US 2253917 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
vAug. 26, 1941. w ROGERS 2,253,917
MANIFOLDING ASSEMBLY Filed Nov. 9, 1940 l nv'eni ow;
l8 f I Howa rd M P9387253 I Patented Aug; 26, 1 9 4 1 I UNITED J STATE MANIFOLDING ASSEMBLY 7 Howard W. Rogers, Emeryville. Calif; assignor to Pacific Manifolding Book. Company,
Emer'yville, Calif., a-corporation of Delaware Application November 9, 1940, Serial No. 365,079
This invention relates to improvements in manifolding assemblies, and more particularly to such assemblies of the type including record and carbon or transfer sheets attached together into a unitary record assembly of sheets adapted for use as a singlelrecord unit in various forms of writing machines, such as accounting machines, bookkeeping machines, adding machines, typewriters, autographic registers, and the like, or for manual inscription'independently of any inscribing apparatus.
It is a general object of the invention to provide a single manifolding unitof the class mentioned, wherein an improved arrangement has been devised whereby a unitary record assembly of record and carbon sheets can be attached in temporaryiixed position upon a summary or current'record units, so as to carry a continuous record or history of the transactions, and it can be separately filed or bound as desired;
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved adhesive attaching means for record units of the class mentioned whereby the adhesive attachment is protected from damage by a novel means of attachment to the record unit, and also the adhesive surface is protected so as to avoid contact with outside surfaces and to avoid soiling the fingers.
Other objects of the invention will be in part pointed out int-he following detailed description of some illustrative but preferred embodiments of the invention, and will be in part obvious as the disclosure proceeds.
The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combination of elements,
' and arrangement of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter set forth and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the claims.
; For a more comprehensive disclosure of the nature, objects and advantages of the invention, reference is had to the following detailed description and to the accompanying drawing, in
transactions, such as sales and the like, and these individual transactions recorded on the separate units can be transferred to provide a continuous record or history of the transactions upon one or more ledger sheets.
A further and more particular object of the invention is to provide an improved temporary attaching device for each of the separate record units, whereby said units can be attached temporarily in fixed transfer position on a summary or ledgersheet, and can be quickly and easily detached and shifte'dto a different attached position onthesummary sheet for further transfer inscription, or another similarly constructed record unit can be likewise attached in different transfer positions on the same summary sheet.
According to a more detailed'feature of the in-. vention, each record unit for receiving the current inscriptions of sales, etc., is provided with an improved attaching device in the form of an adhesive attachment having a coating of nondrying, pressure sensitive, cold-sealing adhesive, whereby the current record unit can be quickly and easily attached in any desired transfer position upon the ledger or summary sheet and as easily removed after the inscriptions have been completed. The ledger or summary sheet can thus be inscribed when assembled with different which:
Fig. 1 is a partially diagrammatic perspective view of a manifolding assembly embodying the invention; 1
' Fig. -2 is a partially diagrammatic enlarged vertical, longitudinal section of Fig. 1 taken through one of the improved attaching devices;
Fig.- 3 is a perspective view of a strip of adhesive tape used for making the assembly attion of the invention, and first 'to the embodiment particularly shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3,
a manifolding assemblyindicated generally at i0 is there depicted. This manifolding assembly embodies a single record sheet ii and a record assembly or unit l2. The record sheet II is ordinarily in the form of a summary or ledger sheet somewhat larger than the record unit l2 and is preferably made of a better or heavier quality-of paper for use in making a continuous 5 5 record or history of transactions or sales, and
- for filing or binding in any desired appropriate ing circular. but they may be of other configuration, such as rectangular, triangular, diamondshaped, etc. The apertures I9 are preferably positioned outside of the weakened severance lines I1 so that the attaching devices are entirely free and separate from the main body of the record sheets upon severance along these lines, thus leaving the record sheets free from any objectionable or unsightly marring.
Attached in position over each of the attaching apertures I9 is an attaching sheet member carbon sheets may be utilized. One record and one carbon sheet may be suiiicient for some purposes, but three or four or more record sheets with a corresponding number of carbon sheets maybe required for other purposes.
Binding means is provided for attaching the record and carbon sheets together in a unitary record assembly, this being provided by the binding stub I6 in which stubs or extensions of the sheets are attached together by adhesive means and other well known attaching devices. Each of the record sheets I4 is provided with a transverse weakened severance line I! extending along and just outside of the binding stub. These severance lines may be made in any well known manner, as by perforating, scoring, cutting or similar known means. The transfer sheets I5 could be provided with similar weakened lines but they are ordinarily omitted from the transfer sheets. The carbon sheets, as shown, terminate at their end portions opposite to the binding stub I 6, short of the adjacent end portions of the record sheets so as to provide a selective grip formation whereby the ends of the record sheets can be gripped, without at the same time gripping or engaging the transfer sheets. By means of this arrangement, the record unit I! can be gripped'at the binding stub and at the selective grip formation at the other end, whereupon a quick pull or perk will sever the record sheets from the stub along the weakened lines l1 and strip the transfer sheets from their interleaved relation with the record sheets in a manner well known in the art. The carbon sheets will remain attached to the binding stub and can be discarded therewith.
It will be noticed that the lower transfer sheet II is positioned at the outside of the record unit I2 and has its lower transfer surface directed downwardly. This is for the purpose of transferring inscriptions made upon the record unit to the upper face of the summary sheet when these two parts are assembled, as shown in Fig. 1. The under surfaces of both transfer sheets are carbonized for transfer inscription, but in some cases it will be desirable to carbonize the upper surfaces, especially where translucent record sheets are used, transfer inscriptions being thus made upon the back or undersurfaces of such translucent sheets.
Improved attaching means for attaching the separate record unit upon the ledger or summary sheet is indicated generally at ii. In the embodiment shown, each of these attachments includes an opening or aperture I9 extending through the record unit. As shown in Fig. 1, there are two such apertures spaced apart and positioned directly at the binding stub l6. These apertures are shown as being spaced inwardly from the adJacent edges of the record unit and thus are entirely closed, but for some purposes the aperture may extend through the adjacent end or side edges of the assembly sheets, so as to be partially open. The apertures are shown as be- 20, preferably in the form of a special adhesive tape having its under surface coated with an adhesive material 2|, that is non-drying, pressure sensitive, and cold sealing. Each attaching strip 20 can be attached to the binding stub over the corresponding aperture l9 by this adhesive means or in any other desired manner. But the surface'of the attaching tape that is exposed downwardly through the aperture I9 for contact with the ledger sheet should be of the type mentioned, thus providing for attachment of the record unit in a temporary fixed inscription position upon the ledger sheet merely by applying pressure on the tape directly over the apertures I9. It thus takes only an instant to attach the record unit in transfer position upon the ledger sheet and after the inscription has been made the unit can be as quickly stripped from its attached position and transferred to another attached position if desired. Or, another record unit may thus be attached to the ledger sheet after the preceding unit has been thus attached and inscriptions made. In this manner a continuous record or history of individual transactions made upon the current record unit I2 can be recorded upon the ledger sheet.
Different forms of an adhesive material, for the purpose above set forth, are known such, for example, as adhesive embodying rubber or latex, such as the well known friction tape employed in electrical work and similar adhesive tape for attaching sheets of paper, etc. A very satisfactory adhesive for this purpose is described in United States Letters Patent to R. G. Drew, No. 2,177,627, issued October 31, 1939. This discloses a pressure sensitive tape made of cellulosic sheet material or regenerated cellulose sheeting with a coating of non-drying, pressure sensitive, cold-sealing adhesive, as set forth in detail in this patent. This adhesive is especially advantageous for this purpose since it not only is sufficiently tacky to attach the manifolding units firmly in position upon the ledger sheet during entry of the inscriptions, but it does not offset or peel oil from the tape or sheeting. Marring or soiling of the surface of the ledger sheet due to off-setting is thus avoided. Also, its adhesive qualities are satisfactory throughout a considerable temperature range and it is therefore satisfactory to hold the record units in position at ordinary living room temperatures, or at temperatures considerably above or below such room temperatures. It is non-drying over long periods of time and does not deteriorate appreciably with age. Also, its pressure sensitive qualities continue for long periods of time. Accordingly, this adhesive is very advantageous in secluding the record units in different transfer positions upon the ledger sheets.
Referring to the embodiments of the invention disclosed in Figures 4 and 5, it will be noted that the manifolding assembly is of the same general nature as that described in detail above; for this reason corresponding parts are designated by the stantially the same same numerals with the addition of the index a. In this embodiment the manifolding assembly IOa includes the ledger or summary sheet Ma and the record unit 12a, similarly to the previously described embodiment. Also. the record v 3 l'or'some purposes it is convenient and satisfactoryto omit the carbon sheet or sheets from unit I2a includes a record sheet Ila and a transfer sheet I5a arranged similarly to the sheets of the previously described embodiment. More record and transfer sheets may be used when desired. The carbon sheet- Iia is shown as of subsize as the record sheet but be provided at to the a selective grip formation may the marginal portion thereof opposite binding stub I6a, as in Fig. 1.
In the embodiment of Figures 4 and 5, the attachment sheet is at the lateral or left-hand margin rather than at the top of the unit, as shown in Fig. 1. Also, there is a single attaching device Ila for the record unit instead of two spaced attaching devices as'shown in Fig. 1. The attaching device I8a is substantially the same in structural details as the attaching devices I8 de-' scribed above, and it is positioned at an aperture or opening I9a in the record unit, similar to the openings I9. The record and carbon shee'ts may be attached in the binding stub 'IBa as above described, and the attaching adhesive tape or sheet in substantially the same manner as above described. The single attaching device Ila is sufficiently strong to hold the record unit in transfer position upon the summary sheet during the entry of transfer inscriptions. The record unit can be attached in any desired position and shifted from one attached 'position to another, as already described, and different units can be attached'in different transfer positions upon the ledger sheets so as to make a continuous record or history upon the ledger shee It is desirable to make the attaching tape 2! or 20a of translucent material such as described, so that the openings over which the tapeis positioned may be utilized as observation windows for aiding in locating the record unit correctly in the different inscription positions upon the ledger sheet. For this purpose, the marks included in the blank forms of the ledger sheet or other marks, if desired, may be utilized as indices to aid in the location of the unit in correct transfer position upon the ledger sheet. The attaching tape may, however, for some purposes be opaque andof different sheetmaterial such as paper or textile fabric.
It will be understood that the drawing is partially diagrammatic, especially the enlarged views of Figures 2 and 5 in which the sheets are shown considerably separated for the purpose of improving the disclosure. .The record and trans- .fer sheets in actual practic'e are ordinarily of thin paper, such as used for recording written data and they lie close together in flat relation in the assembly. The adhesive attaching tape 2' or 20a will thus lie substantially in flat'position across the corresponding openings and the adhesive surface will lie flat substantially in a single plane across the top of the apertures at the binding stub. When it is desired to attach the record unit in position on the ledger sheet or other surface, the area of the attaching tape aligned with the opening can be deflected laterally by pressure until its adhesive surface contacts with the underlying surface of the ledger sheet, thus effecting the desired attachment.
of the record unit I2a to the ledger 20a is constructed and arranged bon sheet or sheets unit and to supply such carin loose unattached form in transfer relation with the assembled record unit and ledger sheets. Also the transfer material may be supplied bycarbcnizing the back or under the separate record surface of each record sheet'of the separate record unit and omitting the separate carbon sheets.
Since certain changes may be made in the above construction and different embodiments of the invention could bemade without departing from the scope thereof, itis intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and'desire to secure by Letters Patent is: 1. A manifolding assembly, in combination, a ledgersheet, a separate assembly of record and transfer sheets bound together in a separate record unit and including a. transfer sheet having a transfer surface exposed to the outside for making outside transfer inscriptions, said record unit having a marginal opening extending therethrough, and an attaching device including sheet material attached to the separate assemblyover said opening andhaving a non-drying, pressure sensitive adhesive surface exposedthrough said opening for contacting .with'a surface of said ledger sheet, whereby the record unit can be quickly attached in temporary fixed superposed manifolding relation with said ledger sheet in different positions thereon with said exposed transfer surface in transfer relation with the ledger sheet for transfer thereto of inscriptions made upon said record unit.
2. .In a manifolding assembly,
' a ledger sheet, a separate assembly of record and taching device including a transfer sheets bound together in a separate record'unit and including a transfer sheet having a transfer surface exposed to the outside for making outside transfer inscriptions, said record unit having a closed marginal opening spaced inwardly from the assembly edges, and an atsheet member attached to the separate assembly over said closed opening and having a non-drying, pressure sensitive adhesive surface exposed through said opening for contacting with a surface of said ledger sheet whereby the record unit can be quickly attached in temporary fixed superposed manifolding relation with said ledger sheet in different positions thereon,
tached to the said unit in position over said stub opening and having a non-drying, pressure sensitive adhesive exposed through said opening for contacting with whereby the record unit can be with said exposed transfer surface in transfer relation withthe a surface of said ledger sheet,
quickly attached a in temporary fixed superposed manifolding relation with said ledger sheet with said exposed transfer surface in' transfer relation with the ledger sheet for transfer thereto of inscriptions made upon said separate unit. 4. In a manifolding assembly, in combination,
plurality of record and transfer sheets having a detachable binding stub in which the sheets are bound to form a record unit, said record unit having an opening positioned at said binding stub, and an attaching device including sheet material attached to the record unit over said opening and having a non-drying, pressure sensitive adhesive surface exposed for contacting with an outside surface, whereby the separate assembly can be quickly attached in temporary fixed superposed relation with saidoutside surface.
5. In a manifoiding assembly, in combination, a plurality of record and transfer sheets having a binding stub in which said sheets are bound to form a record unit, said record sheet or sheets being weakened adjacent to the binding stub providing for severance of the latter, said record unit having a closed opening positioned at said binding stub and spaced inwardly from the asedges, and an attaching device including sheet material attached to the record unit over said opening and having a non-drying, pressure sensitive adhesive surface exposed through said opening for contacting with an outside surface whereby the record unit can be quickly attached in temporary fixed superposed manifolding relation with said outside surface.
6. In a manifolding assembly, in combination. a ledger sheet for receiving inscriptions, a record sheet smaller in size than said ledger sheet and having a marginal opening, and an attaching device including sheet material attached to said record sheet over said opening and having a non-drying, pressure sensitive adhesive surface exposed through said opening for contacting with a surface of said ledger sheet, whereby said record sheet can be quickly attached in temporary fixed superposed manifolding relation in different positions upon said ledger sheet.
HOWARD W. ROGERS.