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Publication numberUS2253027 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 19, 1941
Filing dateFeb 19, 1940
Priority dateFeb 19, 1940
Publication numberUS 2253027 A, US 2253027A, US-A-2253027, US2253027 A, US2253027A
InventorsOtis Hall
Original AssigneeOtis Hall
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toasting machine
US 2253027 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 19, 1941. o, HALL TOASTING MACHINE Filed Feb. 19, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 p flIf- QZZHQVENTOR ATTORNEYS,

Aug. 19, 1941. Q HALL 2,253,027

TOASTING MACHINE I Filed Feb. 19, 1940 .2 Sheets-Sheet 2 14 W W W W Ill! I -III WITNESS ATTORNEYS Patented Aug. 19, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 'ross'rma MACHINE Otis Hall, Detroit, Mich. Application February 19, 1940, Serial No. 319,750

4 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in toasting machines and especially .is concerned with improvements in the feed mechanism thereof.

It is an object of this invention to provide a simple device for expeditiously controlling the feeding of slices of bread or the like into a toasting machine. I

An advantage of the novel and improved feed mechanism according to this over other devices intended to accomplish substantially the same purpose is its ready adaptability to attachment to existing types of toasting machines without requiring structural reorganization for the adaptation.

Noteworthy among the features of the novel toasting machine according to the present invention are its simplicity and ruggedness of construction, the former suiting the device to the requirements of manufacture under conditions of mass production and the latter assuring long useful life.

Other objects, advantages and features of the new and improved toasting machine according to the present invention will-be apparent to those skilled in this art during the course of the following description.

Regarded in certain of its broader aspects the novel device according to the present invention comprises in combination with a toasting machine of the type including an endless conveyer for carrying objects to be toasted between radiant toasters, of the improvements which comprise a gravity feed magazine for receiving sliced ob- Jects positioned superjacent the conveyer; a swinging horizontally extending plate positioned beneath the next to the lowermost slice in the magazine for preventing delivery to the conveyer. said plate being movable into another position whereby discharge of sliced objects from the magazine to the conveyer is uninhibited; and means for facilitating swinging of said plate as mentioned.

In order to facilitate a fuller and more complete understanding of the present invention a specific embodiment thereof herein illustrated will be hereinafter described, it being clearly understood, however, that the illustrated embodiment, although presently preferred, is provided solely by way of example of the practice of this invention and not by way of limitation thereof except insofar as the invention is recited in the subjoined claims.

Referring then to the drawings,

Figure 1 is substantially a vertical sectional view of the presently preferred embodiment of this invention showing the same adapted to use upon a conventional toasting machine,

Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view of Fig. 1 taken along the line 22 thereof,

Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of a. portion of the device shown in Fig. 1,

Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view of Fig. 3 taken along the line 4-4 thereof,

Fig. 5 is a top plan view of the magazine and a portion of the toasting machine, and

Fig, 6 is substantially a perspective view of the feed control plate.

Fig. 7 illustrates the electrical interlock between the conveyer motor and the toaster elements.

In thedrawings the presently preferred em bodiment of this invention is generally designated by the reference character l0 and, it will be noted, comprises a hollow box-like casing ll within which are mounted freely rotating transversely extending spaced essentially parallel rollers l2 and I3 upon which is mounted an endless conveyer ll which comprises a plurality of links Ha connected by pivots Ilb, each link being provided with inbent object-holding members c substantially as shown. The roller I I is rotated by means including an electric motor i I which is controlled by a switch II, which switch also controls the electric radiant toasters generally designated by the reference character I! which are mounted above and below a portion of the endless conveyer ll. As will be obvious from Fig. 7 of the drawings, neither motor nor toasters may be operated independently ofthe other since they are connected in parallel to the terminals of the switch It.

A magazine generally designated by the reference character l8 comprising an essentially hollow box-like casing l8 extending vertically upwardly from a central portion of the casing ll serves to receive and store sliced material designated by the reference character A which is free to feed by means of gravity through the open bottom of the casing onto the support bails I9 extending thereunder essentially as shown in Fig. 3. -It is to be noted that the balls I! are positioned with relation to the endless conveyer It in a manner such that parts of the links Ha will strike against the lowermost 'slice supported on the balls and will move the same therefrom onto the conveyer substantially-as is shown in phantom in Fig. 3.

A vertically extending shaft 20, Journaled in an opening formed in the top iBa of the casing it formed integrally with the bottom portion oi the casing, is reduced at its bottom end "a and carries rigidly attached thereto a horizontally ex tending plate II having a pointed corner portion Ila formed for facilitating swinging of the plate between the lowermost and next lowermost slice resting upon the balls It. A handle 22 is provided upon the upper end of the shaft 20 and serves to facilitate oscillation of the shaft whereby the plate 2| can upon occasion be moved into supporting position beneath the next to the lowermost slice in the magazine or, upon occasion, movable into another position whereby discharge of sliced objects from the magazine onto the conveyer is uninhibited. The first position of the plate is illustrated in full view in Fig. 4 and the second position is shown in the same figure in phantom.

As will be obvious to those skilled in this art from an inspection oi the drawings the toaster proper functions in the conventional manner moving the sliced object received from the magazine between the radiant toasters l1 and discharging the toasted objects from the conveyer ll through the discharge opening Ila formed in the casing l l. I i

It is to be understood that this invention is capable of extended application and is not coniined to the precise illustrated forms nor described construction and, therefore, such changes and modifications may be made therein as do not aiIect the spirit oi the invention nor exceed the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described the present invention, what it is desired to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. The combination with an endless conveyor for conveying objects, comprising a magazine for receiving approximately flat superimposed ob- Jects and having its lower end spaced slightly above the endless conveyor, downwardly extending bails below the lower end of the magazine and adapted to receive and support one of the objects contained in the magazine, means ior delivering the lowermost object in the magazine to the bails, and means carried by the endless conveyor and extending between the bails for removing the object thereon and allowing it to drop on the conveyor.

2. The combination with an endless conveyor for conveying objects, comprising a, magazine for receiving approximately fiat superimposed objects and having its lower and spaced slightly above the endless conveyor, downwardly extending bails below the lower end of the magazine and adapted to receive the lowermost object contained in the magazine, a horizontally swinging plate mounted near the bottom of the magazine and adapted to swing beneath the next to the lowermost object in the magazine, and means carried by the endless conveyor and extending between the bails for moving the lowermost object in the magazine from above the balls and allowing them to drop on the conveyor.

3. The combination with an endless conveyor for conveying objects, comprising a magazine for receiving approximately fiat superimposed objects and having its lower end spaced slightly above the endless conveyor, downwardly extending bails below the lower end of the magazine and adapted to receive the lowermost object in the magazine, a horizontally swinging plate mounted near the bottom oi the magazine and adapted to swing beneath the next to the lowermost object in the magazine, and extensions carried by the endless conveyor and extending between the balls for moving the lowermost object in the magazine from above the balls and allowing them to drop on the conveyor.

4. The combination with an endless conveyor for conveying objects, comprising a magazine for receiving slices of bread superimposed and having its lower end spaced above the endless conveyor, downwardly extending bails carried by the opposite sides of the magazine and having inwardly turned ends below a portion of the magazine, a horizontally swinging plate mounted near the bottom of the magazine and adapted to swing beneath the next to the last slice of bread in the magazine beyond the balls, and transverse vertically disposed plates carried by the endless conveyor between the bails for moving the lowermost slice in the magazine from above the bail and allowing the slice above the balls to drop thereon.

OTIS HALL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2498560 *Aug 6, 1946Feb 21, 1950Leeth Ashby LDrier
US2699862 *May 3, 1951Jan 18, 1955Walter & Company Inc BArticle unstacking and feed mechanism
US2726013 *Dec 19, 1950Dec 6, 1955Stapling Machines CoApparatus for dispensing slats
US2828888 *Jan 10, 1951Apr 1, 1958Charles NicolleApparatus for dispensing fragile articles
US2905081 *Sep 30, 1955Sep 22, 1959Jackson John KFlexograph printing machine
US3180973 *Dec 15, 1961Apr 27, 1965Robertson Photo Mechanix IncApparatus for fusing master plates
US3512679 *Jun 5, 1968May 19, 1970Stoltz James PMulti-selection dispensing machine
US3580164 *Oct 9, 1969May 25, 1971Nat Ind MfgHamburger cooking machine
US4044660 *Mar 8, 1976Aug 30, 1977Marvin Glass & AssociatesAutomatic toaster
US4922435 *Apr 1, 1988May 1, 1990Restaurant Technology, Inc.Food preparation robot
US5132914 *Apr 30, 1990Jul 21, 1992Restaurant Technology, Inc.Food preparation system and method
US5172328 *Jan 8, 1992Dec 15, 1992Restaurant Technology, Inc.Food preparation system and method
US6936796 *Mar 27, 2003Aug 30, 2005Aac Trade Ltd.Automatic toaster apparatus
WO2008140286A1 *May 15, 2008Nov 20, 2008Sanchez Ricardo GonzalezTortilla heater
Classifications
U.S. Classification221/253, 221/312.00R, 99/387, 34/87, 219/214
International ClassificationA47J37/08
Cooperative ClassificationA47J37/0857
European ClassificationA47J37/08C