Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2254620 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 2, 1941
Filing dateNov 14, 1939
Priority dateNov 14, 1939
Publication numberUS 2254620 A, US 2254620A, US-A-2254620, US2254620 A, US2254620A
InventorsMiller George I
Original AssigneeMiller George I
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Clip
US 2254620 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

a. l. MILLER Sept. 2, 1941 CLIP Filed Nov. 14, 1939 INVENTOR. GEORGE I. MILLER 2% ATTORNEYS.

Patented Sept. 2, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Application November 14, 1939, Serial No. 304,340

1 Claim.

This invention refers to clips and relates more particularly to a wound clip for use in surgery and the like.

Wounds and tissues are .now sewn by special needles and threads, and the stitches are left in the tissues for a considerable period of time until the wounds have healed and the tissues have grown together. The stitches remaining in the tissues often cause capillary bleeding and so-called stitch abscesses.

An object of the present invention is to eliminate the use of stitches in surgery and the like and to provide novel means for holding together tightly and firmly the torn or cut edges of skin and tissues until the wound is healed.

Another object is the provision of a wound clip which will not strangulate tissues, which may eliminate stitch abscesses, and by the use of which capillary bleeding may be avoided.

A further object is to eliminate the danger that a part of the stitches is left in the wound, thereby causing infection, to eliminate pain and mental anguish during the removal of the stitches, to facilitate a quick closing of the wound and to lessen the time period during which a patient is under anaesthesia.

Other objects of the present invention, will appear in the course of the following specification.

The objects of the present invention may be realized through the provision of a wound clip made of metal, plastic material or the like and consisting of one or several parts, each of which comprises bars interconnected by bendable webs and provided with spiculas. In operation, the bars are placed on both sides of the wound and are pressed toward each other, so that they hold tightly the edges of the wound due to the bending of the web and the action of the spiculas, which project into the upper layers of the skin or tissues.

The invention will appear more clearly from the following detailed description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawing showing by way of example preferred embodiments of the inventive idea.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a front view of a wound clip constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a transverse section along the line 22 if Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a transverse section along the line 3-3 of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a sectional view illustrating the use of the clip; and

Figures 5, 6 and 7 are perspective views illustrating different forms of the clips.

The clip shown in Figures 1 to 4 of the drawing comprises two bars 8 and 9 and two webs l8 and II interconnecting these bars. The clip may be made of any suitable metal, such as gold, silver, nickel silver, steel, aluminum, tin, or any other sheet metal which should be sufficiently flexible to enable the surgeon to move the bars 8 and 9 toward each other and thereby bend the webs I0 and II by the fingers of one hand and without the use of an instrument or tool.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3 the bars 8 and 9 are preferably hollow and similar to each other in form. They consist of bent edges of sheet metal and comprise inclined side surfaces l2 and I3, projecting portions l4 and [5 which are U-shaped in cross section, and inwardly bent edges 16 and Il, respectively.

The bars 8 and 9 are interconnected by thin and narrow strips or webs l0 and H, which extend at both sides of an opening l8 and, preferably, have the form of a fiat tray in cross section when the clip is not being used.

The bars 8 and 9 are also provided with portions l9 and 20 which are U-shaped in cross section, which are situated close to the webs I8 and H and which carry spiculas 2| to 24. The spiculas are, preferably, punched out of the sheet metal of which the clip is made and are triangular in form. The ends of the spiculas are sharp, so that they can easily pierce the skin and tissues.

The use of the described clip is illustrated in Figure 4. The clip is placed over the wound 25 in such manner that the spiculas 2| to 24 extend downwardly and the'bars 8 and 9 are located on both sides of the wound and extend substantially parallel to the edges thereof. Then the surgeon presses with his fingers the bars 8 and 9 toward each other, causing the spiculas 2! to 24 to pierce the upper layers of the skin and tissues and bending the webs H1 and II until the clip acquires the form shown in Figure 4. The clip is left in this position holding tightly the edges of the skin and tissues until the wound is healed.

The clip shown in Figure 5 comprises bars 38 and 3] which are interconnected by five Webs 32 and which are provided with spiculas 33.

Figure 6 shows a clip having bars 4|] and M, the ends of which are closed by means of flaps 42. The bars 48 and 4| carry spiculas 43 and are interconnected by webs 44.

The clip shown in Figure 7 comprises bars 59 and 5| having inwardly turned edges 52 and 53, respectively, which are bent once again to form tubular flanges 54 and 55 contacting the adjacent surfaces of the web 56. The bars 50 and 5| carry spiculas 51.

It is apparent that the specific illustrations shown above have been given by way of illustrations and not by way of limitation, and that the structures above described are subject to wide variations and modifications without departing 10 from the scope of the invention. For instance, several of the illustrated clips may be placed one next to the other and held together by wires extending through their bars. All of such and other variations and modifications are to be in- 15 said hollow bars.

GEORGE I. MJILER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2733441 *Mar 24, 1952Feb 7, 1956 white
US2758302 *Oct 13, 1952Aug 14, 1956Technical Oil Tool CorpWound clip loader package
US2881762 *Feb 9, 1955Apr 14, 1959Lowrie Robert JSurgical staple and stapler
US2968041 *Sep 25, 1958Jan 17, 1961Skold John FApplicator for surgical clamps
US3068869 *Oct 1, 1959Dec 18, 1962Hunter Sheiden CharlesTissue suture clamp
US3068870 *Mar 18, 1960Dec 18, 1962Levin AbrahamWound clip
US4505274 *Oct 12, 1982Mar 19, 1985Propper Manufacturing Co., Inc.Suture clip
US5292326 *Feb 27, 1992Mar 8, 1994United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US5342376 *May 3, 1993Aug 30, 1994Dermagraphics, Inc.Inserting device for a barbed tissue connector
US5389102 *Oct 9, 1992Feb 14, 1995United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US5423856 *Aug 4, 1993Jun 13, 1995United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US5489287 *Feb 10, 1994Feb 6, 1996United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US5573541 *Feb 3, 1995Nov 12, 1996United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for subcuticular stapling of body tissue
US6241747Oct 18, 1994Jun 5, 2001Quill Medical, Inc.Barbed Bodily tissue connector
US6599310Jun 29, 2001Jul 29, 2003Quill Medical, Inc.Suture method
US6916327 *Mar 7, 2001Jul 12, 2005Metacardia, Inc.Device for creating an anastomosis, including penetration structure and eversion structure
US7056331Sep 30, 2002Jun 6, 2006Quill Medical, Inc.Suture method
US7225512Aug 29, 2002Jun 5, 2007Quill Medical, Inc.Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US7226468Apr 21, 2003Jun 5, 2007Quill Medical, Inc.Barbed bodily tissue connector
US7513902May 13, 2004Apr 7, 2009The Cleveland Clinic FoundationSkin lesion exciser and skin-closure device therefor
US7624487May 13, 2003Dec 1, 2009Quill Medical, Inc.Apparatus and method for forming barbs on a suture
US7799042Jun 22, 2006Sep 21, 2010The Cleveland Clinic FoundationSkin lesion exciser and skin-closure device therefor
US7806904Feb 24, 2004Oct 5, 2010Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device
US7806908Jan 2, 2008Oct 5, 2010Quill Medical, Inc.Barbed tissue connector
US7806910Jul 31, 2006Oct 5, 2010Abbott LaboratoriesMulti-element biased suture clip
US7819895Apr 18, 2006Oct 26, 2010Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US7828817Aug 4, 2005Nov 9, 2010Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US7837706 *May 31, 2006Nov 23, 2010Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Tissue attachment device, system, and method
US7841502Dec 18, 2007Nov 30, 2010Abbott LaboratoriesModular clip applier
US7842068Nov 30, 2001Nov 30, 2010Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Apparatus and methods for providing tactile feedback while delivering a closure device
US7850709Jun 4, 2003Dec 14, 2010Abbott Vascular Inc.Blood vessel closure clip and delivery device
US7850797Mar 12, 2009Dec 14, 2010Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Methods for manufacturing a clip and clip
US7854810Dec 17, 2003Dec 21, 2010Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Methods for manufacturing a clip and clip
US7857828Feb 1, 2005Dec 28, 2010Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Clip applier and methods of use
US7857829May 11, 2007Dec 28, 2010Quill Medical, Inc.Suture method
US7867249Aug 8, 2003Jan 11, 2011Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Clip applier and methods of use
US7879071May 9, 2003Feb 1, 2011Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device and methods for making and using them
US7887555Jul 9, 2003Feb 15, 2011Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device and methods for making and using them
US7887563Jun 14, 2005Feb 15, 2011Abbott Vascular Inc.Surgical staple
US7901428Oct 3, 2002Mar 8, 2011Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US7905900Jan 30, 2003Mar 15, 2011Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Clip applier and methods of use
US7913365Mar 27, 2007Mar 29, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US7918873Sep 18, 2006Apr 5, 2011Abbott Vascular Inc.Surgical staple
US7931669May 17, 2002Apr 26, 2011Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Integrated vascular device with puncture site closure component and sealant and methods of use
US7996967Aug 4, 2010Aug 16, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.System for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US7996968Aug 4, 2010Aug 16, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Automated method for cutting tissue retainers on a suture
US8007512Oct 8, 2003Aug 30, 2011Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Plunger apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US8011072Aug 4, 2010Sep 6, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Method for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8015678Aug 4, 2010Sep 13, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Method for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8020263Aug 4, 2010Sep 20, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Automated system for cutting tissue retainers on a suture
US8028387Aug 4, 2010Oct 4, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.System for supporting and cutting suture thread to create tissue retainers thereon
US8028388Aug 4, 2010Oct 4, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.System for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8032996May 13, 2004Oct 11, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US8048108Feb 4, 2009Nov 1, 2011Abbott Vascular Inc.Vascular closure methods and apparatuses
US8083770May 13, 2008Dec 27, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Suture anchor and method
US8118834Dec 19, 2008Feb 21, 2012Angiotech Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US8128644Sep 19, 2003Mar 6, 2012Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8182497Oct 4, 2010May 22, 2012Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device
US8192459Dec 13, 2010Jun 5, 2012Abbott Vascular Inc.Blood vessel closure clip and delivery device
US8202283Nov 12, 2010Jun 19, 2012Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Methods for manufacturing a clip and clip
US8202293Jun 20, 2008Jun 19, 2012Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Clip applier and methods of use
US8202294Dec 20, 2010Jun 19, 2012Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Clip applier and methods of use
US8216273Feb 25, 2009Jul 10, 2012Ethicon, Inc.Self-retainers with supporting structures on a suture
US8221421Jan 5, 2005Jul 17, 2012Synthes Usa, LlcSternum fixation device
US8226681Jun 25, 2007Jul 24, 2012Abbott LaboratoriesMethods, devices, and apparatus for managing access through tissue
US8236026Mar 27, 2006Aug 7, 2012Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8246652Aug 4, 2010Aug 21, 2012Ethicon, Inc.Suture with a pointed end and an anchor end and with equally spaced yieldable tissue grasping barbs located at successive axial locations
US8257390Feb 15, 2007Sep 4, 2012Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8303624Mar 15, 2010Nov 6, 2012Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Bioabsorbable plug
US8313497Jun 28, 2006Nov 20, 2012Abbott LaboratoriesClip applier and methods of use
US8323312Jun 9, 2009Dec 4, 2012Abbott LaboratoriesClosure device
US8398656Mar 2, 2011Mar 19, 2013Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Clip applier and methods of use
US8398676Oct 29, 2009Mar 19, 2013Abbott Vascular Inc.Closure device
US8469995Jun 4, 2012Jun 25, 2013Abbott Vascular Inc.Blood vessel closure clip and delivery device
US8486092Mar 11, 2009Jul 16, 2013Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8486108Feb 1, 2006Jul 16, 2013Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8518057Sep 13, 2012Aug 27, 2013Abbott LaboratoriesClip applier and methods of use
US8529587Jun 6, 2012Sep 10, 2013Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Methods of use of a clip applier
US8556930Jun 28, 2006Oct 15, 2013Abbott LaboratoriesVessel closure device
US8579932Feb 24, 2004Nov 12, 2013Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Sheath apparatus and methods for delivering a closure device
US8585836Jun 18, 2012Nov 19, 2013Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Methods for manufacturing a clip and clip
US8590760May 24, 2005Nov 26, 2013Abbott Vascular Inc.Surgical stapler
US8597325Nov 29, 2010Dec 3, 2013Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Apparatus and methods for providing tactile feedback while delivering a closure device
US8603116Aug 4, 2010Dec 10, 2013Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Closure device with long tines
US8603136May 3, 2007Dec 10, 2013Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Apparatus and methods for providing tactile feedback while delivering a closure device
US8615856Jan 30, 2009Dec 31, 2013Ethicon, Inc.Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8641732Feb 25, 2009Feb 4, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining suture with variable dimension filament and method
US8652170Aug 4, 2010Feb 18, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Double ended barbed suture with an intermediate body
US8657852Mar 8, 2013Feb 25, 2014Abbott Vascular Inc.Closure device
US8668718Jun 4, 2010Mar 11, 2014Rotation Medical, Inc.Methods and apparatus for fixing sheet-like materials to a target tissue
US8672953Jun 6, 2011Mar 18, 2014Abbott LaboratoriesTissue closure system and methods of use
US8679158Aug 4, 2010Mar 25, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector
US8690910Mar 31, 2006Apr 8, 2014Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure device and methods for making and using them
US8690914Aug 4, 2010Apr 8, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Suture with an intermediate barbed body
US8721664Mar 12, 2013May 13, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Suture methods and devices
US8721681Jun 30, 2009May 13, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US8728119Feb 18, 2011May 20, 2014Abbott Vascular Inc.Surgical staple
US8734485Aug 4, 2010May 27, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Sutures with barbs that overlap and cover projections
US8734486Aug 4, 2010May 27, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector
US8747437Aug 4, 2010Jun 10, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Continuous stitch wound closure utilizing one-way suture
US8758396Apr 27, 2006Jun 24, 2014Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Vascular sheath with bioabsorbable puncture site closure apparatus and methods of use
US8758398Sep 7, 2007Jun 24, 2014Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Apparatus and method for delivering a closure element
US8758399Aug 2, 2010Jun 24, 2014Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.Expandable bioabsorbable plug apparatus and method
US8758400Nov 8, 2010Jun 24, 2014Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Closure system and methods of use
US8763878Jun 4, 2010Jul 1, 2014Rotation Medical, Inc.Methods and apparatus having bowstring-like staple delivery to a target tissue
US8764776Aug 4, 2010Jul 1, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Anastomosis method using self-retaining sutures
US8764796Feb 10, 2006Jul 1, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Suture method
US8771313Dec 19, 2008Jul 8, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures with heat-contact mediated retainers
US8777987Sep 26, 2008Jul 15, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength
US8777988Aug 4, 2010Jul 15, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Methods for using self-retaining sutures in endoscopic procedures
US8777989Aug 4, 2010Jul 15, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Subcutaneous sinusoidal wound closure utilizing one-way suture
US8784447Apr 25, 2005Jul 22, 2014Abbott Vascular Inc.Surgical stapler
US8793863Apr 11, 2008Aug 5, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Method and apparatus for forming retainers on a suture
US8795332Sep 30, 2002Aug 5, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Barbed sutures
US8808310Feb 14, 2007Aug 19, 2014Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Resettable clip applier and reset tools
US8820602Nov 19, 2010Sep 2, 2014Abbott LaboratoriesModular clip applier
US8821534Dec 6, 2010Sep 2, 2014Integrated Vascular Systems, Inc.Clip applier having improved hemostasis and methods of use
US8821536Jun 4, 2010Sep 2, 2014Rotation Medical, Inc.Methods and apparatus for delivering staples to a target tissue
US8821537May 8, 2013Sep 2, 2014Rotation Medical, Inc.Methods and apparatus for fixing sheet-like materials to a target tissue
US8821540Aug 4, 2010Sep 2, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength
US8840642Feb 4, 2014Sep 23, 2014Rotation Medical, Inc.Methods and apparatus for fixing sheet-like materials to a target tissue
WO1993016751A1 *Feb 25, 1993Sep 2, 1993Michel ForsterDevice for attaching a flexible tube to a patient's skin
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/221
International ClassificationA61B17/03, A61B17/08
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/083
European ClassificationA61B17/08C