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Publication numberUS2247961 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 1, 1941
Filing dateFeb 15, 1939
Priority dateFeb 15, 1939
Publication numberUS 2247961 A, US 2247961A, US-A-2247961, US2247961 A, US2247961A
InventorsJoseph A Mulvey
Original AssigneeJoseph A Mulvey
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Athletic apparel
US 2247961 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 1, 1941.

A. MULV EY ATHLETIC APPAREL Filed F eb. 15, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 I11 U6 Win1 JOSEPH A. H E t CU WW0 2 mg:

July 1, 1941.

,1. A. MULVEY ATHLET IC APPAREL Filed Feb. 15, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I 11 061M01 JOSEPH /l. MULVEY by ywmwvg Patented July 1, 1941 UNITED STATEEE parser orr cs 1 Claim.

This invention relates to athletic apparel designed more particularly for use in connection with the more violent sports where protection to the player from injury is an important function of the apparel, and for the purpose of this invention it will be more particularly designed in corn nection with football suits, though it should be understood that desirable features might be used in connection with apparel for other sports or purposes.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide maximum protection to the wearer without the use of elements which may be dangerous to an opponent. For example, many football suits are now provided with heavy, hard, fiberboard parts exposed on the outer face of the suit where such parts may inflict painful and perhaps dangerous injuries to an opponent who is struck thereby.

In accordance with this invention, therefore, pneumatic cushioning elements are employed in such a manner that exposed hard surfaced materials are not necessary to afford adequate protection to the wearer.

A further object is to provide a construction for such elements such that they may be manufactured cheaply and of such shape variations as to make them suitable for use in various portions of the garment or for protection of portions of the wearer independent of the garment where protection is desirable.

A further object is to provide for quickly replacing any of such pneumatic cushions which may receive damage.

Still another object is to provide pneumatic cushion elements with parts arranged to protect such elements from injury and also to distribute pressure thereon, thus to avoid such localized stresses as might injure the cushioning elements or produce undesired localized pressure on the body of the wearer.

Further objects and advantages will appear from a more complete description of certain embodiments of the invention shown in the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a perspective View showing football shoulder pads and pants embodying the invention and as applied to the body of the user.

Figures 2 and 3 are elevations of pad elements, the lower portion being shown as turned up in Figure 3, and showing elements adapted for use in the shoulder pads and pants, respectively, illustrated in Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a section to a larger scale on line 4-4 of Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a perspective view of a portion of the left shoulder pad cut through laterally at the top.

Figure 6 is a transverse section through the shoulder pad.

Referring to the drawings, at I is shown a pair of shoulder protectors which may be secured together at front and back, the fronts being shown as secured together by the lacing 2. Each of these shoulder pads, as shown best in Figures 1, 5 and 6 comprises a concavo-convex saddle cushioning portion 3 which may comprise outer and inner layers 4 and 5 of leather, canvas, or other suitable material capable of withstanding the wear and service. These layers may enclose between them cushioning material 6 such as sponge rubber, felt, or the like, and their edges may be provided with a finishing binding 6a. If desired and as shown, this saddle member may have a corrugation 1 arranged substantially centrally between its side edges and passing over the shoulder and down for the desired distance over.

the breast and back of the wearer. This corrugation may be produced by the use of a corrugated arch-shaped reinforce of metal, hard fiber, or the like, as shown at 8, but this should be covered sufiiciently by cushioning material so that it will not be exposed to cause injury to an opponent. The lower ends of the saddle member may extend to the desired distance downwardly over the chest, and at the back preferably over the shoulder blade of the wearer. There may also be provided a wing member H) which may be secured as by a strap I I to the saddle portion in position to extend over the upper portion of the we'arers arm at the shoulder. Such wings may be formed of cushioning material and reinforced as by a corrugation I2, if desired.

Secured to the lower ends of the saddle portion are opposite ends of a web strap suspension member l5, and inwardly of this member [5 is placed a pneumatic cushion [B which rests upon the wearers shoulder. This pneumatic cushion and the web strap suspension support the central portion of the saddle member elevated above the wearers shoulder so that impacts on the saddle member are exerted against the wearer over the area of the web strap suspension and avoid production of localized pressures from the contour of the saddle portion which is thus not required to closely fit the wearer.

The pneumatic cushion element, as shown best in Figure 3 and in Figures 5 and 6, comprises a pair of layers [8 and I 9 of impervious flexible material such as a rubberized fabric which are V secured together around their margins as at 20.

They are also caused to adhere over areas such as 2|, 22, 23 and 24 inwardly of these margins. These areas of adhesion are in general elongated and of such size and position as to tie the members I8 and I9 together and cause them to assume, when the unattached areas are separated by air introduced between them, a generally fiat pad-like formation of the desired shape and thickness. The sizes and arrangements of the adhered areas are arranged in accordance with the particular shape and size of the cushion desired, wherever it may be used. This provides a cheap method of controlling the contour and shape of the cushion over its various parts. These areas of adhesion define between them and the margin of the cushion, intercommun'icating chambers for the reception of the air, and the air may be introduced into these chambers by a suitable automatic air valve which may be located in any c'onven-ientposition. .Such: an air valve is shownt-inzliigure 2.2.1; 30. 1

The suspension strap l5 likewise controlsth'e :sri'rfacecontour of the pneumatic cushioning 1 element over its entire extent and serves toirliscushion may be readily. removed and replaced without substantial toss of time, so that the proper functioning-of therprotector may beins ured during the progress ofa game or sport. =If desired, the cushionelement 46 may beiprovided with an integral extension as shown at.35 forming an air chamber. in communication with the air chambers; of the m'ai-nhportion 1 of the cushion elemeht, -and which may extend down over the, uppe-rgportion of the arm of the wearer and beneath the wing 1 0, thus to ,interpose, a

pneumatic cushion between this wing and the arm of the-wearer. This portion may {or may not he secured :at-its margin to the wing, it-b'eing .sho-wn'herein as unsecured in order to allow a greater -f reedm of mot-io-nbetwefen the wing and the other portions of theprotector. The ';protect'or may be heldto the body :of the wearer, as is usual, byrstraps 36 pass around beneath the arms of the wearer-and connect the frontzand hack portions of the protectorz. w, I

In Figure land-also in Figures 3'and-4is shown aconstructionparticularlysuitable for use as a thigh protector. Such aprotector may be formed of a base mernber T! prefenaiblypf areiatively stifistrong material-'such-as' fiberboard of the desired shape and which may beimol-ded to the desired concave-convex contour to engage the area of the thigh to be protected. As shown this member is of generally rectangular outline, although the top edge on the outer portion of I the thigh may be extended somewhat further upwardly than the inner side, and the edges may be rounded.

somewhat as desired. To one face of this member may be secured the pneumatic cushioning element which is shown in Figures 3 and 4 as formed of two layers 5| and 52 of impervious material such as rubberized cloth, which are secured together around their margins as at 53 and which may also have areas of adhesion as at 54 which are elongated and define between them and themargins, intercommunicating air chambers 55. An automatic air valve 56 may be employed to permit the introduction of air into these air chambers and to prevent its escape therefrom in the manner of the automatic air valve 3% shown in Figure 2. The pneumatic cushion may be secured as by separable fastenings 51 at its margin to the margin of the base plate 5!! which thus protect the pneumatic cushion from injury and also act to distribute pressure over the entire area of the pneumatic pad. 'The pneumatic pad'portion may be worn next to the wearer andthe protector .may be secured in any suitable manner. In Figure 4 it is shown as insertedin a pocket between the outer face member 60 of the garment and a pocket flap 61 secured thereto on the inside face of the garment. Of course the garment may be provided with rubber or felt pads over any desired areas and to any desired extent. Other methods of securing the pad comprising the base member 53) and the pneumatic cushion imposition over the desired areas of the Wearersbody may, of course, be employed as desired.

From the foregoing description of certain embodiments of this invention, .it should 'be evident to those skilled in the art that various other changes and modificationsmight bemade without departing from the spirit or scope of this invention as defined by the appended claim.

I claim:

A shoulder pad having a. saddle portion for positioning over the shoulder and downwardly over the chest and shoulder. blade, a flex-ib'lestrap secured to the front and Joac'k margins of said saddle .portionand spaced from the top'thereof, a wing member having a strap connection to said saddle portion and adapted to engage over the outer portion of the arm a't the shoulder of the wearer, and an inflatable pneumatic pad positioned on the inner face of said strap for engagement with the wearer, said pneumatic ,pad having an extension overlying the outer portion of the arm beneath said wing, and cooperating marginal separablefasteners connecting said pad and strap.

JOSEPH AJMULVEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2418069 *Mar 24, 1943Mar 25, 1947Richard Delano IncHead gear
US2545039 *Feb 23, 1949Mar 13, 1951Mitchel Carl EShoulder pad
US2550044 *Jan 5, 1948Apr 24, 1951Daniels C R IncShoulder protecting device
US2609537 *Apr 28, 1949Sep 9, 1952Allen Pfaff BenBody protective pad for use in contact sports
US2948899 *Jul 18, 1957Aug 16, 1960Allen Robert EWrinkle free gun butt pad for shooting garment
US3721992 *May 18, 1972Mar 27, 1973Hit AwayBruise pad attachment
US3866241 *Nov 9, 1973Feb 18, 1975Munro M GrantShoulder pad cushion
US3995320 *Jul 18, 1975Dec 7, 1976Zafuto Samuel LProtective jacket
US4370754 *Sep 28, 1979Feb 1, 1983American Pneumatics Co.Variable pressure pad
US4453271 *Sep 29, 1982Jun 12, 1984American Pneumatics Co.Protective garment
US4679253 *Aug 18, 1986Jul 14, 1987Figgie International Inc.Shoulder pad truss arch system
US5034998 *Jun 12, 1990Jul 30, 1991Hpi Health Protection, Inc.Protective device for reducing injury from falls
US5253435 *Aug 19, 1991Oct 19, 1993Nike, Inc.Pressure-adjustable shoe bladder assembly
US5257470 *Feb 19, 1991Nov 2, 1993Nike, Inc.Shoe bladder system
US5274846 *Jul 31, 1991Jan 4, 1994Hpi Health Protection, Inc.Cushion having multilayer closed cell structure
US5416988 *Apr 23, 1993May 23, 1995Nike, Inc.Customized fit shoe and bladder therefor
US5489259 *Oct 27, 1993Feb 6, 1996Sundance Enterprises, Inc.Pressure-normalizing single-chambered static pressure device for supporting and protecting a body extremity
US5545128 *Jun 5, 1995Aug 13, 1996Beth Israel HospitalBone fracture prevention method
US5599290 *Nov 20, 1992Feb 4, 1997Beth Israel HospitalBone fracture prevention garment and method
US5765298 *Mar 12, 1993Jun 16, 1998Nike, Inc.Athletic shoe with pressurized ankle collar
US5893175 *Feb 26, 1998Apr 13, 1999Cooper; EricPneumatic torso armor and helmet
US6093468 *Mar 14, 1997Jul 25, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyFlexible lightweight protective pad with energy absorbing inserts
US7784116 *Jul 27, 2006Aug 31, 2010Reebok International Ltd.Padded garment
US20120246788 *Mar 28, 2012Oct 4, 2012Harrell Jeremy LMultipurpose Cooling and Trauma Attenuating Devices and Associated Methods
US20120311769 *Jun 9, 2011Dec 13, 2012Wei-Ta LeeLining for a Padding Device for Sports
EP0594501A1 *Oct 20, 1993Apr 27, 1994Rush, III, Gus A.Helmet
WO1993002577A1 *Jul 27, 1992Feb 18, 1993Hpi Health Protection IncMultilayer cushion with fluid filled pockets or chambers
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/462, D29/101.2, 2/DIG.300, 2/23
International ClassificationA63B71/08
Cooperative ClassificationA63B71/081, Y10S2/03
European ClassificationA63B71/08A