US 2252177 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 12, 1941. c, HEYER 2,252,177
WALLET Filed May 10, 1938 a Sheets-Sheet 1 Aug. 12, 1941.
W. C, HE YER WALLET Filed May 10, 1938 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Aug. 12,1941; w. c. HEYER 2,252,177
' WALLET Filed May 10, 1938 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Aug. 12, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WALLET William Carl Heyer, Mount Holly, N. J.
Application May 10, 1938, Serial No. 206,975
7 6 Claims. (01. 150-38) A further purpose is to form a wallet with an interior guideway in which a sliding partition of a pocket moves. i
A further purpose is to support and secure a currency pocket partition of a wallet by attachment at the lower side near one end and to guide the lower side at the other end for slidable movement as by engagement between a bent-over portion of the partition and a downwardly extending portion of the Wallet, while leaving the upper side of the partition free so that paper currency and other papers may be placed at will on either or both sides of the partition.
A further purpose is to produce a wallet with two partitions each of which isfree to move at the same end and one partition acting as a guideway for the other partition.
A further purpose is to manufacturea wallet with two partitions, one side of each partition being fastened by stitches together and to the wallet and the other side of it being free to move longitudinally one upon the other, which facilitates bending of the wallet when the wallet is folded.
A further purpose is to bend one end of the wallet upon itself during its completion and to glue the bent end behind a strap positioned in apertures or slits in the pocket forming inner wall section.
A further purpose is to produce a fullness in an opening formed by inserting a bent-back end or lip of a stamp pocket flap to allow for easy insertion of a postage stamp container.
A further purposeis to avoid foreshortening of a card pocket in a wallet, and particularly a card pocket at the end of the wallet opposite to that at which there is a telescoping partition, by folding the'end of the partition about one of the other walls of the wallet and cementing the partition to said other wall desirably concealing. the cemented portion'by an outside end flap.
Other purposes will appear in the specification and in the claims.
' My invention is particularly intended for use in wallets of the type which have one half folded upon the other half when the wallet is placed in the users pocket, but which at the same time are easily opened for insertion of paper currency when the wallet is in an extended or flattened position.
Referring to the drawings:
Figure 1 is a plan view of a body blank from which a wallet embodying my invention is constructed.
Figure 2 is a plan view of a sliding partition blank with a flexible extension attached thereto.
Figure 3 is a plan view of a closure partition blank.
Figure 4 is a plan view of a section partition for the currency pocket.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of my improved wallet in one of its early positions of assembly.
Figure 6 is a perspective View, similar to- Figure 5, but in a more advanced state of assembly.
Figure 7 is a perspective View, similar to Figures 5 and 6, but in a still more advanced state of assembly, and almost completed.
Figure 8 is a perspective view of the completed wallet of Figures 5, 6, and 7, and with card and postage containers in place.
Figure 9 is an elevation of Figure 8.
Figure 9a is a perspective View of the completed wallet in folded position.
Figure 10 is an elevation of a card holder, in open position, used in my wallet.
Figure 10a is a perspective View of the card holder of Figure 10, but in folded position for insertion in my wallet.
Figure 11 is an elevation of a stamp holder in open position, used in my wallet;
Figure 11a is a perspective view of the stamp holder of Figure 11, but in folded position for insertion into my wallet.
I have preferred to show one form only of my invention, selecting a form which has proven satisfactory and which well illustrates the principles involved.
The assembly of my improved wallet is extremely simple as the parts are cut in shape for interfitting and the folding operations are easily made.
Referring to Figure 1, I have illustrated a body blank l5, which is shaped to form an outer wall I6, a windowed inner wall section l1, and an inner pocket-forming inner wall section l8. Fold lines [9, 2|], 2|, and 22 are placed longitudinally of the wallet and score lines 23 and 24 laterally of the wallet.
The blank I5 is cut away at 25 between the windowed inner wall section I! and the pocketforming inner wall section l8, leaving however a tab 26.
Beyond the score line IQ of the blank I provide a downwardly extending edge section 21 which forms an interior face for the outer wall of the wallet and serves to finish the upper edge.
At one end of the blank I provide a forward lip 28 tapered at its ends 29 and 35] for finishing purposes.
At the offset end of the blank a rearward lip 3| is provided with tapering edges 32 and 33 and a lip extension 35. The use of this lip and its extension will be described hereinafter.
In the windowed inner Wall section IT is out an opening.
If desired, this opening may be cut when the wallet is practically completed.
The cutting of this opening leaves edges 35, 31, 35 and 39 and forms a border when the blank is formed in the completed wallet.
At the edge of the windowed inner wall section I i beyond the score line 2! is another edging portion or down-flap ii] with .tapered ends 4| and A2. The score line 2| joins at right angles on the blank to a score line d3 having a portion beyond, from which projects an edging 44. This edging M is cut at the inner end of the windowed inner wall section on an are forming the circular tab 26 and on its outer end is tapered at 45.
The pocket-forming inner wall section l8 also has an edging or down-flap 45 extending outwardly and extending beyond the score line 22 and in direct line with the edging 55. The use of the edging 40 and 45 will be apparent in the description to follow of the assembled seams.
The pocket-forming section I8 is cut inwardly at 4i and angularly at 48 and 49 to provide a finger grip for acard holder which is to be placed in the pocket formed by the wall I8.
Wall I8 is slitted at 55 and for the reception of a strip 52 which has inwardly extending ends 53 and 54. I prefer to insert the strip 52 into slits 50 and 5| at the time body blank 55 is formed and to glue them in place.
In Figure 2 I have illustrated a plan view of a sliding partition 55. The forward end of the partition has a tongue 56. The tongue 55 is cut from the partition 55 to provide shoulders 51 and 58 beyond a score line 59.
At the bottom of the partition 55 near the rear end thereof, I cut away the partition at 60 to provide a clearance for the sliding partition when the partition is in place in the finished wallet.
The rearward end of the sliding partition has a flexible extension of cloth or like material 6| which extends rearwardly. It will be understood that other parts of the wallet will preferably be made of leather or the like. The sliding partition is tapered at its top and bottom 52 and 63 adjacent the flexible material 6 l In Figure 3 I have illustrated a closure partition 64 which is used as a backer for the pocketforming section !8 in the finished wallet.
It will thus be evident that the inner wall is made up of the windowed inner wall section ii, the inner pocket-forming inner wall section IS, the closure partition 54 and the sliding partition 55.
In Figure 4 is illustrated a section partition 65 and from the edging 61. When the edging is folded against the partition this arrangement will produce a filleted corner.
At the lower portion of the partition 55 and some distance inwardly from the outsides of the partition, I provide extensions 58 and 69 of the partition. The projection 63 is scored at H! and extended further at H to provide an edging member or up-flap used in completing my wallet.
On the opposite side of the blank and in line with the projection 53 is positioned the beforementioned extension 59. This projection has also as a scoring at I2 and provides an extension or up-flap I3 beyond the score line, which forms a guideway along which the partition 55 slides, when the projection is turned upwardly for positioning in the wallet to underlap the lower edge of the closure partition 64.
Between the projections 68 and 59 the material is cut away arcuately at 14. This will enable the user to bend the section partition easily.
When the blank is folded into position for the formation of the completed wallet, the edging 21 is folded about the score line i9 onto the outer wall section I6 of the blank i5 and glued, cemented, or otherwise secured thereto.
The sliding partition 55 is then placed between the section I! and its edging 49 after the edging has been turned upon wall section H. The sliding section at the end 15 is secured between the edging 40 and the wall I! by stitches i5, as seen in Figures 5 and 6.
The section partition 55 is then attached to the upper side of the sliding partition 55 by means of stitches 11, which stitches secure the sliding partition to the edging H of the section partition 55.
At the same time the pocket-forming inner wall section I8 is attached to the closure partition 54 by means of stitches 18 inserted through the edging 46, partition 64, and inner wall section I8. The other edging of the partition 64 is placed in the guideway '89 and is free to move 1ongitudinally in the guideway.
The edging 61 is then turned against the sec tion partition 65 and is preferably cemented to the partition. This is done while the wallet is in the open position.
It will be obvious that the tab 25 is free to move within the opening 74 and in back of the sliding partition 55. The tab will act as a cover to hide the money stored in the money compartment.
Figure 5 illustrates clearly the placement of the flexible extension BI and its sewing at 85 to the closure partition 64. It will be clearly seen that the sliding partition will be lying in the longitudinal guides when the wallet is turned into its folded position of use.
It will be evident that the stitching at i6, 11, and 18 will preferably be applied while all the parts are lying flat and before folding. This may be done also in the case of the stitching at 80. In the case of stitching at 85, however, it is preferable to apply the stitching after the wallet is partially folded, in order that the stitching may pass not only through the closure partition 64 and the flexible extension 6!, but also through the pocket-forming section l8.
In Figure 6 a further folding operation has been made whereby the sliding partition, in place in the Window section H, and the pocket-forming wall l8 have been folded together, to bring the section partition 65 close to the blank l5 and to place the wallet in position for the final folding Operations.
In Figure 7 the wallet has been folded to near completion, that is, with the main blank completely folded about the partitions, but with the end lips still in their extended positions.
Figure 8 shows in perspective view the wallet completely folded upon itself or with the lips in the final position of folding.
Figure 9 is aside elevation of the completed wallet of Figure 8 but illustrating in more detail some of the features in place. Figure 10 is a top plan view showing the card case 8| scored at 82 for folding and future placement within the wallet pocket 83. Figure 10a is a perspective of the folded card case of Figure 10 ready for insertion in the pocket 83. Figure 11 is a top plan view of a postage stamp holder 84 scored at 84' for folding into the holder illustrated in Figure 11a. When the inner and outer walls of the wallet are spread apart, currency and checks may be placed in the compartments 85 and 86 on each side of the section partition 65. The wallet may then be folded, one end upon the other end, using the free portion 81 of the wallet, which is flexible on account of the fact that the windowed section and the pocket section are cut short of one another to allow the approximate centers of the fiat portions [6, 55, and 65 to act as a hinge for the folding operation. The fact that the partitions and are free to move together allows for expansion of the walls of the wallet in case the wallet is filled to a great extent.
It will be evident, that, by the present invention the section partition 65 is longitudinally slidable but at all times guided in the guideway provided at its lower side near one end. In other words, the section partition of the currency pocket derives its main support at the lower side near one end, is free from support at the upper side and at the lower side near the middle, but has reciprocaible guiding between the edging 13 and/or the lower edge of the closure partition 64 and/or the lower edge of the partition 55.
Both the sliding partition 55 and the section partition 65 thus have the common characteristic of being supported at one end and slidable and guided at the other end, the guiding at the other end desirably interrelating the sliding partition and the section partition. It will, however, of course; be obvious that the section partition need in no way be interrelated with the sliding partition in respect to its guiding, as the closure partition 64 is entirely adequate to provide guiding for the sliding partition.
It will thus be evident that the section partition of the currency pocket is just as conveniently positioned as in prior art wallets in respect to absence of attachment at its upper side and desirably also absence of attachment at its ends, but has support at its lower side on both ends. Unlike prior art wallet constructions, however, the support of the section partition allows sliding at one end so that the section partition does not have a tendency to impede folding of the wallet or cause bulging of the wallet under certain conditions of filling of the currency pocket. In the wallet of the present invention every partition which crosses the center of the wallet inside of the outer wall desirably has capability of sliding to allow for the difference between the length of the arc of smaller radius taken by the sliding partition and the section partition, on the one hand, and the arc of the greater radius taken by the outer wall I6, when the wallet is folded.
The formation of the stamp pocket has been a problem in a prior art construction which has been conveniently solved in the present bill fold through tucking the end 34 of the rearward lip 3| under a strip 52, and desirably cementing the sides of the lip to the adjoining wall of the wallet. By making the dimension 34 across the portion 34 slightly greater than the dimension 52' between the slits 5d and 5|, the excess material will tend to produce fullness of or arch up the stamp pocket, making the insertion of the stamp holder more convenient. This fullness or arching is indicated at 84 in Figure 8. I have found that it is convenient to have the dimension 52 exceed the dimension 52 by approximately 1% of an inch, although this will be subject to variation.
An important feature of the present construction is the manner of forming the end of the wallet opposite to the end at which the sliding partition telescopes in the pocketlike structure formed between the pocket-forming section l8 and the closure partition 64. Stitching at this opposite end to secure the sliding partition to the inner wall section 11 results in foreshortening the window pocket. This is avoided in the present construction by folding the tongue 56 back upon the wall I! (Figure 7 shows the tongue just prior to folding) and cementing the tongue 56 to the wall ll. The tongue 56 is then covered by folding over the forward lip or end flap 28 and cementing it to the wall I! and to the tongue 56. This operation is shown completed in Figure 8. If it be desired to stamp out the window opening 35 after the forward lip or end flap 28 has been cemented to place, the die which cuts out the window opening 35 may at the same time trim the end of the forward lip 28 forming a finish for both the window edge and the forward lip.
It will also be evident that in the finished wallet the stitching, for example at E6, Ti, 18 and 80, is hidden and does not detract from the neatness and finish of the outside of the wallet. This is an important feature lacking in many prior art constructions.
It will of course be evident that various changes can be made in the construction of the wallet without departing from the general prin ciples disclosed. For example stitches may be replaced by cement or glue and vice versa, and blind stitches may be used instead of open stitches. The shaping of the various attachments of the wallet may be varied and the stage in the construction at which the various cuts and folds are made is likewise subject to variation. For example, the opening in the windowed section ll may be cut at any stage which proves most convenient.
In view of my invention and disclosure variations and modifications to meet individual whim or particular need will doubtless become evident to others skilled in the art, to obtain part or all of the benefits of my invention without copying the structure shown, and I, therefore, claim all such in so far as they fall within the reasonable spirit and scope of my invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a wallet or the like, an outer wall, inner wall members united to the outer wall at the bottom and ends, having respectively narrow and deep inward down flaps along the top and cooperating with the outer wall to form a bill pocket, a downwardly extending closure partition within the said narrow and deep down flaps, secured at the top to the narrow down flap and unattached along the top and bottom within the deep down flap, a section partition extending longitudinally through the pocket, adjoining the outer Wall having up flaps along the bottom toward opposite ends, one up flap enclosing and fastened to the lower edge of the closure partition of the portion thereof fastened along its upper edge to the said narrow down flap and the other up flap enclosing and unattached to the bottom edge of the said deep flap.
2. A wallet having an outer wall extending longitudinally from end to end, inner walls united to the outer wall at the bottom and separated from one another at the middle, a sliding partition secured to the top of the inner wall at one end and extending across the middle of the wallet to a position behind the inner wall at the other end, a section partition extending longitudinally of the wallet between the outer and inner walls and between the sliding partition and the outer wall, the section partition being secured to the lower side of the sliding partition at said one end, a closure partition secured to the upper side of the inner wall at the other end and extending between the sliding partition and the section partition and an up-fiap from the section partition interconnecting the lower side of the closure partition and the section partition at the other end, whereby the sliding partition and the section partition are free to slide at the same end and are guided during sliding.
3. A wallet having a longitudinally extending outer wall, inner walls united to the outer wall at the lower side and separated at the middle, a sliding partition united to the inner wall at the upper side near one end and extending across the middle of the wallet to a position behind the inner wall at the other end, a closure partition united to the inner wall at the upper side near the other end and extending behind the sliding partition to assist in guiding, a section partition extending longitudinally between the outer wall and the sliding partition at one end and between the outer wall and closure partition at the other end, the section partition being secured to the lower side of the sliding partition at the one end and underlapping the lower side of the closure partition at the other end but unsecured thereto.
4. A wallet having a longitudinally extending outer wall, inner walls united to the outer wall at the lower side, having down-flaps at the top and separated at the middle, a sliding partition united to the down-flap of an inner Wall at the upper side near one end and extending across the middle of the wallet to a position behind the inner wall at the other end, a closure partition united to the inner wall at the other end and extending behind the sliding partition to assist in guiding, a section partition extending longitudinally between the outer wall and the sliding partition at one end and between the outer wall and closure partition at the other end, the section partition having up-fiaps one underlapping and secured to the lower side of the sliding partition at the one end and the other end slidably under-lapping the closure partition and extending between the closure partition and the inner wall at the other end and holding down the section partition at its slidable end.
5. A wallet having a longitudinally extending outer wall, inner walls united to the outer wall at the lower side, having down-flaps at the top and separated at the middle, a sliding partition underlapped by the down-flaps, united to one downfiap and extending across the middle of the wallet to a position behind the inner wall at the other end, a closure partition united to the other down-flap and extending behind the sliding partition, a section partition extending longitudinally between the outer wall and the sliding partition at one end and between the outer wall and closure partition at the other end, the section partition being free from support by the wallet at both ends and having longitudinally alined up-flaps, one underlapping and secured to the lower side of the sliding partition at said one end and the other slidably underlapping the closure partition at the other end.
6. In a wallet, a section wall having spaced slits, another wall in proximity to the section wall folded around one end of the section wall, the folded portion providing an end flap from the other wall, a strip extending through the slits in the section wall, the end flap being folded around and tucked under the strip at a location between the slits, and the end flap at its edges between the fold around one end of the section wall and the fold around the strip being permanently fastened to the section wall, the section wall and the end flap forming a pocket whose mouth is adjacent the strip, and the dimension of the end flap across the mouth of the pocket being greater than the dimension of the strip across the mouth of the pocket so that the pocket has a tendency to fullness.
WILLIAM CARL HEYER.