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Publication numberUS225065 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 2, 1880
Publication numberUS 225065 A, US 225065A, US-A-225065, US225065 A, US225065A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building houses
US 225065 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. M. LEEDS." Building Houses, Barns, Fences, 82:0.

" No. 225,065. Patented Mar. 2, 1880.

'lmvvernor.

N FEI'ERS.IPROTO-UTNOGHAFNER. WASMHfiGTON. D. C.

UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE.

JOSIAH M. LEEDS, OF KOKOMO, INDIAN A.

BUILDING HOUSES, BARNS, FENCES, 800.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 225,065, dated March 2, 1880.

Application filed November 5, 1878. i

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JOSIAH LEEDS, of Kokoino, in the county of Howard and State of Indiana, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Buildings, of which the following' is a specification.

The object of this invention is to furnish a cheap and useful method of building barns,

, stables, houses, and fences, of material easily obtained and at a nominal cost. Said buildings can be rapidly constructed, and they are convenient and durable.

The improvement consists in the manner of using the material now considered of, little value, and generally thrown away or allowed to go to waste, and is this:

I cut hay, or take straw or corn-stalks, sorgostalks, hempstraw, flax-straw, willowbrush, cedarbrush, or any kind of material that can be pressed into bales, of any convenient size as regards length, breadth, or thickness, banding them with wire or hoop-iron, or any other bandages, then laying them up into buildings, breaking the joints, the same as in laying up brick. I use a mortar or not, as I deem it best.

In constructing my buildings, I set up corner posts made of two-inch'planks or studding,

fasten the feet firmly, and at the top put rods through to hold them firmly together. I then lay the bales of hay, straw, stalks, or brush up one upon another until I have attained the desired height. I then lay a plate or joist on the top of my walls. On this I place the foot of the rafters or lay my joist. I roof with shingles or thatch with straw.

When the building has settled thoroughly the corner posts may be taken off or allowed to remain, as one may deem it best.

I make door-frames of wood, and readily attach them to the walls by means of billets of wood in the bales.

I claim 1. The structure described, consisting of bales of hay, straw, or equivalent material, bound and laid in the manner described.

2. The combination of the bales with the corner posts and joists, substantially as de scribed.

JOSIAH M. LEEDS.

Witnesses:

SILAs T. STOUT, HENRY DAVIS, WM. A. STUART, WILLIAM STYER.

Referenced by
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US5398472 *Feb 19, 1993Mar 21, 1995The Shandel GroupFiber-bale composite structural system and method
US5749199 *Sep 19, 1996May 12, 1998Bale Built, Inc.Fiber bale composite structural building system
US5974747 *Sep 29, 1998Nov 2, 1999Chamisa Associates, LlcStraw bale building incorporating a light weight reinforced structure ND method of fabricating same
US6041566 *Apr 29, 1998Mar 28, 2000Bale Built, Inc.Composite wall system
US6061986 *Sep 3, 1998May 16, 2000Canada; LarryReinforced stucco panel and straw insulator wall assembly
US6951080 *May 10, 2002Oct 4, 2005Oryzatech Inc.Culm blocks
US7073306Mar 12, 2004Jul 11, 2006Harry Edward HagamanMethod of building
US20030208982 *May 10, 2002Nov 13, 2003Korman Benjamin Z.Culm blocks
US20110088338 *Jan 30, 2009Apr 21, 2011Craig WhiteConstruction panel
WO1998012399A1 *Sep 16, 1997Mar 26, 1998Bale Built, Inc.Fiber bale composite structural building system
WO2009106793A1 *Jan 30, 2009Sep 3, 2009Modcell LtdConstruction panel