements of the actuating mechanism may be made in any well known or approved manner, but I prefer to stamp or cut them from metal, which is a facile and economical procedure.

It Will be understood that various changes may be resorted to in the form, construction, and arrangement of the several parts without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention, and hence I do not intend to be limited to the details herein shown and described, except as they may be included in the claims.

What I claim is:

l. A folding chair comprising, a back rest, a s-eat pivoted thereto, rear legs pivoted to the seat for folding forwardly, front legs pivoted to the seat for folding rearwardly, and mechanism permitting the back rest, seat, and legs to be folded into substantial parallelism and for locking said partsin unfolded usable position, said mechanism including plates fixed to the seat having projections pivoted to the back rest, -plates on the rear legs having projections pivoted to the plates on the seat, plates fixed to the front legs having projections pivoted to the seat, additional plates pivoted at one end to the front legs, at an intermediate point to links connected with the seat and having rearwardly projecting noses, plates on the back rest linked to the plates on the rear legs and each connected by a single link to the rearwardly projecting noses of said additional plates on the front legs, and a locking element carried by the seat for engaging said additional plates when the chair is unfolded.

2. A folding chair comprising, a back rest, a seat pivoted thereto, rear legs pivoted to the seat for folding forwardly, front legs pivoted to the seat for folding rearwardly, and mechanism permitting the back rest, seat, and legs to be folded into substantial parallelism and for locking said parts in unfolded usable position, said mechanism including connections between the back rest, rear legs, seat and front legs for swinging the rear legs forwardly and front legs rearwardly when the back rest is swung forwardly, and complementary locking elements consisting of a bar elongated in cross section mounted to swing on the seat and elements pivoted to the front legs and provided with slots for engagement with said bar.

3. A folding chair comprising, a, back rest, a

seat pivoted thereto, rear legs pivoted to the seat for folding forwardly, front legs pivoted to the seat for folding rearwardly, and mechanism permitting the back rest, seat, and legs to be folded into substantial parallelism and for locking said parts in unfolded usable position, said mechanism including connections between the back rest, rear legs, seat and front legs for swinging the rear legs forwardly and front legs rearwardly when the back rest is swung forwardly, and complementary locking elements consisting of a bar elongated in cross section mounted to swing on the seat and elements pivoted to the front legs and provided with slots for engagement with said bar, and means automatically urging said bar to enter saidY slots while permitting manual withdrawal of the bar therefrom.

4. A folding chair comprising, a back rest, a seat pivoted thereto, rear legs pivoted to the seat for folding forwardly, front legs pivoted to the seat for folding rearwardly, and mechanism permitting the back rest, seat, and legs to be folded into substantial parallelism and for locking said parts in unfolded usable position, said mechanism including plates fixed to the seat having projections pivoted to the back rest, plates on the rear legs having projections pivoted to the plates on the seat, plates fixed to the front legs having projections pivoted to the seat, additional plates pivoted on the front legs and linked to the seat, plates on the back rest linked to the plates on the rear legs and each connected by a single link to the additional plates on the front legs, locking elements on said additional plates, complementary locking elements carried by the chair seat, and means for automatically engaging and manually disengaging said locking elements.

5. A folding chair comprising, a back rest, a seat pivoted thereto, rear legs pivoted to the seat for folding forwardly, front legs pivoted to the seat for folding rearwardly, and mechanism permitting the back rest, seat, and legs to be folded into substantial parallelism and for locking said parts in unfolded usable position, said mechanism including plates fixed to the seat having projections pivoted to the back rest, plates on the rear legs having projections pivoted to the plates on the seat, plates fixed to the front legs having projections pivoted to the seat, additional plates pivoted on the front legs and linked to the seat, plates on the back rest linked to the plates on the rear legs and each connected by a single link to the additional plates on the front legs, locking elements on said additional plates, complementary locking elements carried by the chair seat, and means for automatically engaging and manually disengaging said locking elements, one of said locking elements being elongated in cross section and the other having a slot, said slot opening in a forward and downward direction when the chair is unfolded so as to require a forward and downward manual movement of its complementary locking element for releasing the lock.

6. A folding chair comprising, a back rest, a seat pivoted thereto, rear legs pivoted to the seat for folding forwardly, front legs pivoted to the seat for folding rearwardly, and mechanism permitting the back rest, seat, and legs to be folded into substantial parallelism and for locking said parts in unfolded usable position,. said mechanism including plates on the seat having projections pivoted to the back rest, plates on the rear legs having projections pivoted to the plates on the seat, plates fixed to the front legs having projections pivoted to the seat, additional plates on the front legs linked to the seat, plates on th back rest linked to the plates on the rear legs and to the additional plates on the front legs, slots formed in the front edges of said additional plates, a bar pivotally mounted on the seat, and automatic means for swinging said bar around its pivotal mounting to cause it to enter said slots to lock the chair in unfolded usable position, said automatic means permitting manual movement of said bar in the reverse direction to disengage it from the slots and release the lock.

7. A folding chair comprising, a back rest, a seat pivoted thereto, rear legs pivoted to the seat for folding forwardly, front legs pivoted to the seat for folding rearwardly, and mechanism permitting the back rest, seat, and legs to be folded into substantial parallelism and for locking said parts in unfolded usablel position, said mechanism including plates on the seat having projections pivoted to the back rest, plates on the rear legs having projections pivoted to the plates on the seat, plates fixed to the front legs having projections pivoted to the seat, additional plates on the front legs linked to the seat, plates on the back rest linked to the plates on the rear legs and to the additional plates on the front legs, slots formed in the front edges of said additional plates, a bar elongated in cross section pivotally mounted on the seat, and automatic means for swinging said bar around its pivotal mounting to cause it to enter said slots to lock the chair in unfolded usable position, said slots opening in a forward and downward direction when the chair is unfolded whereby forward and downward manual pressure upon the locking bar will disengage it from the slots and release the lock.

WHITLOCK BOARDMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2514309 *Dec 10, 1945Jul 4, 1950Milton L SturmFolding chair
US2541036 *Apr 18, 1946Feb 13, 1951Bridge Tables & Novelties IncFolding chair
US2541130 *May 5, 1948Feb 13, 1951Bridge Tables & Novelties IncFolding chair
US2541131 *May 5, 1948Feb 13, 1951Bridge Tables & Novelties IncFolding chair
US2567111 *Apr 14, 1948Sep 4, 1951Warwal CorpFolding armchair
US4058341 *Apr 9, 1976Nov 15, 1977Johannes PrinsCollapsible chairs
US7954890 *Feb 19, 2008Jun 7, 2011Meco CorporationFolding chair
US8882189Apr 25, 2012Nov 11, 2014Cosco Management, Inc.Folding furniture
EP0196067A2 *Mar 25, 1986Oct 1, 1986Jörg RauschenbergerPivot for a folding chair
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/47
International ClassificationA47C4/10, A47C4/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47C4/10
European ClassificationA47C4/10