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Publication numberUS2249894 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 22, 1941
Filing dateDec 19, 1938
Priority dateDec 19, 1938
Publication numberUS 2249894 A, US 2249894A, US-A-2249894, US2249894 A, US2249894A
InventorsBernardo Goldenstein
Original AssigneeBernardo Goldenstein
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Universal electrode holder for diathermic applications
US 2249894 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 22, 1941.

B. GOLDENSTEIN;

UNIVERSAL `ELECTRODE HOLDER FOR DIATHERMIC APPLICATIONS Filed Dec. 19, 1938 A A van '/lra/ Patented July 22, 1941 UNIVERSAL ELECTRODE HOLDER FOR, DIATHERMIC APPLICATIONS Bernardo Goldensvtein, Buenos Aires, Argentina Application December 19, 1938, Serial No. 246,746

(Cl. 12S-303.13)

8 Claims.

This invention relates to a universal electrode holder for diathermic applications, based on scientic studies and experiments. As it is well known, the diathermic instruments used heretofore are only prepared for a single application, and therefore for different mouth treatments, for instance, it wouid be necessary to provide each equipment with a series of electrodes of different types and having a different relation or spacing between each other, apart from the various arrangements and structures required according to the instruments, which would be complicated for the doctor or dentist who requires suitable andpractical instruments for the good performance of his work.

In this kind of instrument, the ideal would undoubtedly be the use of a handle capable of being used for any of the, above-mentioned kinds of'work, and this 'is precisely what has been attained by the electrode-holding instrument subject of the present invention, which due to i-ts features may be called universal, as it is provided with means which enablel the use of lany short or long circuit, and with adapting means for any type of electrode, with the additional feature that at leasto-ne of the electrode adapters is variable to graduate at will 4the distance between the electrodes, which means that by simple changes the apparatus maybe prepared for all kinds' of operations.

Due to 4the manner in which the adapters thereof are combined, the new universal instrument for diathermic applications subject of the present invention is particularly well adapted for intradental treatments, as it enables the use of diactive electrodes with such an exact nearness of the ends thereof as to operate directly on the cavities Ior affected parts, without the possibility of derivations to strange regions, and consequently, without causingV burns or overdosing outside of vthe eldof action, for the purpose of producing a positive effect located onthe operative spot. Therefore, with shortA treatments it is possible to obtain accurate sterilizations and destructions of affected tissues.`

The electrodes u sed are in the form of filamentary needles but having a certain temper for the purpose of maintaining a determined position or shape, so that after graduating the spacing, regardless of how small the cavity may be, same may enter keeping the distance necessary for obtaining a spark arc or heat eect generated.

in the tissue itself which behaves as a live conductor in the space comprised between the two active electrodes. Y 1 1,

` admission of current.

The rear end of the instrument being provided with stems for receiving plugs for the feeding of diathermic current, in accordance with the case to be treated, same admits the direct feed l,of one orboth poles for the use of one or two f drawing, wherein: Y

Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional View of the instrument `showing the simple structure thereof and giving an idea as to the manner in which the electrodes are adapted, which in this -case assume the form of flein'ble needles arranged in the corresponding adapters, of which one is variable `for regulating the `distance comprised between both electrodes, and also showing the connecting plug which enables the instrument to be used also as a long circuit electrode (monoactive) Figure 2 is a sectional View of the end of the instrument, showing the adapters of the frustum socket for the adaptation of the frustum stems constituting the base of the electrodes.

Figure 3 shows the application ofthe instrument with intradental diactive electrodes arranged in such armanner that the ends thereof are very close together, that is to say, only maintaining sufficient separation to form the spark or arc required to coagulate, sterilize or destroy the tissues if necessary; and

Figure 4 shows a further application of the instrument, indicatingV the manner in which the electrodes may be arranged to operate with a certain separation.

The same reference `vcharacters indicate like or equivalent parts or elements throughout the different figures.

f As may be seen in the drawing, a is the instrument handle, which is made of dielectric material and provided with a pair of stems I and 2 for a pair of plugs 3 and 4 proper of the conductors and ii which receive diathermic current from the equipment b; said stems I and 2 are con-` nected to the conductors h and t leading through the inteziorof the handle a, and said conductors h and t are connected to metallic adapters l and 8 arranged at the opposite end tothat of the Before reaching the adapters I and 8,`the conductors h and t are out so that conductor h is formed by two portions 9 and Ill, while conductor t is formed by two portions II and I2.

The portion 9 of conductor h, is provided with a Vgroove I3, so that the terminal 9 is made iiexible and capable of making contact with the terminal I' of portion IU, and for this purpose said terminal 9 is connected to the end of the vstern I4 of button I4. In turn, the portion II of conductor t is also provided with a groove I5 so that terminal I I is made flexible and capable of making contact with terminal I2', which is also vided with rigid or semi-rigid electrodes, such as for gums and the like, provided they are adapted by means of a male 23 in the sockets 'I' and 8.

Due to the fact that the electrodes are detachable, the unit may be arranged with a monoactive electrode, if desired, as by removing the electrode d and plug 4, the hand electrode 26 for long circuit may be applied by means of this same plug. This meansthat Vthe instrument is capable of being used for any application, whether with monoactive or diactive electrodes, and therefore it may be called universal.

eXible and has a groove I6, andfor this connection the terminal II is crossed over the stern I4' of button I4. Thus upon pressing the button I4, the simultaneous contact of both conductors h and t for closing the circuit is obtained, and 4 upon releasing the button I4, the circuit is interrupted due to the resiliency of terminals 9 and II. Therefore, the button I4 acts as a double interrupter which the doctor or dentist can control at will.

As the instrument should be applied for different uses, the adapter 'I (which matches adapter 8) is mounted in a variable manner in armature e forming part of the portion Ill of conductor h, said adapter having a rotation point provided by pivot I1 on saidarmature e, and a screw I8 passes through the middle portion thereof, said screw I8 being rotatably mounted on portions I9 and 2li and armature e which serve as a bearing therefor; said screw ends at the knob 2| which is made of dielectric material, and the unit described is so combined that the armature e and adapter 'I are housed in the handle a, while the knob 2I remains within the reach of the fingers for the corresponding actuation thereof, as upon turning the knob 2| same'will rotate the screw I8, causing the piece constituting the adapter' 1 to dison the pivot I'I, and therefore the end ofsocket I forvapplying the base of electrode cfbecomesvariable as Yregards the distance in respect to adapter 8. Thus, by suitable control of knob 2|,` f

both electrodes c and d may be brought towards or away from each other due to the displacement of the first electrode c. electrodes may be arranged so that there will be a minimum separation between the points thereof, that is to say, sufficient to avoid contact with each other so that, upon closing the circuit, they .will -form a spark or arc as shown in Figure 3,

for the purpose of destroying and coagulating the tissue, and as both needles constituting the electrodes form a substantially acute angle, they behave as a single needle, toenter not only the cavity of the caries, but even the channels of the teeth roots (Figure 3), and by opening or separating the electrodes by means of the knob 2|, it is possible to operate in the manner shown in Figure 4, or prepare to act between gumsor other tissues. y v

Electrodes c and d have as a base two male frustums 22 and 23 coinciding with cavities 'I' and 8 of adapters 'I and 8, and said electrodes c and d, which in this case are intradental, are formed by needles of considerable length which start inY the respective males 22 and 23; as may be seen, these needles are screened by linings 24 and25, made of dielectric material, andsaid linings eX- tend beyond the angles, said needles then continuing bare, as required for use.

Instead of electrodes in the shape of ilamentary needles as shown,v` the instrument may be pro- In this manner, both 40.v place angularly with the corresponding bearing' The instrument subject of the present invention, as described above, is capable of suffering modications in construction and detail, without departing from the scope of the invention as clearly set forth in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

, l. A therapeutic apparatus for local application of electrical current comprising an insulating handle, conductors carried and insulated by said handle, adapters connected to said conductors, electrodes connected to said adapters and means for pivoting one of said adapters to vary the spacing between said electrodes.

2. A therapeutic apparatus for local application of electrical current comprising an insulating handle, conductors carried and insulated by said handle, adapters connected to said conductors, electrodes 4connected to said adapters, one of said adapters being fixed in said handle and another adapter being pivotally mounted in said handle whereby the spacing between electrodes may be varied.

3. A therapeutic apparatus for local application of electrical current comprising an insulating handle, conductors carried Vand insulated by said handle, adapters connected to said conductors, electrodes connected to said adapters, one of said adapters being iiXed in said handle and another adapter being pivotally mounted in said handle on an axis transverse to the longitudinal axis of said handle, whereby the spacing between electrodes may be varied.v

4. A therapeutic apparatus for local application of electrical current comprising an insulating handle, conductors carried and insulated by said handle, adapters connected to said conductors, electrodes connected to said adapters, one of said adapters being pivotally mounted in said handle and manually operable screw threaded means controlling said pivotally mounted adapter for varying the spacing of said electrodes.

5. A therapeutic apparatus for local application of electrical current comprising an insulating handle, conductorscarried and insulated by said handle, adapters connected to said conductors, electrodes connected to said adapters, means for pivoting one oi said adapters to vary the spacing between said electrodes and a manually operable switch mounted in said handle controlling said conductors. f

6. A therapeutic apparatus ior local applicationnof electrical current comprising an insulating handle, conductors lcarried and insulated by said handle, adapters connected to said conductors,'electrodes connected to said adapters, said conductors in said handle having a break therein with the ends adjacent saidbreak normally spaced, certain of said ends being iiexible and manually operable means for moving said exible ends to Vclose the current through said conductors.

'7. A therapeutic apparatus for local applica-- tion of electrical current comprising an insulating handle, conductors carried and insulated by said handle, adapters connected to said conductors, electrodes connected to said adapters, said conductors in said handle having a break therein with the ends adjacent said break normally spaced, certain of said ends being flexible, manually operable means for moving said flexible ends to close the current through said conductors and means for pivoting one of said adapters for Varying the spacing between said electrodes.

8. A therapeutic apparatus for local application of electrical current comprising an insulating handle, conductors carried and insulated by said handle, adapters connected to said conductors, electrodes connected to said adapters, said conductors in said handle having a break therein With the ends adjacent -said break normally spaced, certain of said ends being flem'ble, manually operable means for moving said flexible ends to close the current through said conductors, one of said adapters being pivotally mounted in said handle and manually operable screw threaded means controlling said pivotally mounted adapter for varying the spacing of said electrodes.

BERNARDO GOLDENSTEI'N.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4164214 *Jul 25, 1977Aug 14, 1979The Regents Of The University Of CaliforniaMethod and apparatus for measuring the sensitivity of teeth
US4174713 *Sep 28, 1977Nov 20, 1979Mehl Thomas LDevice for permanent removal of hair
US4917621 *Mar 2, 1989Apr 17, 1990Circon CorporationResectoscope with improved guide block and electrical plug connection
US4919131 *Jun 2, 1988Apr 24, 1990Circon CorporationResectoscope with improved guide block and electrical plug connection
US5026370 *Jul 2, 1986Jun 25, 1991Lottick Edward AElectrocautery instrument
US5116332 *Feb 8, 1990May 26, 1992Lottick Edward AElectrocautery hemostat
US5169398 *Sep 21, 1990Dec 8, 1992Glaros Nicholas GElectronic hair remover
US5174304 *May 13, 1991Dec 29, 1992Latina Mark AElectrocycloablation apparatus and method
US5376088 *Dec 8, 1992Dec 27, 1994Glaros; Nicholas G.Electronic hair remover
US5395368 *May 20, 1993Mar 7, 1995Ellman; Alan G.Multiple-wire electrosurgical electrodes
US5542945 *Sep 12, 1994Aug 6, 1996Delma Elektro-U. Medizinische Apparatebau Gesellschaft MbhElectro-surgical radio-frequency instrument
US5925045 *Apr 2, 1997Jul 20, 1999Mentor CorporationBipolar electrosurgical instrument
US5972416 *Jan 23, 1996Oct 26, 1999Mentor CorporationBipolar electrosurgical instrument and method for making the instrument
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/159, 606/50
International ClassificationA61N1/06
Cooperative ClassificationA61N1/06
European ClassificationA61N1/06