|Publication number||US2247802 A|
|Publication date||Jul 1, 1941|
|Filing date||Jan 4, 1940|
|Priority date||Jan 4, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2247802 A, US 2247802A, US-A-2247802, US2247802 A, US2247802A|
|Inventors||Mark H Damerell|
|Original Assignee||Mark H Damerell|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 1, 1941.
M. H. DAMERELL JACKETED STEAM HAMMER Filed Jan. 4, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet l July 1, 1941. M DAMERELL 2,247,802
JACKETED STEAM HAMMER Filed Jan. 4, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented July 1, 1941 U ITED I STAT PAT EN T F FICE 2,247,802 mon rel) STEAM HAMMER Mark H. Damerell, Worcester, Mass. Application January 4, 1940, Serial No. 312,403
This invention relates to heavy steam hammers used in blanking and forging operations.
It, is the general object of my invention to improve the construction and operation of such hammers by providing a jacket for the steam cylinder of the hammer, and by circulating exhaust steam from the cylinder through the jacket. I thus substantially reduce the loss of heatby radiation and the condensation of steam in the cylinder.
A further object of my invention is to provide a special and improved valve construction by which exhaust steam from either end of the steam cylinder will be delivered to the jacket, and live steam will be simultaneously delivered to the other end of the steam cylinder.
My invention further relates to arrangements and combinations of parts which will be hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out in the appended claim.
A preferred form of the inventionis shown in the drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a front elevation, partly in section, of portions of a steam hammer embodying my improvements;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional front elevation of the steam cylinder and associated parts;
Fig. 3 is a sectional plan view of the cylinder, taken along the line 3--3 in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a sectional front elevation of the main valve, still further enlarged;
Fig. 5 is a sectional plan view, taken along the line 55 in Fig. 4; and
Figs, 6, '7 and 8 are sectional plan views, taken along the lines 6-6, and 8-8 in Fig. 2 respectively.
Referring to Fig. 1, I have shown portions of a steam hammer which is in general of the usual construction and which comprises a head ID, a cylinder I I, a piston 12, a piston rod I4 and a ram l5 slidable between fixed guideways I6 and H. The ram I5 is provided with the usual inclined cam surface l8 engaging a lever l9 which actuates a motion rod 20, which in turn is connected to a rocker arm 2|. The arm 2| is connected by a rod or link 22 to the main valve piston 24.
The inclined cam surface I8 and the parts associated therewith act in the usual way to crack the main valve V and keep the piston I2 in oscillating motion when the hammer is idle, this method of operation being necessary to prevent the accumulation of condensed water in the bottom of the cylinder II. A throttle valve 25, manually actuated through a rod 26, controls the do not extend continuously the full length of the cylinder butare stopped off at the top as indicated at 35 '(Fig. 2) and also at the middle as indicated at 36. The rib 3| is also stopped off at the lower end, as indicated at 31.
The partition 33 extends the whole length of the cylinder and provides a passage 40 (Fig, 2) by which live steam is conducted from the main valve V to the upper end of the cylinder II. A passage 4| through the base of the cylinder head similarly connects the main Valve V to the lower end of the cylinder The ribs 3| and 32 and the partition 33 (Fig. 3) provide jacket spaces 44 (Fig. 3) between the cylinder II and outer casing 30 and these jacket spaces are in communication with an exhaust passage 46 (Fig. 2).
The main valve V comprises a valve sleeve 50 having an annular port 5| (Fig. 4) connecting to the passage 40, an annular port 52 connecting to the passage 21 and throttle valve 25, and an annular port 53 connecting to the passage 4|. The valve sleeve 50 also has an opening 54 (Fig.
2) at its lower end, communicating with an exhaust steam chamber 55 and passage 56.
The main valve piston 24 previously described is of hollow construction, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4, and is so connected to the link 22 that steam can freely enter the upper end of the piston. The piston 24 also has an intermediate portion of reduced diameter, adapted to form an annular connecting passage between selected ports.
When the main valve is in the position shown in Fig. 2, steam entering through the throttle valve 25 and passage 2'! passes from the port 52 through the port 5| to the steam passage) and hence to the upper end of the cylinder At the same time, exhaust steam flows out through the passage 4| and opening 54 to the exhaust chamber 55 and passage 55. When the valve is in the opposite position shown in Fig. 4, live steam passes from the port 52 to the port 53 and passage 4| and thence to the lower end of the cylinder while exhaust steam flows out through the passage 43, port 5| and the hollow interior of the valve 24 to the exhaust chamber 55 and passage 56.
position relative to the casing T2 by a segmental contact 14 (Fig. and by a boss or projection 16 through which extends the steam passage 21.
With the construction above described, it will be evident that all of the exhaust steam passes through the opening 54 to the exhaust chamber 55 and exhaust passage 55 and thence through the passages 10 and 12 to the jacket spaces 44 which surround the cylinder II. The ribs 32 cause the exhaust steam to travel upward on one side of the cylinder on entering the jacket space and downward on the other side, and to finally enter the exhaust connection 45.
The cylinder II is thus effectually surrounded by exhaust steam at all times, so that loss of heat by radiation is greatly reduced. Furthermore, the cylinder I I is maintained at a substantially higher temperature so that condensation of live steam in the cylinder is similarly reduced.
This not only leads to economy in steam consumption, but also reduces the possibility of damage to the steam hammer, if a blow is struck when any considerable amount of condensed steam is present in the form of Water in the lower end of the cylinder.
Having thus described my invention and the advantages thereof, I do not wish to be limited to the details herein disclosed, otherwise than as set forth in the claim, but what I claim is:
In a steam hammer, a cylinder head comprising an outer casing comprising a steam jacket having a plurality of internal longitudinal ribs, a cylinder comprising a separate lining sleeve fitting within said casing and spaced therefrom by said longitudinal ribs, one of said ribs extending from end to end of said jacket and constituting a partition dividing the jacket space into two separate portions while the other ribs terminate short of the ends of the jacket, said jacket being provided with an exhaust outlet near one end of the jacket, a main valve located externally of said steam jacket and having a Valve casing pro vided with a lining sleeve having ports, and connections from said ports leading to both ends of said cylinder, the valve being effective for alternately supplying live steam to opposite ends of said cylinder and withdrawing exhaust gases therefrom, and connections from the valve casing to said steam jacket for supplying exhaust steam thereto.
MARK H. DAMERELL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3253409 *||Aug 5, 1964||May 31, 1966||Gen Motors Corp||Hydraulic fluid viscosity compensation mechanism for a hydraulic power booster|
|US3274781 *||Jun 17, 1963||Sep 27, 1966||Cooper Bessemer Corp||Cryogenic expansion engine|
|US3464315 *||Jun 12, 1967||Sep 2, 1969||Chambersburg Eng Co||Mechanical pneumatic servo control system for high-speed impact devices|
|US4630524 *||Aug 13, 1984||Dec 23, 1986||Conmaco, Inc.||Control valve for pile driver and method|
|U.S. Classification||60/690, 92/144, 91/218|