|Publication number||US2249609 A|
|Publication date||Jul 15, 1941|
|Filing date||Sep 7, 1937|
|Priority date||Sep 7, 1937|
|Publication number||US 2249609 A, US 2249609A, US-A-2249609, US2249609 A, US2249609A|
|Inventors||Henry Jackson William|
|Original Assignee||Udylite Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
v 2 She'ets-Sheet 1 W. H. JACKSON CONTACT FOR ELECTROPLATING MACHINES Filed Sept. '7, 1937 July 15, 1941.
July 15,1941. w. H. JACKSON CONT ACT FOR ELECTROPLATING- MACHINES Filed Sept. 7, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz /4 Patented July 15, 1941 con'rac'r FOB smc'rnorm'rmo mcmmzs William Henry Jackson, Birmingham, Mica, as-
signor, by mesne assignments, to The Udylite Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Application September 7, 1937, Serial No. 182,574
This invention relates to an electroplating machine and more particularly to a contact for such a machine.
In copending application of 'Karl Gustaf Soderberg, Serial No. 162,569, filed September 7, 1937, there is shown, described and claimed a contact comprising a flexible cable and insulating cover which are continuous from a point above the surface of the plating solution where the contact is connected to the cathodic side of the electrical circuit to a point below the solution level where it contacts the work. This invention contemplates a novel mounting for such cathodic contact.
Since the insulated flexible type of contact described in the above-mentioned Soderberg application is continually flexed by contact with the work as the work is agitated and tumbled during the plating operation the contact is subjected to rather severe torsional and bending moments.
It is the object of this invention to mount this type of contact so that its life will be long. This object has been achieved by distributing the torsional moments to which the insulated cable is subjected throughout substantially the entire length of the cable and the bending moments over a substantial portion of its length.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view through a plating machine showing the mounting of the flexible cable cathode contact.
Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section.
Fig. 3 is a detail sectional view showing the support for the cathode cable where it passes into the work container.
Figs. 4 and 5 are sections along the lines 4-4 and 5-5 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged sectional view showing the connection between the wire cable and the steel knob.
Fig. 7 is a detail of the connection between the cathode contact and the yoke supporting the cylinder.
Generally the plating machine comprises a tank I for the plating solution, anode support rods '2, anodes 3, a rotating cylinder, generally designated 4, and hangers 5 which support the rotating cylinder in the tank I. A bearing 6 is bolted to the lower end of each of the hangers 5. A spider I is fixed to each end 8 of the cylinder 4. Each spider is provided with a hub 9 which is rotatably mounted upon the bearing 6 to provide a slip joint about which the work cylinder 4 rotates during the operation of the machine.
The yokes Ill which rest upon the saddles ii are bolted to. but insulated from, the hangers 5. Thus the work hangers 5 which support the rotating cylinder are supported by the yokes it. As in the above-mentioned patent, the yoke I0 is cathodic whereas the hangers 5 are preferably anodic.
In a plating machine of this general type it is proposed to use a cathode contact comprising a flexible wire cable I! which hasflxed at its upper end a metal connector II. The connector I3 is secured in electrically conducting relation with the yoke III by means of the bolt and nut H. A steel knob I5, preferably chromium plated for case of removal of trees, is fixed to the lower end of the cable l2. The entire cable l2 between the connector l3 and knob I5 is completely insulated by the rubber covering l6. It will be noted that the upper end I3 of the cathode contact is positioned adjacent the top of the tank I where it is well above the surface of the plating solution.
The insulated cable I! passes down along the hanger 5 and then through a suitable opening I! provided therefor in the bearing 6 and an opening IS in the bushing I9 of rubber, Bakelite or other nonmetallic material. The bushing i9 is screwed on to the end of the bearing 8. Thus although the hubs 9 rotate about bearing 8 and the ends 8 of the cylinder rotate about bushings It and although the cathode contacts pass from a stationary part of the machine through the rotating hubs and the rotating cylinder ends, nevertheless the cathode contact is continuous and the need for a slip joint in the cathode contact is obviated. Thus there are no joints in the cathode contacts in which trees can grow and wear away.
A piece of rubber hose 25 is mounted over the end of the end of the insulation l6 and cable l2 and protrudes over the end of the knob IS. The hose 25 protects or seals the joint 26 between the s end of cable I: and knob l5 from the plating solution.
Since the amount of work to be plated, which is placed in the cylinder 4, varies from small amounts to amounts almost suflicient to fill the cylinder, it will be appreciated that the work. as it is agitated and tumbled during the rotation of the cylinder 4, will bend the cathode cable I! in all directions about the openings in which it passes through the bearing 6 and nut l9, thus subjecting the cable to severe bending moments. Further, during the course of its life the cable, due to its operative contact with the work, will be subjected to severe torsional or twisting moments. 1! these moments are concentrated at any point along the cable, e. 8., ii the cable is bent about a sharp corner, the torsion and bending stresses will break the cable at this point and the cable will be short lived. To obviate this defect it is proposed to so mount the cable I! that the torsional and bending stresses to which it is subjected are distributed throughout a substantial area. providing the cable with a cantilever mounting which avoids sharp bending of the same.
This cantilever mounting takes the form oi preferably a plurality of soft rubber tubes such as 30 and 3 l. Tube 3| is mounted over tube 30 which is mounted over the rubber insulation II and extends through openings i1 and II in the bearings 6 and nut l9 and projects beyond the end of the nut IS. The distance that the flexible or rubber tube 30 projects beyond the end of tube 3i will depend upon the area over which one wishes to distribute the bending moment. This is also true of the extent that the flexible or soft rubber tube 8| extends beyond the end I! of the nut l9. The further the tubes 30 and ii extend beyond the end 82 of the nut II the greater the area over which the bending stress on the cable I2 is distributed. The rubber tubing 3i projects beyond the end 82 of the nut II a lesser distance than the tube 30, preferably about half the distance that the tube 3| projects beyond the end is of the tube 32. Thus, the tubes II and II are in stepped relation. The number of these tubes in stepped relation can be varied within limits to eflecta more gradual bending of the cable and a more uniform distribution of the bending moment of load over any given area. Preferably, the soft rubber tube 30 has a slip fit with the insulation II on the cable l2. Thus the insulated cable I2, II can turn or rotate within the tube 30 and slip longitudinally of the tube 30. This slip joint between the cable l2, It and the tube 30, bearing in mind that the upper end of the cable is fixed to the yoke II by the nut and bolt connection ll, permits the cable This has been accomplished by' aasaeoo II to twist throughout its entire length from knob ii to the connection II and thus the torsional moments or twisting stresses are distributed throughout the entire length of the cable it. This gives the cable a long life. Further, when the rotating cylinder bends the portion 0! the cable within the cylinder about its support at the bushing II, the cantilever mounting, i. e., the hoses i0 and SI, due to their diiferences in length and diameter, prevent sharp bending of the cable and thus distribute the bending moments over a substantial portion of the cable. This also adds to the life oi the cable.
A locking ring I. of steel or other suitable material is mounted over the tube and within the inner end of the tube II. This locking ring 40 cooperates with the nut is to lock the soft rubber tubing ii in position upon and against longitudinal movement along the inner soit rubber tubing 30.
In an electroplating machine comprising a stationary support, a rotating cylinder rotatably mounted on said stationary support and having an opening in an end wall at the axis of rotatim and adapted to receive the work to be plated. and a contact comprising a flexible member fixed at one end to the stationary part of the machine and passing through the said opening and into the said cylinder adapted to contact the work in the cylinder, the combination with said cylinder and contact 01 a cantilever support for the contact at the said opening comprising a plurality of resilient tubes oi different diameters mounted one within the other and over the said flexible contact, each tube of lesser diameter having a greater length and extending within the cylinder beyond the tube of the greater diameter, the contact having a slip lit with the innermost of said tubes whereby the bending stresses to which the flexible contact is subjected during the rotation of the cylinder are distributed along a portion of the said contact.
WILLIAM HENRY JACKSON.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2491925 *||Sep 16, 1944||Dec 20, 1949||Anton Lazaro||Apparatus for electroplating|
|US2498128 *||Apr 13, 1946||Feb 21, 1950||Frederic B Stevens Inc||Apparatus for electroplating workpieces|
|US2529486 *||Mar 9, 1943||Nov 14, 1950||William S Clarkson||Resilient fair-lead|
|US2640025 *||Dec 14, 1949||May 26, 1953||Madelaine Lazaro||Electroplating barrel|
|US2762772 *||Jul 28, 1952||Sep 11, 1956||Udylite Corp||Contact for electroplating machines|
|US2886505 *||Apr 20, 1956||May 12, 1959||Singleton Company||Plating apparatus|
|US3084916 *||Oct 12, 1959||Apr 9, 1963||Udylite Corp||Plating barrels|
|US3833497 *||Jan 2, 1973||Sep 3, 1974||Belke Mfg Co||Cable connector contact|
|US4062751 *||Jun 28, 1976||Dec 13, 1977||Trw Inc.||Electroplating drum for relatively large fasteners and the like|
|US4111781 *||Nov 14, 1977||Sep 5, 1978||Noel Edward Smith||Dangler assembly for electro-chemical apparatus|
|US4234404 *||Apr 11, 1979||Nov 18, 1980||The Upjohn Company||Horizontal electrophoresis or isoelectric focusing apparatus|
|US4781812 *||Oct 8, 1987||Nov 1, 1988||Imperial Industries Inc.||Dangler cable and method of securing an electical cable to a cathode member|
|DE1041759B *||Jun 3, 1954||Oct 23, 1958||M L Alkan Ltd||Vorrichtung zur elektrolytischen Behandlung von Gegenstaenden in kleinen Mengen|
|DE2355281A1 *||Nov 6, 1973||Jul 4, 1974||Zentronik Veb K||Electrolysis contact bulb - with deposit detachment mechanism for barrel plating|
|U.S. Classification||204/213, 439/13, 174/152.00R|
|International Classification||C25D17/16, C25D17/20|