|Publication number||US2256550 A|
|Publication date||Sep 23, 1941|
|Filing date||Sep 26, 1939|
|Priority date||Sep 26, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2256550 A, US 2256550A, US-A-2256550, US2256550 A, US2256550A|
|Original Assignee||Donald Colvin|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 23, 1941. D. oLvlN 2,256,550 DISPENSING DEVICE I Filed Sept. 26, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.
-1: 1111! wwl muv Peasjwas A TTORNE Y5 Patented Sept. 23, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DISPENSING DEVICE Donald Colvin, San Francisco, Calif. Application September 26, 1939, Serial No. 296,532
The present invention relates to dispensing devices, and contemplates certain improvements over the invention described in the co-pending application, Serial Number 235,271 of Jacob A. Stadtfeld. This application is a continuation in part of my copending application, Serial Number 246,637, filed December 19, 1938, for Dispensing devices.
Generally speaking, the invention relates to the dispensing of liquids, such as beer, from relatively large bottles, say one gallon or one-half gallon in size, under similar conditions to those accompanying the dispensing of the liquid from kegs or barrels. 4
In the co-pending application of Jacob A. Stadtfeld, it was proposed to use for this purpose a refrigerating cabinet with a swinging door, to provide means for mounting one or more bottles upon the inside of the door to assume inverted positions when the door is closed, to provide a faucet upon the outside of the same door and to provide suitable means to dispense the liquid through the faucet under pressure and under desired conditions affecting the temperature and physical properties of the liquid. 1
In the present invention it is proposed to provide certain improvements and refinements in the apparatus which will create more ideal conditions, facilitate the operation of the device and particularly the exchange of the bottles, effect a more even distribution of a cooling medium, allow of the accommodation of a reserve supply of bottles subjected to the same cooling medium and effect a more perfect dispensing of the liquid.
Other objects and advantages of my invention will appear as the specification proceeds and the novel features thereof will be set forth in the claims hereto appended.
The preferred form of my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 shows a front view of my dispensing device, with portions of the interior construction shown in dotted lines;
Figure 2, a detail view of a portion of a distributing manifold forming part of my invention;
Figure 3, a vertical section taken along line IIIIII of Figure 1;
Figure 4, a fragmentary detail view similar to that of Figure 3 and showing the door in open position; and
Figure 5, a diagrammatic view illustrating the distributing manifold arrangement.
While I have shown only the preferred form of my invention, 1 wish to have it understood that various changes or modifications may be made within the scope of the claims hereto attached without departing from the spirit of the invention.
In its preferred form, my invention comprises a cabinet I, preferably rectangular in form and having a front section substantially of the height of the typical bar, while the rear section is set off, as at 2, for accommodation underneath the bar 3 indicated in dotted lines, which latter may be provided with suitable rails 4 and 5 in accordance with common practice. It will be noticed that, in this arrangement, the top of the front section of the cabinet comes substantially flush with the top of the bar as shown in Figure 3.
The walls of the cabinet are suitably insulated, as shown at 6, and the cabinet is divided into two compartments, a lower one I for accommodating suitable refrigerating apparatus, not shown, and an upper compartment 8 for containing the apparatus and articles to be described hereinafter.
The front wall 9 is formed with two door openings H) which extend from an intermediate portion to the top of the cabinet, the top wall ll being suitably recessed, as at I2, to leave the space above the door openings clear. The side walls I3 and a suitable intermediate front wall section 14 form side frames for the door openings.
Front doors l5 are swingably supported in the door openings with freedom of movement between a conventional closing position and the vertical open position. indicated in Figure 4. The principal feature of these doors is that they automatically lock in open position. To accomplish this, I use hinge pins l6 for each door, the pins projecting inwardly from the frame members I3 and M in alined relation and near the upper ends thereof, substantially on the median line of the top wall ll of the cabinet and on the median plane of the front wall 9. The pins are thus spaced a suitable distance from the front edge of the top wall, the latter edge forming an abutment I! for each door when the latter isin either closed or wide open position as shown in Figures 3 and 4.
Each door is formed, in the upper portions of the side edges thereof, with vertical slots 18 adapted to receive the pins l6 and allowing the door to ride on the pins in vertical direction when the door is in either one of the vertical positions. The top edge IQ of each door is rounded on a circular arc concentric with the upper rounded margin of the slot l8 and on a radius corresponding substantially to the distance between the center of the pins I6 and the abutment I'l.
This construction allows the door to freely swing while the pins l6 are in the upper ends of the slots. But when the door is opened and swung into vertical position above the cabinet, it rides downward on the pins it as shown in Figure 4, with the flat face of the door bearing against the abutment, and since now the upper edge of the door is not concentric any more with respect to the pins, the door is firmly locked in its open position through the co-action between the pins and the abutment ll. i
To release the door it is lifted untilthe now longer end of the slot reaches the pin, where bottle and automatically drops into bottle-releasing position when the cam is moved intothe opposing direction.
Upon the outside of the door there is mounted, in opposing relation to the faucet, a drip pan and a glass support 42, which is supported by a shaft 43 revolvably mounted in the door. The shaft has, at its inner end, an arm d4 adapted to hook behind a lip 45 projecting from the front wall at the bottom of the door opening, so as to lock the closed door. It will be noted that the relative positions of the drip pan and the arm 44 e are such that the latter locks the door when the upon it is free to swing downward on thepin.
Each door is adapted to support twobottles pipe 23 having elbows 24 at the outer ends and I threaded extensions 25 at the elbows.
- The extensions 25 ar secured in the brackets 2i and project therethrough and *have suitable stoppers 26 of yielding materialsecured upon The stoppers have an enthe ends thereof. larged base 21 and aretapered, as shown at 28, to receive the necks of the bottles. They have axial bores 29 substantially oo-extensive with the elbow extensions. The brackets 2! form supporting bases for the stoppers 25 (see Figure 2).
The pipes have a central outlet 3!) connecting with a faucet 3i secured to the door so as to project outward therefrom and to discharge in a downward direction, when the door is closed, as shown in Figure 3.
The elbows 24 of the pipe23 have a second set of elbows 32 of much smaller diameter threaded intothe backs thereoflas shown in Figure 2, and-these elbows are interconnected by a pipe 33, which latter has flexible connection, at an intermediate point, and througha tube .34, with a suitable container 35'for a compressed gas, such as carbon dioxide; This container, it will be noted, is arranged within the cabinetandthe tube 3 3 is suficiently long to allow of the swinging door movements. Check valves 34a are provided in-the branches of the tube 34 (see Figure 5) to preveht'back flow of fluid toward the container 35. Y
The elbows 32 have pipe extensions 36 projecting axially through the stoppers to within close proximity of the bottom ends of the bottles'as shown in Figure 1.
. For supporting the bottom ends of the bottles each door is provided, near its hinged end, with a second set of brackets 31, which are mounted in opposing relation to the first brackets and are spaced therefrom by a distance slightly in excess of'the length of the bottles to be used. Each of these brackets has pivotally supported thereon, through a small post 38, a bottle rest 39, which may beraised into horizontal and bottle clamping position by means of a cam t!) having a handle The bottle rest is preferably dished to 'conforin'itoithe outline of the bottom of the" former is in operative position relative to the faucet for holding a glass or for receiving drippings from the faucet.
The bottom portion of the cabinet is equipped with suitable refrigerating apparatus and the refrigerant is passed through a coil 46 lining the rear Wall and the bottom of the offset 2 in the top wall of the cabinet.
The device as described leaves considerable space between the bottle mounting and the rear wall and this space is provided with suitable shelves indicated at ll for holding a reserve supply of bottles which are thus subjected to the influence of the cooling medium.
The operation of my dispenser is as follows: For mounting the bottles, the door is swung into open position as shown in Figure 4 where it looks itself automatically as previously described. A
bottle,.from which the conventional cover has been removed, is then guided, in slanting position, with its neck toward and into engagement with the stopperES, until it clears the previously lowered bottle rest 39,.whereupon it is swung into vertical position so that its bottom comes opposite the rest 39. The cam 40 is then oper ated for raising the latter, and for deepening the engagement of the bottle neck upon the stopper 'whereby the upper end of the bottle neck is forced into firm engagement with the collar or base 27. and a leak-proof connection is established.
The door is then swung closed, which requires a slight initial lifting and is locked in closed positionby a turning movement of the drip pan, which engages the arm 44 behind the lip 35 and at the same time brings the drip pan into horizontal position.
v The bottles now occupy the inverted position shown in Figures 1 and 3. Both bottles of each door are connected, through the manifold 22,
with the faucet 3| and both bottles receive, through the same manifold, carbon dioxide under pressure, which is delivered through the pipes 35 into the upper portions of the bottles and which urges the liquid contents of the bottles under substantially equal pressure toward th faucet. Thus the latter, when opened, draws upon both bottles simultaneously, and both bottles will empty at the same time.
'Valves 34' are provided in the branch lines of the tubes 3% (see Figures 1 and 5). In this manner th two bottles on one of the doors !5 may be changed while the two bottles on the other door are being used for dispensing purposes.
7 1. A distributing manifold comprising a conduit having elbows at the ends thereof, bottle stoppers mounted upon the elbows and adapted to receive the open necks of bottles, each stopper being hollow to provide a passage leading to the bottle, a dispensing faucet connected to said conduit, a second conduit having elbows secured upon the backs of the former elbows and in axial alinement therewith, extensions of the second elbows passing centrally through the first elbows and the stopper and communicating with the interior of the bottles, and means for admitting a pressure medium through the second conduit.
2. A distributing manifold comprising a con duit having upwardly extending ends, bottle stoppers mounted upon said ends and adapted to receive the open necks of inverted bottles, means engaging the bottle stoppers for supporting the latter and the bottles and the conduit, each stopper being hollow to provide a passage leading to the bottle, a dispensing faucet connected to the conduit to discharge liquid from all of the bottles simultaneously, pressure pipes passing through the stoppers into the bottles, and means suspended from the conduit for delivering a pressure medium through said pipes.to the bottles to maintain liquid in the bottles under pressure.
3. A distributing manifold comprising a conduit having upwardly extending ends, bottle stoppers mounted upon said ends and adapted to receive the open necks of inverted bottles, means engaging the stoppers for supporting the latter and the bottles and the conduit, each stopper being hollow to provide a passage leading to the bottle, a dispensing faucet connected to the conduit to discharge liquid from all of the bottles simultaneously, pressure pipes passing through; the stoppers into the bottles, means suspended from the conduit for delivering a pressure medium through said pipes to the bottles to maintain liquid in the bottles under pressure, and a single control for the pressure means.
4. In a distributing manifold, a conduit having an elbow, a bottle stopper mounted on the elbow and adapted to receive the open neck of a bottle, the stopper being hollow to provide a passage leading to the bottle, a bracket secured to the elbow and forming a supporting base for the stopper, a dispensing faucet connected to said conduit, a second conduit passing through the elbow and the stopper and communicating with the interior of the bottle, the second conduit having a liquid-tight connection With the elbow at the point of passage therethrough, and means for admitting a pressure medium through the second conduit.
5. In a distributing manifold, a horizontal conduit having upward extensions at opposite ends thereof, a pair of supporting brackets having the extensions project therethrough, stoppers threaded on the projecting ends of the extensions and bearing on the brackets for supporting the extensions, the stoppers being cored to form continuations of the conduit, inverted bottles having necks fitting over the stoppers and supported thereby, whereby liquid contained in the bottles is made to flow into the conduit, an outlet faucet for the conduit, means for supporting the faucet at an elevation higher then the conduit, a second horizontal conduit of smaller diameter arranged below the first conduit and having upward extensions at opposite ends thereof, the latter extensions being threaded into the bottom of the first conduit in axial alinement with the first extensions, tubes secured to the second extensions and projecting axially through the first extensions and the stoppers to within close proximity of the upper end of the inverted bottles, and means for admitting a pressure medium through the second conduit for forcing the liquid through the first conduit.
6. In a distributing manifold, a pair of brackets, means for supporting the same in spaced relation, a horizontal conduit having upward extensions projecting through the brackets, stoppers secured to the projecting ends of the extension and bearing on the brackets for supporting the conduit, the stoppers being cored to form continuations of the conduit and a second conduit suspended from the first conduit and having extensions projecting axially through the first extensions and the stoppers.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3200994 *||Apr 16, 1963||Aug 17, 1965||Brush||Positive-pressure controlled-atmosphere liquid dispenser|
|US3622046 *||Aug 27, 1969||Nov 23, 1971||Thomas M Byrne||Beverage-dispensing apparatus having transverse and vertical rows of bottles|
|US4356937 *||Nov 17, 1980||Nov 2, 1982||Pepsico. Inc.||Syrup distribution system|
|US4932561 *||Nov 17, 1988||Jun 12, 1990||Boxall Stanley S||Beverage cooling and dispensing apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||222/136, 222/108, 222/399|
|International Classification||B67D1/04, B67D1/00, B67D1/08|
|Cooperative Classification||B67D1/0858, B67D1/04|
|European Classification||B67D1/04, B67D1/08D2|