US 2253823 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
ll18- 26, 1941- P. suTERAs 2,253,823
DOMINOES GAME Filed July 12, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet l k7 i F176 6 Z f5 um Ng A Tram/Ex n Patented Aug. 26, 1941 Y lorrlclr.
DOMINOES Pio Morales Sutei'las.. Habanar Cuba Application July 12, 1939; Serial No. 284.121
InCuba JuneI 20,1939- 5 claims. (ciers-437).
This invention relates to the game called dominoes game, and it has for its 'object the provision of a dominoes Agame in which the groups of black circles `or dots borne by the known dominoes ga e pieces are substituted by numeric symbols and in which the numeric symbols are shown in fixed position or on rotatably mounted discs which are provided, with a weight which, in any upstanding position of apiece, will cause the numeric symbol to remain in a proper position permitting its reading, and in which the numeric symbol is protected from continued handling by the players by a transparent disc, thus it provides facilities for playing and gives the upper face of the piece a pleasant appearance.
Another object of the invention is to present the numbers on a characteristic colored background for each numeric symbol, which constitutes a means for checking at first view the proper numbers of each piece, thus avoiding errors frequently incurred in the placing of the pieces during the play.
A further object of the invention is to provide the pieces withV a small ball mounted onV the back side of each piece so thattne pieces may loosely rotate or slide and escape from retaining by the players when the pieces are resting by their back side on a table or board.
The invention is described with reference to the iigures oi' the .accompanying drawings, ofr
Fig. 1 is an upper plan viewofa dominoes game piece embodying my invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged longitudinal vertical section view of a piece on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a vertical cross-section View of a piece on line 3 3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a vertical cross-section View of a piece on line 4 4 of Fig. 1.
Figs. 5, 6, '7, 8, 9 and 10 are similar views to that of Fig. l, showing diierent shapes of the outline of the recesses or cavities on which the reading. In said ligures is shown'a piece 3 hav- 'Fig'. 15 is apartial longitudinal section View on line |5-l5 of Fig.` 14.
Fig. 16 isa view ofithe: back side of: a piece carrying a projecting'ball for freely rotating or sliding.
Fig;v 127 is a longitudinalv vertical seoti'onview. onvv the middlelongitudinal.y liney of the` piece represented in Fig. 1'6.
This dominoesfgame',is.composed` of 55-pieces shaped exactly as the dominoes game pieces known upto the present, in which the groups of' black circles or dots engraved or inbas-relief on the upper face of the known pieces; are; substituted by numerals of the decimal system'. or romannumerals, greek numerals, etc.
The numerals S' are printed on discs madeof aflexible material', such as paper l, inserted within supercial recesses 2 formed in the two halves of the upper face of apiece 370i rectangular shape similarY to that ofthe pieces at vpresent known, said recesses having a convex bottom 4 coveredV by the paper disc.Y I which is protected byv a disc of transparentmaterial such as mica 5 retained within the recess 2 by a metal ring 6 press-fitted against the peripherial edge of recess The ydivision of lthe upper face of piece 3 into. two halves is marked byv means of` a metal strip 'I divided into two longitudinal halves bypa metal nail 8 whose headV 8 rests against the adjacent ends o f the two halves of strip 1.
VThe contour of the recess 2 and the metal ring 6 may aiect two distinct shapes: thus Figs. 1 and 10 illustrate a circular shape; Fig. 5- illustrates a triangular shape; Fig'. 6 illustrates a starry shape.; Fig. 7 illustrates. a polygonalshape with entering and projecting portions; Fig. 8 illustrates a square shape; and Fig. 9 illustrates an octagonalshape. Y
The paper discs l will preferably be in a distinct and characteristic color for each of the Anine numerals employed in the dominoes game,
and thus the characteristic color of the background on which each numeral S is printed constitutes a checking means for each numeral, whereby errors in the placing of pieces during the play will be avoided.
In Figs. 11, 12 and 13 is represented a modied'form of construction of a piece, wherein the numerals S are mounted on rotatory ,discs so that regardless of the upstanding position in which a piece is placed by the player,' the numerals S Will always remain in proper position for their ing two cylindrical cavities VIll separated by a solid portion 9, and in each cavity is i'otatably arranged a disc I I on whose outer face is adhered through the interposition of a felt convex disc I2 the paper disc I bearing printed thereon the numeral S. This numeral is visible from the outside through a disc made of a transparent material, such as mica, which is held in position by the metal ring 6 press-tted in the recess I3 formed in the peripherial edge of the cylindrical cavity ID. Each disc II is integral with `a shaft I4 being perpendicularly to same and extending towards the bottom of cavity Il, said shaft being loosely mounted within a bush bearing I5 whose base is fitted into a cylindrical cavity I6 formed in the bottom of cavity I0, and the bush bearing I5 resting through an annular ange I5 against the bottom of cavity I0. The disc II carries on a place transversally aligned to the base or lower portion of the numeral S a weight I 1 by means of which the numerals S will always tend to remain in upright position in any of the two vertical positions of the piece as indicated in Figs. 11 and 12.
' In Figs. 14 and 15 is illustrated a modified form of support for the shaft I4 of disc II, by means of a disc I8 in the shape of a spider fixed to the circular wall of cavity IU on a seat I9 recessed in said wall, said disc I8 having at its middle portion a hole 20 for the passage therethrough of the shaft I4 Whose lower end is rotatably supported in a cup-shaped bearing 2| fitted into a small cylindrical cavity I6 formed in the bottom of cavity I0.
In order that the dominoes game pieces may not stand in a fixed position on a table or board and may loosely rotate or slide upon being impulsed by the players hand, thus escaping from retaining action by the player, the back side of each piece 3 has at its middle portion a sphericalsegment-shaped cavity 22 within which a small metal ball 23 is so lodged that it will slightly protrude from the surface of the back side of piece 3 as shown in Fig. 17, said small ball 23 resting on the head of a tack 24 thrusted in the bottom of said cavity 22 and the small ball 23 being retained within the cavity 22 by means of a metal ring 25 fitted within an annular recess 26 formed in the edge of said cavity 22.
It is obvious that changes may be made in the shape of the pieces and of the cavities of each piece, as well as in the means for rotatably mounting the shaft of each disc carrying a numeral, without that by this reason it may be considered as altered the essential character of the invention, which is such as claimed hereinafter.
What I claim is:
1. A dominoes game piece having two cavities, numerals carrying discs within said two cavities, and means in each cavity to support the respective disc for rotary movement.
2. A dominoes game piece having two cavities, numerals carrying discs within said two cavities, means in each cavity to support the respective disc for rotary movement and weights carried by the two discs on a portion of the back thereof transversely corresponding to the base of the respective numeral, so that in any vertical position of the piece the weight may cause the respective numeral to remain in a straight position.
3. A dominoes game piece having two cylindrical cavities, a numeral carrying disc lodged Within each of said two cavities, shafts projecting from the center of the discs into each cavity, supporting 4means xed within each cavity to provide a loose rotatory motion to each disc shaft, and a weight joined to each disc at a portion of their back side aligned transversely to the base or lower portion of the numeral borne by same.
4. A dominoes game piece having two cylindrical cavities, a flat disc lodged within each of said cavities, a felt convex disc joined to the outer face of each flat disc, a paper disc bearing a numeral and adhered to each felt disc, a shaft joined to each flat disc in a position perpendicular to same and projecting inwards from its inner face, means for supporting in loose rotation each shaft within each cavity of the piece, a transparent disc fixed at its edge close to the edge of each cavity of the piece, and a weight joined to each flat disc at a portion of its back side aligned transversely to the base or lower portion of the numeral borne by same.
5. A dominoes game piece having two cylindrical cavities, a flat disc lodged within each of said cavities, a shaft joined to each fiat disc in a position perpendicular to same and projecting from its inner face, a bearing fixed to the bottom of each cavity and within which is rotatably mounted each shaft, a felt convex disc adhered to each flat disc, a paper disc bearing a numeral adhered to the felt disc, a transparent disc lixed at its edge close to the edge'of each cavity of the piece, and a weight joined to the back side of each flat disc at a portion aligned transversely to the base or lower portion of the numeral borne by same.
PIO MORALES SUTERAS.