Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2251841 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1941
Filing dateDec 11, 1939
Priority dateDec 11, 1939
Publication numberUS 2251841 A, US 2251841A, US-A-2251841, US2251841 A, US2251841A
InventorsHerold Walter F
Original AssigneeBassick Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Swivel chair structure
US 2251841 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

g- 5, 1- w. F. I -IEROLD 2,251,841

SWIVEL CHAIR STRUCTURE I Filed Dec. 11, 1939 Patented Aug. 5, 1941 SWIVEL CHAIR STRUCTURE Walter F. Herold, Bridgeport, Conn., assignor to The Bassick Company, Bridgeport, Conn, a. corporation of Connecticut Application December 11, 1939, Serial No. 308,568

16 Claims.

This invention relates to swivel chair structures, and more particularly to those of the type in which a screw post for supporting the chair seat is adapted to be raised and lowered by the rotation of a nut supported from beneath in or on the chair base.

' One of the objects of my invention is to improve a height-adjusting mechanism of this type.

Another object is to furnish improved means by which the nut can be manipulated in adjusting th height of the chair seat.

It is'also aimed to provide a construction by which the appearance of the height-adjusting mechanism and of the chair is considerably enhanced.

Tothese and other ends the invention consists in the novel features and combinations of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed.

In the accompanying drawing:

Fig. l is a side elevation of a portion of a swivel chair embodying my improvements;

Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view on a larger scale of certain parts shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 "is a section on line 3-3 of Fig.2, and

Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig.2 illustrating a modified form.

My improvements are applicable to swivel chairs such as office chairs, in which the height of the chair seat can be adjusted by means of a nut supported from beneath in or on a suitable base structure, said nut by its rotation being adapted to lift or lower a screw post. To the upper end of the screw post the chair seat is suitably connected, usually by means providing for the tilting of the seat under the control of a suitable counter-balancing means. The part of the chair base in which the screw post is mounted may be in the form of a metal hub or other structure receiving the lower end of the screw post, and providing for the support, in a fixed horizontal plane, of the nut by means of which the screw post is adjusted.

In the drawing the chair seat is shown at 5, the chair base at 6, and the screw post at I. At 8 I have shown a metal hub structure in which the lower end portion of the screw post is received. The hub structure 8 may be of any suitable material and form, but in the present instance it is shown as comprising a tubular portion 9 adapted to be received within a suitable socket in the chair base. The screw post I is provided at its upper end with a suitable support or frame member ID by means of which the chair seat is supported, usually for tilting movement about a horizontal axis, controlled by a suitable counter-balancing means. I have not considered it necessary toillustrate in detail the means connecting the member In with the chair seat, but it may be said that preferably the chair seat will be adapted to tilt about an axis such as that indicated at H in Fig. 1.

For adjusting the height of the chair seat a suitable nut, such as shown at l2 in Fig. 2, is employed, this nut being provided with interior screw threads engaging the threads of the screw post. This nut is supported from beneath by the hub 8. Adjacent its upper end the hub '8 is provided with an outstanding flange I 3, and the hub is provided with a bore M in which the screw post is adapted to slide vertically. Adjacent the mouth of the bore M the hub is counter-bored to provide a recess [5 in which is received an antifriction bearing l6 having anti-friction balls or members l1. Supported on the balls I! is a washer I 8 partially received within a recess l9 in the lower face of nut l2. The washer [8 has the usual keyed engagement,-as indicated at 20, with the key-way or groove 2l of the screw post,

and it also has the usual non-rotative engagement with the nut l2.

Adjacent the upper end of nut l2 the same is provided with a groove or rabbet 22 in which is received the lower inturned end of a sheet metal shell 23 providing an upwardly extending tubular member by means of which the nut can be readily manipulated from the exterior of the mechanism. This tubular member 23 is open at the top, as shown at 24, and is of considerably greater diameter than the screw post 1, and preferably is of sufiicient diameter for receiving in certain adjustments of the chair mechanism a substantial portion of the frame member or support In on which the chair seat is mounted.

For preventing relative rotation between the nut and the tubular nut-manipulating member 23, suitable means are provided. In the case illustrated this means comprises small notches or recesses 25 formed in the edge of the opening 26 provided atthe lower end of the tubular member 23. By a suitable swaging operation the material of nut I2 is forced into these notches,

as shown at 21 in Fig. 3, and it will therefore be understood that it-will be impossible to rotate the tube or shell 23 without causing rotation of the nut.

At the lower part of member 23 a bell-shaped sheet metal member 28 may be connected 'as by brazing as indicated at 29. This bell-shaped member encloses the .nut and also theusuallock screw 30. The bell-shaped member has a lower edge portion closely adjacent and facing the rim of flange portion I3 of the hub.

The open upper end of the tubular member 23 may be entered not only by a portion of member H) but also by a member 3| carried by the screw post adjacent its upper end. The member 3| is preferably in the form of an inverted cup of sheet metal having a diameter only slightly less than that of member 23, so that the part 3| is adapted to telescope with the part 23. The cup-shaped part 3| may be secured in place by providing the upper wall of the cup-shaped member with an aperture 32 fitting a smooth portion 33 on the screw post at a point immediately below the round base 34 provided on member ID, the construction preferably beingsuch that member 3! i is secured in place by being clamped between member ID and the threaded portion of the post in the manner shown. r

In the operation of the height-adjusting mechanism of the chain; the nut 12, which has the usual functions, is turned by manipulation of the upwardly extending member 23, which' in the preferred form is of tubular character. The member 23 provides a relatively large-area for grasping by the hand, so that the -rotation of the nut can be veryreadily effected. The tubular manipulating member also has the advantage that it adds considerably to the attractivenessfof' the chair from the standpoint of appearance. It

serves as a masking means for such rather unsightly parts of the mechanism as the screwthreaded portion of the screw post. Being of a tions of these members may be varied as conditions require.

In the modified form shown in Fig. 4, the construction is quite similar to that previously described, but in this case the tubular member 23, instead of being attached to a depending rotatable bell, is operable within a fixed bellshaped member 28'. This member 28 is attached at its lower edge portion to the rim of flange l3, and at its upper part, member 28 is provided with a round opening 35 of slightly larger diameter than tubular member 23'. This permits member 23' to extend partially into member 28' inthe normal position of the parts, as shown in Fig. 4. In this case member 23' serves as the sole manipulating member for the nut,

, and member28' serves principally as a finishing considerably largerdiameter than the usual screw post, it gives the impression of very strong and; substantial support for the chair seat, and

has a tendency to prevent any apprehension of insecurity or weakness in the chair mounting which might otherwise exist'in the mind of the personviewing the chain 'It will also be noted that in some-positions of the chair a substantial portion of the seatsupporting frame will be masked. The screw post will have to be adjusted upwardly to a considerable distance before the frame member I0 is moved completely out of the member23. It will also be observed that as the member ID is moved upwardly and becomes completely visible at its 'lower portion, the smaller telescoping member 3 I, will comeinto play in that it will be presented to view adjacent the upperportion of member 23 in order that the masking of the screw post may be continued. The masking effectwill be complete until after the lower edge of the downturned member 3| has been exposed, and upward adjustment of the screw post tothis extent will 'not take place in any ordinary use of the chair.

For all practicalpurposes, therefore, of the screw. postitself is complete. I

It will be understood that in the operation of the mechanismthe. nut in all positions will be in the same horizontal plane, and that the bellshaped member 28 connected to the nut will not the masking be moved'upwardly or downwardly to any noticeable degree. It; will? also be apparent that in thisfform the bell-shaped member may be used as amaniplllating means for the nut. Either the member 23 or the member 28, or both, may be engaged or grasped for turning the nut, and while .I haveshown both. of these, members as having side walls whichare substantially imperforate, it

will beunderstood thatvariations may be made inthis'respect among others, andit will be understood'that the shapes and surface configura- 'ti'vely low cost.

in the drawing.

member enclosing the nut and the lock screw.

The improved structure herein described is quite simple and can be manufactured at rela- The new height-adjusting mechanism can be readily manipulated in effecting adjustment of the chair seat, and as it embodies means for masking the more unsightly mechanical parts, and has an attractive external appearance, it is admirably adapted for use with modern ofilce chairs and similar equipment. It will be understood also that the appearance of the structure is such as to impart to the observer an impression of strength and stability in the chair seat support.

A further advantage of the new construction arises from the fact that the upper inner member of the telescopic masking device serves to support and reinforce interiorly the outer member in certain portions of the parts, the diameters of said members being so chosen as to achieve this result. With this in view, the clearance between said members may be that shown While I have shown two embodiments of the invention, it will be understood that the invention is susceptible of many other embodiments,

andthat various changes in the organization of parts and in the details of the construction may be made without departing from the principles of the invention or the scope of the claims.

What I claim is: W 1. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a chair seat, a chair base, a screw post connected to the chair seat and having a portion operating in said base, a nut supported from the base and manipulable for rotation for raising and lowering the screw post, said screw post being movable upwardly through the base by said nut, and means comprising a tubular member carried by the nut for masking a portion of the screw post located above said nut.

2. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a chair seat, a chair base, a screw post having a portion projecting into the base, a nut rotatably supported from the base turnable by hand for raising and lowering the screw post with respect to the base, and masking means associated with the nut for concealing portions of the screw post'disp'osed above the nut.

3. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a chair seat, a chair base, a screw post having a portion projecting into the base, a manually manipulable nut supported from the base for turning to thereby cause raising and lowering of the screw post with respect to the base, and masking means associated with the nut for concealing portions of the screw post disposed above the nut, said masking means comprising a member fixed to the nut and projecting upwardly therefrom around the screwpost.

4. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a chair seat, a chair base, a screw post having a portion operating in the base, a frame member carried by the screw post at its upper end and by means of which the screw post is connected to the seat, a manually manipulable nut supported rotatably from the base for turning to thereby cause raising and lowering of the screw post with respect to the base, and masking means adapted to mask portions of the screw post above the nut and also adapted to mask portions of said frame member.

5. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a chair seat, a chair base, a screw post having a portion operating in the base, a frame member carried by the screw post at its upper end and by means of which the screw post is connected to the seat, a nut supported rotatably from the base for turning to thereby cause raising and lowering of the screw post with respect to the base, and masking means attached to the nut adapted to mask portions of the screw post above the nut and also adapted to mask portions of said frame member, said masking means comprising an upwardly extending shell structure having an open upper end and adapted for manual grasping to turn the nut.

6. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a chair seat, a chair base, a screw post having a portion operating in the base, a frame member carried by the screw post at its upper end and by means of which the screw post is connected to the seat, a nut supported from the base for raising and lowering the screw post with respect to the base, and masking means adapted to mask portions of the screw post above the nut and also adapted to mask portions of said frame member, said masking means comprising an upwardly extending shell structure having an open upper end, and the lower end of said shell structure being rigidly attached to the nut.

7. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a chair seat, a chair base, a screw post having a portion extending into and operating within the chair base, a frame member attached to the upper end of said screw post and itself connected to the chair seat, a nut supported from beneath by the base having internal screw threads engaging the threads of said screw post for raising and lowering the screw post with respect to the base, and manipulating means for said nut comprising an upwardly extending tubular member having an open upper end in which in certain adjustments of the chair a portion of said frame member is disposed.

8. In a swivel chair structure, a screw post, a hub receiving the lower end portion of the screw post, a nut supported from the hub and through which the screw post extends, said nut being adapted to be rotated for raising and lowering the screw post with respect to the hub, a frame member carried by the upper end portion of the screw post and adapted to be connected to a chair seat, and a masking member for the screw post carried by the screw post above the nut and having the form of an inverted cup.

9. In a swivel chair structure, a chair base hub, a screw post having a portion received with clearance within said hub, a rotatably supported nut for raising and lowering the screw post by turning of the nut in threaded engagement with the screw post and from which the upper portion of the screw post projects vertically, and an upwardly extending tubular manipulating member for the nut surrounding and shrouding the screw post in its upwardly projecting part and presenting the appearance of a round chair seat support of considerable diameter.

10. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a screw post, a rotary height-adjusting nut through which said screw post extends, and a manipulating structure attached to and carried by the nut and comprising an upstanding tubular portion above the nut body and an outwardly and downwardly extending bell portion.

11. In a swivel 'chair structure, the combination of a screw post, a rotary height-adjusting nut through which the screw post extends, a base structure receiving the lower portion of the screw post and rotatably supporting the nut, an upstanding tubular member attached at its lower end to the nut and masking portions of the screw post above the nut, and a finishing member attached to the base structure and enclosing the lower portion of said upstanding member.

12. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a hub adapted to be located in a chair base, a screw post having a portion entering said hub but with clearance therein, a manually manipulable rotatably supported nut for raising and lowering the screw post by turning of the nut in threaded engagement with said screw post supported on and by the hub, a chair seat supporting frame attached to the upper end of the screw post, and masking means comprising telescoping members located in the space between the hub and said frame, one of said members being an upstanding tubular member attached at its lower end to the nut and having an open upper end, and the other member? being an inverted cup-shaped member of smaller diameter attached to the upper end portion of the screw post adjacent the lower part of said frame.

13. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a screw post, a chair seat attaching frame secured to the upper end of the screw post, a hub member receiving with clearance the lower end portion of the screw post, a rotary heightadjusting nut through which said screw post extends, a tubular sheet metal member attached at its lower end to said nut and extending upwardly therefrom in masking relation to a portion of the screw post and having an open upper end, an outstanding bell portion attached to and moving with said tubular member, and a masking member adapted to telescope with said tubular member attached to the upper end portion of the screw post.

14. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a screw post, a chair seat attaching frame secured to the upper end portion of the screw post, a hub receiving with clearance the lower end portion of the screw post, a rotary heightadjusting nut supported on and by the hub and through which said screw post extends with engagement between the threads of the screw post and the threads of the nut, a tubular member of sheet metal attached at its lower end to the nut and in masking relation to a portion of the screw post and having an open upper end, a fixed finishing member in association with said hub enclosing the lower portion of said tubular member and within which the same is adapted to rotate, and a masking member of inverted cup form in telescopic relation to said tubular mem- 'bera'nd attached to the upper end portion of the respect to the hub, a chair seat supported from the upper end of the screw post, and masking means comprising telescopic cup members one inverted with respect to the other supported around the post between the hub and the chair seat;

16. In a swivel chair structure, the combination of a hub adapted to be located in a chair base, a screw post having a portion entering said hub, a manually manipulable rotatably supported nut for raising and lowering the screw post with respect, to the hub, a chair seat supported from the upper end of the screw post, and masking I means comprising telescopic members located in the space between the huband the chair seat, one of said members being attached to the nut and another member being attached to the screw post.

WALTER F. HEROLD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2561102 *Dec 23, 1944Jul 17, 1951Seng CoBase for swivel chairs
US2836305 *Dec 21, 1953May 27, 1958Gen ElectricAdjustable shelf structure
US2859801 *Sep 17, 1956Nov 11, 1958Edwin R MooreGeometric controller for chairs
US3124173 *Oct 14, 1960Mar 10, 1964 tiffany
US3162150 *Aug 28, 1962Dec 22, 1964Borg WarnerOverbed table
US3164357 *Aug 27, 1962Jan 5, 1965Gen Fireproofing CoChair seat adjusting device
US3208485 *May 13, 1963Sep 28, 1965Upjohn CoAutomatic fraction collector
US4567835 *Jul 5, 1983Feb 4, 1986Jg Furniture Systems, Inc.Manual adjustable terminal table
US6536357 *Jun 1, 2000Mar 25, 2003Formway Furniture LimitedHeight adjustable table
Classifications
U.S. Classification108/147, 108/1, 248/416
International ClassificationA47C3/24, A47C3/20
Cooperative ClassificationA47C3/24
European ClassificationA47C3/24