US 2256656 A
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s ePt- 23, 1941 J. E. B. swABAcKER BLOOD TRANSFUS ION DEVICE Filed Deo.
llllllllllllllllllllll Il Patente-d Sept. 23, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFlcE BLOOD TRANSFUSION DEVICE John E. B. Swabacker, Chicago, Ill.
Application December 16, 1940, Serial No. 370,269
This invention relates to a blood transfusion device in which av single container is used, and to a penetrable closure for the container having a guide member.
Among the objects of my invention is to provide a blood transfusion device in which a single container having a partial vacuum is used in combination with an insertable, withdrawal means having a valve control, to supply a single container for use in receiving, infusing, storing and dispensing in blood transfusions, to create a penetrable closure for the container, having a guide .means visible, from the outside of the container which will prevent broken or 4damaged needles, and such other objects, advantages and capabilities as will later more fully appear and which are inherently possessed by my invention.
While I have shown in the accompanying drawing a preferred form of my invention, yet I wish it understood that the same is susceptible of modilication and change without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Referring to the drawing, Fig 1 is a perspective able member has a top portion 56 whichbears down against the top of plate I5, and a cut-out portion 5l forming a grip 58 with a substantially central aperture 59. There are spacedy scores 60' extending across top portion 56 and side portions 6I to aid in removal.
ber 20. f
In cooperation with saidcontainer ,I providea valve structure 2| of any suitable construction, but preferably that disclosed in my co-pending application, Serial Number` 322,368, now Patentl Number 2,226,538. l Attached to the valve 2| is a needle 32. Also attached to valve 2| is a tube 26,
, on the other end of which is removably attached View of my container; Fig. 2 is a detailed sectional view of the top of the container; Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the valve construction in combination with vthe container; Fig. 4 is an enlarged detailed view of my cap and stub; Fig. 5 isan enlarged detailed view of my stopper and Fig. 6 is an enlarged detailed perspective view of my removable closure member.
The embodiment selected to illustrate my invention comprises a container I0 having a hollow body portion I| -partially lled with an anticoagulant solution such as a solution of sodium citrate 21/% in physiological solution of sodium chloride. There is a partial vacuum in the container |0, the open top I2 of which is sealed by a closure I3.
The closure I3 comprises a stopper 5|! of rubber, composition or other suitable material. The stopper 50 has a lower central portion 5I adapted to enter the open top I2 of the container I8, and an upper portion 52.With flanges 53 resting on top of the walls of the open top of container I0.
A plate I5 of metal or other suitable material is positioned with its bottom portion positioned against upper portion 52 .of stopper 50. A stub II is substantially centrally attached-to plate I5. An opening I8 extends vertically through stub I1 and plate I5.
A removable member 20 of soft metal or the like has side portions with screw threads 54 to engage screw threads 55 on the side walls of the container I0 adjacent its open top IZ. Remova transfusion needle 34 adapted for insertion into the vein of a donor.
In the use of my blood transfusion devicejmy container I0 containing an anti-coagulant such as a solution of sodium citrate, 21/2% inphysiological sodium chloride solution, and having a partial vacuum sealed with a closure having a penetrable top, is available. With the valve in closed position I unscrew cap from stub I'I and insert the valve needle 32 `through opening I8 in stub I'I and stopper 50 into the container I 0'.
'I'he transfusion needle 3 4 is theninsertedlinto; the -donors vein and the valve 2| is slowlyV opened. The vacuum in the container by equalvizing pressure causes the blood to flow from the transfusion needle 34 through the tubing 26 and valve structure 2| into the container I0. The solution in the container prevents coagulation of the blood. swirling may be desirable.
The valve needle 32 may be withdrawn and the container l0 sealed by screwing cap 65 into tight engagement with stub I'I and washer 62, thus `forming a hermetic seal. The blood may then be refrigerated and stored or transported in the sealed container. l I
The same container I6 maythen upon removal of cap 65, removable member 20, plate I5 and stopper 56 receive a suitable air providing dispensing cap or other dispensing apparatus and'beA 4placed in a dispensing position by turning the container I8 upside down and attaching its loop 36 to a suitable standard. The blood in the container I0 may then be passed through the dispensing cap or other dispensing apparatus to a suitable tube and dispensing needle to the recipent. as shown in my cfa-pending application Se Y OI Venous pressure.
may bein thesecond bottle;
,Y rial Number 322,368, now Patent Number My container I0 is thus usedthroughout the withdrawal, storing, transporting and dispensing of the blood. 'Ihere is no change from one vcontainer to another, to involve the problems of` contamination, lossr and extra apparatus.
I may also provide a removing'member 66 adhering or otherwise Vattached to the upper surface 52 'of the stopper 50. Said removing member 66 has a tab 61 on its outer edge. Said tab 61 is positioned to extend past the outer edge of plate I5 and Vis folded on top of plate I5 so as to be i visible through cut-out portion 51 in removable member 20. The removing member 66 `also has a central aperture 68 so Vas to not interfere with .Y the passage of valve neeedle 32; When closure. I3
is to be removed for the attachment ,off Va dise pensing cap, the user may by means of `tabl'l,V quickly remove vstopper 50 without danger of contamination to the open top I2 of V container I0 bycontact therewith. Y
Iii-some instances mygcontainer o trable closure may contain no partial vacuum as the blood may be drawn in by virtue of gravity vI may use a centrifuge blood to gather the empty gathering bottle thereto by plunginga long needle through the penetrable,closure'intothe rst-bottle lto the bottom level of the plasma. 1 YThis needle isconnected by means orf'tubing and. ka valve to the second bottle which is Yunder high: vacuum but which contains no anti-coagulant.
Itisthen vpulled over tothe second bottle --by said container, a guide member visibly positioned above said penetrable closure, said guide member having a guideway opening extending vertically therethrough, a capi removable attached to said guide member, a tubing, a transfusion needle attached to one end of said tubing, a valve attached I to the other end of said tubing, a hollow needle attached to said valve, said needle adapted to extend through said guideway in said guide member to thenpenetrate through said'penetrable closure into said container so that upon the opening of` said valve the vacuum in'said container will cause blood to Iiow from the transfuson needle inserted into the veins of a donor'into the costainer.
3. A blood transfusion Vapparatus comprising a container having a desired amount of solution lto prevent clotting of blood introduced therein,
andv a partial vacuum, a closure sealing said container, said closure comprising a penetrable stopper, a guide member plate supported on said penetrable stopper, a removable member holding the penetrable stopperv and guidel member plate inA position on said container, said removablel member having anv aperture, a stuby attached to said guide A.member plate and extending'V upwardly through the aperture in'said removable member,
said fstub having a guideway opening extending vertically therethrough, la cap removably 'attached to said stub, atubing, a-transfusion-needle, attached to one end of said vtubing,a Valve attaohedjto the other end of said tubing, .ajhollow needle attached torsaid valve, said needle -adar'itedA to extend through said guidewayin said guidei member vand, pentrable' through said penetrable. nclosure into said container sothat. upon the i opening of said Valve the vacuum in said container will c-ause bloodlto flow from the` Vtransfusion needle inserted into'the veins of aV donor into the container.
Y4'. In" combination witlra container, a; penetrable closure sealing said container, a guide.
member visibly positioned above said pentrable t closure,said guide member having a guideway means ofra vacuum inV the second lbottle and isi i then pooled with other samples of plasma which Having thus described my inventiornIfclaimi -1. A `blood transfusion apparatus comprising a container havingv `a desired Yamount of solutionw l to prevent clotting orf-blood introduced therein, l and-apartial vacuum, a'penetrable -closureseal- Qing said container, a guidemember visibly positi'onedeaboverY said penetrablezclosure, saidguide member having a Aguid'eway!opening' extendingVIV vertically therethrough, a tubing, artransf'usion Ineedjle attached to one endof said tubing,a lvalve attached to the other endY of said'tubing,
a'hollow needle attached to said'valve, saidrneedjle f.
'adapted to extend through said guidewayin said guide lmember to then penetrate through .said` penetrable closure into ysaid container sothat Y. iupon the opening of said Vvalve the vacuum insaid container Will cause blood vto flow from the Y stransfusion needle inserted into'the ventsv of aj donor into the container.'Y Y.
2.V yA bloodftransfusion apparatus Ycomprising a Icontainerhavingaa Vdesired amount of solution to iprevent clotting of .blood introduced therein, and `a partial vacuumfafpenetrable Vclosure sealing I opening extendingvertically therethrough.' a cap removably attached to and sealing said guide 'memben the guideway openingy ofsaid guide menlber Yadapted to receive a Vneedle insertedr l. vtherein andto Yguide said needletherethrough to thenpenetrate through said penetrable closure Y into saidcontainer.
5. In combination with acoontainer, a closure sealing said container, said `closure comprising a penetrable'stopper, a guide member plate supported on top of said penetrable stopper, a re- Y movable member holding saidpenetrable stopper and said guide. member plate in positionzon said -container, said removable member having an aperture, a stub attached to said guide member plate, said stub having Walls extending upwardly through the aperture in said removable'member, said stub having a guideway'opening. extending vertically therethrough, 4a cap removably, attached Vto and sealing said stub, ,the guideway opening of said guide member adapted to receive a needle inserted therein and to guide said 1 needle therethrough to then penetrate through saidpenetrable closure into saidcontainer.
JOHN E. B.' 'sWABAcxEm