|Publication number||US2250046 A|
|Publication date||Jul 22, 1941|
|Filing date||Mar 27, 1940|
|Priority date||Mar 27, 1940|
|Publication number||US 2250046 A, US 2250046A, US-A-2250046, US2250046 A, US2250046A|
|Original Assignee||Higgins Ink Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 22, 1941 T HIGGlNs 2,250,046
, INK BOTTLE STOPPER Filed March 27, 1940 INVENTOR A ORNEY Patented July 22, 1941 INKBOTTLE stroPPE-n 'rraeynigging smithtown Branch, N; Y., assigner 5 to Higgins Ink Co., Inc., Brooklyn, N. Y. f f
Application March 27, 1940, Serial No. 326,169`
(Crise-57) 1 Claim.
This invention relates to ink bottle Stoppers and more` particularly to the variety having a conventional quill applicator and a steeple'for manual manipulation in dispensing ink tol nibs of drawing instruments.
The main object of the invention is tor provide a stopper with simple and inexpensive means for-its eiiectivesealing inthe necki of the bottle and whereby it may be more easily withdrawn after a'period of non-use without danger of spilling or breakage.
Another feature is that the same means contributes toward ease of manipulation in continuous current use, whereby the employment of only one hand is all that is safely required.
A still further object is to provide means for impressing upon the users senses the orientalll tion of the quill while it is hidden in the bottle,
thus relieving him of the burden of lingering same after withdrawal from the bottle to eiiecis considered in connection with the accompanyi;
ing drawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a View partially in section of a bottle and stopper embodying the invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary section on the line 2 2 of Fig. l.
Fig. 3 is a side elevation ci the stopper in a position at rest on a level surface.
Fig. 4 is an end view of Fig.V 3.
Referring to the drawing, the reference character ifi denotes a bottle of the conventional drawing-ink variety. The stopper comprises a molded head l2, a compressible plug lli secured to the underside of the head, and an applicator i5 also secured 'to and projecting from the underside of the head. Preferably, the plug Its removal from this -1 position' requires caution." In continuous-use, thestopper is Yobviously not pushed down to this position :after each application. of the quill, but is left substantially midway in order to avoid the needless ,eifort and risksof repeated withdrawal from the tightly Ysealed home` position.
As will `be vreadily understood, theY initialfremoval from a bottle of the stopper after a` period of non-use is quite diiilcult on account of-the adhering'encrusted. ink accumulation at rthe rim of the bottle. Application of normally manipulating forces is not suilicient. Application of a pull is extremely dangerous in view of the possibility of a sudden let-go. Bending of the stopper is objectionable and results in breakage of the cork.
I have found that under these conditions a torque or twisting action is safest and most effective, but that the heretofore smooth exterior surfaces, engageable by the fingers, did not provide sulicient purchase to eifectuate a breakage of the crust by such twisting. Accordingly, I
have provided projections 22 on the annularshoulder 2 of the head member. The upper corner of this annular shoulder is rounded as at 26 so as not .to encroach upon effective depth of lthe projections, the corners of which are also rounded as at 23 to prevent injury to the lingers in applying pressure thereon or in torque application.
The head is preferably made by molding of a suitable thermo-plastic or setting material. Integrally formed with the head, is a graspable steeple 3U having a iiattened portion 32 which assists the user in quick application of ink from the quill on to instruments. The upper end of the quill is molded-in with the head and its free end is sliced to provide a tongue-like attened tip. It is seen therefore, that by grasping or observing the Steeple, the orientation of the tip of the quill is discernable. This enables the user to either rotate the bottle into his particular preferred operating position or to spin the Steeple in his fingers during the motion of his hand in moving from the bottle to the point of ink application, to bring the fiat of the quill tip into proper orientation at the completion of such motion. This increases the ease and speed of inking the instrument and the manual operation becomes almost unconsciously automatic. After continued use, the old style of round steeple is irksome. Y
VThe anti-rolling feature is provided by making the projections 22 suliiciently extensive so that a three point landing is had; the points a on the steeple and b, b of adjacent projection 22; see Figs. 3 and 4. The points b, b are sufficiently far apart as to render a stable support on an inclined drawing board. This angle of stability on the embodiment shown is the angle 0, which is quite substantial inasmuch as the prior circular shouldered or even knurled Stoppers are unstable when placed on a flat table.
The bonding of the plug is important in providing the desired seals in home and usable position. In this connection the underside of the head is provided with a recess 40, from the center of which extends a stub 42 integrally formed with the head. The plug which is of yieldable material such as cork, is provided with a bore 44 adapted to receive the stub and be bonded thereto by suitable adhesive, leaving a space 46 at the bottom of the bore to ease the pressure when the stopper is in positions short of home position.
VIn home position the stub 42 is Within the neck of the bottle and thus contributory to effective high pressure sealing, inasmuch as the cork is Usandwiched between the stub and the neck in Y this position. 'I'he recess 40 adds to the areas for bonding between the plug and the head and the additional material iilling this recess 40 helps to cushion excessive compressive forces on the head in attempts to push the stopper below home position.
By this construction the easy deposit and removal of the stopper during use (short of home position) and high pressure home sealing is accomplished.
Having described the preferred embodiment of my invention and having it understood that various modifications may be made embracing the invention in its broader aspects, I claim:
In combination with an ink bottle having a neck and a stopper opening of a stopper of the character described having a head, a Steeple, a stub projecting from the underside of the head, a quill anchored in the stub, said head having an annular recess around the stub, a plug of compressible material having a bore adapted to receive the stub, said plug fitting into said annular recess and being adhesively secured therein and to the surfaces of' said stub, said bore being of depth greater than the length of said stub and providing a hollow zone, in substantially the center thereof, said quill projecting through said space and the bottom of said plug, said plug being exteriorly conical and of largest diameter adjacent the head and larger in the said hollow diameter zone than that of the neck opening and smaller in diameter at the bottom than the neck opening, said stub being of such length as to project into therneck of the bottle in its innermost position.
' Y TRACY HIGGINS.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4841996 *||Jan 25, 1988||Jun 27, 1989||"L'oreal"||Applicator device for a liquid product, nail varnish in particular|
|U.S. Classification||401/119, 401/131, 141/112, 401/258|