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Publication numberUS2258686 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 14, 1941
Filing dateMar 11, 1941
Priority dateMar 11, 1941
Publication numberUS 2258686 A, US 2258686A, US-A-2258686, US2258686 A, US2258686A
InventorsOlney Nathaniel M
Original AssigneeOlney Nathaniel M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vise
US 2258686 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 14, 1941, N. M. oLNEY VISE- Filed March ll, 1941' ,ull llllllll )l llllll l;

' f L l r ll L- Patented Oct. 14, 1941 Visi:

Nathaniel? ivi. Olney, Jersey City,- N. J. v ennesima March 11, 194.1, seiiai'n. fase-,699

I l Claim. (Cl. V8 1-386 Y This invention relates to' work holders, especially to work holders of the type known as vises, and Inore particularly to removable and adjustable face plates therefor.

A principal object of the invention is the production of a device of theO type speified which will be adaptable to vises of, different width jaws. A further object of the invention is the production of a device of the type specified which Willbe resiliently held in contact with a vis'e j awh A further object ofthe invention is the production of a device 'of the type specified which will be so'constru'cted andl arranged that the end of the removable face plate may be aligned with either er'id of a vise jaw. t Other objects and advantages will vappear as the description 'of the invention and the'lpaiticular physieal embodiments selected to' illustrate the invention ,progresses and the novel features will be particularly pointed out in the appended daim. y Y 4 l In describing the invention in detail, and 'the particular' physical embodiments selected to illustiate the invention, referencev will be to the'accompanyng drawing andthe several views thereon, in which like 'characters of reference; designate like parts throughout the several views, andinwhichz, f Figure 1 is 'a toppla'n view of a pair of applicants devices in position on'oppos'injws of vise which vjms have lbeen 'shawn fragmentarily; Fig. 2 is" a Cross-'sectional Vil-lili!A of the device `as' shownby Fig. 1 on. the plane indicated by, the une ir-Ii of Fig. 1, viewed the directloli of the aIWS at the ellas f the liliej Fig'. 3 is a bottom plan View of one of the pair of devvices as shown in Fig. 1 with the vise jawto which it is attached, shown in broken lines; Fig.

4 is a face' view with parts broken away to more clearlyy 'show they internal construction of a removable face plate* used with the devie as shown by Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a face view f a faceplate forming part of the device a's shown b'y` Fig. 1; Fig; 6 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing a modified form of a face plate supporting member; Fig. l is a View similar to Fig. 2 showing a further modified form of the device.

In the figures, I and 2 designate vise jaws and may be considered as the jaws of a vise of ordinary and well known form.

It is well known to users of vises that it is usual to somewhat serrate the working faces of opposing vise jaws so that they will the more securely hold any work clamped therebetween.

It is also well known by users of vises that, at

times, it is desired to hold, work in the vise which has a surface `which would be injured by a serrated vise jaw'oreven by a smooth face` vise jaw.

Applicants invention has for an object the production of a means' bywhich work which would be injured, by contact with ordinary Avise jaws'may `be* held in such ordinary vise jaws without being crushed. oruinarred.

I n accordancewith applicantsv invention, ther is interposed between the opposing. vi'sejaws i andZ, two adjustable and removable face plates as 3 and 4. These face platesfmay be of any suitable or appropriate material. They are, of course, madeof a material which is relatively soft, that is, softer than the face of the vi'se jaw withwhich they are to be used. Various inaterials would be suitable, a' soft metal, such as lead 'or copper would be suitable. Wood, either hard or soft could be used. Various artiiicial materials could be used, but it is preferred to make the removable and adjustable face plates 3 and 4 of leather.

When vise jaws are equipped with leather face plates such as 3 and 4 a piece of work may be placed therebetween and the vise jaws brought together upon the' work without ldanger of marring the work and, further, if the work is of a round contour it will sink into the face plates somewhat and so be less likely to shift its position when work is being done upon it.

In order to properly support and position the removable `and adjustable face plates such as 3 and 4,.applicant provides a metallic face plate 5. This metallic face plate 5 may be made of any suitable material, preferably soft steel, and is provided with meansn for supporting the removable andadjustable face plates. In the form shown the means takes the form of anges. There is provided a bottom flange 6 which will be sufficient to support the removable and adjustable face plate 4 as theiace plate 3 would be grooved at l to receive the flange G but it is preferred to also support the ends of the removable face plate 3 and so flanges as 8 and 9 are formed, one at one end and the other at the other end of the face plate 5 and corresponding grooves as I0 and Illa are formed in the removable face plate 3 to receive the flanges 8 and 9.

The face plate 5 is adapted to lie in close contact with the working face of the vise jaw and applicant provides means for supporting it in that position. In the form shown the means takes the form of a supporting plate Il as shown in Fig. 2 which extends from the upper edge I2 of face plate 5 at an angle thereto preferably somewhat less than a right angle and preferably at such an angle that it will lie upon and be supported by the top face I3 of the vise jaw I, This top plate II may be of any suitable or appropriate form but it is preferred to have it slightly bulging upwardly as shown in Fig. 2 to provide room for a spring I4 to be hereinafter described. The plate II has formed therewith, in any suitable and appropriate manner, two opposing longitudinal grooves I5 and I6 on the inner side thereof. The longitudinal groove I5 may well be made by turning over the edge of the member Il while the groove I6 may well be made by attaching, as by riveting or spot welding the offset plate II.

The device, as hereinbefore described, would afford a face plate of softer material than a jaw vise and a means for supporting that face plate in place by a plate bearing upon the top surface of the vise jaw. It is preferred, furthermore, to provide means for restricting longitudinal movement of the face plate 5, and this means consists of two end plates I8 and I9. Each end plate has a bend approximating a right angle intermediate its ends and one portion, as 2D, is positioned in the opposing grooves I5 and I6 so as to slide therein longitudinally of the plate Il. The other portion, Vas 2| `of each end plate depends downwardly and along the end face of the vise jaw.

In order that the plates will bear tightly against the end faces of vthe vise jaw, means are provided for pulling the plates toward one another. This means is preferably a spring and preferably a helical tension spring, as 22, an end of which is suitably attached to each of the end plates as by passing through an orifice, as 23, therein. By this construction the end plates I8 and I9 are resiliently or spring held one toward the other and against the end faces of a jaw vise upon which the device may be placed.

By the construction of end plates as hereinbefore described, it will be seen that a Very considerable variation in width of a vise jaw is no obstacle to the proper placing of applicants device thereon because the end plates I8 and I9 may be moved apart or together through a very considerable distance. vise jaw is, therefore, no obstacle to the proper placing of applicants device thereon because even if the end plates I8 and I9 are moved apart or together through a very considerable distance,

they will, at all times, hold firmly against the jaw vise upon which they are placed.

The plate II, as shown, is'so positioned that it forms no obstacle to a tool being drawn transversely across the work if the work is held between the faces 3 and 4 and its end is in line with the top faces thereof so that an operation, such as filing upon the top face thereof, may be accomplished Without interference by the plate II.

Variation in width of a It may be desirable to somewhat stiien the plate I I by forming ribs as 24 therein.

It should also be noticed that regardless of the width of the vise jaw upon which the device is placed the removable face plates 3 and 4 may be adjusted so that they are in line with either end of the vise jaw, that is, after the de vice has been placed upon a vise jaw, by grasping the removable face plate 3 and pushing it longitudinally, it together with face plate 5 and plate II, will slide toward the end of the vise jaw to which it is being pushed and will align perfectly with that end so that regardless of the width of the face to which the device is attached a workman may work upon a piece of work at either end of the vise jaw and have that work supported by the face plate out to the free end ofthe vise jaw.

In Fig. 6 a modified form of plate similar to plate II is shown. This plate 25 has the opposing grooves formed one on one side by turning over the edge of the plate as at 26 and the other by slitting the face plate21 and turning under a portion, as at 28.

In Fig. 7 the plate comparable to plate Il of Fig. 2, that is, plate 29 is shown at and the portion 3) of an end plate positioned in the opposing grooves is shown with a slight depression in that portion intermediate the grooves thereby making a structure in which there will be less friction than if the` portion 30 bore throughout its width upon the plate 29. In this form no spring such as 22, is used, the friction of the contorting alone being relied upon.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States. J'SI In a vise jaw cover, including, in combination: two end plates, each end plate formed with substantially a right angle bend intermediate its ends, one portion of one end plate on one side of the bend adapted to rest against the end face of a vise jaw and one portion of the other plate on one side of the bend adapted to rest against the other end face of a vise J'aw, the other portions of each of the end plates adapted to rest upon the top face of Va vise jaw, a spring interposed between the end plates and attached to each whereby they are drawn toward each other and tightly against the end faces of a vise jaw, a supportingV plate formedwith a bend somewhat less than a right angle therein, one port1on adapted tobe positioned on the top face of a vise jaw aboveV the end plates formed with opposing grooves embracing those portions of the end plates adapted to lie upon the top of a vise Jaw whereby the plate may slide longitudinally, the other portionV of the plate adapted to lie against the facfe of a vise jaw, a relatively soft material face plate formed with a groove in the edge thereof, -andfmeans provided on that portion of the supporting plate adapted to lie against the face of a vise jaw for supporting said relatively soft material face plate.

NATHANIEL M. OLNEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2606470 *Jul 19, 1950Aug 12, 1952Kinney Clair RVersatile vise jaw
US4261555 *Jun 12, 1979Apr 14, 1981Adams Thomas JOptical vise
US5988616 *Jun 26, 1997Nov 23, 1999American Tool Companies, Inc.Full face pad
US6039313 *Feb 13, 1998Mar 21, 2000Eric J. BaculyClamp fixtures
US6302386Oct 25, 1999Oct 16, 2001American Tool Companies, Inc.Full face pad
US6338478Jan 23, 1997Jan 15, 2002Adjustable Clamp CompanyClamp fixtures
US6347791Feb 1, 2000Feb 19, 2002American Tool Companies, Inc.Full face pad
US6402131Aug 16, 2000Jun 11, 2002Adjustable Clamp CompanyClamp fixtures
DE969008C *Mar 31, 1955Apr 17, 1958Joachim ThomeczekAufsetzbarer Hilfsspannbacken fuer Schraubstoecke
Classifications
U.S. Classification269/274, 269/281
International ClassificationB25B1/24, B25B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB25B1/2452
European ClassificationB25B1/24B4