US 2247945 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 1941- E. H. GARDNER 2,247,945
WALL COVERING I Filed NOV. 27, 1940 INVENTOR Patented July 1, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE' &247,%
WALL COVERING Earl H. Gardner, Detroit, Mich.
Application November 27, 1940; Serial No. 36:7,452
(Cl. ice- 9) 2 Claims.
This application relates to shingles or covering plates and particularly to thck shingles and to a method of laying such shingles.
When thick shingles are laid, as on a wall, side or roof, and the shingles are of conventional shape, a serious objection is found due to the formation of pockets where shingles overlap. Even if such pockets be `on the down side of the shingles, as they are laid on a sloping roof, rain will be pulled into such pockets to leak through due to the suction that exists when rain is running down a slo-ping roof.
To overcome the form-ation of such pockets, when thick shingles are used, I have developed a novel method of laying shingles of old but nonconventional shape so as to avoid the formation of pockets.
such shingle shape and shingle laying method are shown in the appended drawing and described in the following specification.
In this drawing,
Fig. 1 shows a group of shingles laid down in the manner of the invention;
Figs. 2 and 3 are sections as if on lines 2--2 and 3-3 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 shows a single shingle;
Fig. 5 shows the shingle of Fig. 4 in conjunction with a second laid shingle;
Fig. 6 shows the shingles of Fig. 5 in conjunction with a third laid shingle;
Fig. 7 shows the shingles of Fig. 6 in conjunction with a fourth laid shingle.
Referring to the drawing and particularly to Fig. 4, it will be seen that a shingle to be laid down according to the invention may be of the shape shown. Thus, it will have a corner notched at a, a projecting corner b, edges c and d acljacent to the notch a, edges e and f opposing the notch a, and other corners g and h.
In the laying of the shingles, :a notch a of one shingle receves a projecting corner b of a neighboring shingle, which will thus be in the same plane as the first named shingle; by positioning a projecting corner of one shingle into a notch of another, the two shingles may thus be made to lie in the same plane and this, coupled with a regular plan or layout of shingles, avoids the formation of pockets for the purposes above described.
The method of laying shingles will now be described, with reference particularly to a regular group, namely, a group of shingles selected from the center of the entire roof, so as to avoid reference to special problems which arise at edges of the roof, or at intersections, or at chimneys or stacks, etc.
Fig. 7 shows a regular group which comprises four shingles of the shape` of Fig. 4, laid down as follows:
In the regular group, shingle No. 4 will be considered as the shingle first laid down.
shingle No. 5 is then laid down over shingle No. 4 to form the layout shown in Fig. 5. Notch opposing edge e of shingle No. 5 will lay over the notch a and the notch adjacent edge d of shingle No. 4.
A third shingle No. l will now be laid'down. Notch a of shingle No. l will receive the projecting corner b` of shingle No. 5. Notch adjacent edge c of shingle No. l will lay over notch opposing edge f of shingle No. 4. shingles I and 5 will be in the same plane which is one plane forward or above the plane of shingle No. 4.
shingle No. 2 is now laid down to complete the regular group of four shingles and will be found in a third plane which is one plane forward of the plane of shingles Nos. l and 5. Notch adjacent edge c of shingle No. 2 will be laid down over notch opposing edge f of shingle No. 5. Notch opposing edge e of shingle No. 2 will lay down over notch adjacent edge d and notch a of shingle No. l. Corner g of shingle No. 2 will lay down over corner b of shingle No. 5 and over corner h of shingle No. 4, with corner h of shingle No. 5 being exposed by notch a of shingle No. 2.
For the shape shingle shown in Fig. 4, edges e of shingles Nos. 2 and 5 will be in the same line and edges c of shingles Nos. I and 2 will be in the same line.
To illustrate how a larger number of shingles may be laid down, reference should be had to the layout shown in Fig. 1. The order of laying down the eight shingles shown in Fig. 1 is as follows: 1-8-4-5-6-l-2-3, care being taken to align the various edges of the shingles in accordance with the layout plan above described for the regular group of four shingles shown in Fig. 7.
Now having described a shingle layout, which when laid down properly will avoid the formation of pockets, despite the thickness of the shingles, reference should be had to the cl-aims which follow for a determination of the invention.
I claim: v
1. A wall embodying a plurality of thick shingles or covering plates each having a projecting corner diagonally across from which is a corner notched for receiving a projecting corner of one neighboring coplanar shingle, every regular group of four shingles occupying three planes and being made up of a first laid shingle, a second laid shingle having a notch-opposing edge lad the notched corner as well as over a notch-adja.-`
cent edge of the third laid shingle, with the second and third lad shinglesbeing coplanar, and with the first and fourth laid shingles being in separate planes, between which is the plane of the second and third shingles.
' 2.`. A method of laying a regular group of four thick shingles or covering plates, each having a corner notched, a projecting corner, two edges adjacent the notch, and at least two edges opposing the notch, which last two edges help define the projectng corner of the single which comprises (a) laying down a shingle, (b) laying a second shingle over the first, with a notchopposing edge of the second shingle laying over the notch and. a notch-adjacent edge of the first shingle, (c) laying a third shingle over the first, with its notch receiving the projecting' corner of the second shingle, and with a notch-adjacent edge laying over a notch-oppcsing edge of the first shingle, and (d) laying a ourth shingle over the first three laid shingles, with a notch-adja- 'cent edge laid over a notch-opposing edge of the second shingle, and a notch-opposing edge laid over a notch-adjacent edge of and the no-tch of the third shingle, and a corner lai-d over but spaced from a 'corner of the first shingle and laid over but engaging the projecting corner of the second shingle, with the second and third lad shngles being coplanar, and with the first and fourth laid shingles being in separate planes, between which is the plane of the second and third shingles.
EARL H. GARDNEP...